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Übersetzung durch den Sprachendienst des Bundesministeriums für Gesundheit.

Translation provided by the Language Service of the Federal Ministry of Health.

Stand: Die Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 1 des Gesetzes vom 19.10.2012 (BGBl. I S. 2192)

Version information: The translation includes the amendment(s) to the Act by Article 1 of the Act of 19.10.2012 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2192)

Translations of any materials into languages other than German are intended solely as a convenience to the non-German-reading public. If any questions arise related to the accuracy of the information contained in the translation, please refer to the German version of the document which is the official version of the document. Any discrepancies or differences created in the translation are not binding and have no legal effect for compliance or enforcement purposes.

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Medicinal Products Act

(The Drug Law)

Full citation:  Medicinal Products Act in the version published on 12 December 2005 (Federal Law Gazette [BGBl.]) Part I p. 3394, last amended by Article 1 of the Law of 19th October 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2192)*

This version incorporates:

1.  the version of the notification of the Law of 12th December 2005 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3394),

2.  Article 12 of the Law of 14th August 2006 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1869), which entered into force on 18th August 2006.

3.  Article 5 of the Law of 21st December 2006 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3294), which entered into force on 28th December 2006,

4.  Article 2 of the Law of 21st December 2006 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3367), which entered into force on 29th December 2006,

5.  Article 30 of the Law of 26th March 2007 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 378), which partially entered into force on 1st April 2007 and 1st January 2009,

6.  Article 2 of the Law of 14th June 2007 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1066), which entered into force on 30th June 2007,

7.  Article 2 of the Law of 20th July 2007 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1574), which entered into force on 1st August 2007,

8.  Article 2 of the Law of 24th October 2007 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2510), which entered into force on 1st November 2007,

9.  Article 9 (1) of the Law of 23rd November 2007 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2631), which entered into force on 1st January 2008,

10.  Article 2 of the Law of 15th July 2009 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1801), which entered into force on 21st July 2009,

11.  Article 1 of the Law of 17th July 2009 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1990 p. 3578), which entered into force on 23rd July 2009,

12.  Article 1 of the Ordinance of 28th September 2009 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3172), which entered into force on 3rd October 2009,

13.  Article 1 of the Ordinance of 29th November 2010 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1752), which entered into force on 9th December 2010,

14.  Article 7 of the Law of 22nd December 2010 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2262), which entered into force on 1st January 2011,

15.  Article 1 of the Law of 25th May 2011 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 946), which entered into force on 31st May 2011,

16.  Article 1 of the Ordinance of 19th July 2011 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1398) which entered into force on 26th July 2011,

17.  Article 13 of the Law of 22nd December 2011 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2983) which entered into force on 29th December 2011,

18.  Article 1 of the Ordinance of 16th July 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1534) which entered into force on 24th July 2012,

19.  Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of 19th October 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2192) which entered into force on 26th October 2012.

Footnote: * This Act serves to incorporate:

- Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th November 2001 on the  Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311, p. 67),

- Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th November 2001 on the  Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 311, p. 1),

- Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4th April 2001 on the ap-   proximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use (OJ L 121 p. 34),

- Directive 2002/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27th January 2003 setting standards of quality and safety for the collection, testing, processing, storage and distribution of human blood and blood components and amending Directive 2001/83/EC (OJ L 33, p. 30),

- Directive 2004/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 on setting standards of quality and safety for the donation, procurement, testing, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of human tissues and cells (OJ L 102, p. 48),

- Directive 2004/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 amending, as regards traditional herbal medicinal products, Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 136, p. 85),

- Directive 2004/27/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 136, p. 34),

- Directive 2004/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 amending Directive 2001/82 on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 136, p. 58),

- Directive 2010/84/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2010 amending, as regards pharmacovigilance, Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 348 of 31.12.2010, p. 74, L 2 of 25.1.2011, p. 8),

- Directive 2011/62/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2011 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use, as regards the prevention of the entry into the legal supply chain of falsified medicinal products (OJ L 174 of 1.7.2011, p. 74),

- Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare (OJ L 88 of 4.4.2011, p. 45).

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FIRST CHAPTER
Purpose of the Act, definition of terms, SCOPE

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Section 1
Purpose of the Act

It is the purpose of the present Act to guarantee, in the interest of furnishing both human beings and animals with a proper supply of medicinal products, safety in respect of the trade in medicinal products, ensuring in particular the quality, efficacy and safety of medicinal products in accordance with the following provisions.

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Section 2
The term ‘medicinal product’

(1) Medicinal products are substances or preparations made from substances which:

1.  are intended for use on or in the human or animal body and are intended for use as remedies with properties for the curing, alleviating or preventing of human or animal diseases or disease symptoms or

2.  can be used in or on the human or animal body or can be administered to a human being or an animal, either:

a)  to restore, correct or to influence the physiological functions through a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic effect, or

b)  to make a medical diagnosis.

(2) The following shall be considered as medicinal products:

1.  objects which contain a medicinal product pursuant to sub-section 1 or to the surface of which a medicinal product specified in sub-section 1 is applied and which are intended to come into either temporary or permanent contact with the human or animal body,

1a.  veterinary instruments in so far as they are intended for single use and the labelling of which indicates that they have been subjected to a procedure for microbe reduction,

2.  objects which, without being objects pursuant to number 1 or 1a, are intended for the purposes indicated in sub-section1 to be introduced either temporarily or permanently into the animal body, with the exception of veterinary instruments,

3.  wound dressings and surgical sutures in so far as they are intended for use on or in animals and are not covered by numbers 1, 1a or 2,

4.  substances and preparations made from substances which, also in combination with other substances or preparations made from substances, serve to diagnose the nature, state or functions of the animal body or to identify pathogens in animals without being applied on or in the animal body.

(3) The term 'medicinal product' shall not apply to:

1.  foodstuffs within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 2 of the Food and Feed Code,

2.  cosmetic products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 5 of the Food and Feed Code,

3.  tobacco products within the meaning of Section 3 of the Provisional Tobacco Act,

4.  substances or preparations made from substances which are exclusively intended for the external cleaning or hygiene or for influencing the appearance or the body odour of an animal, provided that no substances or preparations made from substances are added which are excluded from trade outside of pharmacies,

5.  biocidal products pursuant to Section 3b of the Act on the Protection against Hazardous Substances,

6.  feedingstuffs within the meaning of Section 3 numbers 11 to 15 of the Food and Feed Code,

7.  medical devices and accessories for medical devices within the meaning of § 3 of the Medical Devices Act unless they are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 number 2 letter b,

8.  organs within the meaning of Section 1a number 1 of the Transplantation Act if they are intended for transplanting to human beings.

(3a) Medicinal products are also products which are or contain substances or preparations made from substances which, taking into account all the properties of the product, fall under the definition contained in sub-section 1 and, at the same time, can fall under the definition of a 'product' pursuant to sub-section 3.

(4) As long as a product is authorised or registered as a medicinal product pursuant to the present Act, or is exempted from the need for authorisation or registration by ordinance, such product shall be considered as a medicinal product. A product shall not be considered as a medicinal product if its authorisation or registration has been rejected by the competent higher federal authority, on the grounds that it is not a medicinal product.

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Section 3
The term ‘substance’

For the purpose of the present Act, substances are:

1.  chemical elements and chemical compounds as well as their naturally occurring mixtures and solutions,

2.  plants, parts of plants and plant constituents, algae, fungi or lichen whether in the processed or crude state,

3.  the bodies of animals, including those of living animals, as well as parts of the body, body constituents and metabolic products of human beings or animals, whether in the processed or crude state,

4.  micro-organisms, including viruses, as well as their constituents or metabolic products.

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Section 4
Definitions of additional terms

(1) Finished medicinal products are medicinal products which are manufactured beforehand and placed on the market in packaging intended for distribution to the consumer or other medicinal products intended for distribution to the consumer, in the preparation of which any form of industrial process is used or medicinal products which are produced commercially, except in pharmacies. Finished medicinal products are not intermediate products intended for further processing by a manufacturer.

(2) Blood preparations are medicinal products which are or which contain, as medically active substances, blood, plasma or serum conserves obtained from blood, blood components or preparations made from blood components.

(3) Sera are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 which contain antibodies, fragments of antibodies or fusion proteins with a functional antibody component as their active substance and are used because of this active substance. Sera shall not be considered as blood preparations as defined in sub-section 2 or as tissue preparations as defined in sub-section 30.

(4) Vaccines are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1, containing antigens or recombinant nucleic acids and intended for use in human beings or animals for the production of specific antitoxins and protective agents and, in so far as they contain recombinant nucleic acids, intended exclusively for the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases.

(5) Allergens are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1, containing antigens or haptens and intended for use on human beings or animals for the diagnosis of specific antitoxins or protective agents (test allergens) or containing substances which are used to achieve an antigen-specific reduction in the case of a specific immunological over-sensitivity (therapeutic allergens).

(6) Test sera are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 2 number 4, which are obtained from blood, organs, parts of organs or secretions from organs of the healthy or the sick, or from beings who have been sick or previously immunized, which contain specific antibodies and which are intended to be used on account of these antibodies, as well as the control sera appertaining to these medicinal products.

(7) Test antigens are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 2 number 4, which contain antigens or haptens and which are intended to be used as such.

(8) Radiopharmaceuticals are medicinal products which are or contain radioactive substances and spontaneously emit ionizing radiation and which are intended to be used on account of these properties; radionuclides (precursors) which have been manufactured for the radiolabelling of other substances prior to administration as well as systems with a fixed mother radionuclide which forms a daughter radionuclide (generators) shall also be regarded as radiopharmaceuticals.

(9) Advanced therapy medicinal products are gene therapy medicinal products, somatic cell therapy medicinal products or tissue engineered products pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1, letter a of Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007 of the European Parliament and the Council of 13th November 2007 on advanced therapy medicinal products and amending Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 (OJ L 324 of 10.12.2007, p. 121).

(10) Medicated feedingstuffs are medicinal products in the form of ready feedingstuffs, manufactured from medicated pre-mixes and mixed feed and intended to be placed on the market for administration to animals.

(11) Medicated pre-mixes are medicinal products intended exclusively for use in the manufacture of medicated feedingstuffs. They shall be regarded as finished medicinal

products.

(12) The withdrawal period is the period which needs to elapse between the last administration of the veterinary medicinal product to an animal, in keeping with its intended purpose, and the production of foodstuffs from this animal, in order to protect public health and ensure that such foodstuffs do not contain residues in quantities in excess of the maximum limits for pharmacologically active substances laid down in the latest applicable version of the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 of 22nd December 2009 on pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin (OJ L 15 of 20. 1.2010, p. 1).

(13) In the case of medicinal products intended for use in human beings, adverse reactions are noxious and unintended reactions to the medicinal product. In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, adverse reactions are noxious and unintended reactions that occur when a medicinal product is administered in keeping with its intended purpose. Serious adverse reactions are adverse reactions that are fatal or life-threatening, require hospitalisation or the prolongation of existing hospitalisation, or lead to persistent or significant disability, incapacity, congenital anomalies or birth defects; in the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, adverse reactions are also serious if they cause recurring or persistent symptoms. Unexpected adverse reactions are adverse reactions the nature, extent or consequences of which differs from the medicinal product's expert information.

(14) Manufacturing is the producing, preparing, formulating, treating or processing, filling as well as decanting, packaging, labelling and release of medicinal products; manufacturing is not the mixing of finished medicinal products with feedingstuffs by the animal keeper for immediate feeding to the animals kept by him/her.

(15) Quality is the nature of a medicinal product, determined by identity, content, purity and other chemical, physical and biological properties or by the manufacturing procedure.

(16) A batch is the quantity of a medicinal product produced from the same amount of starting material in a standard manufacturing process or, in the case of a continuous manufacturing process, within a specific period of time.

(17) Marketing is the keeping in stock for sale or for other forms of supply, the exhibiting and offering for sale and the distribution to others.

(18) In the case of medicinal products requiring a marketing authorisation or registration, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be the holder of the marketing authorisation or registration. The pharmaceutical entrepreneur is also any person who places medicinal products on the market under his/her own name.

(19) Active substances are substances which are intended for use as medically active constituents in the manufacture of medicinal products or which, through their use in the manufacture of medicinal products, are intended to become medically active substances.

(20) (deleted)

(21) Xenogenic medicinal products are medicinal products intended for use in or on humans which are or contain living animal tissues or cells.

(22) Wholesale trade in medicinal products is any professional or commercial activity for the purpose of doing business which consists of the procuring, storing, dispensing or exporting of medicinal products, with the exception of the dispensing of medicinal products to consumers other than physicians, dentists, veterinarians or hospitals.

(22a) Brokering of medicinal products is any professional or commercial activity by persons who, without conducting wholesale distribution, independently and on behalf of another, trade in medicinal products, within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, which are intended for use in humans without having actual power of disposal over said medicinal products.

(23) A clinical trial on human beings is any investigation on human subjects intended to investigate or verifythe clinical or pharmacological effects of medicinal products, or to identify adverse reactions or to study the absorption, distribution, metabolisationor excretion, with the aimof ascertaining the safety or efficacy of the medicinal product. Sentence 1 does not apply to non-interventional trials. A non-interventional trial is a study, in the context of which findings resulting from persons' treatment with medicinal products are analysed using epidemiological methods; the treatment, including the diagnosis and monitoring, shall not follow a predetermined trial protocol but shall result exclusively from current medical practice; in so far as a medicinal product requiring a marketing authorisation or a medicinal product requiring an authorisation pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 1 is concerned, this shall be conducted, moreover, according to the specifications regarding its use contained in the marketing authorisation or authorisation.

(24) The sponsor is a natural or legalperson who assumes responsibility for the commissioning, organisation and financing of a clinical trial on human beings.

(25) The investigator is generally a physician responsible for the conduct of the clinical trial on human beings at a site or, in justified exceptional cases, another person whose profession, owing to the scientific requirements and the experience in the care of patients which it calls for, qualifies him/her to conduct research on human beings. If a clinical trialis being conducted at one site by a team of persons, the investigator shall be the person in charge of the team and responsible for conducting the trial. If a clinical trial is being conducted at various trial sites, the sponsor shallname one investigatoras the chief investigator.

(26) A homeopathic medicinal product is any medicinal product prepared in accordance with a homeopathic manufacturing procedure described in the European Pharmacopoeia or, in absence thereof, in the pharmacopoeias currently used officially in the EU Member States. A homeopathic medicinal product can also contain a number of active substances.

(27) A risk linked to the use of a medicinal product is:

any risk to patients’ health or public health linked to the quality, safety or efficacy of the medicinal product and, in the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, any risk to human or animal health,

b)any risk of adverse effects on the environment.

(28) The risk-benefit balance is an assessment of the positive therapeutic effects of the medicinal product in relationship to the risk referred to in sub-section 27 letter a, and in the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, also referred to in sub-section 27 letter b.

(29) Herbal medicinal products are medicinal products which exclusively contain, as active substances, either one or more herbal substances, one or more herbal preparations, or one or more such herbal substances in combination with one or more such herbal preparations.

(30) Tissue preparations are medicinal products which are tissues within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act or are manufactured from such tissues. Human sperm or egg cells (germ cells), as well as impregnated egg cells and embryos are neither medicinal products nor tissue preparations.

(31) Reconstitution of a finished medicinal product for human use is the conversion of the medicinal product into its usable form immediately prior to its use according to the specifications contained in the package leaflet or, within the framework of the clinical trial, in accordance with the trial protocol.

(32) Introduction is any type of shipment into, through or from the territorial scope of the present Act. Import is the conveyance of products which fall under the Medicinal Products Act from third countries which are not States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area for free circulation. Products pursuant to sentence 2 shall be considered to be imported if they have been brought into the economic system in contravention of customs regulations. Export is any type of introduction into third countries which are not States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

(33) An anthroposophic medicinal product is a medicinal product which has been developed according to the anthroposophic understanding of humans and nature, according to a European Pharmacopoeia or, in the absence thereof, in accordance with a homeopathic manufacturing practice described in the pharmacopoeias currently used officially in the EU Member States, or according to a special anthroposophic manufacturing procedure, and which is intended for use according to the principles of the anthroposophic understanding of humans and nature.

(34) A post-authorisation safety study in the case of a medicinal product intended for use in humans is any assessment of an authorised medicinal product that is conducted to identify, characterise or quantify a safety risk, to confirm a medicinal product's safety profile or to measure the effectiveness of risk-management measures.

(35) A post-authorisation safety study in the case of a medicinal product intended for use in animals is a pharmaco-epidemiological study or clinical trial according to the conditions contained in the marketing authorisation with the aim of detecting and characterising any health risk in connection with an authorised veterinary medicinal product.

(36) The risk-management system comprises activities in the field of pharmaco-vigilance and measures which are intended to identify, characterise, avoid or minimise risks associated with a medicinal product; this includes the assessment of the effectiveness of such activities and measures.

(37) The risk-management plan is a detailed description of the risk-management system.

(38) The pharmacovigilance system is a system used by the marketing authorisation holder and the competent higher federal authority to fulfil especially the tasks and obligations listed in the Tenth Chapter and which serves the purpose of post-marketing surveillance and the detection of any changes in the risk-benefit profile.

(39) The pharmacovigilance master file is a detailed description of the pharmacovigilance system used by the marketing authorisation holder with respect to one or more authorised medicinal products.

(40) A falsified medicinal product is any medicinal product with a false representation of:

1.  its identity, including its packaging and labelling, its name or its composition as regards one or several of its constituents including excipients and the strength of those ingredients;

2.  its source, including its manufacturer, its country of manufacture, its country of origin or its marketing authorisation holder; or

3.  distribution channels described in the related records and documents.

(41) A falsified active substance is an active substance for which the labelling on the container does not correspond to the actual content or the accompanying documents fail to reflect all of the manufacturers involved or the real channels of distribution.

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Section 4a
Exceptions to the scope of the present Act

The present Act shall not apply to:

1.  medicinal products which are manufactured using pathogens or biotechnology and are intended for use in the prevention, diagnosis or cure of epizootics,

2.  the procurement and marketing of germ cells for the artificial insemination of animals,

3.  tissues which are removed from a person in order to reinsert them without changing their material structure into the same person in one and the same surgical procedure.

Sentence 1 number 1 shall not apply to Section 55.

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Section 4b
Special provisions governing advanced therapy medicinal products

(1) In the case of advanced therapy medicinal products which are:

1.  prescribed by a doctor as an individual preparation for an individual patient,

2.  prepared on a non-routine basis according to specific quality standards, and

3.  used in a specialised facility for health care under the professional responsibility

of a doctor,

within the scope of the present Act, Part Four with the exception of Section 33 and Part Seven of the present Act shall not apply. The remaining provisions of the Act, as well as Article 14 (1) and Article 15 (1-6) of the Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the official tasks and powers laid down therein are assumed by the competent authority or the competent higher federal authority in keeping with the tasks entrusted to them by the present Act and the holder of the authorisation pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1, takes the place of the marketing authorisation holder pursuant to the present Act or the marketing authorisation holder pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007.

(2) Prepared on a non-routine basis pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 are, in particular, medicines:

1.  which are manufactured in small quantities, and in the case of which, based on a routine manufacturing procedure, variations in the procedure which are medically justified for an individual patient, are carried out, or

2.  which have not yet been manufactured in sufficient quantities so that the necessary data to enable a comprehensive assessment are not yet available.

(3) Medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 may only be supplied to others if they have been authorised by the competent higher federal authority. Section 21a sub-sections 2 to 8 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The authorisation can be issued for a limited time. If the necessary information and documents pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 2 number 6 cannot be submitted, the applicant can submit information and documents regarding the mode of action, the anticipated effect and possible risks. The holder of the authorisation shall inform the competent higher federal authority, at specific intervals stipulated by the competent higher federal authority by means of an ordinance, about the scale of manufacture and about the data for the comprehensive assessment of the medicinal product. The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it subsequently becomes known that one of the prerequisites provided for in sub-section 1 sentence 1 had not been fulfilled; it shall be revoked if one of the prerequisites no longer exists. Section 22 sub-section 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(4) Enquiries about the obligation to obtain an authorisation for an advanced therapy medicinal product shall be decided by the competent authority in consultation with the competent higher federal authority. Section 21 sub-section 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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SECOND CHAPTER
Requirements on medicinal products

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Section 5
Prohibition in respect of unsafe medicinal products

(1) The placing on the market or the use of unsafe medicinal products on another human shall be prohibited.

(2) Medicinal products shall be considered unsafe if, according to the current level of scientific knowledge, there is sufficient reason to suspect that, when used in accordance with their intended purpose, they have harmful effects which exceed the limits considered tolerable in the light of current medical knowledge.

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Section 6
Empowerment in respect of health protection

(1) The Federal Ministry of Health (the Federal Ministry) is hereby empowered to specify, restrict or prohibit, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the use of certain substances, preparations from substances or objects in the manufacture of medicinal products and to forbid the marketing and use of medicinal products which have not been manufactured in compliance with these regulations in so far as this is deemed necessary in the interest of risk prevention or in order to prevent medicinal products from posing a direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health. The ordinance pursuant to sentence 1 shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture in agreement with the Federal Ministry in so far as the medicinal products are intended for administration to animals.

(2) The ordinance referred to in sub-section 1 shall be promulgated in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in the case of radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used.

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Section 6a
Prohibitions regarding medicinal products for doping purposes in sport, information obligations

(1) The placing on the market, prescribing or administering of medicinal products to others for the purpose of doping in sport, is prohibited pursuant to sub-section 2 sentence 1, in so far as human beings are or are intended to be the subjects of such doping.

(2) Sub-section 1 shall apply only to medicinal products which contain substances belonging to the groups of prohibited active substances or substances contained in the latest applicable version of the Appendix to the Anti-Doping Convention (Act of 2nd March 1994 on the Anti-Doping Convention of 16th November 1989, Federal Law Gazette 1994 II p. 334) which are intended for use in the prohibited methods listed therein. The package leaflet and the expert information of these medicinal products shall contain the following warning: "The use of the medicinal product [insert name of the medicinal product] can lead to positive results in the event of a doping test." If the misuse of the medicinal product for doping purposes can endanger health, this shall also be included. Sentence 2 shall not apply to medicinal products which have been manufactured using a homeopathic manufacturing procedure.

(2a) The possession of medicinal products or active substances which are or contain substances listed in the annex to the present Act in non-small quantities for the purpose of doping in sports is prohibited in so far as human beings are to be the subject of doping. The Federal Ministry shall specify, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior, after hearing experts, by means of ordinance with the approval of the Bundesrat, what constitutes the non-small quantity of the substances mentioned in sentence 1. The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior, after hearing experts:

1.  to include in the annex to the present Act additional substances which can be used for doping purposes in sport, are used in considerable quantities for this purpose and the use of which without a therapeutic assessment is dangerous, and

2.  to specify what constitutes a non-small quantity of such substances

by ordinance with the consent of the Bundesrat.

By ordinance pursuant to sentence 3, substances can be deleted from the annex to the present Act if the prerequisites contained in sentence 3 number 1 no longer exist.

(3) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to specify, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, additional substances or preparations made from substances to which sub-section 1 shall apply, in so far as this is deemed necessary in order to prevent medicinal products from posing a direct or indirect hazard to human health through doping in sport.

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Section 7
Radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products treated with ionizing radiation

(1) It shall be forbidden for radiopharmaceuticals or medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation has been used to be placed on the market unless the authorisation to do so has been given by ordinance according to sub-section 2.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to authorize, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, by means of an ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the placing of radiopharmaceuticals on the market or the use of ionizing radiation in the manufacture of medicinal products in so far as this is deemed, according to the current level of scientific knowledge, to be justified for medical purposes and in so far as it does not compromise human or animal health. The ordinance may prescribe the channel of distribution for the medicinal products and specify that certain data concerning their radioactivity are to appear on the container, the outer packaging and the package leaflet. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

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Section 8
Prohibitions to prevent deception

(1) It shall be prohibited for medicinal products or active substances:

1.  which, by deviating from recognized pharmaceutical rules, are of considerably reduced quality, or

1a.  (deleted)

2.  which bear misleading names, specifications or presentations

to be manufactured or placed on the market.

Deception shall be said to exist, in particular, in cases where

a)  claims are made to the effect that certain medicinal products have a therapeutic efficacy or effects which they do not possess or that active substances exhibit an activity which they do not,

b)  the erroneous impression is given that success can be expected with certainty or that no harmful effects can be expected to occur when the medicinal product is used in accordance with its intended purpose or over a prolonged period,

c)  names, specifications or presentations having an influence on the assessment of the medicinal product or active substance are employed to mislead others with regard to its quality.

(2) It shall be prohibited for falsified medicinal products or falsified active substances to be placed on the market, or otherwise traded.

(3) It shall be prohibited for a medicinal product to be placed on the market after its expiry date has elapsed.

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Section 9
The party responsible for placing on the market

(1) Medicinal products which are placed on the market within the purview of the present Act shall bear the name or the company and the address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur. This shall not apply to medicinal products intended for use in a clinical trial on human subjects.

(2) Within the purview of the present Act, medicinal products may only be placed on the market by a pharmaceutical entrepreneur whose registered place of business is situated within the purview of the present Act, in another Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. If the pharmaceutical entrepreneur appoints a local representative, this shall not release him/her from his/her legal responsibility.

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Section 10
Labelling

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, and are not intended for clinical trials on human beings or exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation, pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 2 number 1a, 1b or 6, may only be placed on the market within the purview of the present Act provided that the following information is displayed on the containers and, where used, on the outer packaging in easily legible and indelible characters, in easily comprehensible German and pursuant to the details referred to in Section 11a:

1.  the name or the company and the address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and, if available the name of the appointed local representative,

2.  the name of the medicinal product, followed by details of the strength and pharmaceutical form and, if applicable, information stating that it is intended for administration to babies, children or adults unless this information is already included in the name; if the medicinal product contains up to three active substances, the international non-proprietary name (INN) must be stated or, if the latter does not exist, the common non-proprietary name; this shall not apply if the name contains the name of the active substance pursuant to number 8.

3.  the marketing authorisation number with the abbreviation 'Zul.-Nr.',

4.  the batch identification, if the medicinal product is placed on the market in batches, with the abbreviation 'Ch.-B.'; if it cannot be placed on the market in batches, the date of manufacture,

5.  the pharmaceutical form,

6.  the content by weight, volume or number of units,

7.  the method of administration,

8.  the active substances by type and quantity and other constituents by type in so far as this is imposed as a condition by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 1 or provided for by an ordinance pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 number 4, also in conjunction with sub-section 2, or pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1; in the case of medicinal products intended for parenteral or topical use, including application to the eye, all constituents by type,

8a.  in the case of medicinal products produced using genetic engineering, the active substance and the name of the genetically modified micro-organism or cell line used in its manufacture,

9.  the expiry date with the instruction 'verwendbar bis' (to be used by),

10.  in the case of medicinal products which may only be dispensed upon prescription by a physician, dentist or veterinarian, the indication 'Verschreibungspflichtig' (prescription-only), in the case of other medicinal products which may only be dispensed to consumers in pharmacies, the indication 'Apothekenpflichtig' (pharmacy-only),

11.  in the case of samples, the indication 'unverkäufliches Muster' (sample - not for sale),

12.  the indication that medicinal products are to be kept out of the reach of children unless they are curative waters,

13.  where necessary, special precautions for the disposal of unused medicinal products or other special precautions to avoid hazards to the environment,

14.  the intended use in the case of non-prescription medicinal products.

In so far as the information pursuant to sentence 1 is also provided in another language, the information provided in that language shall be identical. Furthermore, space should be provided to state the prescribed dose; this shall not apply to the containers and ampoules referred to in sub-section 8 sentence 3 and to medicinal products intended exclusively for use by members of the medical profession. Medicinal products which are manufactured using a homeopathic manufacturing procedure and are authorised pursuant to Section 25, are to be additionally labelled so as to indicate their homeopathic nature. Additional information which is not stipulated by a regulation of the European Community or the European Union, or is already admissible pursuant to such a regulation, shall be permitted if it is linked to the use of the medicinal product, is important in providing health information to the patient and is not inconsistent with the information referred to in Section 11a.

(1a) (deleted)

(1b) In the case of medicinal products which are intended for use in human beings, the name of the medicinal product shall also be placed on the outer packaging in Braille. The other information mentioned in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 on the pharmaceutical form and the group of persons for which the medicinal product is intended does not have to be written in Braille; this shall also apply if this information is contained in the name of the medicinal product. Sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products which:

1.  are intended for the exclusive use of members of the medical professions,

2.  are placed on the market in containers with a net content of not more than 20 millilitres or not more than 20 grammes.

(1c) *In the case of medicinal products which are intended for use in human beings, the outer packaging shall also bear safety features as well as a device to indicate possible tampering with the outer packaging of the medicinal product, in so far as this required by Article 54a of Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community Code Relating to Medicinal Products for Human Use (OJ L 311 of 28.11.2001, p. 67), last amended by Directive 2011/62/EU (OJ L 174 of 1.7.2011, p. 74) or stipulated on the basis of Article 54a of Directive 2001/83/EC.

Footnote: *Section 10 sub-section 1c shall enter into force on the first day of the fourth year after the publication of the delegated act of the European Commission pursuant to Article 54a (2) of Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 6th November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311 of 28.11.2001, p. 67), last amended by Directive 2011/62/EU (OJ L 174 of 1.7.2011, p. 74) in the Official Journal of the European Union.

(2) Moreover, warnings, specific storage instructions for the consumer as well as storage instructions for experts shall be given, in so far as this is deemed necessary according to the current level of scientific knowledge or has been imposed as a condition by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 1 or provided for by an ordinance.

(3) In respect of sera, information on the type of living organism from which the sera were obtained, in respect of virus vaccines, information about the host system which was used for the multiplication of the virus shall be indicated.

(4) In the case of medicinal products included in the Register of Homeopathic Medicinal Products, instead of the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 to 14 and in addition to the clearly recognisable information: 'Homeopathic Medicinal Product”, the following information shall be included:

1.  the nature and quantity of the stocks and the degree of dilution; in this regard, symbols from the pharmacopoeias currently used officially, should be utilised; the scientific name of the stock can be supplemented by an invented name,

2.  name and address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and, if available, of his/her local representative,

3.  method of administration,

4.  expiry date; sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 9 and sub-section 7 shall apply,

5.  pharmaceutical form,

6.  content by weight, volume or number of items,

7.  information stating that medicinal products should be kept out of the reach of children, other special precautions for storage and warnings, including additional information for safe use if required or if stipulated in sub-section 2,

8.  batch identification,

9.  registration number abbreviated to 'Reg.-Nr.' and the phrase 'Registered homeopathic medicinal product therefore no therapeutic indication stated',

10.  information advising the user to seek medical advice if medical symptoms persist during the use of the medicinal product,

11.  for medicinal products to be dispensed only in pharmacies, the information 'Apothekenpflichtig' (pharmacy-only),

12.  for samples, the information 'Unverkäufliches Muster' (sample - not for sale).

Sentence 1 shall apply accordingly to medicinal products exempted from registration pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3; sub-section 1b shall not apply.

(4a) In the case of traditional herbal medicinal products pursuant to Section 39a, the following information shall also be included in addition to the information pursuant to sub-section 1:

1.  the medicinal product is a traditional medicinal product registered for the therapeutic indication exclusively based on long-standing use, and

2.  if medical symptoms persist, or in the event of adverse reactions other than those referred to in the package leaflet, the user should consult a doctor or other medically qualified person.

The information in sub-section sentence 1 number 3 is replaced by the registration number abbreviated to 'Reg.-Nr.'.

(5) In respect of medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals, sub-section 1 and 1a shall apply subject to the proviso that, instead of the information pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 to 14 and sub-section 1a, the following information is to be provided:

1.  name of the medicinal product, followed by information on the strength, pharmaceutical form and the animal species, unless this information is already contained in the name; if the medicinal product contains only one active substance, the international non-proprietary name recommended by WHO or, in the absence thereof, the common name unless the name already contains the information on the active substance,

2.  the active substance by nature and quantity and other constituents by nature, if this is stipulated by conditions imposed by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 1, or stipulated by an ordinance pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 number 4, also in conjunction with sub-section 2 or pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1,

3.  the batch identification,

4.  the marketing authorisation number,

5.  the name or the company and the address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and, if available, the name of the local representative appointed by him,

6.  the animal species for which the medicinal product is intended,

7.  the method of administration,

8.  the withdrawal, if the medicinal products are intended for administration to food-producing animals,

9.  the expiry date pursuant to sub-section 7,

10.  if necessary, special precautions for the disposal of unused medicinal products,

11.  the indication that the medicinal products are to be kept out of the reach of children, additional special precautions for storage and warnings, including additional information if required for safe use or if stipulated in sub-section 2,

12.  the indication 'Für Tiere' (for animals),

13.  the pharmaceutical form,

14.  the content by weight, volume or number of units,

15.  in the case of medicinal products which may only be dispensed upon veterinary prescription, the indication 'Verschreibungspflichtig' (prescription-only), in the case of other medicinal products which may only be dispensed to customers in pharmacies, the indication 'Apothekenpflichtig' (pharmacy-only),

16.  in the case of samples, the indication 'Unverkäufliches Muster' (sample – not for sale).

Medicinal products intended for administration to animals, which have been entered into the Register for Homeopathic Medicinal Products, shall be clearly and visibly labelled 'Homöopathisches Arzneimittel' (homeopathic medicinal product); instead of the information pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 2 and 4, the information pursuant to sub-section 4 sentence 1 numbers 1, 9 and 10 shall be provided. Sentences 1 and 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis to medicinal products which are exempted from registration pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 1 sentence 3 or pursuant to Section 60 sub-section 1. In the case of traditional herbal medicinal products for administration to animals, the registration number with the abbreviation 'Reg.-Nr.', instead of the information pursuant to sentence 1 number 4; furthermore, the indications pursuant to sub-section 4a sentence 1 number 1 and, corresponding to the administration to animals, pursuant to number 2, shall be given. The information pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 13 and 14 only need to be given on the outer packaging where an outer packaging exists.

(6) For the designation of the constituents, the following shall apply:

1.  for the designation of the type, the World Health Organization's international non-proprietary names or, if such names do not exist, other common scientific names shall be used. The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices shall stipulate, in agreement with the Paul Ehrlich Institute and the Federal Agency for Consumer Protection and Food Safety, the names to be used and shall publish these in a database pursuant to Section 67a;

2.  for the designation of quantity, units of measure shall be used; if biological units or other specifications regarding valence are customarily in scientific use, then these shall be used.

(7) The month and the year shall be given as the expiry date.

(8) Blister packaging is to be affixed with the name or the firm of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, the name of the medicinal product, the batch identification and the expiry date. It shall not be necessary to state the name and firm of a parallel importer. In the case of containers with a nominal filling quantity of not more than ten millilitres and single-dose ampoules, the information specified in sub-sections 1, 2 to 5 need only be displayed on the outer packaging; the containers and the ampoules must, however, at least bear the information specified in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 first half-sentence, numbers 4, 6, 7, 9 as well as pursuant to sub-sections 3 and 5 sentence 1 numbers 1, 3, 7, 9, 12 and 14; adequate abbreviations may be used. Sentence 3 shall also apply to small containers other than those mentioned therein in so far as divergent requirements are placed on small containers in procedures pursuant to Section 25b.

(8a) In the case of fresh plasma preparations and preparations of blood cells, at least the information specified in sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 and 2 must be included, without stating the strength, pharmaceutical form and target group, numbers 3, 4, 6, 7 and 9 as well as the name and volume of the anticoagulant and, if available, the additive solution, storage temperature, blood group and, in the case of allogenic preparations derived from red blood cells, the rhesus formula as well and, in the case of thrombocyte concentrates and autologous preparations from red blood cells, also the rhesus factor. In the case of autologous blood preparations, the information 'Nur zur Eigenbluttransfusion' (Only for Autologous Blood Donation) must be given as well and, in the case of autologous and directed blood preparations, also an indication of the recipient.

(8b) In the case of tissue preparations, at least the information pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 and 2 without the information regarding the strength, the pharmaceutical form and target group, number 3 or the authorisation number with the abbreviation 'Gen.-Nr.' (authorisation number), numbers 4, 6 and 9 as well as the information 'Biologische Gefahr' (Biological Danger) in the event that infectiosity has been detected must be given. In the case of autologous tissue preparations, the information 'Nur zur autologen Anwendung' (Only for Autologous Use) must also be provided and, in the case of autologous and targeted tissue preparations, an additional indication as to the recipient.

(9) Abbreviations customary in the medicinal product trade may be used in the indications given in compliance with sub-sections 1 to 5. The company to be indicated under sub-section 1 number 1 may be abbreviated, provided that the firm is generally recognizable from the abbreviation.

(10) For medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals and for use in a clinical trial or for residue testing, sub-section 5 sentence 1 numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 13 and 14 as well as sub-sections 8 and 9 shall be applicable, in so far as they are relevant. Where relevant, these medicinal products shall be labelled 'Zur klinischen Prüfung bestimmt' (for clinical trial) or 'Zur Rückstandsprüfung bestimmt' (for residue testing). Blister packaging shall bear the name, the batch identification and the information pursuant to sentence 2.

(11) Partial amounts removed from finished medicinal products, intended for use in humans, may only be dispensed with labelling which corresponds at least to the requirements stipulated in sub-section 8 sentence 1. Sub-section 1b shall not apply.

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Section 11
Package leaflet

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 and are intended neither for clinical trial nor residue testing, or are exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 2 numbers 1a, 1b or 6, may only be placed on the market within the purview of the present Act with a package leaflet bearing the heading 'Gebrauchsinformation' (Instructions for Use) and containing, in the same order as below, in easily legible, readily comprehensible German and in conformity with the information referred to in Section 11a:

1.  for the purpose of identifying the medicinal product:

a)  the name of the medicinal product, Section 10 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis,

b)  the substance or indication group or the mode of action;

2.  the therapeutic indications;

3.  a list of information that must be read before taking the medicinal product:

a)  contra-indications,

b)  corresponding precautions for use,

c)  interactions with other medicinal products or other products, if they are able to influence the effect of the medicinal product,

d)  warnings, especially if imposed as a condition by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 2 or stipulated by ordinance pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 number 3;

4.  the instructions under normal conditions of use, relating to:

a)  posology,

b)  method of administration,

c)  frequency of administration, if necessary stating the exact time when the medicinal product can or must be taken

and, if required, depending on the nature of the medicinal product:

d)  duration of treatment if a specific duration is required,

e)  warnings in the event of an overdose, forgotten doses or warnings on the risk of adverse consequences if the treatment is stopped,

f)  the specific recommendation that a doctor or pharmacist should be consulted in the event of queries relating to the use;

5.  a description of the adverse reactions which can occur when the medicinal product is used as intended; the counter measures to be taken in the event of adverse reactions if required according to the current state of scientific knowledge; all medicinal products for human use must bear an additional standard text which explicitly instructs the patient to inform their physicians, pharmacists, health professionals or the competent higher federal authority directly of every suspected adverse reaction whereby the report can be made in any – in particular an electronic – form;

6.  mention of the expiry date stated on the packaging and also:

a)  a warning that the medicinal product may not be used after expiry of this date,

b)  if required, special precautions for storage and information on shelf life after opening of the container or after preparation of the ready-to-use preparation by the user,

c)  if required, a warning about specific visible signs indicating that the medicinal product may no longer be used,

d)  complete qualitative composition in terms of active substances and other constituents and quantitative composition in terms of the active substances, using the usual common names for each of the medicinal product's pharmaceutical forms; Section 10 sub-section 6 shall apply,

e)  pharmaceutical form and content by weight, volume or number of items for each of the medicinal product's pharmaceutical forms,

f)  name and address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and, where applicable, of his/her local representative,

g)  name and address of the manufacturer or importer who released the finished medicinal product for placing on the market;

7.  in the case of a medicinal product known by other names in other Member States of the European Union and approved for placing on the market pursuant to Articles 28 to 39 of Directive 2001/83/EC, a list of the names approved in the individual Member States;

8.  the date of the last revision of the package leaflet.

Medicinal products for human use that are included on a list compiled pursuant to Article 23 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 laying down Community procedures for the authorisation and supervision of medicinal products for human and veterinary use and establishing a European Medicines Agency (OJ L 136 of 30.4.2004, p. 1), last amended by Regulation (EU) No. 1235/2010 (OJ L 348 of 31.12.2010, p. 1) must, in addition, carry the following declaration: "This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring." This declaration must be preceded by a black symbol and be followed by an appropriate standardised explanatory text pursuant to Article 23 (5) of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004. Explanatory information on the terms listed in sentence 1 is admissible. In so far as information referred to in sentence 1 is also rendered on the package leaflet in another language, the information provided in this language shall be identical. Sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products which do not require a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 2 number 1. Additional information, which is not stipulated by a regulation of the European Community or the European Union, or is already permissible pursuant to such a regulation, is permitted provided it relates to the use of the medicinal product, is important for the health education of patients and is not inconsistent with the information referred to in Section 11a. With regard to the information referred to in sentence 1 number 3 letters a to d, account is to be taken of the special situation of specific groups of persons such as children, pregnant women or nursing mothers, the elderly or persons with specific diseases, in so far as this is deemed necessary in the light of the current level of scientific knowledge; furthermore, where necessary, the effects which the use of the medicinal product could have on a person’s ability to drive or to operate specific machines should also be indicated. The marketing authorisation holder is required to keep scientifically up-to-date the package leaflet which includes the conclusions of assessments and recommendations published on the European internet website set up pursuant to Article 26 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004.

(1a) A sample of the package leaflet and modified versions shall be sent to the competent higher federal authority unless the medicinal product is exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation or registration.

(1b) The standard texts required pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 5 and sentence 3 will be published by the competent higher federal authority in the Federal Gazette.

(2) Furthermore, the package leaflet shall contain references to constituents, the know-ledge of which is necessary for the safe and effective use of the medicinal product, as well as specific storage instructions for the consumer in so far as this is deemed necessary according to the current level of scientific knowledge or if imposed as a condition by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 2, or provided for by ordinance.

(2a) In the case of radiopharmaceuticals, sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the precautions which are to be taken by the user and the patient in the preparation and administration of the medicinal product, as well as special precautions for the disposal of the containers used for transport and for the disposal of medicinal products which are not used, are taken.

(3) In the case of medicinal products included in the register of homeopathic medicinal products, sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the information stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 4, with the exception of the batch identification, the expiry date and the indication stipulated for samples, are included, as well as the name and address of the manufacturer who released the finished medicinal product for placing on the market, where this person is not the pharmaceutical entrepreneur. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to medicinal products which are exempted from registration pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3.

(3a) In the case of sera, sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the type of living organism from which they are derived, in the case of virus vaccines, the host system used for virus multiplication and, in the case of medicinal products derived from human blood plasma for fractionation, the country of origin of the blood plasma should be stated.

(3b) In the case of traditional herbal medicinal products pursuant to Section 39a, sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2, shall state that the medicinal product is a traditional medicinal product, registered for the specific therapeutic indication, exclusively on the basis of long-standing use. In addition, the package leaflet should include the advice referred to in Section 10 sub-section 4a sentence 1 number 2.

(3c) The marketing authorisation holder shall ensure that at the request of patients’ organisations, the package leaflet is made available in formats appropriate for the blind and partially-sighted persons in the case of medicinal products intended for administration to humans.

(3d) In the case of spa-waters, notwithstanding the requirements referred to in sub-section 2, the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 letter b number 4 letters e and f number 5, provided that the information stated therein is stipulated, and number 6 letter c, can be omitted. Furthermore, in the case of spa-waters, the order stipulated in sub-section 1 is not compulsory.

(4) In the case of medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals, sub-section 1 shall apply accordingly provided that, instead of the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1, the following information specified in sub-section 1 sentences 2 and 3 is given in the same order as below, in clearly legible, readily comprehensible German and in conformity with the information referred to in Section 11a:

1.  the name and address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and, where applicable, of his/her local representative, and the manufacturer who released the finished medicinal product for placing on the market;

2.  name of the medicinal product, followed by details of the strength and pharmaceutical form; the common name of the active substance shall be included if the medicinal product contains only one active substance and its name is an invented name; in the case of a medicinal product that has been granted marketing authorisation under Articles 31 to 43 of Directive 2001/82 EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th November 2001 on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 311, p. 1), amended by Directive 2004/28/EC (OJ L 136, p. 58), under different names in Member States of the European Union, a list of the names authorised in each Member State;

3.  therapeutic indications;

4.  contra-indications and adverse reactions provided that this information is relevant for use; should it not be possible to provide information in this respect, the indication 'keine bekannt' (none known) shall be given; the instruction that the user or animal keeper is to inform the veterinarian or pharmacist of any adverse reaction that is not listed in the package leaflet;

5.  the animal species for which the medicinal product is intended, dosage instructions for each species, method and route of administration, if necessary, instructions for use in keeping with its intended purpose;

6.  the withdrawal period, if the medicinal products are intended for administration to food-producing animals; should a withdrawal period not be necessary, this shall be indicated;

7.  special precautions relating to storage;

8.  special warnings in so far as this is imposed as a condition by the competent higher federal authority or provided for by an ordinance;

9.  if necessary due to the current state of scientific knowledge, special precautions for the disposal of unused medicinal products or other special precautions to avoid risks to the environment.

The date of the last revision of the package leaflet shall be stated. In respect of medicated pre-mixes, indications for the correct manufacture of medicated feedingstuffs and information on the shelf life of the medicated feedingstuffs shall be included. Additional information is permitted in so far as it relates to the use of the medicinal product, is important for the user or animal keeper and is not inconsistent with the information referred to in Section 11a. In the case of medicinal products for use in animals, which are included in the Register of Homeopathic Medicinal Products or which are exempted from the registration pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3 or pursuant to Section 60 sub-section 1 sentences 1, 2 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis subject to the proviso that the information stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 4, with the exception of the batch identification, the expiry date and the indication stipulated for samples must be provided. In the case of traditional herbal medicinal products for use in animals, a corresponding indication pointing to the use in animals pursuant to Section 10 sub-section 4a sentence 1 number 2 shall be given in addition to the indications pursuant to sub-section 3b sentence 1.

(5) Should it not be possible to provide the information stipulated in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 letters a and c as well as number 5, the indication "keine bekannt" (none known) shall be given. Should additional information be given on the package leaflet, it shall be clearly set out and well separated from the information specified in sub-sections 1 to 4.

(6) The package leaflet may be omitted provided that the information specified in sub-sections 1 to 4 is to be found either on the container or on the outer packaging. Sub-section 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(7) Partial amounts removed from finished medicinal products, intended for use in humans, may only be dispensed together with a copy of the package leaflet prescribed for the finished medicinal product. Sub-section 6 sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis. By way of derogation from sentence 1, in the case of the regular dispensing of partial amounts removed from finished medicinal products and dispensed in new, customised patient blisters in the context of long-term medication, copies of the package leaflet prescribed for the specific finished medicinal product must only be inserted if they have been modified compared with those previously inserted.

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Section 11a
Expert information1

(1) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be obliged to make available upon request to physicians, dentists, veterinarians, pharmacists and, if the medicinal products concerned are not subject to prescription, to other persons practising medicine or dentistry professionally, instructions for use by experts (expert information) for finished medicinal products which are subject to or exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation, are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 and are not released for trade outside of pharmacies. These instructions for expert use shall bear the heading "Fachinformation" (expert information) and include the following information written in clearly legible type in conformity with the Summary of Product Characteristics approved within the framework of the marketing authorisation, and in the following order:

1.  the name of the medicinal product followed by the strength and the pharmaceutical form;

2.  information on the qualitative and quantitative composition in terms of active substance and other constituents, knowledge of which is required for proper administration of the product, with the usual common or chemical name indicated; Section 10 sub-section 6 shall apply;

3.  pharmaceutical form;

4.  clinical information:

a)  therapeutic indications,

b)  posology and method of administration for adults and, in so far the medicinal pro-duct is indicated for administration to children, for children,

c)  contra-indications,

d)  special warnings and precautions for use, and in the case of immunological medicinal products, any special precautions to be taken by persons coming into contact with and administering these medicinal products to patients, together with any precautions to be taken by the patient, if required as a result of conditions imposed by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 1 letter a or if stipulated by an ordinance,

e)  interaction with other medicinal products or other products if this is likely to influence the effect of the medicinal product,

f)  use during pregnancy and lactation,

g)  effects on ability to drive or operate machinery,

h)  adverse reactions when used as intended,

i)  overdosage: symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes;

5.  pharmacological properties:

a)  pharmacodynamic properties,

b)  pharmacokinetic properties,

c)  preclinical safety data;

6.  pharmaceutical information:

a)  list of other constituents,

b)  main incompatibilities,

c)  shelf life and where necessary, the shelf life after reconstitution of the medicinal product or after first opening the container,

d)  special precautions for storage,

e)  nature and contents of the container,

f)  special precautions for disposal of an opened medicinal product, or waste materials derived from it, in order to avoid any risk to the environment;

7.  marketing authorisation holder;

8.  marketing authorisation number;

9.  the date of first authorisation or prolongation of the authorisation;

10.  date of revision of the expert information.

All medicinal products for human use are to carry a standard text that explicitly calls upon health professionals to report every suspected adverse reaction to the competent higher federal authority whereby the report may take any – in particular also electronic – form. Medicinal products for human use that are included on a list compiled pursuant to Article 23 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 must, in addition, carry the following declaration: "This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring". This declaration must be preceded by a black symbol and be followed by an appropriate standardised explanatory text pursuant to Article 23 (5) of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004. Additional information which is not stipulated by a regulation of the European Community or the European Union, or is already permissible pursuant to such a regulation shall be permitted if it relates to the use of the medicinal product and is not inconsistent with the information referred to in sentence 2; such information must be clearly separate and distinct from the information referred to in sentence 2. Sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products, which do not require a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 2 or are manufactured according homeopathic procedures. The marketing authorisation holder is required to keep scientifically up-to-date the expert information which includes the conclusions of assessments and recommendations published on the European internet website set up pursuant to Article 26 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004. The standard texts required pursuant to sentences 3 and 5 will be published by the competent higher federal authority in the Federal Gazette.

(1a) In the case of sera, the type of living organism from which they are derived, in the case of virus vaccines, the host system used for virus multiplication and, in the case of medicinal products derived from human blood plasma for fractionation, the country of origin of the blood plasma shall be indicated.

(1b) In respect of radiopharmaceuticals, details of the internal radiation dosimetry, additional detailed instructions for the extemporaneous preparation and the quality control of this preparation shall also be given and, where necessary, the maximum storage time shall also be indicated during which an intermediate preparation, such as an eluate or the medicinal product when ready for use, corresponds to its specifications.

(1c) In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, the expert information specified under number 4 'klinische Angaben' (clinical information) must include the following information:

a)  information on each target animal species to which the medicinal product is to be administered,

b)  instructions for use, specifying the target animal species,

c)  contra-indications,

d)  special warnings for each target animal species,

e)  special precautions for use, including special precautions to be taken by the person administering the medicinal product,

f)  adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness),

g)  use during pregnancy, lactation or lay,

h)  interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction,

i)  dosage and method of administration,

j)  overdosage, emergency procedures, symptoms, antidotes, if necessary,

k)  withdrawal periods for all foodstuffs, including those for which there is no withdrawal period.

The information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 5 letter c is not necessary.

(1d) In the case of medicinal products available only on prescription by a doctor, dentist or veterinarian, the information 'Verschreibungspflichtig' (prescription only) should also be added, for narcotic drugs the information 'Betäubungsmittel' (narcotic drugs), in the case of other medicinal products available to consumers only in pharmacies, the information 'Apothekenpflichtig' (pharmacy only); in the case of medicinal products containing a substance or a preparation pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 corresponding information shall be given.

(1e) For marketing authorisations of medicinal products pursuant to Section 24b, the information referred to in sub-section 1 relating to therapeutic indications, dosages or other objects of a patent can be omitted if it is still covered by patent law at the time of placing on the market.

(2) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be obliged to make all modifications to the expert information, which are relevant for therapy, accessible to the experts in an appropriate form. In so far as necessary, the competent higher federal authority may, by imposition of a condition, stipulate the form in which the changes are to be made accessible to all or to certain groups of experts.

(3) A sample of the expert information and revised versions thereof shall be sent immediately to the competent higher federal authority unless the medicinal product is exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation.

(4) The obligations referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 can also be fulfilled in the case of medicinal products which are administered exclusively by members of the health professions by including the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 2 in the package leaflet. The package leaflet must be headed with the title "Gebrauchsinformation und Fachinformation" (instructions for use and expert information).

Footnote: 1 Summary of Product Characteristics

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Section 12
Empowerment in respect of labelling, package leaflet and package sizes

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat:

1.  to extend the provisions of Sections 10 and 11a to cover other medicinal products and to extend the expert information to include further details,

2.  to stipulate that the information indicated in Sections 10 and 11 are to be made known to the consumer in another way,

3.  to stipulate that, for certain medicinal products or certain groups of medicinal products, warnings, warning symbols or recognition marks shall be contained in or affixed to:

a)  the containers, the outer packaging or the package leaflet or

b)  the expert information,

4.  to stipulate that specific constituents are to be listed by nature on the containers and outer packaging or that attention should be drawn to them in the package leaflet,

if this is deemed necessary in order to ensure the proper handling and proper administration of medicinal products within the purview of the present Act and in order to prevent any direct or indirect risk to human or animal health, which could occur as a result of inadequate information.

(1a) Furthermore, the Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to allow, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the use of summarizing names for substances or preparations from substances in the information provided on containers and outer packagingor in package leaflets or in expert information, as long as active constituents are not involved and no direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health arising from a lack of information is to be feared.

(1b) Furthermore, the Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, by means of an ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat to regulate:

where it is deemed necessary to prevent a direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health owing to inadequate labelling.

(2) In the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall take the place of the Federal Ministry in the cases provided for in sub-section 1, 1a, 1b or 3, and shall in each case issue the ordinance in agreement with the Federal Ministry. The ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1, 1a or 1b shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in the case of radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used or where, in the cases provided for in sub-section 1 number 3, warnings, warning symbols or recognition marks with regard to the information stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 13 or sub-section 5 sentence 1 number 10, Section 11 sub-section 4 sentence 1 number 9 or Section 11a, sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 6 letter f are required.

(3) Furthermore, the Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to stipulate, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, that medicinal products may only be placed on the market in specific package sizes and that they shall be labelled accordingly by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur on the container or, if used, on the outer packaging. The fixing of these package sizes shall be done for specific active substances and shall take into account the therapeutic indications, the duration of application and the pharmaceutical form. In fixing the package size, the following sub-division shall, in principle, be used as a basis:

1.  packages for a short duration of application or tolerance tests,

2.  packages for an intermediate duration of application,

3.  packages for a relatively prolonged duration of application.

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THIRD CHAPTER
MANUFACTURE OF MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

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Section 13
Manufacturing authorisation

(1) Any person who manufactures:

1.  medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1,

2.  test sera, test antigens,

3.  active substances, which are of human, animal or microbial origin or are manufactured using genetic engineering, or

4.  other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products

on a commercial or professional basis shall require an authorisation by the competent authority. The same shall also apply to legal persons, non-incorporated associations and companies established under civil law which manufacture medicinal products for distribution to their members. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to a trial on the basis of which the release of the medicinal product is explained. This shall be without prejudice to Section 14 sub-section 4.

(1a) Sub-section 1 shall not apply to:

1.  tissues within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 20b or 20c,

2.  the procurement and the laboratory tests of autologous blood for the manufacture of biotechnologically processed tissue products which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 20b,

3.  tissue preparations which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 20c,

4.  reconstitution, in so far as medicinal products which are intended for use in clinical trials are not concerned.

(2) The following shall not require an authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1:

1.  the owner of a pharmacy manufacturing medicinal products within the scope of the normal operation of a pharmacy, reconstituting or packaging including the labelling of medicinal products intended for clinical trials in so far as this corresponds to the trial protocol,

2.  the body responsible for a hospital, in so far as it is authorised to distribute medicinal products pursuant to the Pharmacies Act, reconstituting or packaging including the labelling of medicinal products intended for clinical trials in so far as this corresponds to the trial protocol,

3.  the veterinarian operating a veterinary in-house dispensary for:

a)  the decanting, packaging or labelling of medicinal products, without altering them,

b)  the manufacture of medicinal products which contain substances or preparations from substances released exclusively for trade outside of pharmacies,

c)  the manufacture of homeopathic medicinal products which, in so far as they are intended for administration to food-producing animals, contain only active substances listed in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 as substances which do not require the stipulation of maximum levels,

d)  the preparation of medicinal products from a finished medicinal product and medically non-active constituents,

e)  the mixing of finished medicinal products for the immobilisation of zoo, wild and reserve animals,

in so far as these activities are undertaken for the animals in his/her care,

4.  the wholesaler decanting, packaging or labelling medicinal products without altering them, provided the packages concerned are not intended for direct distribution to the consumer,

5.  the retailer who, in possession of the expert knowledge defined in Section 50, decants, packages or labels medicinal products without altering them for direct distribution to the consumer,

6.  the manufacturer of active substances which are intended for use in the manufacture of medicinal products which are manufactured using a procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia.

(2a) The exceptions specified in sentence 1 shall not apply to the manufacture of blood preparations, tissue preparations, sera, vaccines, allergens, test sera, test antigens advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal products and radiopharmaceuticals. Sentence 1 shall not apply to the facilities mentioned in sub-section 2 number 1 or 2 in so far as

1.  the decanting in an unchanged form for an individual patient, packaging or labelling of sera of non-human or non-animal origin authorised for marketing within the purview of this Act, or

2.  the reconstitution or the decanting, packaging or labelling of medicinal products intended for clinical trials in so far as this corresponds to the trial protocol, or

3.  the manufacture of test allergens

are concerned. The competent authority is to be notified of activities pursuant to sentence 2 nos. 1 and 3.

(2b) Furthermore, an authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 shall not be required by a person who is a physician or otherwise authorised to practise medicine on humans in so far as the medicinal products are manufactured directly under his/her professional responsibility for personal use by a specific patient. Sentence 1 shall not apply to:

1.  advanced therapy medicinal products and xenogenic medicinal products, as well as

2.  medicinal products intended for clinical trials in so far as it is not merely a case of reconstitution.

(2c) Sub-section 2b sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to veterinarians maintaining a veterinary in-house dispensary for use in animals treated by them.

(3) An authorisation issued pursuant to sub-section 1 concerning the decanting of liquefied medicinal gases into the delivery receptacle of a tanker truck also covers the decanting of liquefied medicinal gases, without altering them, from a delivery receptacle of a tanker truck into containers installed at a hospital or on the premises of other consumers.

(4) The decision on the granting of the authorisation shall be reached by the competent authority of the federal Land where the factory site is situated or is to be situated. As far as blood products, tissue preparations, sera, vaccines, allergens, advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal products, medicinal products manufactured using genetic engineering as well as active substances and other substances intended for the manufacture of medicinal products and which are of human, animal or microbial origin or are manufactured using genetic engineering are concerned, the decision on the authorisation shall be reached in consultation with the competent higher federal authority.

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Section 14
Decision on the manufacturing authorisation

(1) An authorisation may only be refused if:

1.  there is not at least one person available with the expertise required pursuant to Section 15 (qualified person pursuant to Section 14) who is responsible for the activity referred to in Section 19,

2.  (no longer applicable),

3.  the qualified person pursuant to number 1 or the applicant is not sufficiently reliable in the performance of his/her job,

4.  the qualified person referred to in number 1 cannot consistently perform the duties incumbent upon him,

5.  (no longer applicable),

5a.  in enterprises which manufacture medicated feedingstuffs from medicated pre-mixes, the person responsible for supervising the technical side of the manufacturing procedure does not possess sufficient knowledge and experience in the field of mixing technology, or

5b.  the physician under whose responsibility pre-treatment of the donor is carried out for the purpose of separating blood stem cells or other blood components, does not possess the expert knowledge required,

5c.  in breach of Section 4 sentence 1 number 2 of the Transfusion Act, no physician in charge has been appointed or said person does not possess the necessary professional knowledge according to the state of the medical art or, in breach of Section 4 sentence 1 number 3 of the Transfusion Act, no physician is present when the withdrawal procedure is carried out on a human donor,

6.  suitable premises and equipment for the intended manufacture, testing and storage of the medicinal products are not available, or

6a.  the manufacturer is not in a position to ensure that the manufacture or the testing of the medicinal products is carried out according to the latest standards prevailing in science and technology, and in the procurement of blood and blood components, additionally, according to the provisions contained in Part Two of the Transfusion Act.

(2) (no longer applicable)

(2a) The physician in charge pursuant to Section 4 sentence 1 number 2 of the Transfusion Act can also be the qualified person pursuant to sub-section 1 number1.

(2b) (no longer applicable)

(3) (no longer applicable)

(4) By way of derogation from sub-section 1 number 6, it shall be possible to conduct partly outside of the manufacturer's factory site:

1.  the manufacture of medicinal products for clinical trials on human beings at a commissioned pharmacy,

2.  the changing of the expiry date of medicinal products for clinical trials on human beings at a trial site by a person commissioned by the manufacturer, in so far as these medicinal products are exclusively intended for use at this trial site,

3.  the testing of medicinal products at commissioned enterprises,

4.  the procurement or testing, including laboratory testing of the donor samples of substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products, with the exception of tissues, in other enterprises or facilities,

which require no authorisation of their own, can be carried out on condition that they have the premises and equipment suitable for this purpose and it is guaranteed that the manufacture and testing are carried out in accordance with the obtaining state of scientific and technical knowledge and the qualified person pursuant to sub-section 1 number 1 is able to assume his/her responsibilities.

(5) Should the documentation presented be deemed flawed, the applicant shall be given the opportunity to correct the flaws within an appropriate period of time. If the flaws are not corrected, the manufacturing authorisation shall be refused.

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Section 15
Expert knowledge

(1) Proof of the required expert knowledge on the part of the qualified person referred to in Section 14 shall be furnished by:

1.  the licence to practise as a pharmacist, or

2.  the diploma in pharmacy, chemistry, biology, human or veterinary medicine attained upon completion of university studies

as well as a period of at least two years' practical experience in the field of the qualitative and quantitative analysis and other quality testing of medicinal products.

(2) In the cases specified in sub-section 1 number 2, proof shall be furnished to the competent authority that the university studies comprised theoretical and practical instruction at least in the following basic subjects and that an adequate knowledge exists thereof:

experimental physics,

general and inorganic chemistry,

organic chemistry,

analytical chemistry,

pharmaceutical chemistry,

biochemistry,

physiology,

microbiology,

pharmacology,

pharmaceutical technology,

toxicology,

pharmaceutical biology.

The theoretical and practical instruction and sufficient knowledge may also be acquired at a university upon completion of university studies within the meaning of sub-section 1 number 2 and may be proved by examination.

(3) Sub-section 2 shall not apply to the manufactureand testing of blood preparations, sera of human or animal origin, vaccines, allergens, test sera and test antigens. In place of the evidence of practical experience required in sub-section 1, proof shall be furnished of at least three years' experience in the field of medical serology or medical microbiology. By way of derogation from sentence 2, in place of the practical experience required in sub-section 1, proof shall be furnished of:

1.  at least three years' experience in manufacture or testing in plasma processing enterprises with a manufacturing authorisation, in addition to at least six months' experience in the field of transfusion medicine or medical microbiology, virology, hygiene or analytic procedure, in the case of blood preparations produced from blood plasma for the purpose of fractionation,

2.  at least two years' experience in the field of transfusion medicine covering all the areas of manufacture and testing in the case of blood preparations made from blood cells and preparations made from fresh plasma as well as in the case of substances and blood components for the manufacture of blood preparations,

3.  at least six months' experience in transfusion medicine or one year's experience in the manufacture of autologous blood preparations in the case of autologous blood preparations,

4.  in the case of preparations made from blood stem cells, in addition to sufficient knowledge, at least two year's experience in this field of activity especially in the technology on which it is based.

With regard to the pre-treatment of patients for the purpose of separating blood stem cells or other blood components, the responsible physician shall provide evidence of sufficient knowledge in addition to at least two years' experience in this field of activity. The prerequisites contained in sub-section 1 remain valid for packaging and labelling.

(3a) Sub-section 2 shall not apply to the manufacturing and testing of advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal products, tissue preparations, medicinal products for use in in-vivo diagnosis by means of marker genes, tissue preparations, radiopharmaceuticalsand active substances. In place of the practical experience required in sub-section 1, proof must be furnished of:

1.  in the case of gene therapy medicinal products and medicinal products for use in in-vivo diagnosis by means of marker genes, at least two years' experience in a medically relevant field, in particular of genetic engineering, microbiology, cell biology, virology or molecular biology,

2.  in the case of somatic cell therapy medicinal products and biotechnologically processed tissue products, at least two years' experience in a medically relevant field, in particular of genetic engineering, microbiology, cell biology, virology or molecular biology,

3.  in the case of xenogenic medicinal products, at least three years' experience in a medically relevant field including at least two years' activity particularly in one of the fields mentioned under number 1,

4.  in the case of tissue preparations, at least two years' experience in the manufacture and testing of such medicinal products in enterprises and facilities which require a manufacturing authorisation pursuant to the present Act or possess a manufacturing authorisation under the legislation of the European Union,

5.  in the case of radiopharmaceuticals, at least three years' experience in the field of nuclear medicine or that of radiopharmaceutical chemistry, and

6.  in the case of active substances other than those listed under sub-section 3 sentence 3 number 2, at least two years' experience in the manufacture and testing of active substances.

(4) The period of practical experience specified in sub-section 1 shall be spent at a firm which has been granted a manufacturing authorisation by a Member State of the European Union, by another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area or by a state with which an agreement exists as to the mutual recognition of certificates pursuant to Section 72a sentence 1 number 1.

(5) The period of practical experience shall not be required for the manufacturingof medicated feedingstuffs from medicated pre-mixes; sub-section 2 shall not apply.

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Section 16
Limitation of the manufacturing authorisation

The authorisation shall be issued to the applicant for a specific factory site and for particular medicinal products and pharmaceuticalforms of medicinal products and, in cases as defined in Section 14 sub-section 4, also for a specific factory site of the commissioned company or the other company. In so far as the authorisation includes the testing of medicinal products or active substances, the type of testing is to be specified.

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Section 17
Deadlines for the granting of an authorisation

(1) The competent authority shall reach a decision on the application for an authorisation within three months.

(2) If the holder of the authorisation makes an application for the authorisation to be modified in respect of the medicinal products to be manufactured or the premises and equipment as defined in Section 14 sub-section 1 number 6, the authority shall reach a decision within one month. In exceptional cases, the deadline shall be extended by a further two months. The applicant shall be notified thereof prior to the expiry of the deadline and shall be informed of the grounds.

(3) If the authority gives the applicant the opportunity to correct the flaws pursuant to Section 14 sub-section 5, the deadlines shall be interrupted until such flaws have been corrected or until the expiry of the deadline set pursuant to Section 14 sub-section 5. The interruption of the deadline shall begin on the day the applicant receives the request to correct the flaws.

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Section 18
Withdrawal, revocation, suspension

(1) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it becomes known subsequently that one of the grounds for refusal, pursuant to Section 14 sub-section 1, existed at the time the authorisation was granted. The authorisation shall be revoked if one of the grounds for refusal subsequently developed; the suspension of the authorisation may be ordered instead of its revocation. Section 13 sub-section 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) The competent authority may issue a provisional order mandating that the manufacture of a medicinal product be discontinued if the manufacturer fails to furnish the evidence required for manufactureand testing. The provisional order may be restricted to one batch.

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Section 19
Areas of responsibility

(1) The qualified person pursuant to Section 14 shall be responsible for ensuring that each batch of the medicinal product is manufactured and tested in accordance with the regulations applicable to the trade in medicinal products. He/she must certify the fulfilment of these provisions for each batch of medicinal products in a serially numbered register or comparable document before it is placed on the market.

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Section 20
Obligations to notify

The marketing authorisation holder shall notify the competent authority in advance of any change in the information referred to in Section 14 sub-section 1 and submit evidence. Any unforeseen change in the qualified person referred to in Section 14, must be notified immediately.

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Section 20a
Applicability to active substances and other substances

Section 13 sub-sections 2 and 4 and Sections 14 to 20 shall apply mutatis mutandis to active substances and to other substances of human origin intended for use in the manufacture of medicinal products, in so far as their manufacture or testing pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 1 requires an authorisation.

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Section 20b
Authorisation for the procurement of tissues and the pertinent laboratory testing

(1) Any establishment seeking to procure tissues intended for human applications within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act (removal establishments) or seeking to conduct the laboratory testing necessary for such procurement, shall require an authorisation from the competent authority. Procurement within the meaning of sentence 1 is the direct or extracorporeal removal of tissues including all measures which are intended to maintain the tissues in a processable state, clearly identifiable and transportable. The authorisation may only be refused if:

1.  an appropriately qualified person with the necessary professional experience who, in the case of a removal establishment, can also be the medical person within the meaning of Section 8d, sub-section 1, sentence 1 of the Transplantation Act is not present,

2.  the additional personnel involved is insufficiently qualified,

3.  appropriate rooms for the specific tissue procurement or for the laboratory testing are not available, or

4.  it is not guaranteed that the procurement of tissues or the laboratory testing are conducted according to the state of medical science and technology and according to the provisions contained in Parts 2, 3 and 3a of the Transplantation Act.

The competent authority may dispense with an inspection within the meaning of Section 64 sub-section 3 sentence 2, prior to the granting of an authorisation pursuant to this provision. The authorisation will be granted to the removal establishment by the competent authority for a specific facility and for a specific tissue and, to the laboratory, for a specific site and for specific activities. In the process, the competent authority may involve the competent higher federal authority.

(1a) Section 20c sub-section 4 sentences 1 and 2 and sub-section 5 apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) An individual authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 shall not be required by a person conducting such activities on a contractual basis for a manufacturer or a processor who is in possession of an authorisation pursuant to Section 13 or Section 20c for the processing of tissue or tissue preparations. In this case, the manufacturer or processor shall notify the locally competent authority responsible for the removal establishment or the laboratory of the latter and shall include, with the notification, the information and documents pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3. One month subsequent to the notification pursuant to sentence 2, the manufacturer or processor shall notify the competent authority responsible for him/her of the removal establishment or the laboratory unless the competent authority responsible for the removal establishment or the laboratory has objected. In exceptional cases, the deadline pursuant to sentence 3 can be extended for an additional two months. The manufacturer or processor shall be informed thereof before expiry of the deadline and shall be informed of the grounds. If the competent authority has objected, the deadlines pursuant to sentences 3 and 4 shall be suspended until the grounds for the objection have been rectified. Sub-section 1 sentences 3 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis provided that the authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 5 is granted to the manufacturer or processor.

(3) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it subsequently becomes known that one of the grounds for the rejection pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 existed at the time of the granting of the authorisation. If one of these grounds arises subsequently, the authorisation shall be revoked; instead of the revocation, the suspension of the authorisation can also be ordered. The competent authority is entitled to prohibit the procurement of tissue or the laboratory testing temporarily if the removal establishment, the laboratory, the manufacturer or the processor fail to submit the necessary supporting documents for the procurement of tissue or the laboratory testing.

(4) Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis for the procurement and the laboratory testing of autologous blood for the manufacture of biotechnologically processed tissue products.

(5) The marketing authorisation holder shall inform the competent authority of every change in the prerequisites contained in sub-section 1 sentence 3 regarding the marketing authorisation, in advance, presenting the necessary evidence and may make the change only after receiving written permission to do so from the competent authority. In the case of an unexpected change in the appropriately qualified person pursuant to Section 20b, the notification shall be immediate.

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Section 20c
Authorisation for the processing, preservation, testing and storage or the placing on the market of tissues or preparations made from tissues

(1) Any establishment which wishes to process, preserve, test, store or place on the market tissues or tissue preparations which are not processed using industrial procedures and the essential processing procedures of which are sufficiently well known in the European Union, requires, by way of derogation from Section 13 sub-section 1, an authorisation from the competent authority pursuant to the following provisions. This shall also apply to tissues or tissue preparations the processing procedures for which are new but comparable with a known procedure. The decision about whether to grant the authorisation shall be taken by the competent authority of the Land in which the facility is located or is to be located, in consultation with the competent higher federal authority.

(2) The authorisation may only be refused if:

1.  a person with the necessary expert knowledge and experience pursuant to sub-section 3 (responsible person pursuant to Section 20c) responsible for ensuring that the tissue preparations and tissues are processed, preserved, tested, stored or placed on the market in keeping with the statutory provisions in force, is not available,

2.  additional participating personnel is insufficiently qualified,

3.  suitable premises and establishments are not available for the envisaged activities,

4.  it is not guaranteed that the processing including the labelling, preservation and storage is conducted according to state-of-the-art scientific and technical procedures, or

5.  a quality management system pursuant to the principles of Good Practice has not been installed or has not been kept up to date.

By way of derogation from sentence 1 number 3, the testing of the tissues and tissue preparations may be conducted outside of the factory site, in commissioned factories which do not require an authorisation of their own, if suitable rooms and facilities are available there and if it is guaranteed that testing is conducted in keeping with the state of the art in science and technology and the responsible person pursuant to Section 20c is able to assume his/her responsibilities.

(3) Proof that the responsible person pursuant to Section 20c possesses the necessary expert knowledge, shall be provided by a certificate testifying to the successful completion of university studies in human medicine, biology, biochemistry or a course of studies considered equivalent as well as at least two years' practical experience in the processing of tissues or tissue preparations.

(4) Should there be any objections against the submitted documents, the applicant shall be given an opportunity to correct the flaws within an appropriate period of time. If the flaws are not corrected, the authorisation shall be refused. The authorisation shall be granted for a specific facility and for specific tissues or tissue preparations.

(5) The competent authority shall take the decision on the application for an authorisation within three months. Should the holder of an authorisation apply for a modification to the authorisation, the authority shall take the decision within one month. In exceptional cases, the deadline shall be extended by an additional two months. The applicant shall be notified thereof prior to the expiry of the deadline and informed of the grounds. If the authority gives the applicant pursuant to sub-section 4 sentence 1, the opportunity to correct the flaws, the deadlines shall be interrupted until such flaws have been corrected or until the expiry of the deadline set pursuant to sub-section 4 sentence 1. The interruption of the deadline shall begin on the day the applicant receives the request to correct the flaws.

(6) The holder of an authorisation shall notify the competent authority in advance of any change in the information referred to in sub-section 2 and shall submit evidence thereof; the changes may be made only after receipt of a written authorisation from the competent authority. Any unforeseen change in the responsible person pursuant to Section 20c shall be notified immediately.

(7) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it becomes known subsequently that one of the grounds for refusal, pursuant to sub-section 2 existed at the time the authorisation was granted. The authorisation shall be revoked if one of the grounds for refusal developed subsequently, the suspension of the authorisation may be ordered instead of its revocation. Sub-section 1 sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The competent authority may issue a provisional order mandating that the processing of tissues or tissue preparations be discontinued if the processor fails to furnish the evidence required for processing. If the processing of tissues or tissue preparations is terminated, the processor shall ensure that stored tissue preparations and tissues continue to be stored in a quality-assured manner and are transferred to other manufacturers, processors or distributors in possession of an authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 or Section 13 sub-section 1. This shall also apply to the information and data about the processing which is necessary for the tracing of these tissue preparations and tissues.

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Section 20d
Exception from the obligation to obtain an authorization for tissues and tissue preparations

An authorisation pursuant to Section 20b sub-section 1 and Section 20c sub-section 1 shall not be required by a person who is a physician or otherwise authorised to practise medicine on humans and who performs the activities mentioned therein, with the exception of the placing on the market, in order to use the tissue or tissue preparation personally on their patient. This shall not apply to medicinal products which are intended for clinical trials.

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FOURTH CHAPTER
MARKETING AUTHORISATION FOR MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

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Section 21
Obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, may only be placed on the market within the purview of the present Act, if they have been authorised by the competent higher federal authority or if the European Community or the European Union has granted an authorisation for them to be placed on the market pursuant to Article 3 paragraph 1 or 2 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 also in conjunction with Regulation (EC) No. 1901/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12th December 2006 on medicinal products for paediatric use and amending Regulation (EEC) No. 1768/92, Directive 2001/20/EC, Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 (OJ L 378 of 27.12.2006, p. 1) or Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007. The same shall apply to medicinal products which are not finished medicinal products and which are intended for administration to animals, provided they are not intended for distribution to pharmaceutical entrepreneurs holding an authorisation for the manufacture of medicinal products.

(2) A marketing authorisation (Zulassung) shall not be required for medicinal products which:

1.  are intended for administration to human beings and the essential manufacturing stages of which, owing to the documented frequency with which they are the subject of medical and dental prescriptions, are carried out in a pharmacy in an amount of up to one hundred packages ready for dispensing in the space of one day within the framework of the existing pharmacy operating licence,

1a.  are medicinal products manufactured from substances of human origin, which are either intended for autologous use or for targeted administration to a specific person, or are prepared on prescription for individual persons, unless medicinal products pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 4 are concerned,

1b.  are medicinal products other than those referred to in number 1a, which are manufactured for pharmacies which are in possession of a prescription for a patient from medicinal products authorised within the purview of the present Act

a)  as cytostatic preparations or for parenteral nutrition, as well as in other medically justified cases of special need if it is necessary in order to provide adequate care for the patient and no other medicinal product with a marketing authorisation is available, or

b)  as a blister from unchanged medicinal products, or

c)  are decanted in an unchanged form,

1c.  are intended for use in human beings, show antibacterial or antiviral efficacy and are intended for the treatment of a dangerous communicable disease – the spread of which renders necessary an immediate supply of specific medicinal products in excess of normal requirements – and are manufactured from active substances, which have been stored for this purpose by Federal and Land health authorities, or agencies designated by them, provided that they are manufactured in a pharmacy for dispensing within the framework of the existing pharmacy operating licence of for dispensing to other pharmacies,

1d.  are tissue preparations which are subject to the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation pursuant to the provisions contained in Section 21a sub-section 1,

1e.  are curative waters, moor muds for baths or other peloids, which are not manufactured in advance and are not intended to be placed on the market in a specific packaging for sale to the consumer, or which are intended exclusively for external use or for inhalation on the premises,

1f.  are medicinal gases and are manufactured for individual persons from medicinal products authorised within the purview of the present Act through filling and labelling in enterprises authorised pursuant to Section 50 to conduct retail trade in medicinal products outside of pharmacies,

1g.  are therapeutic allergens manufactured to order for individual patients,

2.  are intended for use in clinical trials on human beings,

3.  are medicated feedingstuffs, manufactured in keeping with their designated purpose from medicated pre-mixes for which a marketing authorisation has been issued pursuant to Section 25,

4.  are manufactured for individual animals or animals belonging to a specific stock, in pharmacies or in veterinary in-house dispensaries under the prerequisites specified in sub-section 2a,

5.  are intended for use in clinical trials on animals or in residue tests, or

6.  are made available free of charge under the conditions specified to in Article 83 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 for administration to patients with a seriously debilitating disease or whose disease is life-threatening, and who cannot be treated satisfactorily with an authorised medicinal product; this applies equally to medicinal products which do not fall under the categories stipulated in Article 3 first or second paragraph of Council Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004; rules of procedure shall be specified in an ordinance pursuant to Section 80.

(2a) Medicinal Products which contain substances and preparations from substances which have not been released for trade outside of pharmacies, may only be manufactured pursuant to sub-section 2 number 4 if a medicinal product authorised for the treatment of the animal species in question or for the specific therapeutic indications is not available, if the necessary medicinal treatment of the animals would otherwise be seriously jeopardized and if no direct or indirect danger to the health of human beings and animals is to be feared. The manufacture of medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1 is only admissible in pharmacies. Sentence 2 does not apply to the preparation of medicinal products from a finished medicinal product and medically non-active constituents or to the mixing of finished medicinal products intended for the immobilisation of zoo, wild and reserve animals. For the purposes of sentence 1, the decanting, packaging or labelling of medicinal products in unchanged form shall not be considered as manufacturing, in so far as:

1.  no finished medicinal products are available commercially in package sizes suitable for the individual case, or

2.  in other cases, the container or any other form of pharmaceutical packaging coming into direct contact with the medicinal product is not damaged.

Sentences 1 to 4 shall not apply to homeopathic medicinal products which are either registered or exempt from registration and, should they be intended for use in food-producing animals, if they contain only the active substances listed the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 as substances which do not require the stipulation of maximum levels.

(3) Application for a marketing authorisation shall be made by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur. For a finished medicinal product manufactured in pharmacies or at other retail dealers using standardized procedures, and distributed to the consumer under a standardized name, the application for a marketing authorisation shall be made by the party responsible for the issue of the master formula. If a finished medicinal product is manufactured for several pharmacies or other retail dealers and is to be distributed to the consumer under their name and under a standardized name, then the manufacturer shall apply for the marketing authorisation.

(4) Furthermore, at the request of the competent authority of the Land, the competent higher federal authority shall decide on the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation for a specific medicinal product, the obligation to obtain an authorisation for a tissue preparation or a clinical trial, irrespective of an application for a marketing authorisation pursuant to sub-Section 3 or an application for an authorisation pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 1 or Section 42 sub-section 2. The competent Land authority shall include a reasoned opinion on the classification of the medicinal product or the clinical trial with the application.

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Section 21a
Authorisation of tissue preparations

(1)Tissue preparations which are not manufactured involving an industrial process and the essential processing procedures of which are sufficiently well known in the European Union, and the effects and adverse reactions of which are known and evident from scientific data may only be placed on the market within the purview of the present Act, if they have been authorised by the competent higher federal authority, by way of derogation from the marketing authorisation obligations pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 1. This shall also apply to tissue preparations the processing procedures for which are new but comparable with a known procedure. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to blood stem cell preparations intended for autologous use or for targeted administration to a specific person. The authorisation shall cover the procedures for the procurement, processing and testing, the choice of donors and the documentation for each operational step as well as the quantitative and qualitative criteria for tissue preparations. Especially the critical processing procedure must be evaluated to ascertain that the procedures do not render the tissues clinically ineffective or harmful to patients.

(1a) An authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 is not required for tissue preparations which are intended for clinical trials on human beings.

(2) The application for an authorisation shall be accompanied by the following information and documents to be supplied by the applicant:

1.  the name or the company and the address of the processor,

2.  the name of the tissue preparation,

3.  the therapeutic indications as well as the method of administration and, in the case of tissue preparations which are intended to be used for a limited period of time, the duration of the application,

4.  information about the procurement and laboratory testing of the tissues, as well as the processing, preservation, testing and storage of the tissue preparation,

5.  the type of preservation, the shelf life, and the conditions for storage,

6.  a description of the functionality and the risks of the tissue preparation,

7.  documents containing the results of microbiological, chemical and physical examinations and the methods used in their determination, in so far as these documents are necessary, as well as

8.  all of the information and documents which is relevant to the purpose of evaluation of the medicinal product.

Section 22 sub-section 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(3) In respect of the information pursuant to sub-section 2 number 3, scientific findings which are also able to compare with empirical medical findings prepared according to scientific methods can be submitted. These could include studies conducted by the manufacturer of the tissue preparation, data from publications or subsequent assessments of the clinical findings on the manufactured tissue preparations.

(4) The competent higher federal authority shall reach a decision on the application for an authorisation within five months. If the applicant is given the opportunity to correct flaws, the deadlines shall be interrupted until such flaws have been corrected or until the expiry of the deadline set for the correction of the flaws. The interruption of the deadline shall begin on the day the applicant receives the request to correct the flaws.

(5) The competent higher federal authority shall grant the authorisation in writing, together with an authorisation number. The authority may combine the authorisation with the imposition of conditions. Section 28 and section 34 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(6) The competent higher federal authority may only refuse an authorisation if:

1.  the documents submitted are incomplete,

2.  the tissue preparation does not correspond to the current state of scientific knowledge, or

3.  the tissue preparation does not fulfil the envisaged function or the risk-benefit balance is unfavourable.

(7) The applicant, or subsequent to the authorisation, the holder of the authorisation shall immediately notify the competent higher federal authority of any changes in the information pursuant to sub-sections 2 and 3 and include the corresponding documents with the notification. In the event of a change in the documents pursuant to sub-section 3, the change may only be carried out if the competent higher federal authority has consented.

(8) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it subsequently becomes known that one of the grounds for refusal, pursuant to sub-section 6 numbers 2 and 3 existed at the time the authorisation was granted. The authorisation shall be revoked if one of the grounds for refusal subsequently developed. In both cases, the temporary suspension of the authorisation may also be ordered. Before a decision is reached pursuant to sentences 1 to 3, the holder of the authorisation shall be heard unless danger is imminent. If the authorisation has been withdrawn, revoked or suspended, the tissue preparation may not be placed on the market, nor shall it be introduced into the purview of the present Act.

(9) By way of derogation from sub-section 1, tissue preparations which are allowed to be placed on the market in a Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, shall require a certificate from the competent higher federal authority before the first introduction into the purview of the present Act for the purpose of being used. Before issuing the certificate, the competent higher federal authority shall examine whether the processing of the tissue preparations meets the requirements with respect to the removal and processing procedures including the donor selection procedures and the laboratory examinations, and whether the quantitative and qualitative criteria for the tissue preparations meet the requirements of the present Act and its ordinances. The competent higher federal authority must issue the certificate if the authorisation certificate or another certificate from the competent authority of the country of origin demonstrates the equivalence of the requirements pursuant to sentence 2 and the proof of authorisation in the Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area is submitted. The competent higher federal authority shall be informed on time of any change in the requirements pursuant to sentence 2 prior to any further introduction of the tissue preparation into the purview of the present Act. The certificate is to be withdrawn if one of the prerequisites pursuant to sentence 2 had not been met; it shall be revoked if one of the prerequisites pursuant to sentence 2 is, subsequently, no longer met.

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Section 22
Marketing authorisation documents

(1) The applicant shall attach the following information to his/her application for a marketing authorisation:

1.  the name or the company and the address of the applicant and the manufacturer,

2.  the name of the medicinal product,

3.  the constituents of the medicinal product by type and quantity; Section 10 sub-section 6 shall apply,

4.  the pharmaceutical form,

5.  the effects,

6.  the therapeutic indications,

7.  the contra-indications,

8.  the adverse reactions,

9.  the interactions with other products,

10.  the dosage,

11.  the medicinal product's method of manufacture,

12.  the method of administration and, in the case of medicinal products which should only be administered for a limited period of time, the duration of the administration,

13.  the package sizes,

14.  the method of preservation, shelf-life, storage conditions, results of stability tests,

15.  the methods of quality control (test methods).

(1a) The information pursuant to sub-section 1 numbers 1 to 10 must be provided in the German language, the other information in German or in English; other information or documents can also be provided or submitted in English instead of in German, within the framework of the marketing authorisation procedure, in so far as information for use in the labelling, the package leaflet or the expert information are not concerned.

(2) Furthermore, the following information shall be submitted:

1.  the results of physical, chemical, biological or microbiological examinations and the methods used in their determination (analytical test),

2.  the results of the pharmacological and toxicological tests,

3.  the results of clinical trials or other medical, dental or veterinary tests,

4.  a statement to the effect that clinical trials conducted outside the European Union were conducted under ethical conditions which are equivalent to the ethical conditions laid down in Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4th April 2001 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use (OJ L 121 of 1.5.2001, p. 34),

5.  in the case of medicinal products for human use, a summarised description of the applicant's pharmacovigilance system which must contain the following:

a)  evidence that the applicant has the services of a qualified person at his/her disposal pursuant to Section 63a, as well as the Member State in which this person is domiciled and works and his/her contact information,

b)  the name of the place where the pharmacovigilance system master file for the medicinal product in question is kept, and

c)  a declaration signed by the applicant that he/she possesses the necessary funds in order to fulfil the tasks and obligations listed in Chapter Ten,

5a.  in the case of medicinal products for human use, the risk management plan containing a description of the risk-management system which the applicant will introduce for the medicinal product in question, together with a summary,

6.  in the case of medicinal products for animal use, a detailed description of the applicant's pharmacovigilance system, proof that the applicant has the services of a qualified person pursuant to Section 63a at his/her disposal and, in so far as necessary, of the risk-management system which this applicant will introduce, as well as proof of the necessary infrastructure for reporting all suspected adverse reactions pursuant to Section 63h,

7.  a copy of each orphan medicinal product designation pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 141/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16th December 1999 on orphan medicinal products (OJ L 18, p. 1),

8.  in the case of medicinal products for human use, a confirmation by the medicinal product manufacturer that he/she or another person designated by contract has satisfied him/herself, by means of an inspection on site, that good manufacturing practice is being applied in the manufacture of the active substances; the confirmation must also contain the date of the audit.

The results pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 1 to 3 shall be substantiated by documentary evidence in such a way that the type, scope and exact time of the tests are clearly evident. The application for a marketing authorisation shall be accompanied by all of the relevant information and documents necessary for the assessment of the medicinal product, whether favourable or unfavourable. This shall also apply to incomplete or discontinued toxicological or pharmacological tests or clinical trials carried out using the medicinal product in question.

(3) Instead of the results specified in sub-section 2 numbers 2 and 3, other scientific documents may be presented:

1.  in the case of a medicinal product which contains active substances that have been used for at least ten years in the European Union for general medical or veterinary purposes, the effects and adverse reactions of which are known and evident from scientific data,

2.  in the case of a medicinal product which, in its composition, is comparable to a medicinal product pursuant to number 1,

3.  for the constituents of the medicinal product, in the case of a medicinal product which is a new combination of constituents that are already known; however, other documents containing scientific findings may also be presented for the combination as such, if the efficacy and safety of the medicinal product according to its composition, dosage, pharmaceutical form and therapeutic indications can be determined by these documents.

Furthermore, the medical experience gained by the specific schools of therapy must also be taken into consideration.

(3a) If the medicinal product contains more than one active substance, evidence shall be provided to prove that every active substance contributes to the positive assessment of the medicinal product.

(3b) In the case of radiopharmaceuticals which are generators, a general description of the system, including a detailed description of those components of the system which are able to influence the composition or quality of the secondary radioactive nuclide preparation, as well as the particular qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the eluate or the sublimate, are to be provided.

(3c) Documents should also be submitted for the evaluation of possible environmental risks and if the storage of the medicinal product or its administration or the disposal of its waste requires special safety precautions or measures to avoid endangering the environment or impairing the health of human beings, animals or plants, this shall also be stated. Information on how to reduce these dangers shall also be submitted and substantiated. In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, the results of the tests to evaluate possible environmental risks shall be submitted; sub-section 2 sentences 2 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(4) If an application is made for a marketing authorisation in respect of a medicinal product manufactured within the purview of the present Act, proof shall be furnished that the manufacturer is entitled to manufacture the medicinal product. This shall not apply in the case of an application pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 3 sentence 2.

(5) If an application is made for a marketing authorisation in respect of a medicinal product manufactured outside the purview of the present Act, proof shall be furnished that the manufacturer is entitled to manufacture medicinal products in accordance with the legal regulations laid down by the country of manufacture and, in the event that the medicinal product is introduced from a country which is not a Member State of the European Union or a State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, that the importer is in possession of an authorisation to introduce the medicinal product into the territory governed by this Act.

(6) If the medicinal product has already been granted a marketing authorisation in a foreign state, a copy of such authorisation and, in the case of medicinal products for human use, a copy of the summary of the safety data including the data from the periodic safety update reports, where available, and the reports on suspected adverse reactions shall be included. Where an application for a marketing authorisation has been denied in whole or in part, the details of that decision shall be furnished and the grounds for it explained. Where an application for a marketing authorisation is currently being examined in one or several Member States of the European Union, this shall be stated. Copies of the summaries of the product characteristics and package leaflets authorized by the competent authorities of the Member States or, where these documents are not available, the versions of these documents proposed by the applicant in the course of a procedure pursuant to sentence 3, shall also be included. Furthermore, where an application for the recognition of the marketing authorisation of another Member State is submitted, the declarations required under Article 28 of Directive 2001/83/EC or in Article 32 of Directive 2001/82/EC shall be submitted along with the other information stipulated therein. Sentence 5 shall not apply to medicinal products which have been manufactured according to homeopathic manufacturing procedures.

(7) The application for a marketing authorisation shall be accompanied by the wording of the information which is meant to appear on the container, the outer packaging and the package leaflet as well as by the draft of the Summary of Product Characteristics which shall also represent the expert information pursuant to Section 11a sub-section 1 sentence 2, where such expert information is stipulated. In the case of medicinal products intended for administration to human beings, the results of evaluations of the package leaflet conducted in collaboration with patient target groups shall also be submitted to the competent higher federal authority. The competent higher federal authority may require the submission of one or more samples or mock-ups of the sales presentation of the medicinal product, including the package leaflets, as well as starting materials, intermediate products and substances which are used in the manufacture or testing of the medicinal products, in a quantity sufficient to conduct the test and in a state suitable to the conduct of said test.

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Section 23
Particular documents required for medicinal products intended for administration to animals

(1) In respect of medicinal products intended for administration to food-producing animals, the following information shall be given in addition to those specified in Section 22:

1.  information about the withdrawal period shall be given and shall be substantiated by documents on the results of the residue tests and particularly on the fate of the pharmacologically active constituents and their metabolic products in the animal body and on the influence on foodstuffs of animal origin, in so far as these results are necessary for the assessment of withdrawal periods taking stipulated maximum levels into account, and

2.  in the case of a medicinal product with a pharmacologically active constituent not listed in Table 1 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, a certificate confirming that an application pursuant to Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No. 470/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th May 2009 laying down Community procedures for the establishment of residue limits of pharmacologically active substances in foodstuffs of animal origin, repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2377/90 and amending Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 152 of 16.6.2009, p. 11), in the latest applicable version, had been submitted to the European Medicines Agency at least 6 months previous to the application for marketing authorisation.

3.  (deleted)

Sentence 1 number 2 shall not apply if Section 25 sub-section 2 sentence 5 applies.

(2) In the case of medicatedpre-mixes, the particulars of the mixed feed intended as carrier shall be given with the designation of the type of feedingstuff. Furthermore, it shall be justified and proved by documents that the medicated pre-mixes are suited for the intended manufacture of the medicated feedingstuff, and particularly that they allow a homogeneous and stable distribution of the active substances in the medicated feedingstuffs taking into consideration the manufacturing methods applied in the production of mixed feed; furthermore, the shelf-life of medicated feedingstuffs shall be indicated, grounds provided and proved by documents. Moreover, a routine test method suitable for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the active substances in the medicated feedingstuffs, shall be described and documents on test results submitted as proof.

(3) The nature and scope of as well as the date on which the tests were carried out shall be inferable from the documents containing the results of the residue tests and the residue test procedures pursuant to sub-section 1, as well as from the evidence regarding the suitability of the medicated pre-mixes for the intended manufacture of the medicated feedingstuff and the test results of the test methods pursuant to sub-section 2. Instead of the documents, the evidence and test results referred to in sentence 1, other scientific findings may be submitted.

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Section 24
Expertises

(1) Expertises in which the test methods, test results and residue test procedures are summarized and assessed, shall be included with the required documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 number 15, sub-sections 2 and 3 and Section 23. In particular, the following information shall be included in detail in the expertises presented:

1.  the analytical expert opinion shall state whether the medicinal product is of appropriate quality in accordance with recognized pharmaceutical rules, whether the proposed test methods comply with the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge and are suitable for quality assessment,

2.  the pharmacological-toxicological expert opinion shall state the medicinal product's toxic effects and pharmacological properties,

3.  the clinical expert opinion shall state whether the medicinal product has the required effect in the specified therapeutic indications, whether it is tolerated, whether the prescribed dosage is appropriate and which contra-indications and adverse reactions exist,

4.  the expert opinion on the residue test shall state whether, and if so, how long after the administration of the medicinal product, residues occur in the foodstuffs obtained from the animals which have undergone treatment, how these residues are to be assessed and whether the prescribed withdrawal period is sufficient.

Moreover, the expert opinion shall state whether the type and quantity of residue present after the prescribed withdrawal period has elapsed are below the maximum levels stipulated in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010.

(2) In so far as scientific documentation is presented pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 3 and Section 23 sub-section 3 sentence 2, it must be evident from the expert opinion, that the documents on scientific findings were elaborated under analogous application of the Guidelines for the Testing of Medicinal Products.

(3) The expert opinion shall be accompanied by information regarding the name, training and professional practice of the expert as well as his/her professional relationship with the applicant. The experts shall confirm with their dated signature that they are the authors of the expert opinion.

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Section 24a
Use of a previous applicant's documents

The applicant can refer to the documents referred to in Section 22 sub-sections 2, 3, 3c and Section 23 sub-section 1, including the expertise report referred to in Section 24 sub-section 1 sentence 2 submitted by an earlier applicant (previous applicant), if he/she submits the previous applicant’s written agreement, including confirmation that the documents referred to meet the requirements of the Guidelines for the Testing of Medicinal Products pursuant to Section 26. The previous applicant shall respond to a request for agreement, within a period of three months. A partial reference is not admissible.

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Section 24b
Authorisation of a generic medicinal product, document protection

(1) In the case of a generic medicinal product within the meaning of sub-section 2, reference can be made, without the previous applicant’s agreement, to the documents referred to in sentence 1 of Section 22 sub-section 2 sentence 1 numbers 2 and 3 and Section 23 sub-section 1, including the expert report referred to in Section 24 sub-section 1 sentences 2 to 4 for the previous applicant’s medicinal product (reference medicinal product), provided that the reference medicinal product has been authorised for at least eight years or was authorised at least eight years previously; this shall also apply to authorisation in another Member State of the European Union. A generic medicinal product authorised pursuant to this provision shall not be placed on the market until ten years have elapsed following the first authorisation of the reference medicinal product. The period referred to in sentence 2 shall be extended to a maximum of eleven years if, during the first eight years of authorisation, the marketing authorisation holder obtains authorisation for one or more new therapeutic indications which during the scientific evaluation conducted prior to their authorisation by the competent higher federal authority are held to bring significant clinical benefit in comparison with existing therapies.

(2) Authorisation as a generic medicinal product pursuant to sub-section 1 shall require that the medicinal product in question has the same qualitative and quantitative composition of active substances and the same pharmaceutical form as the reference medicinal product and that the bioequivalence has been demonstrated in bioavailability studies. The different salts, esters, ethers, isomers, mixtures of isomers, complexes or derivatives of an active substance shall be considered to be one and the same active substance unless their properties differ significantly with regard to safety or efficacy. In such cases, the applicant must submit additional proof of the safety or efficacy of the different salts, esters, ethers, isomers, mixture of isomers, complexes or derivatives of the active substance. The various immediate release oral pharmaceutical forms shall be considered to be one and the same pharmaceutical form. The applicant shall not be required to submit bioavailability studies if he/she can otherwise demonstrate that the generic medicinal product meets the relevant bioequivalence criteria in accordance with current scientific knowledge. In cases where the medicinal product does not meet the requirements of a generic medicinal product or where the bioequivalence cannot be demonstrated through bioequivalence studies or in the case of a change in the active substance, therapeutic indication, strength, pharmaceutical form or route of administration vis-à-vis the reference medicinal product, the results of appropriate preclinical tests or clinical trials shall be provided. In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, the corresponding safety studies and in the case of medicinal products intended for use in food-producing animals, the results of corresponding residue tests shall also be submitted.

(3) If the reference medicinal product was not authorised by the competent higher federal authority but by the competent authority of another Member State, the applicant shall indicate in the application form, where the reference medicinal product is or has been authorised. In this case, the competent higher federal authority shall ask the competent authority of the other Member State to transmit within one month a confirmation that the reference medicinal product is or has been authorised, together with the full composition of the reference medicinal product and other documents relevant to the authorisation of the generic medicinal product. In the case where the reference medicinal product has been authorised by the European Medicines Agency, the competent higher federal authority shall ask the latter for the information and documents referred to in sentence 2.

(4) If the competent authority of another Member State where an application is submitted requests information or documents referred to in sub-section 3 sentence 2 of the competent higher federal authority, the latter shall respond to this request within one month, provided that at least eight years have elapsed since the reference medicinal product was first authorised.

(5) Where a biological medicinal product which is similar to a biological reference medicinal product does not meet the conditions for generic medicinal products, referred to in sub-section 2 owing to, in particular, differences relating to raw materials or differences between the manufacturing processes of the biological medicinal product and the reference biological medicinal product, the results of appropriate preclinical tests or clinical trials relating to these deviations must be provided. The type and quantity of the supplementary data to be provided must comply with the relevant criteria according to current scientific knowledge. The results of other tests from the documents submitted for the reference medicinal product’s authorisation shall not be provided.

(6) In addition to the provisions laid down in sub-section 1, where an application is made for a new therapeutic indication for a known active substance that has been in general medical use for at least ten years in the European Union, a non-cumulative period of one year of data exclusivity shall be granted for the data gained from significant preclinical or clinical studies carried out in connection with the new therapeutic indication.

(7) Sub-section 1 sentence 3 and sub-section 6 shall not apply to generic medicinal products intended for use in animals. The period referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall be extended:

1.  to thirteen years in the case of veterinary medicinal products intended for use in fish or bees,

2.  in the case of veterinary medicinal products intended for one or more food-producing species, containing a new active substance that had not been authorised in the Community by 30th April 2004, by one year for each extension of the marketing authorisation to another food-producing species which takes place within the five years following the granting of the initial marketing authorisation. This period shall not, however, exceed a total of thirteen years for a marketing authorisation for four or more food-producing species.

The prolongation of the ten-year period to eleven, twelve or thirteen years for a veterinary medicinal product intended for a food-producing species shall be granted only if the marketing authorisation holder also originally applied for the setting of maximum residues limits for the species covered by the authorisation.

(8) If the extension of a marketing authorisation is for a veterinary medicinal product registered pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 3 and relates to a food-producing species and was obtained on submission of new residue tests and new clinical trials, the data obtained in the aforementioned tests shall be covered by an exclusivity period of three years after the granting of the authorisation.

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Section 24c
Additional requests

If several holders of a marketing authorisation have to be requested to submit additional documents, the competent higher federal authority shall notify every holder of a marketing authorisation of the documents necessary for the further assessment as well as of the names and addresses of the other holders of a marketing authorisation who are involved. The competent higher federal authority shall give those holders of the marketing authorisation who are involved the opportunity to decide among themselves as to who will submit the documents within a period of time to be determined by the authority. If an agreement is not reached, the competent higher federal authority shall decide and immediately notify all persons concerned. Unless the other holders of a marketing authorisation choose to forgo the marketing authorisation granted for their own pharmaceutical product, they shall be obliged to contribute proportionally to the expenditure incurred in the preparation of the documents, calculated according to the number of marketing authorisation holders involved; they are jointly and severally liable. Sentences 1 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to persons using standard marketing authorisations, as well as in cases where documents with the same contents are requested from several applicants in ongoing marketing authorisation procedures.

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Section 24d
General right of use

The competent higher federal authority is empowered to utilize the documents submitted to it, with the exception of those referred to under Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 11, 14 and 15 as well as sub-section 2 number 1, and the expert opinion pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 1, in fulfilling its tasks under the present Act, provided that at least eight years have elapsed since the medicinal product first received a marketing authorisation in one of the Member States of the European Union or a procedure pursuant to Section 24c has not yet been terminated, or in so far as Sections 24a and 24b do not contain more special provisions for referring to the documents of a previous applicant.

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Section 25
Decision on marketing authorisation

(1) The marketing authorisation, together with a marketing authorisation number, shall be issued in writing by the competent higher federal authority. The marketing authorisation shall only be applicable to the medicinal product specified in the marketing authorisation notice and, in the case of medicinal products manufactured according to homeopathic manufacturing procedures, it shall also apply to the degree of dilution mentioned in results published pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 7 sentence 1 of the version in force prior to 17th August 1994 and specified in the marketing authorisation notice.

(2) The competent higher federal authority may only refuse to grant the marketing authorisation if:

1.  the documents submitted, including such documents as are to be submitted pursuant to a regulation of the European Community or the European Union, are incomplete,

2.  the medicinal product has not been sufficiently tested in accordance with the confirmed state of scientific knowledge or the other scientific information material referred to in Section 22 sub-section 3 does not correspond to the confirmed state of scientific knowledge,

3.  the medicinal product is not manufactured in accordance with recognised pharmaceutical rules or does not meet appropriate quality standards,

4.  the therapeutic efficacy attributed to the medicinal product by the applicant is lacking or is insufficiently substantiated by the applicant in accordance with the confirmed state of scientific knowledge,

5.  the benefit/risk profile is unfavourable,

5a.  in the case of a medicinal product containing more than one active substance, insufficient grounds are provided to demonstrate that each active substance contributes towards a positive assessment of the medicinal product, whereby the special features of the particular medicinal product should be considered in a risk evaluation,

6.  the stated withdrawal period is not long enough,

6a.  in the case of medicated pre-mixes, the test methods used for the qualitative and quantitative detection of the active substances in the medicated feedstuffs cannot be routinely conducted,

6b.  the medicinal product is intended for use in food-producing animals and contains a pharmacologically active constituent not listed in Table 1 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010,

7.  the placing of the medicinal product on the market or its administration to animals would violate legal regulations or a regulation, directive, decision or resolution by the European Community or the European Union.

The marketing authorisation may not be refused pursuant to sentence 1 number 4, because therapeutic results have been achieved in only a limited number of cases. Therapeutic efficacy is lacking if the applicant fails to prove, according to the confirmed state of scientific knowledge at the time, that a therapeutic effect can be produced with the medicinal product. Medical experience in the particular therapeutic field shall be considered. Pursuant to sentence 1 number 6b, the marketing authorisation may be refused if the medicinal product is intended for the treatment of individual equidae to which the conditions referred to in Article 6 paragraph 3 of Directive 2001/82/EC apply and if it fulfils the other conditions in Article 6 paragraph 3 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

(3) The marketing authorisation shall be refused for a medicinal product which differs, in the nature or the quantity of its active substances, from a medicinal product bearing the same name which has been authorised for marketing or is already on the market. Deviating from sentence 1, a difference in the quantity of active substances shall be harmless if the medicinal products differ in their pharmaceutical form.

(4) If the competent higher federal authority is of the opinion that a marketing authorisation cannot be granted on the basis of the documents submitted, it shall inform the applicant, stating reasons. The applicant shall then have the opportunity to correct the flaw within an appropriate deadline which may not exceed six months. Should these flaws not be corrected within the prescribed deadline, the marketing authorisation shall be refused. After the decision has been taken to refuse the marketing authorisation, the submission of documents in order to correct flaws shall not be allowed.

(5) The marketing authorisation shall be granted on the basis of the examination of the documents submitted as well as on the basis of the expert opinions. In the assessment of the documents, the competent higher federal authority may utilize its own scientific results, call in experts or request expert opinions. The competent higher federal authority may examine authorisation-related data and documents also in connection with a marketing authorisation pursuant to Article 3 paragraph 1 or 2 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 in enterprises and facilities which develop, manufacture, test or clinically investigate medicinal products. For this purpose, persons commissioned by the competent higher federal authority, in consultation with the respective competent authorities, may enter the operating and business premises during usual business hours to inspect documents and request information. Moreover, in making a decision in respect of the marketing authorisation, the competent higher federal authority is also entitled to have the documents assessed by independent counter-experts and shall apply the results of their evaluation in deciding on the marketing authorisation and, in so far as medicinal products which are subject to mandatory prescription under Section 48 sub-section 2 number 1 are concerned, as a basis for the draft of the marketing authorisation decision which is to be submitted to the marketing authorisation commission pursuant to sub-section 6 sentence 1. The competent higher federal authority may commission, as a counter-expert pursuant to sentence 5, any person who possesses the requisite expert knowledge and the reliability required to do the work of a counter-expert. Upon request, the applicant shall be permitted to peruse the expert opinions. If the applicant requires that experts be called in whom he himself selects, these persons shall also be heard. Sub-Section 6 sentences 5 and 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis for the appointment of experts and counter-experts.

(5a) The competent higher federal authority shall also prepare an assessment report on the quality, safety and efficacy documents submitted containing a statement on the findings of pharmaceutical and pre-clinical tests as well as clinical trials and, for medicinal products for human use, also on the risk-management and on the pharmacovigilance system; in the case of medicinal products intended for use in food-producing animals, the assessment report shall also relate to the results of residue tests. The assessment report should be updated if any new information becomes available.

(5b)Sub-section 5a shall not apply to medicinal products which have been manufactured according to homeopathic manufacturing procedures in so far as these medicinal products are subject to Article 16 paragraph 2 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Article 19 paragraph 2 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

(6) Prior to the decision on the marketing authorisation of a medicinal product which is attributed to the phytotherapy, homeopathy or anthroposophy schools of therapy and which is subject to prescription pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2 number 1, a marketing authorisation commission shall be consulted. The hearing shall cover the contents of the documents presented, the expert opinions, the expertises requested, the comments of the experts summoned, the result of the tests and the reasons which played an essential role in the decision taken on the marketing authorisation or the assessment of the counter-experts. Should the higher federal authoritydiverge from the result of the hearing in deciding on the application, it shall set forth its reasons for doing so. The Federal Ministry shall appoint the members of the marketing authorisation commission in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, taking into account the proposals of the chambers of the medical professions, the professional societies of medical practitioners, dentists, veterinarians, pharmacists, alternative medical practitioners as well as the main central associations of the pharmaceutical entrepreneurs, patients and consumers responsible for representing their interests. In appointing the commission's members, consideration shall be given to the individual peculiarities of the medicinal products. The experts to be appointed to the marketing authorisation commission shall be persons who possess scientific knowledge and have gained practical experience in the specific therapeutic indications as well as in the school of therapy in question (phytotherapy, homeopathy, anthroposophy).

(7) For medicinal products not subject to prescription pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2 number 1, commissions shall be set up for specific therapeutic indications or schools of therapy at the competent higher federal authority. Sub-section 6 sentences 4 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In preparing the decision regarding the prolongation of marketing authorisations pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 3 sentence 1, the competent higher federal authority may involve the competent commission. If the decision pursuant to sentence 3 affects medicinal products from a specific school of therapy (phytotherapy, homeopathy, anthroposophy), the competent commission shall be involved if the intention is to refuse the prolongation pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 3 sentence 1 totally, or if the decision is of fundamental importance; the competent commission shall be afforded a period of two months in which to respond. In cases where the competent higher federal authority does not take the comments of the commission into account in making its decision under sentence 4, it shall set forth its reasons for not doing so.

(7a) In order to improve the safety of medicinal products for children and young people, a Commission on Medicinal Products intended for Children and Young People shall be set up at the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices. Sub-section 6 sentences 4 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In preparing the decision regarding an application for a marketing authorisation for a medicinal product which is also intended for use in children and young people, the competent higher federal authority shall involve said commission. Furthermore, the competent higher federal authority is entitled to involve the commission when preparing a decision regarding an application for a marketing authorisation of a medicinal product, other than that specified in sentence 3, for which the administration to children or young people is envisaged. The commission has the opportunity to issue an opinion. In cases where the competent higher federal authority does not take the commission's comments into account in making its decision, it shall set forth its reasons. Furthermore, in the case of medicinal products which have not been authorised for administration to children and young people, the commission may establish the prerequisites for their administration to children and young people in accordance with recognised scientific principles. In the case of medicinal products from the phytotherapeutic, homeopathic and anthroposophic schools of medicine, the tasks and authority conferred by sentences 3 to 7 shall be assumed by the commissions pursuant to sub-section 7 sentence 4.

(8) In the case of sera, vaccines, blood preparations, tissue preparations, allergens, xenogenic medicinal products, which are not medicinal products pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 9, the competent higher federal authority shall grant the marketing authorisation either on the basis of an examination of the documents submitted, its own tests or based on observation of the tests carried out by the manufacturer. For this purpose, persons commissioned by the competent higher federal authority, in consultation with the respective competent authorities, may enter the operating and business premises during usual business hours and carry out an inspection, both of said premises and of the company's transport facilities. At the request of the competent higher federal authority, the applicant shall give information about the manufacturing process. Sub-sections 6, 7 and 7a shall not apply to these medicinal products.

(8a) Sub-section 8 sentences 1 to 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to test methods pursuant to Section 23 sub-section 2 sentence 3.

(9) If an application is submitted for different strengths, pharmaceutical forms, administration routes or presentations of a medicinal product, at the applicant’s request, these can be the subject of a uniform comprehensive marketing authorisation; this shall also apply to subsequent amendments and extensions. This shall require a uniform authorisation number to which further codes must be added to allow differentiation between the different pharmaceutical forms or concentrations. For authorisations pursuant to Section 24b sub-section 1, individual authorisations of a reference medicinal product shall be regarded as a uniform comprehensive authorisation.

(10) The marketing authorisation shall be without prejudice to the pharmaceutical entrepreneur's penal or civil liability.

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Section 25a
Prior examination

(1) The competent higher federal authority can have the application for a marketing authorisation examined by independent experts to determine whether it is complete and whether the medicinal product has been sufficiently tested according to the current, recognized state of scientific knowledge. Section 25 sub-section 6 sentence 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) Should flaws within the meaning of sub-section 1 be identified, the expert shall grant the applicant an opportunity to correct such flaws within a period of three months.

(3) If, on the basis of the final opinion delivered by the expert, the application for a marketing authorisation continues to be incomplete or flawed within the meaning of Section 25 sub-section 2 number 2 after the deadline has passed, the marketing authorisation shall not be granted. Section 25 sub-sections 4 and 6 shall not apply to the prior examination.

(4) If the competent higher federal authority establishes that an identically worded marketing authorisation application is being checked in another EU Member State, it shall reject the application and inform the applicant that a procedure pursuant to Section 25b shall apply.

(5) If the competent higher federal authority referred to in Section 22 is informed that an application relates to a medicinal product already authorised in another EU Member State, it shall reject the application unless it was submitted pursuant to Section 25b.

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Section 25b
Mutual-recognition procedure and decentralised procedure

(1) If the applicant is applying for a marketing authorisation or authorisation in more than one EU Member State, the applicant shall submit an application based on identical documents in these Member States; this can be worded in English.

(2) If the medicinal product has already been approved or given a marketing authorisation in another EU Member State when the application is submitted, this marketing authorisation shall be recognised on the basis of the assessment report sent by this State, unless there is reason to believe that the authorisation of the medicinal product represents a serious risk to public health or, in the case of medicinal products for use in animals, a serious risk to human or animal health or the environment. In this case, the competent higher federal authority shall proceed pursuant to Article 29 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Article 33 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

(3) If the medicinal product does not have a marketing authorisation at the time of the application, the competent higher federal authority, provided that it is a reference Member State within the meaning of Article 28 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Article 32 of Directive 2001/82/EC, shall prepare drafts of the assessment report, the summary of the product characteristics of the medicinal product, the labelling and package leaflet and transmit them to the competent Member States and to the applicant. Section 25 sub-section 5 sentence 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(4) With regard to recognition of the marketing authorisation granted by another Member State, Section 4 of Directive 2001/83/EC and Section 4 of Directive 2001/82/EC shall apply.

(5) In the case of a divergent decision with regard to the marketing authorisation, its suspension or revocation, Articles 30, 32, 33 and 34 of Directive 2001/83/EC and Articles 34, 36, 37 and 38 of Directive 2001/82/EC shall apply. In the case of a decision pursuant to Article 34 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Article 38 of Directive 2001/82/EC, a decision about the marketing authorisation shall be reached based on the decision taken or a resolution adopted pursuant to these Articles by the European Community or the European Union. Preliminary proceedings pursuant to Section 68 of the Rules of the Administrative Courts shall not take place in the case of remedies against decisions of the competent higher federal authority referred to in sentence 2. In addition, Section 25 sub-section 6 shall not apply.

(6) Sub-sections 1 to 5 shall not apply to medicinal products manufactured using a homeopathic manufacturing procedure, in so far as these medicinal products are subject to Article 16 paragraph 2 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Article 19 paragraph 2 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

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Section 25c
Measures taken by the competent higher federal authority on decisions or resolutions of the European Community or the European Union

The competent higher federal authority shall take the necessary measures to implement decisions or resolutions adopted by the European Community or the European Union pursuant to Article 127a of Directive 2001/83/EC or pursuant to Article 95b of Directive 2001/82/EC.

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Section 26
Guidelines for the testing of medicinal products

(1) The Federal Ministry shall be empowered, with the approval of the Bundesrat, to regulate by ordinance the requirements for the information, documents and expert opinions specified in Sections 22 to 24, also in conjunction with Section 38 sub-section 2 and Section 39b sub-section 1, as well as for their examination by the competent higher federal authority. The regulations must comply with the prevailing state of scientific knowledge and are to be continually adjusted to it; animal tests, in particular, shall be replaced by other test methods if this is reasonable in the light of the state of scientific knowledge and considering the purpose of the test. The ordinance shall be issued, in so far as radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used are concerned, and in so far as tests for ecotoxicity are concerned, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection. Section 25 sub-section 6 sentences 4 and 5 shall apply accordingly in respect of the appointment of the experts.

(2) The competent higher federal authority and the commissions specified in Section 25 sub-section 7 shall apply the Guidelines for the Testing of Medicinal Products analogously to the documents on scientific findings specified in Section 22 sub-section 3 and Section 23 sub-section 3 sentence 2, whereby consideration shall be given to the peculiarities of the individual medicinal product. Documents on empirical medical findings prepared in accordance with scientific methods shall also be deemed to be documents on scientific findings.

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Section 27
Deadlines for the granting of marketing authorisations

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall reach its decision on the application for a marketing authorisation within a period of seven months. The decision on the recognition of a marketing authorisation shall be taken within a period of three months following receipt of the assessment report. An assessment report is to be drawn up within a period of three months.

(2) If the competent higher federal authority gives the applicant the opportunity to correct the flaws pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 4, then the deadline shall be interrupted until the flaws are corrected or until the deadline set pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 4 has expired. The interruption shall commence on the day on which the applicant is served with the request to correct the flaws. The same shall apply to the deadline granted to the applicant, at his/her request, for the purpose of giving his/her opinion, including the calling in of experts.

(3) In the case of procedures pursuant to Section 25b sub-section 3, the period for completion of the procedure shall be extended by three months, pursuant to the provisions contained in Article 28 of Directive 2001/83/EC and Article 32 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

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Section 28
Power to impose conditions

(1) The competent higher federal authority may combine the marketing authorisation with the imposition of conditions. In the case of conditions imposed pursuant to sub-sections 2 to 3d for the protection of the environment, the competent higher federal authority shall decide, in agreement with the Federal Environmental Agency, when the impact on the environment needs to be evaluated. For this purpose, the competent higher federal authority shall transmit the data and documents, necessary for its evaluation of the environmental impact, to the Federal Environmental Agency. Conditions may also be imposed subsequently.

(2) The conditions specified in sub-section 1 may be imposed in order to ensure that:

1.  the labelling of the containers and outer packaging complies with the regulations laid down in Section 10; in this connection, it may be prescribed that the following details shall be given:

a)  instructions or warnings, in so far as they are necessary to prevent a direct or indirect health hazard to human beings or animals by administration of the medicinal product,

b)  keeping instructions for the consumer and storage instructions for experts, in so far as they are deemed necessary in order to maintain the required medicinal product quality,

2.  the package leaflet complies with the regulations laid down in Section 11; in this connection it may be prescribed that the following details shall be given:

a)  the instructions or warnings mentioned in number 1 letter a and

b)  keeping instructions for the consumer, in so far as they are deemed necessary in order to maintain the required medicinal product quality,

2a.  the expert information complies with the provisions of Section 11a; in this connection it may be stipulated that the following details shall be given:

a)  the instructions or warnings mentioned in number 1 letter a,

b)  particular storage and keeping instructions, in so far as they are deemed necessary to maintain the required medicinal product quality,

c)  references to conditions pursuant to sub-section 3,

3.  the details given pursuant to Sections 10, 11 and 11a comply with the documents submitted for the marketing authorisation and that, in this connection, standardized and generally comprehensible terms as well as a standardized wording, also in keeping with the recommendations and opinions of the committees of the European Medicines Agency, are used, whereby the provision of information regarding additional contra-indications, adverse reactions and interactions remains admissible; the competent higher federal authority may generally make use of this authority for reasons of medicinal product safety, transparency or to ensure a rational method of working; in this connection, provisions may be imposed prescribing that certain therapeutic indications be omitted in respect of prescription-only medicinal products, if there is reason to fear that by giving such details, the therapeutic aim will be jeopardized,

4.  the medicinal product is placed on the market in package sizes appropriate to the therapeutic indications and the envisaged duration of administration,

5.  the medicinal product is placed on the market in a container of a particular form with a specific seal or some other kind of safety measure, in so far as it is deemed necessary to guarantee compliance with the dosage instructions or to prevent the danger of misuse by children.

(2a) Warnings pursuant to sub-section 2 can also be stipulated so as to ensure that the medicinal product is only prescribed by physicians with a certain speciality and administered only under their supervision or in clinics or special clinics, or in collaboration with such institutions, where necessary, so as to avoid any direct or indirect danger to the health of human beings in its administration, especially when the administration of the medicinal product appears to be completely safe only in the presence of special knowledge or in special therapeutic facilities.

(3) Furthermore, the competent higher federal authority may impose conditions prescribing that additional analytical and pharmaceutical-toxicological tests or clinical trials are to be carried out and a report be submitted on the results, if there is sufficient indication that the medicinal product can have a high therapeutic value and that, therefore, it is in the public interest to have the medicinal product introduced onto the market forthwith, even though further important details are still required to facilitate a comprehensive assessment of the same. The competent higher federal authority shall review the findings of these tests and trials on an annual basis. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to documents on the residue test procedure pursuant to Section 23 sub-section 1 number 2.

(3a) The competent higher federal authority may, in issuing the marketing authorisation for medicinal products for human use may impose, in addition, that:

1.  specific measures contained in the risk-management system be taken to ensure the safe use of the medicinal product if it is necessary in the interest of medicinal product safety,

2.  post-authorisation safety studies be conducted if this is in the interest of medicinal product safety,

3.  obligations regarding the recording or reporting of suspected adverse reactions that go beyond those listed in the Tenth Chapter be observed if this is necessary in the interest of medicinal product safety,

4.  other necessary measures regarding the safe and effective use of the medicinal product be taken if this is necessary in the interest of medicinal product safety,

5.  an appropriate pharmacovigilance system be introduced if this is necessary in the interest of medicinal product safety,

6.  where reservations exist regarding individual aspects of the efficacy of the medicinal product, that can only be dispelled after its placing on the market, post-authorisation efficacy studies be conducted in keeping with the requirements stipulated in Article 21a first sentence letter f of Directive 2001/83/EC.

(3b) In the case of medicinal products for human use, the competent higher federal authority can, after the marketing authorisation has been granted, impose conditions to the effect that:

1.  a risk-management system and a risk-management plan must be introduced if this is in the interest of medicinal product safety,

2.  post-authorisation safety studies must be conducted if this is in the interest of medicinal product safety,

3.  a post-authorisation efficacy study must be conducted if findings regarding the disease or the clinical methodology indicate that earlier efficacy evaluations need to be significantly revised; the obligation to conduct this post-authorisation efficacy study subsequent to the granting of the marketing authorisation must be in keeping with the requirements stipulated in Article 22a sub-section 1 letter b second sentence of Directive 2001/83/EC.

Should the prerequisites for the imposition of conditions pursuant to sentence 1 number 2 exist for more than one medicinal product, and should these medicinal products be authorised for marketing in several Member States, the competent higher federal authority shall, after consulting the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee pursuant to Article 56 sub-section 1 double letter aa of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, advise the affected marketing authorisation holders to conduct a joint post-authorisation safety study.

(3c) Furthermore, the competent higher federal authority may impose conditions prescribing that, in the manufacture and control of such medicinal products and their starting materials which are of biological origin or are manufactured using biotechnology,

1.  specific requirements have to be fulfilled and specific measures and procedures implemented,

2.  documents have to be submitted substantiating the suitability of specific measures and procedures, including documents bearing on validation,

3.  the introduction or modification of specific requirements, measures or procedures requires the prior approval of the competent higher federal authority,

in so far as this is deemed necessary to ensure adequate quality or to prevent risks. The conditions imposed shall be immediately enforceable. The lodging of an objection or action to rescind shall have no suspensive effect.

(3d) In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, the competent higher federal authority can, furthermore, mandate in justified individual cases that additional documents with which an evaluation of possible environmental risks will be conducted, as well as additional results of tests to evaluate possible environmental risks, be submitted in so far as this is necessary for a comprehensive assessment of the impact of the medicinal product on the environment. The competent higher federal authority shall check compliance with any condition imposed pursuant to sentence 1 immediately after the date for the submission of documents has expired. Sub-section 1 sentences 2 and 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(3e) In the case of medicinal products for animal use, the competent authority can furthermore impose as a condition the introduction, subsequent to marketing authorisation, of a risk-management system that describes the combination of activities and measures in the area of pharmacovigilance, including the assessment of the efficacy of such measures and that, after marketing authorisation, findings arising from the use of the medicinal product are systematically collected, documented and evaluated and that the findings of this investigation are reported to it by a specific deadline if this is in the interest of medicinal product safety.

(3f) In the case of conditions pursuant to sub-sections 3, 3a, 3b and 3e, the competent higher federal authority can stipulate the type, scope and duration of the studies or tests, as well as activities, measures and evaluations within the framework of the risk-management system. The results shall be documented in such a way as to show the type, scope and date of the studies or tests.

(3g) The holder of a marketing authorisation for medicinal products for human use shall include all of the conditions pursuant to sub-sections 3, 3a and 3b into his/her risk-management system. The competent higher federal authority shall inform the European Medicines Agency of the marketing authorisations it has granted subject to conditions pursuant to sub-sections 3, 3a and 3b.

(3h) The competent higher federal authority can impose appropriate measures to improve the identifiability of adverse reaction reporting in the case of biological medicinal products for human use.

(4) Should the marketing authorisation be subject to a condition, the deadline envisaged in Section 27 sub-section 1 shall be interrupted until the deadline granted to the applicant for comment has expired. Section 27 sub-section 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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Section 29
Obligation to notify, renewal of the marketing authorisation

(1) The applicant shall notify the competent higher federal authority forthwith, enclosing the corresponding documents, in the event of any changes in the information or documents referred to in Sections 22 to 24a and 25b. The marketing authorisation holder shall comply with the requirement referred to in sentence 1 once the marketing authorisation has been granted.

(1a) The marketing authorisation holder shall notify the competent higher federal authority immediately of all prohibitions or restrictions by the competent authorities of each country where the medicinal product in question is placed on the market and of all other new information that could affect the assessment of the benefit and risks of the medicinal product in question. In the case of medicinal products for human use this information includes both positive and negative results of clinical trials or other studies that may refer to all indications and population groups and not only to those mentioned in the marketing authorisation as well as information regarding the use of the medicinal product beyond the terms of the marketing authorisation. The marketing authorisation holder shall also submit to the competent higher federal authority, on request, all information and documents demonstrating that the risk-benefit balance is still favourable. In the case of medicinal products for human use, the competent higher federal authority can request a copy of the pharmacovigilance system master file at any time. The marketing authorisation holder shall submit the pharmacovigilance system master file at the latest seven days after receiving the request. Sentences 1 to 3 shall not apply to the parallel importer.

(1b) The marketing authorisation holder shall notify the competent higher federal authority immediately of the date on which the medicinal product is to be placed on the market, taking into consideration the different pharmaceutical forms and strengths authorised.

(1c) The marketing authorisation holder shall notify the competent higher federal authority in compliance with sentence 2 in the event of temporary or permanent cessation of the marketing of the medicinal product. Notification shall be submitted at least two months before the suspension of marketing. This shall not apply in the event of circumstances over which the marketing authorisation holder has no control.

(1d) The marketing authorisation holder shall submit all sales data for the medicinal product as well as all data available on prescription levels if the competent higher federal authority requests them for reasons of medicinal product safety.

(1e) The marketing authorisation holder shall notify the competent higher federal authority of the changed frequency and dates for the submission of the periodic safety update reports within the procedure pursuant to Article 107c (4), (5) or (6) of Directive 2001/83/EC. Changes in the dates or frequencies given in the manufacturing authorisation, arising from sentence 1, shall become effective six months after their publication on the European internet website.

(1f) In the case of medicinal products for human use, the marketing authorisation holder is required to inform the competent higher federal authority and the European Medicines Agency of new or modified risks or of changes in the medicinal products' risk-benefit balance.

(2) In the case of a change in the name of the medicinal product, the marketing authorisation notice shall be amended accordingly. A pharmaceutical entrepreneur may place the medicinal product on the market under its current name for a further period of one year, wholesalers and retailers for a further period of two years, beginning on the following 1st January or 1st July after the promulgation of the change in the Federal Gazette.

(2a) A change:

1.  in the information pursuant to Sections 10, 11 and 11a bearing on the dosage, nature and duration of the administration, the therapeutic indications, if it does not concern an addition or modification of an indication which is to be classified under another area of therapy, a limitation of the contra-indications, adverse reactions or interactions with other substances,

2.  in the active substances, excluding the medically active constituents,

3.  in a pharmaceutical form which is comparable with the one authorised for marketing,

3a.  in treatment with ionizing radiation,

4.  in the context of considerable changes in the manufacturing process, the pharmaceutical form, specification or impurity profile of the active substance or the medicinal product that can have a clear effect on the quality, safety or efficacy of the medicinal product, as well as any changes in manufacturing procedures using genetic engineering technology; in the case of sera, vaccines, preparations derived from blood, allergens, test sera, test antigens, every change in the manufacturing or test procedures or the indication of a longer shelf-life,

5.  in the package size, and

6.  in the withdrawal period of a medicinal product for animal use,

may be made only if the competent higher federal authority has granted its approval. Sentence 1 number 1 shall also apply to the extension of the target species in the case of medicinal products not intended for use in food-producing animals. The approval shall be deemed to be granted if no objection to the change has been filed within a period of three months.

(2b) By way of derogation from sub-section 1, the following can be reported to the competent higher federal authority within twelve months following their introduction:

1.  the closure of a location used in the manufacture if the medicinal product or its active substance or for its packaging or batch release,

2.  any minor changes to an approved physico-chemical test procedure if the appropriate validation studies can demonstrate that the updated test procedure is at least equivalent to the former test procedure,

3.  changes to the specification of an active substance or other substances used in the manufacture of medicinal products in order to comply with a monograph of the pharmacopoeia if the change is made exclusively to comply with the pharmacopoeia and the specifications for product specific properties remain unchanged,

4.  changes to the packaging material if the latter does not come into contact with the medicinal product and the delivery, use, safety or stability of the medicinal product is demonstrably not affected, or

5.  changes in the context of the tightening of specification limits where the change is not a consequence of any commitment from previous assessments to review specification limits and does not result from unexpected events arising during manufacture.

(3) In the following cases an application shall be made for renewal of the marketing authorisation for a medicinal product:

1.  in the case of a change in the composition of the active substances either in type or quantity,

2.  in the case of a change in the pharmaceutical form unless a change pursuant to sub-section 2a number 3 is concerned,

3.  in the case of an extension of the therapeutic indications, in so far as this does not constitute a change pursuant to sub-section 2a number 1, and

3a.  in the case of the introduction of manufacturing procedures using genetic engineering.

The competent higher federal authority shall decide on the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation pursuant to sentence 1.

(4) Sub-sections 1, 1a sentences 4 and 5 sub-section 1e, 1f, 2, 2a to 3 shall not be applicable to medicinal products which have been granted a marketing authorisation by the European Community or the European Union. For such medicinal products, the obligations of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be those stipulated in Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 on condition that, within the purview of the present Act, an obligation on the part of the relevant competent higher federal authority to notify or to inform the Member States exists.

(5) Sub-sections 2a to 3 shall not apply to medicinal products governed by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2008 of 24th November 2008 concerning the examination of variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products for human use and veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 334 of 12.12.2008, p. 7) in the latest applicable version. Sub-sections 2a to 3 apply to:

1.  homeopathic medicinal products for human use that are subject to authorisation and were authorised before 1st January 1998 or were deemed to be authorised,

2.  the blood preparations listed in Article 3 (6) of Directive 2001/83/EC, and

3.  tissue preparations authorised pursuant to Section 21, unless they are manufactured by a method involving in industrial process.

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Section 30
Withdrawal, revocation, suspension

(1) A marketing authorisation shall be withdrawn if it becomes subsequently known that one of the grounds for refusal of marketing authorisations, as defined in Section 25 sub-section 2 numbers 2, 3, 5, 5a, 6 or 7, existed at the time of issuance; the marketing authorisation shall be revoked if one of the grounds for refusal pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 2 numbers 3, 5, 5a, 6 or 7 has subsequently developed. The marketing authorisation shall furthermore be withdrawn or revoked, if:

1.  it comes to light that the medicinal product is lacking in therapeutic efficacy,

2.  in the cases referred to in Section 28 sub-section 3, the therapeutic efficacy has not been sufficiently proved according to the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge.

Therapeutic efficacy is lacking if it is clear that no therapeutic results can be achieved with the medicinal product. In the cases referred to in sentence 1, the suspension of the marketing authorisation may also be ordered for a limited period of time.

(1a) Furthermore, the authorisation may be partially or completely withdrawn or revoked if necessary to comply with a decision or resolution by the European Community or the European Union pursuant to Article 34 of Directive 2001/83/EC or pursuant to Article 38 of Directive 2001/82/EC. No preliminary procedure pursuant to Section 68 of the Rules of the Administrative Courts shall be held in the event of an appeal against decisions by the competent higher federal authority pursuant to sentence 1. In the cases covered by sentence 1, the suspension of the authorisation may also be ordered on a temporary basis.

(2) The competent higher federal authority may:

1.  withdraw the marketing authorisation if incorrect or incomplete information is given in the documents specified in Sections 22, 23 or 24 or if one of the grounds for the refusal of a marketing authorisation, as defined in Section 25 sub-section 2 number 6a or 6b existed at the time when it was granted,

2.  revoke the marketing authorisation, if one of the grounds for refusal as defined in Section 25 sub-section 2 numbers 2, 6a or 6b subsequently developed or if one of the conditions imposed pursuant to Section 28 has not been met and the flaw has not been corrected within a reasonable period of time which is to be specified by the competent higher federal authority; in this regard, the conditions referred to in Section 28 sub-sections 3 and 3a should be reviewed annually,

3.  revoke the marketing authorisation in consultation with the competent authority, if the quality tests specified for the medicinal product are either not carried out at all or are not carried out adequately,

4.  revoke the marketing authorisation in consultation with the competent authority if becomes apparent that the medicinal product was not manufactured in accordance with recognised pharmaceutical rules.

In these cases, the suspension of the marketing authorisation may also be ordered for a limited period of time.

(2a) In the cases referred to in sub-sections 1 and 1a, the marketing authorisation shall be amended if, as a result, the reason for rejection referred to in sub-section 1 becomes inapplicable, or in order to comply with the decision referred to in sub-section 1a. In the cases referred to in sub-section 2, the marketing authorisation can be amended by imposing a condition if this is sufficient to comply with the requirements of medicinal product safety.

(3) Before a decision is reached pursuant to sub-sections 1 to 2a, the holder of the marketing authorisation shall be heard, unless danger is imminent. This also applies if a decision by the competent higher federal authority on changes to the authorisation, conditions for the authorisation, the withdrawal or the suspension of the authorisation is based on an agreement by the co-ordination group pursuant to Article 107g, 107k or Article 107q of Directive 2001/83/EC. A preliminary procedure pursuant to Section 68 of the Rules of the Administrative Courts shall not take place in the cases referred to in sentence 2. In the cases set forth in Section 25 sub-section 2 number 5, the decision can be implemented immediately. The lodging of an objection or action to rescind shall have no suspensive effect.

(4) If the marketing authorisation of a medicinal product has been withdrawn or revoked or if the marketing authorisation has been suspended, the medicinal product:

1.  shall neither be placed on the market,

2.  nor shall it be introduced into the purview of the present Act.

It shall be permitted to return the medicinal product, appropriately marked, to the pharmaceutical entrepreneur. The competent authority may order the return of a medicinal product.

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Section 31
Expiry, prolongation

(1) The marketing authorisation shall expire:

1.  if the authorised medicinal product is not placed on the market within three years of the granting of the marketing authorisation, or if the authorised medicinal product that was placed on the market in accordance with the marketing authorisation is not placed on the market for three successive years,

2.  by written renouncement,

3.  five years after it was granted, unless an application for prolongation is filed,

a)  in the case of medicinal products for human use, at the latest nine months,

b)  in the case of medicinal products for animal use, at the latest six months,

prior to the expiry date.

3a.  in the case of a medicinal product intended for administration to food-producing animals, and which contains a pharmacologically active constituent listed in Table 2 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, at the end of a period of 60 days following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union unless, within this deadline, the therapeutic indications with respect to food-producing animals have been waived pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 1; in the case of a notification of changes pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a, the aim of which is to remove the relevant pharmacologically active constituent, the 60-day deadline shall be interrupted until the decision by the competent higher federal authority or until the expiry of the deadline pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 2 and the authorisation shall be suspended during this period after the 60-day deadline has expired; the half-sentences 1 and 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis in so far as Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2008 is applicable as regards the alteration of the medicinal product,

4.  if the prolongation of the marketing authorisation is refused.

In the cases referred to in the sentence 1 number 1, the competent higher federal authority can allow exceptions if required to protect human or animal health.

(1a) A marketing authorisation which is prolonged shall be valid for an unspecified period unless, in the case of prolongation pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3, the competent higher federal authority considers it necessary to grant a prolongation of a further five year period pursuant to the provisions of sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3, in conjunction with sub-section 2, also taking into account the exposure of an insufficient number of patients to the medicinal product for human use in question, in order to ensure the continued safe placing of the medicinal product on the market.

(2) The application for prolongation shall be supplemented by a report giving details of whether, and to what extent, the criteria by which the medicinal product is assessed have altered over the previous five years. To this end, the marketing authorisation holder shall submit to the competent higher federal authority a revised version of the quality, safety and efficacy documents including all amendments made since the marketing authorisation was granted; in the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, a consolidated list of amendments shall be submitted instead of the revised version. In respect of medicinal products intended for administration to food-producing animals, the competent higher federal authority may furthermore demand that the report comprise details of experience gained in the residue test procedure.

(3) The marketing authorisation in the cases referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 or sub-section 1a, shall be prolonged for a further five years within the six months prior to its expiry on condition that none of the grounds for refusal pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 2 numbers 3, 5, 5a, 6, 6a or 6b, 7 exist, that the marketing authorisation is not to be withdrawn or revoked pursuant to Section 30 sub-section 1 sentence 2 and that no use is to be made of the possibility of withdrawal pursuant to Section 30 sub-section 2 number 1 or of revocation pursuant to Section 30 sub-section 2 number 2. Section 25 sub-section 5 sentence 5 and sub-section 5a shall apply mutatis mutandis. In respect of the decision regarding prolongation, it shall be verified whether findings exist which could influence the subordination of the medicinal product to the prescription requirement.

(4) If the marketing authorisation expires pursuant to sub-section 1 number 2 or 3, the medicinal product may be placed on the market for a further two years, commencing on the 1st January or 1st July following the promulgation of the expiry pursuant to Section 34. This shall not apply if the competent higher federal authority ascertains that a condition for the withdrawal or the revocation of the marketing authorisation as defined in Section 30 existed; Section 30 sub-section 4 shall apply.

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Section 32
Official batch testing

(1) A batch of a serum, a vaccine or an allergen may only be placed on the market, without prejudice to the marketing authorisation, if it has been released by the competent higher federal authority. The batch shall be released if a test (official batch test) has shown that the batch has been manufactured and tested by methods of manufacture and control which comply with the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge and that it possesses the required quality, efficacy and safety. The batch shall also be released if the competent authority of another Member State of the European Union has decided, on the basis of an experimental investigation, that the prerequisites stated in sentence 2 are met.

(1a) The competent higher federal authority shall reach a decision pursuant to sub-section 1 within two months of receipt of the batch sample to be tested. Section 27 sub-section 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) The Federal Ministry shall issue general administrative regulations on the requirements to be set by the higher federal authority for methods of manufacture and control, as defined in sub-section 1, following consultation with experts from the fields of medical and pharmaceutical science and practice and shall promulgate them as Guidelines for the Testing of Medicinal Products in the Federal Gazette. The regulations must comply with the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge and are to be continually adjusted to it.

(3) Section 25 sub-section 8 and Section 22 sub-section 7 sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the execution of the official batch testing.

(4) Release, pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1, shall not be necessary if the medicinal products specified therein are exempted by ordinance according to Section 35 sub-section 1 number 4, or by the competent higher federal authority; the competent higher federal authority shall grant an exemption if the manufacturing and test methods of the manufacturer have reached a level of development which guarantees the quality, efficacy and safety required.

(5) The release as defined in sub-section 1 or the exemption by the competent higher federal authority as defined in sub-section 4 shall be withdrawn if one of their conditions has not been fulfilled; it shall be revoked if one of the conditions is subsequently no longer fulfilled.

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Section 33
Costs

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall levy charges (fees and expenses) for the decisions on marketing authorisations, on the authorisation of tissue preparations, on the authorisation of medicinal products for advanced therapies, batch releases, the processing of applications, activities in the context of the compilation and evaluation of risks of medicinal products, for the protest procedure against an administrative act promulgated on the basis of this Act or the determination of costs on the basis of an ordinance pursuant to subsection 2 sentence 1 or Section 39 sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2 or Section 39d sub-section 9, as well as for other official acts, including independent consulting and information services, in so far as these do not consist of oral information and simple written information within the meaning of Section 7 number 1 of the Administrative Expenses Act, in compliance with the present Act and pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2008.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to determine, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology, and, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals is concerned, also with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, which elements are liable to a fee, and to establish fixed rates or rate schedules in the process, as well as the reimbursement of expenses also by way of derogation from the provisions contained in the Administrative Costs Act. The amount of fees payable for decisions on the marketing authorisations, on the authorisation of tissue preparations, the authorisation of medicinal products for advanced therapies, batch releases, as well as other official acts shall be determined in each case according to the expenditure for personnel and material, including in particular the costs for the marketing authorisation procedure in the case of sera, vaccines and allergens and also the expenditure for the tests and for the development of appropriate testing procedures. The amount of fee payable for the decision in respect of a batch release shall be determined by the average costs for personnel and material; in addition, appropriate consideration shall be given to the significance, the economic value or other benefit derived from the release by the party liable to pay the fee.

(3) The Administrative Expenses Act shall apply. By way of derogation from Section 20 sub-section 1 sentence 1 of the Administrative Expenses Act, the right to the payment of costs, which are to be charged pursuant to Section 33 sub-section 1, in conjunction with the Ordinance on Therapy Allergens, shall lapse three years after the publication of the final decision on the marketing authorisation.

(4) If a protest pursuant to sub-section 1 is successful, necessary expenses shall be reimbursed according to Section 80 sub-section 1 of the Administrative Procedures Act, up to the level of the fees envisaged in an ordinance pursuant to sub-section 2 sentence 1 or Section 39 sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2 or Section 39d sub-section 9, for the rejection of a corresponding protest procedure and, in the case of framework fees, up to the level of their mean value.

(5) The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices shall charge fees for the use of monographs for medicinal products which are exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 36. In such a case, flat-rate fee agreements can be concluded with the associations to which the users belong. Sub-section 2 sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the determination of fees.

(6) The competent higher federal authority shall be reimbursed by the competent authority of the Land for costs incurred by the former within the framework of the co-operation measures pursuant to the present Act, if these costs are borne by the party responsible.

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Section 34
Informing the public

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall promulgate the following in the Federal Gazette:

1.  the granting and prolongation of a marketing authorisation,

2.  the withdrawal of a marketing authorisation,

3.  the revocation of a marketing authorisation,

4.  the suspension of a marketing authorisation,

5.  the expiry of a marketing authorisation,

6.  the ascertainment pursuant to Section 31 sub-section 4 sentence 2,

7.  the change in the name pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2,

8.  the withdrawal or revocation of the release of a batch pursuant to Section 32 sub-section 5,

9.  a decision to prolong a protection period pursuant to Section 24b sub-section 1 sentence 3 or sub-section 7, or to grant a data protection period pursuant to Section 24b sub-section 6 or 8.

Sentence 1 numbers 1 to 5 and number 7 shall apply mutatis mutandis to decisions or resolutions adopted by the European Community or the European Union.

(1a) In the case of medicinal products for human use, the competent higher federal authority shall make the following information available to the public immediately via an internet website and, if necessary, by other means as well:

1.  information on the granting of a marketing authorisation together with the package leaflet and the expert information in the currently approved version,

2.  the public assessment report containing the information pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 5a for each therapeutic indication applied for as well as a generally comprehensible summary containing a section on the conditions for the use of the medicinal product,

3.  summaries of the risk management plans,

4.  information on the conditions along with time limits and deadlines for fulfilment,

5.  pharmacovigilance-related reservations.

In the case of information pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 2 and 5, industrial and commercial secrets and personal data shall be deleted unless their disclosure is necessary for the protection of public health. If the pharmacovigilance reservations pursuant to sentence 1 number 5 refer to medicinal products that are authorised in several Member States, the publication shall take place in consultation with the European Medicines Agency. In the case of medicinal products for animal use, the competent higher federal authority shall immediately provide the public with information on the granting of the marketing authorisation together with the expert information, the assessment report pursuant to sentence 1 number 2 and, if the therapeutic indication of the medicinal product also extends to food producing animals, also on residue tests after deleting industrial and commercial secrets. Sentences 1 and 4 also apply to changes in the aforementioned information.

(1b) In the case of medicinal products for human use, the withdrawal of an application for authorisation as well as the refusal of the marketing authorisation and the grounds are to be made publicly accessible. In addition, decisions relating to the withdrawal, revocation or suspension of a marketing authorisation shall also be made publicly available. The competent higher federal authority is empowered, in the case of medicinal products for human use to disclose, upon request, information regarding the submission of a proper application for authorisation, the submission of a proper application for the authorisation of a confirmatory clinical trial, as well as on the authorisation or refusal of a confirmatory clinical trial.

(1c) Sub-sections 1a and 1b sentences 1 and 2 shall not apply to medicinal products approved pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004.

(1d) The competent higher federal authority shall make the information referred to in sub-sections 1a and 1b available in electronic format. After taking the decision, the competent higher federal authority shall make available the information pursuant to sub-sections 1 and 1b, referring to the lack of enforceability.

(1e) The competent higher federal authority shall publish at least the following supplementary information through its internet website for medicinal products pursuant to Section 67a sub-section 2 in addition to the information provided for in sub-section 1a sentence 1 numbers 1 to 4 and sub-section 1a sentence 2:

1.  the list of medicinal products pursuant to Article 23 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004,

2.  information on the notification channels for informing the competent higher federal authority of suspected adverse reactions to medicinal products to be used by health professionals and patients, including the internet forms made available by the competent higher federal authority.

(2) The competent higher federal authority may promulgate an administrative act executed on the basis of the present Act in the Federal Gazette if more than 50 addressees are affected. Two weeks after publication of the administrative act in the Federal Gazette, the act shall be considered to be promulgated. Other notifications by the competent higher federal authority, including the letters giving the parties affected the opportunity to submit comments pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 1 of the Administrative Procedures Act, may also be promulgated in the Federal Gazette if more than 50 addressees are affected. Sentence 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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Section 35
Empowerments in respect of marketing authorisation and exemptions

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to:

1.  (deleted)

2.  extend the provisions on the marketing authorisation to medicinal products that are not subject to the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 1, as well as to medicinal products that have been exempted from the marketing authorisation under Section 21 sub-section 2 number 1g, in so far as it is deemed necessary to prevent direct or indirect hazards to human and animal health,

3.  extend the provisions on the release of a batch and on official batch testing to other medicinal products which are subject to variation in their composition or in their content of active substances, in so far as it is deemed necessary to prevent direct or indirect hazards to human or animal health,

4.  exempt certain medicinal products from the official batch testing, if the manufacturing and testing procedures of the manufacturer have attained a level of development which guarantees quality, efficacy and safety,

by ordinance, subject to the approval of the Bundesrat.

(2) The ordinances, pursuant to sub-section 1 numbers 2 to 4, shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and, in the case of radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and, in the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, in consultation with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection.

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Section 36
Empowerment in respect of standard marketing authorisations

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to exempt, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat and subsequent to consultation with experts, certain medicinal products or groups of medicinal products or medicinal products presented in particular pharmaceutical forms from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation, in so far as no direct or indirect danger to human or animal health is to be feared, since it is evident that the requirements with regard to the necessary quality, efficacy and safety have been met. For the sake of the protection of human or animal health, the exemption may be made dependent on a particular manufacturing procedure, composition, labelling, package leaflet, expert information or pharmaceutical form and be limited to certain methods of administration, therapeutic indications or fields of application. It is admissible for the pharmaceutical entrepreneur to provide information regarding additional contra-indications, adverse reactions and interactions.

(2) In selecting the medicinal products to be exempted from the obligation to apply for a marketing authorisation, account must be taken of the legitimate interests of the consumer of the medicinal product, the health professions and the pharmaceutical industry. The pharmaceutical entrepreneur is free to choose the name of the medicinal product.

(3) The ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1 shall be promulgated in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and, in the case of radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and, in the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection.

(4) In cases where it is necessary to make immediate changes to information regarding contra-indications, adverse reactions and interactions dosages, package sizes and precautions for use and, on condition that the validity of the ordinance having the force of law does not exceed a maximum period of one year, the hearing of experts and the approval of the Bundesrat shall not be necessary prior to the promulgation of an ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1. The deadline may be prolonged once for a further year if the procedure pursuant to sub-section 1 cannot be completed within the one-year period.

(5) The monographs on which the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1 is based shall be regularly examined by the competent higher federal authority and, where necessary, adapted to the currently recognised technological and scientific state-of-the-art. In the process, the monographs shall be examined to determine whether the requirements regarding the necessary quality, efficacy and safety, including a positive risk-benefit balance, can continue to be considered fulfilled for medicinal products exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation.

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Section 37
Authorisation by the European Community or the European Union for placing on the market, marketing authorisation of medicinal products from other states

(1) The marketing authorisation issued by the European Community or the European Union pursuant to Regulation(EC) No. 726/2004, also in conjunction with Regulation (EC) No. 1901/2006 or Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007 shall rank equally with a marketing authorisation issued pursuant to Section 25 in so far as the provisions of Sections 11a and 13 sub-section 2a, Section 21 sub-sections 2 and 2a, Sections 40, 56, 56a, 58, 59, 67, 69, 73, 84 or 94 are geared to a marketing authorisation. The marketing authorisation issued for a medicinal product by another state shall be considered a valid marketing authorisation as defined in Section 21, in so far as this is stipulated in an ordinance issued by the Federal Ministry.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to issue an ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1, which shall not be subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, in order to implement a directive of the Council or where the marketing authorisation of medicinal products is mutually recognized in international treaties as being of equivalent value. The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals is concerned.

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FIFTH CHAPTER
REGISTRATION OF MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

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Section 38
Registration of homeopathic medicinal products

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 may only be placed on the market as homeopathic medicinal products within the purview of the present Act, if they have been entered into the Register for Homeopathic Medicinal Products kept by the competent higher federal authority (registration). A marketing authorisation shall not be necessary; Section 21 sub-section 1 sentence 2 and sub-section 3 shall apply accordingly. A registration is not required for medicinal products which are placed on the market by a pharmaceutical entrepreneur in amounts of up to 1,000 packages per year, unless these are medicinal products:

1.  which contain preparations made from substances pursuant to Section 3 number 3 or 4,

2.  which contain more than the one-hundredth part of the smallest dose used in non-homeopathic medicinal products which are subject to prescription pursuant to Section 48 or,

3.  in which the conditions contained in Section 39 sub-section 2 numbers 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 9 are present.

(2) The information, documents and expert opinions specified in Sections 22 to 24 shall be enclosed with the application for registration. This shall not apply to the information regarding the effects and therapeutic indications, the documents and expert opinions on the clinical trials, nor to information pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 number 5 and 5a and sub-section 7 sentence 2. The documents on the pharmaceutical-toxicological test are to be submitted if the safety of the product, especially as results from an adequately high degree of dilution, is not otherwise evident. Section 22 sub-section 1a shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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Section 39
Decision on the registration of homeopathic medicinal products, procedural provisions

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall register the homeopathic medicinal product and inform the applicant in writing as to the registration number. Section 25 sub-sections 4 and 5 sentence 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The registration shall only be valid for the homeopathic medicinal product and its degrees of dilution as specified in the notice of registration. The competent higher federal authority may connect the registration notice with the imposition of conditions. Conditions may also be imposed subsequently. Section 28 sub-sections 2 and 4 shall apply.

(2) The competent higher federal authority shall refuse registration if:

1.  the documents submitted are incomplete,

2.  the medicinal product has not been sufficiently tested analytically in compliance with the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge,

3.  the medicinal product does not possess the appropriate quality according to recognised pharmaceutical rules,

4.  there is sufficient reason to suspect that, if used in keeping with its designated purpose, the medicinal product has harmful effects which exceed the bounds considered justifiable in the light of the knowledge available to medical science,

4a.  the medicinal product is intended for administration to food-producing animals and contains a pharmacologically active constituent not listed in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, as a substance for which the stipulation of maximum levels is not necessary,

5.  the withdrawal period given is insufficient,

5a.  the medicinal product, in so far as it is intended for administration to human beings, is intended neither for oral administration nor for external use,

5b.  the medicinal product contains more than one part per 10,000 of the stock, or in the case of medicinal products intended for use in humans, more than 1/100th part of the smallest dose used in allopathic medicinal products that are subject to prescription pursuant to Section 48,

6.  the medicinal product is subject to a prescription, unless it exclusively contains substances listed in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, as substances for which the stipulation of maximum levels is not necessary,

7.  the medicinal product is not manufactured according to a procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia,

7a.  the use of the individual active substances as homeopathic or anthroposophic medicinal products is not generally known,

8.  a marketing authorisation has been granted for the medicinal product,

9.  the marketing of the medicinal product or its use on animals would violate legal regulations.

(2a) If the medicinal product has already been registered in a Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, the registration is to be carried out on the basis of this decision unless a reason to refuse pursuant to sub-section 2 is present. For recognition of the registration by another Member State, Chapter 4 of Directive 2001/83/EC and, for medicinal products intended for use in animals, Chapter 4 of Directive 2001/82/EC shall apply mutatis mutandis; Article 29 paragraphs 4, 5 and 6, Articles 30 to 34 of Directive 2001/83/EC, Article 33 paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 and Articles 34 to 38 of Directive 2001/82/EC shall not apply.

(2b) The applicant shall notify the competent higher federal authority forthwith, enclosing the corresponding documents, in the event of any changes in the information and documents referred to in Section 38 sub-section 2 sentence 1. Section 29 sub-sections 1a, 1e, 1f and 2 to 2b shall apply mutatis mutandis. The obligation pursuant to sentence 1 shall be fulfilled by the registration holder after the registration has been granted. In the following cases, an application for a new registration shall be required:

1.  in the case of a change in the composition of the active substances either in type or quantity, including a change in the potency level,

2.  in the case of a change in the pharmaceutical form, in so far as this does not constitute a change pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 1 number 3,

3.  (deleted)

(2c) The registration shall expire five years after it has been issued unless an application for prolongation is submitted at the latest nine months before the deadline expires. For the expiry and prolongation of the registration, Section 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis provided that the grounds for refusal pursuant to sub-section 2 numbers 3 to 9 apply.

(2d) With respect to the withdrawal, revocation and suspension of the registration, Section 30 sub-section 1 sentence 1, sub-sections 2, 2a, 3 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis, under the proviso that the grounds for refusal pursuant to sub-section 2 numbers 2 to 9 apply.

(2e) Section 34 sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 to 7, sub-section 1a sentence 1 numbers 1, 4 and 5, sub-section 1a sentence 4, sub-sections 1b and 1d shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(3) For homeopathic medicinal products, the Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to issue, in compliance with the provisions on marketing authorisation by ordinance, not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, provisions governing costs and the exemption from registration. The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned. Section 36 sub-section 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the amendment of an ordinance on the exemption from registration.

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Section 39a
Registration of traditional herbal medicinal products

Finished medicinal products which are herbal medicinal products and medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1, may be placed on the market as traditional herbal medicinal products only if they are registered by the competent higher federal authority. This shall also apply to herbal medicinal products containing vitamins or minerals provided that the action of the vitamins or minerals is ancillary to that of the traditional herbal medicinal product regarding the therapeutic indication or indications.

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Section 39b
Registration documents for traditional herbal medicinal products

(1) The applicant must enclose the following information and documents with the registration application:

1.  the information and documents referred to in Section 22 sub-sections 1, 3c, 4, 5 and 7 and Section 24 sub-section 1 number 1,

2.  the results of analytical tests referred to in Section 22 sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 1,

3.  the summary of the product characteristics of the medicinal product with the information referred to in Section 11a sub-section 1, taking into consideration the fact that it is a traditional herbal medicinal product,

4.  bibliographic evidence of the traditional use or expert reports showing that the medicinal product in question, or a corresponding product has been in medicinal use by humans or in animals for at least 30 years preceding the date of the application, including at least 15 years within the European Union and that under the stated conditions of use, the medicinal product is safe and the pharmacological effects or efficacy of the medicinal product are plausible based on use and experience over many years,.

5.  a bibliographic review of safety data together with an expert report pursuant to Section 24 and, where required, additional information and documents necessary for assessing the safety of the medicinal product,

6.  any registrations or marketing authorisations obtained by the applicant in another Member State, or in a third country, to place the medicinal product on the market, and details of any decision to refuse to grant a registration or marketing authorisation and the reasons for any such decision.

Evidence of use over a period of 30 years pursuant to sentence 1 number 4 can also be provided if no special approval has been granted for placing a medicinal product on the market. It can also be provided if the number or quantity of active substances of the medicinal product has been reduced over this period. A corresponding medicinal product as referred to in sentence 1 number 4, is characterised by having the same or comparable active substances, irrespective of the excipients used, the same or similar intended use, equivalent strength and posology and the same or similar route of administration as the medicinal product for which registration is applied.

(1a) The information pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 to 10 must be provided in German, the other information in the German or English language; other information or documents may also be submitted in the registration procedure in English instead of in German, in so far as information which is used for the labelling, the packaging leaflet or the expert information is not concerned.

(2) Instead of submitting the information and documents referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 4 and 5, in the case of medicinal products for use in humans, reference can also be made to a Community or European Union herbal monograph pursuant to Article 16h paragraph 3 of Directive 2001/83/EC or its presence on the list pursuant to Article 16f of Directive 2001/83/EC.

(3) If the medicinal product contains more than one herbal active substance or substance pursuant to Section 39a sentence 2, the information referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 4 shall be submitted for the combination. If the individual active substances are not sufficiently well known, information shall be provided about the individual active substances.

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Section 39c
Decision on the registration of traditional herbal medicinal products

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall register traditional herbal medicinal products and inform the applicant of the registration number in writing. Section 25 sub-sections 4 and 5 sentence 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The registration shall apply only for the herbal medicinal product listed in the notification. The competent higher federal authority can make the registration notification subject to conditions. Conditions can also be imposed at a later date. Section 28 sub-sections 2 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) The registration shall be refused by the competent higher federal authority if the application does not contain the information and documents stipulated in Section 39b, if:

1.  the qualitative or quantitative composition does not correspond to the information referred to in Section 39b sub-section 1 or the pharmaceutical quality is otherwise inadequate,

2.  the therapeutic indications do not comply exclusively with those of traditional herbal medicinal products which, according to their composition and intended use, are intended for use in humans without the need for medical supervision with respect to making a diagnosis, prescription or supervising the treatment,

9.  a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 25 or a registration pursuant to Section 39 has been granted for the traditional herbal medicinal product or a corresponding medicinal product,

10.  the placing on the market of a medicinal product or its use in animals would be in breach of legal provisions.

For medicinal products intended for use in animals, the first sentence shall apply accordingly.

(3) The registration shall terminate after a period of five years has elapsed unless an application for prolongation is submitted not less than nine months before expiry of the term. For the expiry and prolongation of the registration, Section 31 shall apply accordingly provided that the reasons for rejection referred to in sub-section 2 apply.

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Section 39d
Other procedural provisions for traditional herbal medicinal products

(1) On request, the competent higher federal authority shall notify the applicant and in the case of medicinal products intended for use in humans, the European Commission and the competent authority of a EU Member State, of any decision it takes to refuse traditional-use registration and the reasons for the refusal.

(2) For medicinal products corresponding to Article 16d paragraph 1 of Directive 2001/83/EC, Section 25b shall apply accordingly. For medicinal products referred to in Article 16d paragraph 2 of Directive 2001/83/EC, a registration by another Member State shall be duly considered.

(3) On application, the competent higher federal authority can request the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products, set up pursuant to Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/EC, for an opinion on the evidence of traditional use if there are doubts as to the fulfilment of the conditions referred to in Section 39b sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 4.

(4) Where a medicinal product has been used in the European Union, in humans, for less than 15 years, but is otherwise eligible for registration pursuant to Sections 39a to 39c, the competent higher federal authority shall initiate the procedure envisaged under Article 16c paragraph 4 of Directive 2001/83/EC with the participation of the Committee for Herbal Medicinal Products.

(5) If a herbal substance, a herbal preparation or a combination thereof is removed from the list referred to in Article 16f of Directive 2001/83/EC, registrations pursuant to Section 39b sub-section 2 granted for traditional herbal medicinal products containing this substance intended for use in humans shall be revoked unless the information and documents referred to in Section 39b are submitted within three months.

(6) Section 34 sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 to 7, sub-section 1a sentence 1 numbers 1, 4 and 5, sub-section 1a sentence 4, sub-sections 1b and 1d shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(7) The applicant shall notify the competent higher federal authority forthwith, enclosing the corresponding documents, in the event of any changes in the information and documents pursuant to Section 39b sub-section 1 sentence 1, in conjunction with sub-section 2. Section 29 sub-sections 1a, 1e, 1f and 2 to 2b shall apply mutatis mutandis. The obligation pursuant to sentence 1 shall be fulfilled by the registration holder after the registration has been granted. In the following cases, an application for a new registration shall be required:

1.  in the case of a change in the therapeutic indications, in so far as a change pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 1 number 1 is not concerned,

2.  in the case of a change in the composition of the active substances either in type or quantity,

3.  in the case of a change in the pharmaceutical form, in so far as a change pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 1 number 3 is not concerned,

(8) With respect to the withdrawal, revocation and suspension of the registration, Section 30 sub-section 1 sentence 1, sub-sections 2, 2a, 3 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis with the proviso that the grounds for refusal pursuant to Section 39c sub-section 2 apply.

(9) The Federal Ministry shall be authorised, in the case of traditional herbal medicinal products in accordance with provisions of the marketing authorisation, to enact provisions governing the costs of registrations by ordinance without the agreement of the Bundesrat. The ordinance shall be promulgated in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

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SIXTH CHAPTER
PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS IN CLINICAL TRIALS

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Section 40
General conditions for the clinical trial

(1) The sponsor, the investigator and all of the other persons involved in the clinical trial shall, in the conduct of the clinical trial of a medicinal product on human beings, fulfil the requirements of good clinical practice laid down in Article 1 paragraph 3 of Directive 2001/20/EG. The clinical trial of a medicinal product on human beings may only be commenced by the sponsor if the competent ethics committee has issued a favourable opinion on it pursuant to Section 42 sub-section 1 and the competent higher federal authority has given its approval pursuant to Section 42 sub-section 2. The clinical trial of a medicinal product may only be conducted on human beings if and as long as:

1.  a sponsor or a representative of the sponsor whose registered place of business is situated in a Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, is available,

2.  the foreseeable risks and inconveniences are medically justifiable, compared with the benefit for the person on whom the clinical trial is to be conducted (person concerned), and the anticipated significance of the medicinal product for medical science,

2a.  according to the state of scientific knowledge in relation to the purpose of the clinical trial of a medicinal product consisting of a genetically modified organism or a combination of genetically modified organisms or containing such organisms, unjustifiable harmful effects on:

a)  the health of third persons and

b)  the environment

are not to be expected,

3.  the person concerned:

a)  is of age and is capable of understanding the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and to form a rational intention in the light of the facts,

b)  has been informed pursuant to sub-section 2 sentence 1 and has given written consent, in so far as no deviating provisions are specified in sub-section 4 or Section 41, and

c)  has been informed pursuant to sub-section 2a sentences 1 and 2 and has given written consent; consent must refer specifically to the collection and processing of health-related data,

4.  the person concerned has not been committed to an institution by virtue of an order issued either by the judicial or the administrative authorities,

5.  it is conducted in an appropriate facility by a suitably qualified investigator in a responsible manner and the trial is managed by an investigator who can provide evidence of at least two years' experience in the clinical trial of medicinal products,

6.  a pharmacological-toxicological test of the medicinal product in accordance with the prevailing state of scientific knowledge has been carried out,

7.  each investigator has been informed, by a scientist responsible for the pharmacological-toxicological test, about the findings of the test and the foreseeable risks involved in the clinical trial,

8.  in the event that a person is killed or a person's body or health is injured during the course of the clinical trial, an insurance policy which provides benefits, even when no one else is liable for the damage, exists in accordance with the provisions contained in sub-section 3, and

9.  a physician is responsible for the medical care of the person concerned or in the case of dental treatment, a dentist.

If the person affected is unable to write, in exceptional cases, instead of the written consent required in sentence 3 number 3 letters b and c, oral consent in the presence of at least one witness who was also included when the affected person was being informed may be given. The witness may not be anyone working at the trial site nor a member of the investigating team. The orally given consent shall be documented in writing, dated and signed by the witness.

(1a) The investigator shall designate suitably qualified members for the investigating team. He/she shall instruct and supervise them as well as providing them with the information necessary to perform their activities in conducting the clinical trial in particular the protocol and the investigator’s brochure. The investigator shall designate at least one deputy with comparable qualifications.

(1b) An insurance pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 8 is not necessary for clinical trials with authorised medicinal products if they are used in accordance with the particulars specified in the marketing authorisation and risks and burdens owing to additional tests or the treatment comparison are minor and if the investigator and the sponsor are otherwise insured.

(2) The person concerned shall be informed by an investigator who is a physician, or in the case of a dental trial, a dentist, or by a member of the investigating team who is a doctor, or in the case of a dental trial, a dentist about the nature, significance, risks and implications of the clinical trial as well as about his/her right to withdraw from the clinical trial at any time; a generally comprehensible information sheet is to be handed out to him. Furthermore, the person concerned is to be given the opportunity to have a counselling session with an investigator or a member of the investigating team who is a doctor, or in the case of a dental trial, a dentist about the other conditions surrounding the conduct of the clinical trial. A declaration of consent pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 3 letter b to participate in a clinical trial, can be revoked at any time before the investigator or a member of the investigating team, orally or in writing, without disadvantage to the person concerned.

(2a) The person concerned shall be informed of the purpose and scope of the recording and use of personal data, especially medical data. The person concerned shall be informed especially of the fact that:

1.  where necessary, the recorded data:

a)  will be kept available for inspection by the supervisory authority or the sponsor's representative in order to verify the proper conduct of the clinical trial,

b)  will be passed on in a pseudonymised version to the sponsor or to an agency commissioned by the latter for the purpose of scientific evaluation,

c)  will be passed on, in a pseudonymised version, to the applicant and the competent authority for the marketing authorisation if an application for a marketing authorisation is filed,

d)  will be passed on, in a pseudonymised version, to the sponsor and the competent authority and subsequently by the latter to the European database in the event of undesirable events in connection with the investigational medicinal product,

2.  the consent pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 3 letter c is irrevocable,

3.  in the case of a revocation of a declaration of consent pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 3 letter b, the stored data may continue to be used where necessary, in order to:

a)  determine the effects of the investigational medicinal product,

b)  to ensure that those interests of the person concerned which are worthy of special protection are not prejudiced,

c)  satisfy the obligation to provide complete marketing authorisation documents,

4.  the data will be stored with the specified bodies for the specified period pursuant to Section 42 sub-section 3.

In the case of a revocation of a declaration of consent made pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 3 letter b, the competent bodies shall determine immediately whether the data stored for the purposes provided for in sentence 2 number 3 might still be needed. Data which are no longer needed are to be deleted immediately. Furthermore, the collected personal data shall be deleted after the period specified on the basis of Section 42 sub-section 3 has elapsed as long as no legal statutory or contractual retention periods exist to the contrary.

(3) The insurance pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 8 must be taken out in favour of the person concerned in a clinical trial with an insurance carrier authorised to conduct business in a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. Its scope must be reasonably commensurate with the risks involved in the clinical trial and determined on the basis of the risk assessment in such a way as to ensure that for every case of the death or permanent occupational disability of a person concerned by clinical trial, at least 500,000 € will be available. In so far as benefits are paid by the insurance, all claims to damages shall be extinguished.

(4) In respect of a clinical trial on minors, sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply with the following proviso:

1.  the medicinal product must be intended to diagnose or prevent diseases in minors and the use of the medicinal product must be indicated in accordance with medical knowledge for the purpose of diagnosing or preventing diseases in the minor. The medicinal product is indicated if its administration to minors is medically indicated,

2.  clinical trials performed on adults cannot be expected to produce satisfactory test results according to medical knowledge,

3.  the consent is granted by the legal representative after being informed pursuant to sub-section 2. It must correspond to the minor's presumed will where such a will can be ascertained. Before the start of the clinical trial, the minor shall be informed, by an investigator who is experienced in dealing with minors who is a doctor or, in the case of a dental trial, a dentist or an adequately experienced member of the investigating team who is a doctor or, in the case of a dental trial, a dentist, about the trial, the risks and benefits, in so far as this is possible taking into account the minor's age and mental maturity; should the minor declare or express in any other way that he/she does not wish to take part in the clinical trial, this must be respected. If the minor is in a position to comprehend the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and to form a rational intention in the light of these facts, then his/her consent shall also be required. An opportunity for a counselling session pursuant to sub-section 2 sentence 2 shall be offered, not only to the legal representative but also to the minor,

4.  the clinical trial may only be conducted if it subjects the person concerned to as little burden and other foreseeable risks as possible; both the degree of burden and the risk threshold must be defined specifically in the trial protocol and monitored constantly by the investigator,

5.  with the exception of adequate compensation, no advantages may be granted.

(5) The person concerned, his/her legal representative or authorised representative, shall have access to a competent contact point from which information about all of the facts which are likely to be of significance for the conduct of a clinical trial can be obtained. The contact point shall be set up at the higher federal authority competent in the specific case.

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Section 41
Special conditions for the clinical trial

(1) In the case of a clinical trial on a person of legal age who is suffering from a disease which is to be treated by the investigational medicinal product, Section 40 sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply with the following provisos:

1.  the use of the investigational medicinal product is indicated according to the findings of medical science in order to save the person's life, to restore health, alleviate suffering, or

2.  it must be of direct benefit to the group of patients who are suffering from the same disease as this person.

If, in an emergency situation, consent cannot be obtained, treatment which is necessary without delay to save the life of the person concerned, restore good health or alleviate suffering can be started immediately. Consent for continued participation must be obtained as soon as it is possible and reasonable.

(2) Section 40 sub-sections 1 to 4 shall apply, with the following provisos, to the conduct of a clinical trial on a minor suffering from a disease in the treatment of which the investigational medicinal product is to be used:

1.  the use of the investigational medicinal product must be indicated according to the findings of medical science in order to save the life of the person concerned, to restore him or her to health, to alleviate suffering, or:

2.  

a)  the clinical trial must be of direct benefit to the group of patients suffering from the same disease as the person concerned,

b)  the research must be absolutely necessary in order to confirm data obtained in clinical trials on other persons or by means of other research methods,

c)  research must relate to a clinical condition from which the minor concerned is suffering, and

d)  the research may cause only minimal risk and minimal burden to the person concerned; research bears a minimal risk only when it is to be expected, owing to the nature and scope of the intervention, that it will result, at the most, in a very slight and temporary impairment of the health of the person concerned; it causes a minimal burden only when it is to be expected that the discomfort will be, at the most, temporary and very slight for the person concerned.

Sentence 1 number 2 shall not apply to minors to whom sub-section 3 would apply when they are of legal age.

(3) Section 40 sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply under the following provisos to the conduct of a clinical trial on a person of legal age who is incapable of comprehending the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and of determining his/her will in the light of these facts and who is suffering from a disease in the treatment of which the investigational medicinal product is to be used:

1.  the use of the investigational medicinal product must be indicated, according to the findings of medical science, in order to save the life of the person concerned, to restore him or her to health or to alleviate suffering; furthermore, such research must relate directly to a life-threatening or highly debilitating clinical condition suffered by the person concerned and the clinical trial may involve as little burden and other foreseeable risks as possible for the person concerned; both the degree of burden and the risk threshold must be defined specifically in the trial protocol and monitored constantly by the investigator. The clinical trial may only be conducted if there is a justified expectation that the benefits of using the investigational medicinal product for the person concerned outweigh the risks or that the use does not entail any risks,

2.  consent shall be given by the legal representative or authorised representative after he/she has been duly informed pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 2. Section 40 sub-section 4 number 3 sentences 2, 3 and 5 shall apply correspondingly,

3.  the research must be absolutely necessary for the confirmation of data obtained from clinical trials conducted on persons capable of granting informed consent or by means of other research methods. Section 40 sub-section 4 number 2 shall apply correspondingly,

4.  with the exception of adequate compensation, no advantages may be granted.

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Section 42
Ethics committee procedure, procedure for authorisation by the higher federal authority

(1) An application for the favourable opinion from the ethics committee required pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall be submitted by the sponsor to the independent, interdisciplinary ethics committee responsible under Land law for the investigator. If the clinical trial is to be conducted by several investigators, the application shall be submitted to the independent ethics committee responsible for the chief investigator. Details regarding the setting up, composition and financing of the ethics committee shall be stipulated by Land law. The sponsor shall submit to the ethics committee all of the information and documents required by the ethics committee for its opinion. In assessing the documents, the ethics committee can use its own scientific findings, consult experts or request expert opinions. It shall call in experts or ask for expert reports in the case of clinical trials conducted on minors if it is not in possession of expert knowledge of its own in the field of paediatrics, including the ethical and psychosocial aspects of paediatrics, or in the case of xenogenic medicinal products or gene therapy medicinal products. A favourable opinion may only be refused if:

1.  the documents submitted are incomplete even after expiry of an appropriate deadline given to the sponsor for their supplementation,

2.  the documents submitted, including the trial protocol, the investigator's brochure, and the modalities for selecting trial subjects, do not correspond to the current state of scientific knowledge, and especially, the clinical trial is unsuitable for providing proof of the safety or efficacy of a medicinal product, including a difference in the mode of action in women and men, or

3.  the requirements specified in Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 numbers 2 to 9 sub-section 4 and Section 41 are not fulfilled.

Details shall be specified in the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3. The ethics committee shall have at the latest 60 days from the date of receipt of the required documents to give its opinion on the application referred to in sentence 1, which period can be extended or shortened in compliance with the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3; no time limit with respect to the authorisation period shall apply in the testing of xenogenic medicinal products.

(2) An application for the authorisation by the competent higher federal authority required pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall be made by the sponsor to the competent higher federal authority. In this regard, the sponsor shall submit all the information and documents necessary for the assessment especially the results of the analytical and pharmacological-toxicological tests as well as the trial protocol and the clinical data on the medicinal product including the investigator's brochure. The authorisation may only be refused if:

1.  the documents submitted are incomplete even after expiry of the adequate deadline given to the sponsor for their completion,

2.  the documents submitted, especially the data on the medicinal product and the trial protocol including the investigator's brochure, do not comply with the current state of scientific knowledge, and especially, the clinical trial is unsuitable for providing proof of the safety or efficacy of a medicinal product, including a difference in the mode of action in women and men, or

3.  the requirements stipulated in Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 numbers 1, 2, 2a and 6, in the case of xenogenic medicinal products also in Number 8, in particular regarding the insurance of third-party risks, are not fulfilled,

4.  the competent higher federal authority is in possession of findings which indicate that the testing facility is not suitable to conduct the clinical trial or is not capable of meeting the requirements for the clinical trial stipulated in number 2, or

5.  the requirements provided for in Section 40 sub-section 4 or Section 41 are not fulfilled.

The authorisation shall be considered granted if the competent higher federal authority does not inform the sponsor of any reasoned objections within a maximum of 30 days after receipt of the application documents. If the sponsor fails to modify the application correspondingly, within a maximum of 90 days following the reasoned objections, the application shall be deemed to be rejected. Details shall be specified in the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3. By way of derogation from sentence 4, the clinical trial of medicinal products:

1.  which fall under Number 1 of the Annex to Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004,

2.  which are advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal products,

3.  which contain genetically modified organisms, or

4.  the active substance of which is a biological product of human or animal origin, contains biological components of human or animal origin or requires such components in its manufacture,

can only be commenced if the competent higher federal authority has issued the sponsor with a written authorisation. The competent higher federal authority shall take a decision on the application for the authorisation of a medicinal product pursuant to sentence 7 numbers 2 to 4, within a maximum of 60 days, after receipt of the required documents stipulated in sentence 2, which period can be extended or shortened in compliance with an ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3; no time limit with respect to the authorisation period shall apply in the testing of xenogenic medicinal products.

(2a) The competent higher federal authority responsible for authorising a clinical trial pursuant to sub-section 2 shall inform the competent ethics committee pursuant to sub-section 1, if it is in possession of information bearing on other clinical trials which is of significance to the ethics committee's assessment of the clinical trial on which it is to issue an expert opinion; this applies especially to information on aborted or otherwise prematurely discontinued investigations. In such instances, no transmission of personal data shall take place; furthermore, business and company secrets shall remain confidential.

(3) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to issue, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, regulations to ensure the proper conduct of the clinical trial and the obtention of documents which correspond to the state of scientific knowledge. The ordinance may contain in particular regulations concerning:

1.  the tasks and responsibilities of the sponsor, the investigator or other persons conducting or monitoring the clinical trial including notification, documentation and reporting obligations, especially with respect to adverse reactions or other adverse events occurring in the course of the study and which could endanger the safety of the trial subjects or the conduct of the study,

2.  the tasks of the ethics committee and the procedure it follows including the documents to be submitted, also with details concerning the adequate participation of women and men as trial subjects, the interruption, extension or curtailment of the processing period and the special requirements placed on the ethics committee in the case of clinical trials pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 4 and Section 41 sub-sections 2 and 3,

3.  the tasks of the competent authorities and the official authorisation procedure including the documents to be submitted, also with details concerning the adequate participation of women and men as trial subjects, the interruption, extension or shortening of the processing period, the procedure for inspecting documents in enterprises and facilities as well as the prerequisites and the procedure for the withdrawal, revocation and suspension of the authorisation or prohibition of a clinical trial,

4.  the requirements for the testing facility regarding the furnishing and preservation of evidence,

5.  the transmission of the name and the registered place of business of the sponsor and of the investigator responsible and non-personal data pertaining to the clinical trial, as well as results of the clinical trial, to a European database by the competent authority,

6.  the powers to collect and utilise personal data, if so required for the conduct and supervision of the clinical trial; this also applies to the processing of data that are not processed or used in files,

7.  in the case of medicinal products consisting of a genetically modified organism or a combination of genetically modified organisms or containing such organisms,

a)  the collection and use of personal data where such data are necessary for protection against risks to the health of third persons or to the environment as an interactive structure,

b)  the tasks and powers of the authorities to protect against risks to the health of third persons and to the environment as an interactive structure,

c)  the transmission of data in a publicly accessible European database, and

d)  the exchange of information with the European Commission;

furthermore, the transmission of documents and copies of the decisions to the competent authorities and to the ethics committees responsible for the investigators can be regulated and it can be stipulated that documents be submitted on electronic storage media. The ordinance shall provide for exceptions for authorised medicinal products pursuant to Directive 2001/20/EC.

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Section 42a
Withdrawal, revocation and suspension of the authorisation or of the favourable opinion

(1) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it becomes known that one of the grounds for refusal as referred to in Section 42 sub-section 2 sentence 3 numbers 1, 2 or 3 existed at the time of issuance; it shall be revoked, if facts subsequently arise which would justify refusal pursuant to Section 42 sub-section 2 sentence 3 numbers 2, 3, 4 or 5. In the cases referred to in sentence 1, the suspension of the authorisation may also be ordered for a limited period of time.

(2) The competent higher federal authority may withdraw the authorisation if the conditions surrounding the clinical trial do not correspond to the information contained in the authorisation application or if facts give reason to doubt the safety or the scientific basis of the clinical trial. In such a case, the suspension of the authorisation can also be ordered for a limited period of time. The competent authority shall immediately inform the other competent supervision authorities and ethics committees, as well as the European Commission and the European Medicines Agency, stating the grounds for its action.

(3) Before a decision pursuant to sub-sections 1 and 2 is taken, the sponsor shall be allowed a deadline of one week to submit a statement. Section 28 sub-section 2 number 1 of the Administrative Procedures Act shall apply mutatis mutandis. In the event that the competent higher federal authority orders the immediate interruption of the clinical trial, it shall inform the sponsor immediately of this order. The lodging of an objection and action to rescind the revocation, the withdrawal or the order to suspend the authorisation as well as against orders pursuant to sub-section 5, shall have no suspensive effect.

(4) If the authorisation to conduct a clinical trial is withdrawn, revoked or suspended, the clinical trial may not be continued.

(4a) The favourable opinion by the competent ethics committee shall be withdrawn if the ethics committee subsequently becomes aware that grounds for a refusal pursuant to Section 42 sub-section 1 sentence 7 existed at the time; it shall be withdrawn if the ethics committee becomes aware of the fact that subsequently:

1.  the requirements regarding the suitability of the investigator, his or her deputy or the trial site are no longer fulfilled,

2.  the clinical trial participants are no longer properly insured or the prerequisites for an exception to the insurance obligation no longer exist,

3.  the modalities for selecting trial subjects no longer correspond to the current state of medical knowledge and, especially, the clinical trial is unsuitable for providing proof of the safety or the efficacy of a medicinal product including a difference in the mode of action in women and men, or

4.  the prerequisites for the inclusion of persons pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 4 or Section 41 are no longer fulfilled.

Sub-sections 3 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The competent ethics committee shall inform the competent higher federal authority and the other authorities responsible for surveillance immediately, stating the grounds.

(5) If the competent higher federal authority, in the context of its activities, becomes aware of facts which justify the assumption that the sponsor, one of the investigators or another participant no longer fulfils his/her obligations with regard to the proper conduct of the clinical trial, the competent higher federal authority shall immediately inform said person thereof and shall order remedial measures to be taken by this person; should the measures not relate to the sponsor, he/she shall be informed of the order. This shall be without prejudice to measures taken by the competent supervision authority pursuant to Section 69.

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Section 42b
Publication of the results of clinical trials

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs who place a medicinal product that requires a marketing authorisation or an authorisation and is intended for use on humans on the market, within the scope of the present Act, shall place reports on all the results of confirmatory clinical trials substantiating the efficacy and safety of the medicinal product at the disposal of the competent higher federal authority for entry into the database referred to in Section 67a sub-section 2. These reports shall be made available within six months subsequent to the granting or modification of the marketing authorisation or authorisation, if the modification is based on confirmatory clinical trials.

(2) If a clinical trial is conducted with a medicinal product which has already been granted a marketing authorisation and if this medicinal product is not being used as the comparator medicinal product, the sponsor shall make the results of the clinical trial available within one year after its completion pursuant to sub-section 1.

(3) The reports pursuant to sub-sections 1 and 2 must contain all of the results of the clinical trials, whether they are favourable or not. In addition, information regarding subsequent essential modifications to the trial protocol, as well as interruptions and early termination of the clinical trial, shall be included in report. Furthermore, the report of findings shall be drawn up according to the requirements of good clinical practice. With the exception of the name and address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur or the sponsor, as well as the name and the address of the consenting investigators pursuant to Section 4a of the Federal Data Protection Act, the reports pursuant to sentence 1 may not contain personal nor especially patient-related data. The report may be written in German or English. Section 63b sub-section 3 sentence 1 shall not apply. This shall be without prejudice to the provisions protecting intellectual property and those protecting operating and trade secrets, as well as Sections 24a and 24b.

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SEVENTH CHAPTER
SALE OF MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

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Section 43
Pharmacy-only requirement, placing on the market by veterinarians

(1) Medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies by the provisions either of Section 44 or of the ordinance issued in compliance with Section 45 sub-section 1 may, except for the cases provided for in Section 47, be placed on the market professionally or commercially to the consumer exclusively in pharmacies and not by sale at a distance without official authorisation; further details are regulated by the Act on Pharmaceutical Services (Apothekengesetz). With the exception of the cases provided for in sub-section 4 and Section 47 sub-section 1, no trade may be conducted outside of pharmacies with those medicinal products reserved exclusively for sale in pharmacies pursuant to sentence 1. The information about the issuing or modification of an authorisation for the sale at a distance of medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1 shall be entered into the database referred to in Section 67a.

(2) Medicinal products reserved, in compliance with sub-section 1 sentence 1, for trade in pharmacies, may not be dispensed by legal persons, non-incorporated associations and companies established under civil law and under commercial law to their members, unless these members are either pharmacies themselves or are persons and establishments as defined in Section 47 sub-section 1 and the dispensing of medicinal products is carried out under the conditions specified therein.

(3) Medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 may only be dispensed by pharmacies upon prescription. This shall be without prejudice to Section 56 sub-section 1.

(4) Medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 may furthermore be dispensed by veterinarians, within the framework of the operation of a veterinary in-house dispensary, to the owners of animals undergoing treatment and may be held in stock for this purpose. This shall also apply to the dispensing of medicinal products, deemed advisable by veterinarians and supervised by them, for the purpose of implementing measures to prevent illness in animals whereby the amount dispensed may not exceed the amount needed according to veterinarian indication. Furthermore, medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, which are intended for the conduct of animal health measures and are not subject to prescription, may continue to be dispensed to animal keepers by the veterinary authorities, in the amounts necessary in each case. At the time of dispensing, the animal keeper shall be given written instructions about the manner, timing and duration of use.

(5) Medicinal products intended for administration to animals and which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies, may only be dispensed to the animal keeper or to other persons not mentioned in Section 47 sub-section 1 in pharmacies or in the veterinarian's in-house dispensary or by the veterinarian. This shall apply neither to medicated feedingstuffs nor to medicinal products within the meaning of sub-section 4 sentence 3. By way of derogation from sentence 1, medicinal products which are authorised for administration exclusively to non-food-producing animals may be dispensed through sale at a distance by pharmacies which are officially authorised to do so pursuant to sub-section 1. Furthermore, medicinal products specified in sentence 3 may be dispensed through sale at a distance within the framework of the operation of a veterinary in-house dispensary in an amount required for the short-term further treatment of individual animals treated by the veterinarian. This shall be without prejudice to other provisions governing the dispensing of medicinal products by veterinarians pursuant to the present Act and the Veterinary In-House Dispensaries Ordinance.

(6) In the context of the transfer of a veterinary praxis to the successor operating the veterinary in-house dispensary, medicinal products may be handed over.

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Section 44
Exceptions to the pharmacy-only requirement

(1) Medicinal products which are intended by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur solely to serve purposes other than the curing or alleviation of disease, suffering, bodily injuries or symptoms of illness shall be released for trade outside of pharmacies.

(2) Furthermore, the following shall be released for trade outside of pharmacies:

1.  

a)  natural curative waters as well as their salts, also in the form of tablets or pastilles,

b)  synthetic curative waters as well as their salts, also in the form of tablets or pastilles, but only if they are equivalent in their composition to natural curative waters,

2.  therapeutic clays, moor muds for baths and other peloids, preparations for the manufacturing of baths, soaps for external use,

3.  designated by their customary German names,

a)  plants and parts of plants, also chopped,

b)  mixtures of whole or cut plants or parts of plants as finished medicinal products,

c)  distillates made from plants and parts of plants,

d)  juices pressed from fresh plants and parts of plants in so far as they are prepared without the use of any solvents other than water,

4.  plasters,

5.  disinfectants intended exclusively or mainly for external use as well as disinfectants for the mouth and the throat.

(3) Sub-sections 1 and 2 shall not apply to medicinal products which:

1.  may only be dispensed upon a medical, dental or veterinarian prescription or

2.  are excluded by ordinance pursuant to Section 46 from trade outside of pharmacies.

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Section 45
Authority to allow further exceptions to the pharmacy-only requirement

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to release, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and upon consultation with experts, by ordinance, subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, substances, preparations made from substances or objects which are intended to be used either in part or exclusively in curing or alleviating diseases, suffering, bodily injuries or symptoms of diseases, for trade outside of pharmacies:

1.  in so far as they may not only be dispensed upon a medical, dental or veterinarian prescription,

2.  in so far as they do not require testing, storage and dispensing to be carried out in a pharmacy, as a result of their composition or effect,

3.  in so far as a direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health need not be feared as a result of their release or in particular as a result of inappropriate handling or

4.  in so far as the proper supply of medicinal products is not jeopardized by their release.

The ordinance shall be promulgated by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(2) The release may be limited to finished medicinal products, certain dosages, therapeutic indications or pharmaceutical forms.

(3) The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, in so far as radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used are concerned.

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Section 46
Authority to extend the pharmacy-only requirement

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to exclude, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and upon consultation with experts, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, medicinal products as defined in Section 44 from trade outside of pharmacies, if a direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health is to be feared even when such medicinal products are used in keeping with their designated purpose or in the customary manner. The ordinance shall be promulgated by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(2) The ordinance in compliance with sub-section 1 may be limited to certain dosages, therapeutic indications or pharmaceutical forms.

(3) The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, in so far as radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used are concerned.

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Section 47
Distribution channel

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and wholesalers may only supply medicinal products reserved for pharmacies to the following parties other than pharmacies:

1.  other pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and wholesalers,

2.  hospitals and physicians as far as the following items are concerned:

a)  blood preparations obtained from human blood or blood components manufactured using genetic engineering which, in so far as clotting factor preparations are concerned, are authorised for dispensing by the haemostaseologically qualified physician to his/her patients within the framework of the medically supervised self-treatment of haemophiliacs,

b)  tissue preparations or animal tissue,

c)  infusion solutions in containers of at least 500 ml intended for the replacement or the correction of body fluid, as well as solutions for haemodialysis and transperitoneal dialysis which, in so far as solutions for transperitoneal dialysis are concerned, may be dispensed on prescription by the physician qualified in nephrology, in the context of a physician-supervised self-treatment, to his/her dialysis patients,

d)  preparations which are exclusively intended for the diagnosis of the nature, state or functions of the body or mental health conditions,

e)  medicinal gases which are authorised also for distribution to alternative medical practitioners,

f)  radiopharmaceutical or,

g)  medicinal products which are labelled 'Zur klinischen Prüfung bestimmt' (for clinical trial), in so far as they are furnished free of charge,

h)  leeches and fly larvae (maggots) which are also authorised for dispensing to natural practitioners, or

i)  medicinal products which are made available in the case specified under Section 21 sub-section 2 number 6,

3.  hospitals, public health offices and physicians, in the case of vaccines intended for use in a vaccination programme conducted free of charge, on the basis of Section 20 sub-sections 5, 6 or 7 of the Federal Protection against Infection Act of 20th July 2000 (Federal Law Gazette I, p.1045), or supplies of vaccines required to avoid the risk of an epidemic or threat to life,

3a.  recognized vaccination centres as far as yellow fever vaccines are concerned,

3b.  hospitals and public health offices, in the case of medicinal products with an antibacterial or antiviral action intended for use on the basis of Section 20 sub-sections 5, 6 or 7 of the Protection against Infection Act of 20th July 2000 (Federal Law Gazette I, p.1045) for specific prophylaxis against communicable diseases,

3c.  federal health authorities or health authorities of the Laender or agencies designated by them in individual cases, in the case of medicinal products which are being stockpiled in case of a dangerous, communicable disease, the spread of which renders necessary an immediate supply of specific medicinal products in excess of normal requirements,

4.  veterinary authorities, as far as medicinal products intended for use in the execution of public health measures are concerned,

5.  central medicinal product purchasing agencies, established on a statutory basis or approved by the competent authority in consultation with the Federal Ministry,

6.  veterinarians, within the framework of the operation of a veterinary in-house dispensary, in so far as finished medicinal products are concerned, for administration to animals undergoing treatment by them and for dispensing to the owners of those animals,

7.  persons entitled to practise dentistry, as far as finished products are concerned, which are used exclusively in the field of dentistry and in the treatment of a patient,

8.  research and scientific institutions which have been granted an authorisation pursuant to Section 3 of the Narcotic Drugs Act (Betäubungsmittelgesetz) entitling them to purchase the medicinal product in question,

9.  universities, as far as medicinal products needed for the education of students of pharmacy and veterinary medicine are concerned.

The recognition of the central purchasing agency pursuant to sentence 1 number 5 shall be granted, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, in consultation with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection.

(1a) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and wholesalers may only supply medicinal products intended for administration to animals to the recipients specified in sub-section 1 number 1 or 6 if the latter have submitted a certificate from the competent authority stating that they have fulfilled their obligation to notify according to Section 67.

(1b) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and wholesalers shall keep records on the purchase and distribution of prescription-only medicinal products intended for administration to animals and which are not exclusively intended for administration to animals other than those whose products and meat are intended for human consumption, from which the amount of the purchase with indication of the supplier(s) and the amounts supplied with indication of the recipient(s) can be proven for each of these medicinal products separately and in chronological order, and shall submit these records to the competent authority upon request.

(1c) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and wholesalers shall, by the 31st March of each calendar year, electronically notify the central medicinal product information system, pursuant to Section 67a sub-section 1, as prescribed in an ordinance pursuant to sentence 2, about the type and quantity of medicinal products supplied to veterinarians in the previous calendar year which contained:

1.  substances with an anti-microbial effect,

2.  substances listed in Table 2 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, or

3.  substances listed in one of the annexes of the Ordinance on Substances with Pharmacological Effects.

The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall be empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat:

1.  to specify details concerning the content and the form of the notification pursuant to sentence 1, and

2.  to stipulate that:

a)  the notifications contain the marketing authorisation number of the medicinal product supplied in each case,

b)  the notification about the quantity of medicinal product supplied be itemised using the first two digits of the veterinarian's postal area code.

Furthermore, ordinances pursuant to sentence 2 can contain regulations governing the corresponding application of Section 67a sub-section 3.

(2) The recipients specified in sub-section 1 numbers 5 to 9 may only obtain medicinal products for their own use within the framework of the fulfilment of their duties. The central purchasing agencies specified in sub-section 1 number 5 shall only be officially recognized if evidence is produced that they are run under the professional supervision of a pharmacist or, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, under the professional supervision of a veterinarian, and provided that suitable premises and equipment are available for the testing, control and storing of the medicinal products.

(3) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may supply samples of finished medicinal products or have samples of finished medicinal products supplied to:

1.  physicians, dentists or veterinarians or

2.  other persons practising medicine or dentistry as a profession, provided no prescription-only medicinal products are involved,

3.  training centres for health professions.

Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may supply samples of a finished medicinal product or have samples of a finished medicinal product supplied to training centres for health professions only in the amounts required for the purpose of training. Samples may not contain any of the substances or preparations:

1.  referred to in Section 2 of the Narcotic Drugs Act or listed as such in Annexes II or III of the Narcotic Drugs Act, or

2.  which, pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2 sentence 3, may only be prescribed by special prescription.

(4) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may supply samples of a finished medicinal product or have samples of a finished medicinal product supplied to persons pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1 only upon written request in the smallest package size and, in the course of one year, not more than two samples of one finished medicinal product. Samples shall be accompanied by the relevant expert information in so far as such information is provided for in Section 11a. The sample shall particularly serve the purpose of informing the physician about the medicinal product itself. Records shall be kept on the recipients of samples, the kind and extent as well as the date on which the samples were supplied, under separate cover for each recipient, and they shall be submitted to the competent authority upon request.

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Section 47a
Special distribution channels, obligation to keep records

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may supply medicinal products which are authorised for the conduct of abortions only to facilities within the meaning of Section 13 of the Act on the Assistance to Cope with Conflicts in Pregnancy of 27th July 1992 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1398) amended by Article 1 of the Act of 21st August 1995 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1050) and only on the prescription of one of the doctors administering treatment in said facility. Other persons are not authorised to place the medicinal products mentioned in sentence 1 on the market.

(2) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs shall give serial numbers to the packages of the medicinal products mentioned in sub-section 1 sentence 1 which are intended for delivery; the medicinal products may not be delivered without this labelling. The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall keep records of the delivery and both the facility and the attending physician shall keep records of the receipt and use of said medicinal products and shall submit them for inspection to the competent authority upon request.

(2a) Both the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and the facility shall store the medicinal products mentioned in sub-section 1 sentence 1 which are in their possession in a separate place and secure them against unauthorised removal.

(3) Sections 43 and 47 shall not apply to the medicinal products mentioned in sub-section 1 sentence 1.

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Section 47b
Special distribution channels, diamorphine

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may supply a finished medicinal product containing diamorphine which is authorised for opiod substitution treatment, only to a recognised facility pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 3 sentence 2 number 2a of the Narcotic Drugs Act and only on prescription by a physician treating at that facility. Other persons may not place the medicinal products mentioned in sentence 1 on the market.

(2) Sections 43 and 47 shall not apply to the medicinal products referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1.

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Section 48
Prescription requirement

(1) Medicinal products:

1.  which by ordinance issued in sub-section 2, also in conjunction with sub-sections 4 and 5, are certain substances, preparations from substances or objects or which have such substances or preparations from substances added to them, or

2.  which are not included under number 1 and are intended for use in food-producing animals, or

3.  are medicinal products pursuant to Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, which contain substances which have effects which are not generally known in medical science, or preparations of such substances,

shall be dispensed to consumers only on prescription by a doctor, dentist or veterinarian. Sentence 1 number 1 shall not apply to dispensing by pharmacies for the equipping of merchant vessels in accordance with the applicable legal provisions. Sentence 1 number 3 shall also apply to medicinal products which are preparations made from substances whose effects are generally known if the effects of these preparations are not generally known in medical science, unless the effects can be determined on the basis of the preparation's composition, dosage, pharmaceutical form or therapeutic indication. Sentence 1 number 3 shall apply not only to medicinal products which are preparations made from substances whose effects are known if these are available outside of pharmacies. With the inclusion of the substance or preparation in question in the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 2 number 1, the obligation to obtain a prescription pursuant to the ordinance shall supersede the obligation to obtain a prescription pursuant to sentence 1 number 3.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Economy and Technology by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat:

1.  to specify substances or preparations made of substances, for which the prerequisites pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3, also in conjunction with sub-section 1 sentence 3, are fulfilled,

2.  to specify substances, preparations thereof or objects:

a)  that can either directly or indirectly endanger human health or, if they are intended for use in animals, the health of the animal, the user or the environment, even under normal conditions of use, if used without medical, dental or veterinary supervision,

b)  that are frequently used in considerable quantity, in a manner which is not in keeping with their designated purpose, if this might represent a direct or indirect risk to human or animal health; or

c)  if they are intended for use in animals, if their use requires a prior veterinary diagnosis or can have effects that render subsequent diagnostic or therapeutic procedures more difficult or interfere with them,

3.  to repeal the prescription-only status of medicinal products if experience gained from using them shows that the conditions referred to in number 2 do not or no longer exist; in the case of medicinal products referred to in number 1, the prescription-only status cannot be repealed until at least three years have elapsed since entry into force of the ordinance on which it is based,

4.  for substances or preparations thereof, to stipulate that they may be supplied only if certain maximum quantities for single and daily use are not exceeded in the prescription or if, when they are exceeded, the prescriber has expressly made this clear,

5.  to specify that a medicinal product cannot be repeatedly dispensed on the same prescription,

6.  to stipulate that a medicinal product can be supplied only on prescription by a doctor with a specific specialty or for use in facilities authorised to carry out treatment with the medicinal product or that records must be kept of the prescription, dispensing and use of the medicinal product,

7.  to issue provisions on the form and content of the prescription, including prescriptions in electronic form.

The ordinance pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 2 to 7 shall be issued after hearing experts unless medicinal products are concerned that are authorised pursuant to Article 3 (1) or (2) of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 or that correspond to such medicinal products with respect to their active substances, indications, strength and pharmaceutical form. In the case of medicinal products the prescription of which requires compliance with special safety requirements, it may be stipulated in the ordinance pursuant to sentence 1 number 7, that:

1.  the prescription may only be written on an official form (special prescription) which is issued by the competent higher federal authority at the request of a physician,

2.  the form must contain information on the use as well as confirmations, especially regarding obligations to inform patients about the use and risks of the medicinal product, and

3.  a copy of the prescription is to be returned to the competent higher federal authority by the pharmacy.

(3) The ordinance referred to in sub-section 2, also in conjunction with sub-sections 4 and 5, can be restricted to specific dosages, strengths, pharmaceutical forms, finished medicinal products or therapeutic indications. Similarly, an exception to the prescription-only requirement may be envisaged for dispensing to midwives and obstetric nurses where this is deemed necessary for the proper exercise of their profession. The restriction to specific finished medicinal products for use in humans pursuant to sentence one shall apply if, pursuant to Article 74a of Directive 2001/83/EC, the prescription-only requirement is repealed on the basis of significant preclinical tests or clinical trials; in this regard, the period of one year referred to in Article 74a shall be observed.

(4) The ordinance shall be promulgated by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry of the Economy and Technology in the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals.

(5) The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in the case of radiopharmaceuticals or medicinal products the manufacturing process of which uses ionising radiation.

(6) In the case referred to in sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall be empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, to grant exemptions from the prescription requirement subject to compliance with the requirements laid down in Articles 67 (aa) of Directive 2001/82/EC.

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Section 49
(no longer applicable)

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Section 50
Retail trading of over-the-counter medicinal products

(1) The retailing, outside of pharmacies, of medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 which are released for trade outside of pharmacies, may only be carried out if the entrepreneur, the legally appointed representative of the enterprise or a person commissioned by the entrepreneur either to head the enterprise or to head its sales section, is in possession of the necessary expert knowledge. Enterprises with several branch premises shall require a person having the necessary expert knowledge for each of the branch premises.

(2) To be considered as possessing the necessary expert knowledge, the person in question shall furnish proof of experience and skill in respect of the proper filling, packaging, labelling, storing and marketing of medicinal products which are released for trade outside of pharmacies as well as knowledge of the existing regulations applicable to these medicinal products. The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to issue, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and the Federal Ministry for Education and Research, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, regulations as to how proof of the necessary expert knowledge is to be furnished in order to guarantee a proper trade in medicinal products. It may hereby recognize certificates of professional training or of attendance at further education courses. Furthermore, it may stipulate that proof of the expert knowledge shall be furnished by means of an examination set by the competent authority or by an office accordingly designated by that same authority and may regulate the particulars of the examination requirements and procedure. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and the Federal Ministry for Education and Research in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(3) Expert knowledge pursuant to sub-section 1 shall not be required by a person retailing finished medicinal products which:

1.  may be distributed in itinerant trading,

2.  are intended for use as a contraceptive or for the prevention of venereal diseases in human beings,

3.  (deleted)

4.  are disinfectants intended exclusively for external use, or

5.  are oxygen.

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Section 51
Sale by itinerant traders

(1) Itinerant traders shall be prohibited from offering medicinal products for sale or seeking to procure orders for medicinal products; exempted from the prohibition shall be finished medicinal products released for trade outside of pharmacies which:

1.  are plants, parts of plants or juices pressed from fresh plants or parts of plants, the effects of which are generally known and which are designated by their customary German names, provided they are manufactured without the use of any solvent other than water, or

2.  are curative waters and their salts in their natural mixing proportions or imitations thereof.

(2) The prohibition contained in the first half-sentence of sub-section 1 shall not apply if the trader visits other persons within the framework of their business activities, unless the trader offers for sale medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals in agricultural and forestry undertakings, commercial livestock enterprises as well as for use in vegetable, fruit growing and horticultural enterprises, or in wine-growing, bee-keeping and fishery, or seeks to procure, in such undertakings, orders for medicinal products, the dispensing of which is reserved solely for pharmacies. The same shall also apply to commercial travellers and other persons active on behalf of and in the name of a trader.

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Section 52
Prohibition of self-service

(1) Medicinal products as defined in Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 may:

1.  not be placed on the market by means of vending machines,

2.  nor be placed on the market using other forms of self-service.

(2) Sub-section 1 shall not apply to finished medicinal products which:

1.  may be supplied in itinerant trading,

2.  are intended for use as contraceptives or for the prevention of venereal disease in human beings and which have been released for trade outside of pharmacies,

3.  (deleted)

4.  are disinfectants intended exclusively for external use, or

5.  are oxygen.

(3) Furthermore, sub-section 1 number 2 shall not be applicable to medicinal products released for marketing outside of pharmacies in cases where a person in possession of the expert knowledge required under Section 50 is available.

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Section 52a
Wholesale trading of medicinal products

(1) Any person who engages in the wholesale trading of medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, test sera or test antigens, requires an authorisation to do so. Excepted from this obligation to obtain an authorisation are the finished medicinal products specified in Section 51 sub-section 1 number 2 and released for trade outside of pharmacies.

(2) In submitting the application, the applicant shall:

1.  name the specific sites for which the authorisation is to be issued,

2.  submit evidence that he/she is in possession of suitable and adequate premises, installations and facilities in order to ensure the proper storage and distribution and, where envisaged, proper decanting, packaging and labelling of medicinal products,

3.  appoint a responsible person who possesses the required expert knowledge to perform the activity and

4.  enclose a statement in which he/she commits himself in writing to observe the regulations governing the proper operation of a wholesale enterprise.

(3) The decision on granting the authorisation shall be taken by the competent authority of the Land in which the site is or will be located. The competent authority shall take the decision on the application for authorisation within three months. Should the competent authority require additional information from the applicant on the prerequisites pursuant to sub-section 2, the deadline specified in sentence 2 shall be interrupted until such time as the competent authority has received the necessary additional information.

(4) The authorisation may only be refused if:

1.  the prerequisites pursuant to sub-section 2 are not fulfilled,

2.  facts justify the assumption that the applicant or the person responsible pursuant to sub-section 2 number 3 does not possess the necessary reliability to perform the activity, or

3.  the wholesaler is unable to guarantee that the regulations governing proper operations are being observed.

(5) The authorisation shall be withdrawn if it subsequently becomes known that one of the grounds for refusal pursuant to sub-section 4 existed at the time of issuance. The authorisation is to be revoked if the prerequisites for the granting of an authorisation no longer exist; instead of the revocation, the suspension of the authorisation may also be ordered.

(6) An authorisation pursuant to Section 13 or Section 72 shall also include authorisation for the wholesale trading of the medicinal products covered by the authorisation referred to in Section 13 or Section 72.

(7) Sub-sections 1 to 5 shall not apply to the activities conducted by pharmacies within the framework of normal pharmacy operations.

(8) The authorisation holder shall notify the competent authority in advance of any changes in the information mentioned in sub-section 2 as well as any fundamental change in the wholesale trading activity, submitting evidence to that effect. In the case of an unforeseen change with respect to the person responsible pursuant to sub-section 2 number 3, the notification shall be immediate.

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Section 52b
Supply of medicinal products

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and operators of wholesale businesses for medicinal products who, within the purview of the present Act, distribute a medicinal product which has actually been placed on the market and is intended for use in or on human beings, which has been authorised for marketing by the competent higher federal authority or for which a marketing authorisation pursuant to Article 3 (1) or (2) of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 has been granted by the European Community or the European Union, shall ensure an adequate and continuous supply of the medicinal product so that the demand from patients within the purview of the present Act is met.

(2) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs must guarantee, within the framework of their responsibility, a demand-oriented and continuous supply to the full-range wholesalers of medicinal products. Full-range wholesalers of medicinal products are wholesale businesses which maintain a complete, manufacturer-independent assortment of pharmacy-only medicinal products which, in terms of depth and scope, is constituted in such a way that the demand from patients from the pharmacies with which the wholesaler does business can be met within an appropriate space of time on weekdays; the medicinal products to be kept in stock must correspond, in such a case, to at least the average demand for a period of two weeks. Sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products which are subject to the distribution channels specified in Section 47 sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 2 to 9 or Section 47a or which, for other legal or practical reasons, cannot be supplied through the wholesale business.

(3) Full-range wholesalers of medicinal products must, within the framework of their responsibility, guarantee a demand-oriented and continuous supply to the pharmacies with which they do business. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to other medicinal product wholesale businesses for the totality of the medicinal products they hold in stock in each case.

(4) This shall be without prejudice to the provisions contained in the Act against Restraints of Competition.

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Section 52c
Brokering of medicinal products

(1) A medicinal product broker may conduct activities within the purview of this Act only if he/she is domiciled within the purview of this Act, in another Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

(2) The medicinal product broker may begin his/her activities only after notifying the competent authority pursuant to Section 67 sub-section 1 sentence 1 and being registered by the authority in a public database pursuant to Section 67a or a database of another Member State of the European Union or in that of another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. The notification shall state the type of activity, the name and the address of the medicinal product broker. The competent authority pursuant to sentence 1 is the authority in whose remit the medicinal product broker has his/her domicile.

(3) If the medicinal product broker fails to meet the requirements stipulated in this Act or in an ordinance issued based on this Act, the competent authority can refuse to register him/her in the database or erase him/her from it.

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Section 53
Expert consultation

(1) In so far as expert opinions need to be heard pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1, Section 45 sub-section 1 and Section 46 sub-section 1 prior to the issue of ordinances, the Federal Ministry shall establish an expert committee by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat. The committee shall comprise experts from the field of medical and pharmaceutical science, from hospitals, from the health professions, from the business circles involved and from the social security institutions. In the ordinance, the exact details of the composition, appointment of the members and the procedure of the committee may be determined. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(2) In so far as the opinion of experts needs to be heard pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2, prior to the issue of an ordinance, sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis, subject to the provision that the committee shall comprise experts from the fields of medical and pharmaceutical science, as well as experts from the drug commissions of the doctors, veterinarians and pharmacists. The representatives of medical and pharmaceutical practice as well as representatives from the pharmaceutical industry shall participate in the meeting without the right to vote.

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EIGHTH CHAPTER
SAFETY AND QUALITY CONTROL

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Section 54
Internal regulations

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to issue in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, internal regulations for enterprises or facilities which introduce medicinal products into the purview of the present Act or in which medicinal products are developed, manufactured, tested, stored, packaged or placed on the market or in which medicinal products are otherwise traded, in so far as it is deemed necessary in order to ensure the proper operation of the enterprise or facility and the quality required of the medicinal products and pharmacovigilance; this shall apply mutatis mutandis to active substances and other substances as well as tissues intended for the manufacture of medicinal products. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned. The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety if radiopharmaceuticals or medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used are concerned.

(2) In the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1, regulations may be laid down in particular concerning:

1.  the development, manufacture, testing, storage, packaging, quality assurance, acquisition, supply, stockpiling and marketing,

2.  the maintaining and keeping of records on the operational processes mentioned in number 1,

3.  the keeping and monitoring of the animals used in the manufacture and testing of medicinal products and the records kept on them,

4.  staffing requirements,

5.  the nature, size and equipment of the premises,

6.  sanitation requirements,

7.  the nature of the containers,

8.  the labelling of the containers in which medicinal products and their starting materials are stored,

9.  the stand-by obligation for medicinal product wholesalers,

10.  the retention of batch samples including quantities and duration of storage,

11.  the labelling, separation or destruction of medicinal products which are unfit for marketing,

12.  the prerequisites and requirements regarding the veterinarian's activities pursuant to number 1 (operation of a veterinary in-house dispensary), as well as the requirements regarding the administration of medicinal products by the veterinarian to the animals he/she treats.

(2a) (deleted)

(3) The regulations under sub-sections 1 and 2 shall also apply to persons practising the activities indicated in sub-section 1 professionally.

(4) Sub-sections 1 and 2 shall apply to pharmacies as defined in the Pharmacies Act, in so far as these require an authorisation pursuant to Section 13 Section 52a or Section 72.

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Section 55
Pharmacopoeia

(1) The Pharmacopoeia is a collection of recognized pharmaceutical rules regarding the quality, testing, storage, dispensing and designation of medicinal products and the substances used in their manufacture, published by the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices in agreement with the Paul Ehrlich Institute and the Federal Agency for Consumer Protection and Food Safety. The Pharmacopoeia also contains requirements regarding the nature of containers and outer packaging.

(2) The rules contained in the Pharmacopoeia are laid down by the German Pharmacopoeia Commission or by the European Pharmacopoeia Commission. Publication of the rules can be refused or annulled for legal or technical reasons.

(3) It is incumbent upon the German Pharmacopoeia Commission to stipulate the rules contained in the Pharmacopoeia and to assist the competent higher federal authority with its work within the framework of the Convention on the Elaboration of a European Pharmacopoeia.

(4) The German Pharmacopoeia Commission shall be set up at the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices. In consultation with the Paul Ehrlich Institute and the Federal Agency for Consumer Protection and Food Safety, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices shall appoint the members of the German Pharmacopoeia Commission, proportionally, from among experts in the fields of medical and pharmaceutical science, the health professions, the affected business circles and the field of pharmacovigilance, provide the chairperson and issue bylaws. The bylaws shall require the agreement of the Federal Ministry in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection. The members of the Commission are bound to maintain confidentiality.

(5) In principle, the German Pharmacopoeia Commission shall take decisions regarding the rules contained in the Pharmacopoeia unanimously. Decisions taken by three-quarters of the members of the Commission or less shall not be valid. Further details are settled in the rules of procedure.

(6) Sub-sections 2 to 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the work of the German Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia Commission.

(7) Publication shall take place in the Federal Gazette. It can be limited to indicating the source of the version of the Pharmacopoeia in question and the date on which the revised version becomes valid.

(8) Only substances and the containers and outer packaging, in so far as they come into contact with the medicinal products, and only pharmaceutical forms which are in compliance with recognised pharmaceutical rules, may be used in the manufacture of medicinal products. Sentence 1 shall apply to medicinal products which are manufactured exclusively for export with the proviso that the regulations in force in the receiving country can be taken into consideration.

(9) By way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1, publication shall be carried out by the Federal Agency for Consumer Protection and Food Safety in agreement with the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices and the Paul Ehrlich Institute, in so far as medicinal products for use in animals are concerned.

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Section 55a
Official compilation of test procedures

The competent higher federal authority shall publish an official compilation of test procedures for the sampling and testing of medicinal products and their starting materials. The procedures shall be established in consultation with experts from the field of pharmacovigilance, scientists and pharmaceutical entrepreneurs. The compilation of procedures shall be kept up to date.

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NINTH CHAPTER
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR MEDICINAL PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR USE IN ANIMALS

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Section 56
Medicated feedingstuffs

(1) By way of derogation from Section 47 sub-section 1, medicated feedingstuffs may only be supplied by the manufacturer directly to the animal keeper, and only upon prescription issued by a veterinarian; this shall also apply in cases where the medicated feedingstuffs are manufactured in another Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area using medicated pre-mixes authorised for marketing within the purview of the present Act or such medicated pre-mixes as possess the same qualitative and a comparable quantitative composition as medicated pre-mixes authorised for marketing within the purview of the present Act, where the other medicinal product provisions valid within the purview of the present Act are observed and the medicated feedingstuffs carry an accompanying certificate based on the sample certificate published by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection. In the case of sentence 1 second half-sentence, the prescribing veterinarian shall immediately transmit a copy of the prescription to the authority responsible pursuant to Section 64 sub-section 1 for supervising compliance by the animal keeper with the regulations on medicinal products. Repeated dispensing on one prescription shall not be admissible. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered to issue ordinances containing regulations governing the form and content of the prescriptions, in consultation with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology.

(2) For the manufacture of a medicated feedingstuff, only medicated pre-mixes may be used which are authorised for marketing pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 1 or are exempted from the need for a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1. On the basis of a prescription, by way of derogation from sentence 1, a medicated feedingstuff may be manufactured from a maximum of three medicated pre-mixes, each of which is authorised for administration to the animal species in question, if:

1.  an authorised medicated pre-mix is not available for the specific therapeutic indication,

2.  in the individual case, the medicated feedingstuff does not comprise more than two medicated pre-mixes containing an antimicrobially effective substance or at most one medicated pre-mix with several such substances and

3.  a homogenous and stable distribution of the active substances in the medicated feedingstuff is ensured.

(3) If medicated feedingstuffs are manufactured, the mixed feed used for this purpose shall have to comply with the provisions of the legislation on feedingstuffs before and after the mixing procedure and it may not contain any antibiotic or coccidiostatic agent as a feedingstuff additive.

(4) In the manufacture of medicated feedingstuffs, the daily dose of the medicinal product shall be contained in a quantity of mixed feed which covers at least half of the daily feed ration of the animals under treatment and, in the case of ruminants, at least half of the daily supplementary feed requirement with the exception of mineral feed. The mixtures ready for feeding shall be clearly and visibly labelled 'Fütterungsarzneimittel' (medicated feedingstuff), and shall carry information about the percentage of the feed requirement they are intended to cover, as defined in sentence 2.

(5) The veterinarian may only prescribe medicated feedingstuffs:

1.  if they are intended for the animals treated by him,

2.  if they are intended for the animal species and therapeutic indications specified in the package leaflets of the medicated pre-mixes,

3.  if their use according to the therapeutic indications and quantity is justified in the light of the latest standard of veterinary medicinal science in order to achieve the treatment objective, and

4.  if the amount of the medicated feedingstuffs prescribed for food-producing animals, which:

a)  subject to letter b, contain medicated pre-mixes available only on prescription, is intended for use within 31 days of dispensing, or

b)  contain antimicrobially effective substances, is intended for use within seven days of dispensing,

save where the authorisation conditions of the medicated pre-mix provide for a longer period of use.

Section 56a sub-section 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the prescription of medicated feedingstuffs. If medicated feedingstuffs are prescribed pursuant to sentence 1 number 4, Section 56a sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall also apply mutatis mutandis.

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Section 56a
Prescription, dispensing and use of medicinal products by veterinarians

(1) The veterinarian may only prescribe or dispense medicinal products, which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies, to the animal keeper if:

1.  they are intended for animals treated by him,

2.  they have been authorised for marketing or may be placed on the market on the basis of Section 21 sub-section 2 number 4 in conjunction with sub-section 1 or fall within the scope of application of an ordinance pursuant to Section 36 or 39 sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2 or may be placed on the market pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1,

3.  according to the marketing authorisation, they are intended for administration to the animal species under treatment in that specific therapeutic indication,

4.  their use, according to the therapeutic indication and quantity, is justified in the light of the latest standard of veterinary medicinal science in order to achieve the treatment objective, and

5.  in the case of administration to food-producing animals,

a)  subject to letter b, the prescribed or dispensed quantity of prescription-only medicinal products, is intended for use within 31 days of dispensing, or

b)  the quantity of medicinal products, prescribed or dispensed, containing antimicrobially effective substances and not exclusively intended for local use according to the marketing authorisation conditions, is intended for use within seven days of dispensing,

save where the marketing authorisation conditions provide for a longer period of use. In a particular treatment case, the veterinarian may only re-dispense or re-prescribe prescription-only medicinal products for administration to food-producing animals if he/she has examined the treated animals or the treated livestock within a period of 31 days prior to the day which, according to his/her treatment instructions, the last administration of the dispensed or prescribed medicinal product is intended to take place. Sentence 1 numbers 2 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the administration by the veterinarian. By way of derogation from sentence 1, the veterinarian may neither prescribe nor dispense medicated pre-mixes to the animal keeper.

(1a) Sub-section 1 sentence 3 shall not apply in cases where a veterinarian uses medicinal products in an animal he/she is treating and the medicinal products have been manufactured by him/her exclusively for this purpose.

(2) If the medicinal care required by the animals would otherwise be seriously jeopardized, and if there are no grounds to fear direct or indirect risk to human or animal health, the veterinarian may, in the case of individual animals or animals from a particular stock, by way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3, also in conjunction with sub-section 1 sentence 3, prescribe, administer or dispense the medicinal products designated below which are authorised or exempted from authorisation:

1.  a medicinal product which is authorised for the particular animal species and another therapeutic indication, if an authorised medicinal product is not available for the treatment of the particular animal species and the specific therapeutic indication;

2.  a medicinal product which is authorised for a different species, if a suitable medicinal product pursuant to number 1 is not available for the species in question;

3.  an authorised medicinal product for administration to humans or, also by way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2, also in conjunction with sub-section 1 sentence 3, a medicinal product which is authorised for use on animals in a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, if a suitable medicinal product, pursuant to number 2, is not available, in the case of food-producing animals, however, only such medicinal products from other Member States of the European Union or other State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area as are authorised for use in food-producing animals;

4.  a medicinal product manufactured in a pharmacy or by the veterinarian pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 3 letter d, if a suitable medicinal product pursuant to number 3 is not available.

In the case of food-producing animals, however, the medicinal product may only be used by the veterinarian or administered under his/her supervision and may only contain pharmacologically active substances listed in Table 1 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010. The veterinarian shall specify the length of the withdrawal period; all further details are regulated in the Veterinary In-House Dispensary Ordinance. Sentences 1 to 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to medicinal products which are manufactured according to Section 21 sub-section 2 number 4 in conjunction with sub-section 2a. Registered homeopathic medicinal products or such homeopathic medicinal products as are exempted from registration, may be prescribed, dispensed and administered by way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3; this shall apply to medicinal products which are intended for administration to food-producing animals if they contain only active substances listed in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 as substances which do not require the stipulation of maximum levels.

(2a) By way of derogation from sub-section 2 sentence 2, medicinal products for equidae intended for food production, unless otherwise specified in Annex IX, Part II of the equidae passport within the meaning of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 504/2008 of 6th June 2008 implementing Council Directive 90/426/EEC as regards methods for the identification of equidae (OJ L 149 of 7.6.2008, p. 3) in the latest applicable version, can also be prescribed, dispensed or used if they contain substances that are listed in Regulation (EC) No. 1950/2006 of the Commission of 13th December 2006 establishing, in accordance with Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products, a list of substances essential for the treatment of equidae (OJ L 367 of 22.12.2006, p. 33).

(3) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat:

1.  to stipulate requirements for the dispensing and prescribing of medicinal products for administration to animals also with a view to treatment,

2.  to prescribe that:

a)  veterinarians must keep records on the dispensing, prescription and administration of medicinal products not released for trade outside of pharmacies,

b)  specific medicinal products may be used only by the veterinarian himself if such medicinal products:

aa)  are capable of posing a danger to human and animal health, directly or indirectly, even when used in keeping with the intended purpose, if they are used in an unprofessional manner, or

bb)  are frequently used in considerable quantities in a manner which is not in keeping with the intended purpose and can therefore constitute a direct or indirect danger to human or animal health.

The ordinance may contain provisions regulating the type, form and content of these records as well as the period for which they must be kept. The obligation to keep records may be restricted to certain medicinal products, therapeutic indications or forms of administration.

(4) The veterinarian shall not prescribe or dispense to animal keepers medicinal products determined by ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2.

(5) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat to set up a Commission on Veterinary Medicinal Product Use. The Commission on Veterinary Medicinal Product Use shall describe, in guidelines, the standard of veterinary medicinal science, particularly for the use of medicinal products containing antimicrobially effective substances. Further details on the composition and appointment of members and the procedure of the Commission on Veterinary Medicinal Product Use shall be determined in the ordinance. Further duties may also be transferred to the Commission on Veterinary Medicinal Product Use by ordinance.

(6) It shall be assumed that justification, according to the latest standards of veterinary medicinal science within the meaning of sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 4 or Section 56 sub-section 5 sentence 1 number 3 is given, as long as the guidelines of the Commission on Veterinary Medicinal Product Use pursuant to sub-section 5 sentence 2 have been observed.

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Section 56b
Exceptions

The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, to allow exceptions to Section 56a in so far as the necessary provision of medicinal care for the animals is otherwise seriously jeopardised.

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Section 57
Acquisition and possession by keepers of animals, records

(1) The animal keeper may only acquire medicinal products which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies, for administration to animals, either in pharmacies or from the veterinarian treating the animals or, in those cases defined in Section 56 sub-section 1, from manufacturers. Other persons not defined in Section 47 sub-section 1 may acquire such medicinal products in pharmacies only. Sentence 1 does not apply to medicinal products within the meaning of Section 43 sub-section 4 sentence 3. Sentences 1 and 2 shall not apply in so far as medicinal products that are authorised exclusively for administration to non-food producing animals are purchased,

a)  by the animal keeper, through sale at a distance, pursuant to Section 43 sub-section 5 sentence 3 or 4, or

b)  by other persons, not mentioned in Section 47 sub-section 1, through sale at a distance, pursuant to Section 43 sub-section 5 sentence 3, or

pursuant to Section 73 sub-section 1 number 1a. By way of derogation from sentence 1, the animal keeper may not purchase medicated pre-mixes.

(1a) Animal keepers may not have in their possession any medicinal products which are reserved by ordinance for administration exclusively by the veterinarian himself. This shall not apply if the medicinal product is intended for a purpose other than the administration to animals or if possession is allowed pursuant to Council Directive 96/22/EC of 29th April 1996 concerning the prohibition on the use in stock-farming of certain substances having a hormonal or thyrostatic action and of beta-agonists, and repealing Directives 81/602/EEC, 88/146/EEC and 88/299/EEC (OJ L 125, p. 3).

(2) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered to stipulate, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, that:

1.  enterprises or persons who keep food-producing animals and market these animals or products manufactured from them, and

2.  other persons who are not mentioned in Section 47 sub-section 1

shall be required to keep records on the acquisition, the storage and the whereabouts of the medicinal products as well as a register or records of the administration of the medicinal products in so far as this is deemed necessary in order to guarantee the proper utilization of medicinal products and in so far as enterprises or persons pursuant to number 1 are concerned, this is necessary for the implementation of legal acts of the European Communities in this field. The ordinance may contain provisions regulating the type, form and content of these registers and records as well as the period for which they must be kept.

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Section 57a
Use by animal keepers

Animal keepers and other persons who are not veterinarians may only administer prescription-only medicinal products to animals if such medicinal products are prescribed or dispensed by the veterinarian who is treating the animals.

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Section 58
Use in food-producing animals

(1) In addition to the requirements contained in Section 57a, animal keepers and other persons who are not veterinarians may only administer prescription-only medicinal products or other medicinal products prescribed by or purchased from a veterinarian to food-producing animals according to treatment instructions from a veterinarian for the specific case. Medicinal products not subject to a prescription which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies and which are not administered on the basis of treatment instructions from a veterinarian, may only be administered:

1.  if they are authorised for marketing or fall within the scope of an ordinance pursuant to Section 36 or Section 39 sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2, or are placed on the market pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1,

2.  to the animal species and in the therapeutic indications specified in the labelling or package leaflet and

3.  in a quantity corresponding to the labelling of the medicinal product as to dosage and duration of administration.

By way of derogation from sentence 2, medicinal products within the meaning of Section 43 sub-section 4 sentence 3 may only be used in accordance with the instruction of the veterinary authorities under Section 43 sub-section 4 sentence 4.

(2) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, to prohibit by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, medicinal products intended for administration to food-producing animals from being placed on the market for particular therapeutic indications or areas of application or from being used for these purposes, as long as this is deemed necessary in order to prevent an indirect hazard to human health.

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Section 59
Clinical trial and residue testing in food-producing animals

(1) A medicinal product within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 may be administered by the manufacturer or on his/her behalf, by way of derogation from Section 56a sub-section 1, for the purposes of clinical trials and residue tests, if the application is limited to a test which, in accordance with the currently prevailing level of scientific knowledge, is necessary in both type and extent.

(2) The animals on which these tests are conducted may not be used for food production. Sentence 1 shall not apply if the competent higher federal authority has stipulated an appropriate withdrawal period. The withdrawal period must:

1.  at least correspond to the withdrawal period pursuant to the Ordinance on Veterinary In-House Dispensaries and, where applicable, include a safety factor which takes into account the type of medicinal product, or

2.  if maximum residue levels that have been set in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 ensure that these maximum levels are not exceeded in foods derived from these animals.

The manufacturer shall submit to the competent higher federal authority the test results concerning residues of the medicinal products used and their conversion products in foods, stating the detection method used.

(3) Where a clinical trial or residue test is conducted on food-producing animals, the notification required under Section 67 sub-section 1 sentence 1 must contain, in addition, the following information:

1.  name and address of the manufacturer and of the persons conducting the tests on his/her behalf,

2.  the type and purpose of the test,

3.  the species and number of animals envisaged for the tests,

4.  the location, date of commencement and envisaged duration of the tests, and

5.  information about the envisaged use of the animal products which are obtained either during or upon completion of the tests.

(4) Records shall be kept on the tests carried out and shall be presented to the competent authority upon request.

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Section 59a
Trade in substances and preparations from substances

(1) Persons, enterprises and establishments mentioned in Section 47 sub-section 1 shall not acquire substances or preparations from substances, the use of which in the manufacture of medicinal products for animals is prohibited by ordinance pursuant to Section 6, for the purpose of manufacturing such medicinal products or of administration to animals, nor shall they offer for sale, store, package, carry with them or place them on the market for the purpose of such a manufacturing activity or administration. Animal keepers as well as other persons, enterprises and establishments not mentioned in Section 47 sub-section 1 shall not acquire, store, package or carry with them such substances or preparations, unless they are intended for a manufacturing activity or use not prohibited by ordinance pursuant to Section 6.

(2) Veterinarians may only obtain substances or preparations from substances which are not released for trade outside of pharmacies for administration to animals, and such substances and preparations may only be distributed to veterinarians, if they have been authorised for marketing as medicinal products or if they may be traded without a marketing authorisation on the basis of Section 21 sub-section 2 number 3 or 5 or on the basis of an ordinance pursuant to Section 36. Animal keepers may only acquire or store them for administration to animals if they have been prescribed as medicinal products or dispensed by a veterinarian. Other persons, enterprises and establishments not specified in Section 47 sub-section 1, shall not acquire, store, package, carry with them or place on the market substances or preparations from substances determined by an ordinance pursuant to Section 48, unless the substances or preparations are intended for a purpose other than the administration to animals.

(3) The foregoing shall be without prejudice to the provisions of the Feedingstuffs Act.

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Section 59b
Substances for conducting residue tests

The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall place at the disposal of the competent authority, on request, in exchange for an appropriate compensation, sufficient quantities of the substances needed to conduct the residue tests in the case of medicinal products intended for food-producing animals. In the case of medicinal products which are no longer being placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, the provisions contained in sentence 1 shall be valid for a period of three years starting from the last date on which the pharmaceutical entrepreneur places the medicinal product on the market, but ending at the latest on the expiry date, indicated pursuant to Section 10 sub-section 7, of the last batch placed on the market.

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Section 59c
Obligations to keep records of substances which can be used as veterinary medicinal products

Enterprises and facilities which manufacture, store, import or market substances or preparations from substances which can be used as veterinary medicinal products or in the manufacture of veterinary medicinal products and which display anabolic, infection-inhibiting, parasite-repelling, anti-inflammatory, hormonal or psychotropic characteristics, shall keep records on the acquisition or sale of these substances or preparations from substances which indicate the name of the previous supplier or the recipient as well as the amounts received or delivered in each case, shall preserve these records for at least three years and shall submit them, upon request, to the competent authority. Sentence 1 shall also apply to persons who carry out these activities on a professional basis. In the case of substances or preparations from substances with a thyrostatic, oestrogenic, androgenic or gestagenic effect or ß-agonists with an anabolic effect, these records shall take the form of a register in which the amounts manufactured or purchased, as well as the amounts supplied for the purpose of or used in the manufacture of medicinal products, are documented in chronological order along with the name of the previous supplier and the recipient.

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Section 59d
Administration of pharmacologically active substances to food-producing animals

Pharmacologically active substances which

1.  are listed as prohibited substances in Table 2 of the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 of 22nd December 2009 on pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin (OJ L 15 of 20.1.2010, p. 1), last amended by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 466/2012 (OJ L 143 of 2.6.2012, p. 2), or

2.  are not listed in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010,

may not be administered to a food-producing animal. Sentence 1 shall not apply in the cases governed by Section 56a sub-section 2a and Article 16 (2) of Regulation (EC) No. 470/2009, nor to the administration of feedingstuffs which contain authorised feed additives.

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Section 60
Pet animals

(1) The provisions in Section 21 to 39d and Section 50 shall not apply to medicinal products intended exclusively for administration to aquarium fish, cage or singing birds, carrier-pigeons, terrarium animals, small rodents, ferrets or rabbits not used for food production and which are authorised for marketing outside of pharmacies.

(2) The provisions on the manufacture of medicinal products shall apply on condition that the evidence pertaining to two years' practical experience according to Section 15 sub-section 1 is not required.

(3) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered to extend, in agreement with the Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and the Federal Ministry, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the regulations governing marketing authorisations to medicinal products used for the animals specified in sub-section 1, in so far as it is deemed advisable in order to prevent either a direct or indirect hazard to human or animal health.

(4) The competent authority may authorise exceptions to Section 43 sub-section 5 sentence 1, in so far as the supply of medicinal products for the animals mentioned in sub-section 1 is concerned.

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Section 61
Powers of veterinary schools

Facilities belonging to veterinary schools at university level, which are directed by a veterinarian or pharmacist and are involved in dispensing medicinal products for animals under treatment there, shall have the same rights and obligations as a veterinarian under the regulations of the present Act.

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TENTH CHAPTER
PHARMACOVIGILANCE

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Section 62
Organisation of the pharmacovigilance system of the competent higher federal authority

(1) In the interests of preventing direct or indirect hazards to human or animal health, it shall be the responsibility of the competent higher federal authority to centrally record and evaluate those risks occurring during the administration of medicinal products, in particular adverse reactions, interactions with other products, adulterations as well as potential risks to the environment owing to the use of a veterinary medicinal product and to co-ordinate the measures to be adopted in accordance with the present Act. For this purpose, the higher federal authority shall act in co-operation with the agencies of the World Health Organization, the European Medicines Agency, the medicinal product authorities of other countries, the health and veterinary authorities of the federal Laender, the medicinal product commissions of the chambers of the health professions and national pharmacovigilance centres as well as with others who, in the execution of their work, keep records on medicinal product risks. The competent higher federal authority may inform the public about medicinal product-related risks and envisaged measures. The competent higher federal authority shall operate a pharmacovigilance system. In so far as it is responsible for medicinal products for human use, it shall conduct regular audits of its pharmacovigilance system and report to the European Commission every two years, for the first time on 21st September 2013.

(2) The competent higher federal authority shall record all cases of suspected adverse reactions that come to its attention. Reports from patients and health care professionals can take any form, especially also electronic. Reports from marketing authorisation holders pursuant to Section 63c shall be transmitted electronically.

(3)* In the case of medicinal products for human use, the competent higher federal authority shall transmit information on every serious suspected adverse reaction reported, that occurs on the territory governed by this Act within 15 days and on every reported non-serious suspected adverse reaction that occurs on the territory governed by this Act within 90 days electronically to the database referred to in Article 24 of Regulation (EC) 726/2004 (Eudravigilance database) and, if necessary, to the marketing authorisation holder. In the case of medicinal products for animal use, the competent higher federal authority shall transmit information on every serious suspected adverse reaction that is reported to it and occurs on the territory governed by this Act immediately, or at the latest within 15 days following the day on which it comes to the authority’s attention, to the European Medicines Agency and to the marketing authorisation holder, if the latter does not yet have knowledge of the occurrence. The competent higher federal authority shall work together with the European Medicines Agency and the marketing authorisation holder to determine in particular whether there has been duplication in the reporting of suspected adverse reactions. Where necessary, the competent higher federal authority shall also involve patients, health care professionals or the marketing authorisation holder in the follow-up of the reports received.

Footnote: *In Section 62 sub-section 3 sentence 1 the words “and if necessary to the marketing authorisation holder” shall be deleted six months after the European Medicines Agency has announced that the necessary functionalities pursuant to Article 2 (3) of Directive 2010/84/EU have been established for the database referred to in Article 24 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004.

(4) The competent higher federal authority shall control the management of the funds intended for the performance of pharmacovigilance activities, the operation of the communication networks and market surveillance in order to guarantee its independence in the performance of these pharmacovigilance activities.

(5) In the case of medicinal products for human use, the competent higher federal authority, in collaboration with the European Medicines Agency, shall take the following measures; it shall:

1.  monitor the outcome of the risk minimisation measures contained in risk management plans as well as the conditions referred to in Section 28 sub-sections 3, 3a and 3b,

2.  assess updates to the risk management system,

3.  evaluate the data in the EudraVigilance database to determine whether there are new risks, whether risks have changed and whether these risks have an impact on the risk-benefit balance of medicinal products.

(6) The competent higher federal authority can inspect the collection and evaluation of medicinal product risks and the co-ordination of necessary measures in enterprises and facilities that manufacture, place on the market or clinically test medicinal products. To this end, the representatives of the competent higher federal authority, in consultation with the competent authority, can enter the production areas and business premises during regular working hours, inspect documents including the pharmacovigilance master file and request information. Sentence 1 also applies to undertakings commissioned by enterprises and facilities pursuant to sentence 1. A report of the inspection shall be drawn up. The report shall be submitted to the enterprises and facilities pursuant to sentence 1 for comments. If an inspection results in the conclusion that the marketing authorisation holder fails to meet the requirements of the pharmacovigilance system, as described in the pharmacovigilance master file, and above all the requirements of the Tenth Chapter, the competent higher federal authority shall draw the attention of the marketing authorisation holder to the detected deficiencies and give the latter the opportunity to submit comments. In such cases the competent higher federal authority shall inform the competent authorities of other Member States, the European Medicines Agency and the European Commission if enterprises and facilities that manufacture, place on the market or test medicinal products for human use are concerned.

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Section 63
Graduated plan

By means of general administrative regulations subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the Federal Government shall draw up a graduated plan detailing the execution of the tasks indicated in Section 62. This plan shall specify the details of the co-operation to take place between the authorities and the services involved at the various danger levels, the intervention of the pharmaceutical entrepreneurs as well as the participation of the Federal Government Commissioner for Patient Affairs and shall stipulate the various measures to be taken in compliance with the provisions of the present Act. In the graduated plan, information means and channels may also be specified.

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Section 63a
Graduated plan officer

(1) Anyone who, in his/her capacity as a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, places finished medicinal products which are medicinal products under the terms of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 on the market, shall appoint a qualified person who is resident in a Member State of the European Union having the required expert knowledge and the reliability necessary for exercising his/her function (graduated plan officer) to set up and manage a pharmacovigilance system and to collect and evaluate notifications on medicinal product risks that have become known and co-ordinate the necessary measures. Sentence 1 shall not apply to persons who do not require a manufacturing authorisation pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 2 sentence 1 numbers 1, 2, 3, 5 or sub-section 2b. The graduated plan officer shall be responsible for meeting the obligations to notify in so far as they concern medicinal product risks. He/she shall also ensure that additional information for the evaluation of the risk-benefit profile of a medicinal product, including his/her own evaluations, are sent immediately and in full, if requested by the competent higher federal authority. Further information shall be settled by the Ordinance on the Manufacture of Medicinal Products and Active Substances. Persons other than those specified in sentence 1 shall not be authorised to perform the duties of the graduated plan officer.

(2) The graduated plan officer may be a qualified person pursuant to Section 14 or a responsible person pursuant to Section 20c at the same time.

(3) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall inform the competent authority and the competent higher federal authority about the identity of the graduated plan officer and shall give notice of any change beforehand. In the case of an unforeseen change in the person of the graduated plan officer, notice shall be given immediately.

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Section 63b
General pharmacovigilance obligations of the marketing authorisation holder

(1) The marketing authorisation holder is obligated to set up and operate a pharmaco-vigilance system.

(2) The holder of a marketing authorisation is obligated, in the case of medicinal products for human use, to:

1.  scientifically evaluate all of the information, examine risk minimisation and prevention measures and, if necessary, take risk minimisation and prevention measures immediately based on its pharmacovigilance system,

2.  audit its pharmacovigilance system regularly at appropriate intervals; in the process, it shall make a note of the most important findings in its pharmacovigilance master file and ensure that corrective measures are taken to remedy deficiencies; once the corrective measures have been fully implemented, the note may be deleted,

3.  to maintain a pharmacovigilance master file and to make this file available on request,

4.  operate a risk management system for every medicinal product authorised after 26th October 2012 or for which a condition pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 3b sentence 1 number 1 has been imposed,

5.  monitor the outcome of risk minimisation measures that are part of the risk management plan or have been imposed as conditions pursuant to Section 28 sub-sections 3, 3a to 3c, and

6.  to update the risk management system and monitor pharmacovigilance data so as to determine whether there are new risks, whether risks have changed or whether there are changes to the risk-benefit balance of medicinal products.

(3) In connection with the authorised medicinal product, the marketing authorisation holder may not make any pharmacovigilance information public without notifying the competent higher federal authority and, in the case of medicinal products for human use, without also notifying the European Medicines Agency and the European Commission beforehand or simultaneously. He/she shall ensure that such information is presented objectively and is not misleading.

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Section 63c*
Documentation and reporting obligations of the holder of a marketing authorization for medicinal products for human use in the case of suspected adverse reactions

(1) The marketing authorisation holder shall keep documents on all suspected adverse reactions as well as information on the quantities supplied.

(2) The marketing authorisation holder shall, moreover:

1.  record every suspected serious adverse reaction on the territory governed by this Act, of which he/she gains knowledge and electronically inform the competent higher federal authority immediately, or at the latest within 15 days of acquiring this knowledge,

2.  record every suspected serious adverse reaction in a third country of which he/she gains knowledge of and electronically inform the competent higher federal authority and the European Medicines Agency immediately, or at the latest within 15 days of acquiring this knowledge.

The competent higher federal authority can require that the marketing authorisation holder also record suspected non-serious adverse reactions that occur on the territory governed by this Act and electronically inform the competent higher federal authority of them immediately or at the latest 90 days after acquiring this knowledge.

(3) The marketing authorisation holder must guarantee that all reports of suspected adverse reactions from medicinal products for human use are available at a central location belonging to the enterprise within the European Union.

(4) Sub-sections 1 to 3, Section 62 sub-section 6 and Section 63b shall apply mutatis mutandis to:

1.  the holder of a registration pursuant to Section 39a,

2.  a pharmaceutical entrepreneur who does not hold a marketing authorisation or a registration pursuant to Section 39a and places a medicinal product requiring a marketing authorisation or a medicinal product exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation, or a traditional herbal medicinal product on the market.

Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to:

1.  the registration holder pursuant to Section 38,

2.  a pharmaceutical entrepreneur who does not hold the registration pursuant to Section 38 and places a medicinal product requiring a registration or a homeopathic medicinal product exempt from registration on the market,

3.  the applicant, before the marketing authorisation is granted.

Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply regardless of whether the medicinal product is still on the market or the marketing authorisation or registration still exists. Fulfilment of the obligations pursuant to sub-sections 1 to 3 can be totally or partly transferred to the holder of the marketing authorisation, by means of a written agreement between the holder of the marketing authorisation and the pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is not the holder of a the marketing authorisation.

(5) Sub-sections 1 to 4 shall not apply to medicinal products which have been granted a marketing authorisation by the European Community or the European Union. For such medicinal products, the obligations of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be those stipulated in Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 in the latest applicable version on condition that, within the purview of the present Act, an obligation on the part of the relevant competent higher federal authority to notify or to inform the Member States exists. In the case of medicinal products for which a marketing authorisation granted by the competent higher federal authority is the basis of mutual recognition or for which a higher federal authority is rapporteur in an arbitration process pursuant to Article 32 of Directive 2001/83/EC, the competent higher federal authority shall take responsibility for analysing and monitoring all suspected serious adverse reactions occurring in the European Union; this shall also apply to medicinal products that have been authorised in the decentralised procedure.

Footnote: *Section 63c sub-sections 2 and 5 shall be amended six months after the European Medicines Agency has announced that the necessary functionalities pursuant to Article 2 (3) of Directive 2010/84/EU have been established for the database referred to in Article 24 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 in accordance with Article 2 number 2 of the Act amending the Regulations on Medicinal Products and other Regulations of 19th October 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 2192).

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Section 63d*
Periodic safety update reports

(1) The marketing authorisation holder shall transmit periodic safety update reports containing the following:

1.  a summary of the data that is of interest in assessing the benefits and risks of a medicinal product, including the results of all tests that can have an effect on the marketing authorisation,

2.  a scientific evaluation of the medicinal product’s risk-benefit balance that is based on all of the available data, including data from clinical trials for therapeutic indications and population groups that are not covered by the marketing authorisation,

3.  all of the data relevant to the medicinal product’s volume of sales as well as all of the data at his/her disposal relevant to the volume of prescriptions, including an estimate of the number of persons using the medicinal product.

(2) The safety reports shall be transmitted electronically to the competent higher federal authority.

(3) The frequency for the submission of periodic safety update reports pursuant to sub-section 1 shall be specified in the marketing authorisation. The date for submission will be calculated from the date on which the marketing authorisation is granted. The submission frequency and the submission dates can be laid down in the European Union according to the procedure pursuant to Article 107c (4) of Directive 2001/83/EC. The marketing authorisation holder can apply to the Committee on Medical Products for Human Use or to the co-ordination group pursuant to Article 27 of Directive 2001/83/EC to have a single reference date pursuant to Article 107c (6) of Directive 2001/83/EC stipulated in the European Union or that the frequency for the submission of periodic safety update reports is changed. In the case of medicinal products that are authorised before 26th October 2012 or are authorised only for the national market and for which the submission frequency and dates are not specified in the marketing authorisation or pursuant to Article 107c (4) (5) or (6) of Directive 2001/83/EC, the marketing authorisation holder shall transmit the periodic safety update reports pursuant to sub-section 1 immediately upon request or in the following cases:

1.  if a medicinal product has not yet been placed on the market: at least every six months after the marketing authorisation has been granted and until it is placed on the market,

2.  if a medicinal product has been placed on the market: at least every six months during the first two years following the first placing on the market, once a year in the following two years and at three-yearly intervals thereafter.

(4) By way of derogation from sub-section 1 periodic safety update reports shall be transmitted for medicinal products that are authorised for marketing pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 3 or Section 24b sub-section 2 only in the following cases:

1.  if a condition pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 3 or 3a has been imposed,

2.  if they are requested by the competent higher federal authority for an active substance, after the marketing authorisation has been granted, owing to reservations in connection with pharmacovigilance data or owing to reservations due to insufficient availability of periodic safety update reports,

3.  if the frequency and dates for the submission of periodic safety update reports pursuant to Article 107c (4) of Directive 2001/83/EC were specified in the marketing authorisation,

The competent higher federal authority shall transmit the assessment reports on the requested periodic safety update reports pursuant to sentence 1 number 2 to the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee which examines whether it is necessary to initiate the procedure pursuant to Article 107c (4) of Directive 2001/83/EC. Sentence 1 numbers 2 and 3 apply mutatis mutandis to the holder of registrations pursuant to Section 38 or Section 39a, as well as to the pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is not the holder of the marketing authorisation or the registration pursuant to Section 38 or Section 39a and who places a traditional herbal medicinal product that is subject to authorisation or registration or exempt from the obligation to obtain an authorisation or registration on the market.

(5) The competent higher federal authority shall assess the periodic safety update reports to determine whether there are new risks or whether risks have changed and whether there are changes to the risk-benefit balance of medicinal products and shall take the necessary measures. In the case of medicinal products for which a single Union reference date or a single frequency date for the submission of reports pursuant to Article 107c (4) of Directive 2001/83/EC has been stipulated, as well as for medicinal products that are authorised in more than one Member States and for which periodic safety update reports are specified in the marketing authorisation, the procedure pursuant to Articles 107e and 107g shall apply to the assessment.

(6) The fulfilment of the obligations pursuant to sub-sections 1 to 4 can be transferred, wholly or partially, to the marketing authorisation holder by written agreement between the marketing authorisation holder and the pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is not the marketing authorisation holder. Sub-sections 1 to 5 do not apply to parallel importers.

Footnote: Section 63d sub-section 2 shall be amended twelve months after the European Medicines Agency has announced that the necessary functionalities have been established for the repository pursuant to Article 25a of Regulation (EC) 726/2004 in accordance with Article 2 number 3 of the Act amending the Regulations on Medicinal Products and other Regulations of 19th October 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 2192).

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Section 63e
European procedure

With regard to the cases governed by Article 107i of Directive 2001/83/EC, the competent higher federal authority shall take the measures provided for therein. Articles 107i to 107k of Directive 2001/83/EC shall apply to the procedure.

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Section 63f
General prerequisites for non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies

(1) Non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies that are conducted voluntarily by the marketing authorisation holder are to be reported to the competent higher federal authority. The competent higher federal authority can require that the marketing authorisation holder submit the protocol and the progress reports. The marketing authorisation holder shall transmit the final report to the competent higher federal authority within one year after data collection is completed.

(2) In the case of non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies that are conducted by the marketing authorisation holder pursuant to a condition imposed pursuant to Section 28 sub-sections 3, 3a or 3b, the procedure pursuant to Section 63g shall apply.

(3) It shall not be admissible to conduct non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies pursuant to sub-sections 1 and 2 if:

1.  conducting the study promotes the use of the medicinal product,

2.  payments for the participation of the health professionals involved in such studies is not restricted in type and amount to compensation for time and expenses incurred, or

3.  an incentive is created for the preferential prescription or recommendation of specific medicinal products.

(4) The marketing authorisation holder shall also immediately inform the Federal Association of Panel Doctors, the Central Federal Association of the Health Insurance Funds and the German Association of Private Health Insurance Funds of periodic safety update reports pursuant to sub-sections 1 and 2. In doing so, he/she shall also provide information on the location, time, purpose and the protocol of study as well as the name and lifelong physician identification number of the participating doctors. In so far as participating doctors provide benefits that are reimbursed by the statutory health insurance, the type and amount of the compensation paid to them shall be communicated and a copy of each of the contracts signed with them submitted in the case of notifications pursuant to sentence 1.

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Section 63g
Special prerequisites for imposed non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies

(1) In the case of non-interventional post-authorisation safety studies that were imposed pursuant to Section 28 sub-sections 3, 3a or 3b, the marketing authorisation holder shall submit the draft study protocol before conducting the study to:

1.  the competent higher federal authority in the case of a study that will only be conducted on the territory governed by this Act,

2.  the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee in the case of a study that will be conducted in several Member States of the European Union.

(2) A non-interventional post-authorisation safety study pursuant to sub-section 1 may only be commenced if the draft protocol in the case of studies pursuant to sub-section 1 number 1 were authorised by the competent higher federal authority or, in the case of studies pursuant to sub-section 1 number 2, were authorised by the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee and the draft protocol submitted to the competent higher federal authority. The competent higher federal authority shall take a decision on the authorisation of the study within 60 days following the submission of the draft protocol. The authorisation shall be refused if the use of the medicinal product is to be promoted, the aims cannot be achieved with the study design in question or the study is a clinical trial pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 23 sentence 1.

(3) Once a study pursuant to sub-section 1 has started, any essential changes to the protocol must be authorised before implementation:

1.  by the competent higher federal authority, if the study is being conducted only on the territory governed by this Act,

2.  by the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee, if the study is being conducted in several Member States of the European Union.

If the study described in sentence 1 number 2 is also being conducted on the territory governed by this Act, the marketing authorisation holder shall inform the competent higher federal authority of the authorised changes.

(4) On completion of a study pursuant to sub-section 1, the final study report shall be submitted

1.  to the competent higher federal authority in the cases pursuant to sub-section 1 number 1,

2.  to the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee in the cases pursuant to sub-section 1 number 2,

within twelve months after data collection is completed if the competent authority pursuant to sentence 1 number 1 or 2 has not waived the submission. The final report shall be transmitted electronically together with a short description of the study findings.

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Section 63h
Documentation and notification obligations for medicinal products for animal use

(1) In the case of medicinal products for animal use, the marketing authorisation holder shall keep documents on all suspected adverse reactions in the European Union or in a third country, as well as information on the quantities supplied.

(2) Furthermore, in the case of medicinal products for animal use, the marketing authorisation holder shall:

1.  record every serious suspected adverse reaction within the purview of the present Act, of which he/she gains knowledge and inform the competent higher federal authority and the European Medicines Agency immediately or at the latest within 15 days

2.  inform the competent higher federal authority and the European Medicines Agency immediately or at the latest within 15 days of

a)  any serious unexpected suspected adverse reaction reported to him/her by a health professional that did not occur in a Member State of the European Union,

b)  in the case of medicinal products that contain components made of starting materials of human or animal origin, every suspected case of infection that has come to his/her knowledge and which is a serious adverse reaction and was caused by the contamination of said medicinal product through pathogens and which did not occur in a Member State of the European Union, and

3.  inform the competent higher federal authority immediately of frequent cases of abuse or individual cases of considerable abuse that have been observed if such abuse can directly endanger health.

The obligation to inform pursuant to sentence 1 numbers 1 and 2 letter a) shall apply mutatis mutandis to adverse reactions in humans owing to the use of a medicinal product intended for animal use.

(3) The marketing authorisation holder who was granted the marketing authorisation through the mutual recognition process or through the decentralised procedure, shall furthermore ensure, in the case of medicinal products for animal use, that every

1.  serious suspected adverse reaction, or

2.  suspected adverse reaction in humans owing to the use of a medicinal product for animal use

that occurs within the purview of the present Act, is also made available to the competent authorities of the Member State that granted the marketing authorisation which provided the basis for the recognition or the Member State that was the rapporteur in arbitration proceedings pursuant to Article 36 of Directive 2001/82/EC.

(4) In the case of medicinal products for animal use, the competent higher federal authority shall be furnished with all of the available documents needed to assess the cases of suspected or observed abuse, as well as a scientific assessment.

(5) In the case of medicinal products for animal use, and, if not otherwise stipulated either by imposed conditions or in sentence 5 or 6, the marketing authorisation holder shall submit to the competent higher federal authority a periodic safety update report for the medicinal product based on the obligations laid down in sub-section 1 and in Section 63a sub-section 1 immediately upon request or at least every six months after the marketing authorisation has been granted and until the placing on the market. Furthermore, he/she shall submit such reports immediately upon request or at least every six months during the first two years following the first placing on the market and once a year in the following two years. Thereafter, he/she shall submit the reports at intervals of three years or immediately upon request. The periodic safety update reports on medicinal products shall also contain a scientific assessment of the benefits and risks of the medicinal product in question. Upon request, the competent higher federal authority can prolong the intervals between reports. In the case of medicinal products that are exempted from the marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1, the competent higher federal authority shall lay down the date for the submission of the periodic safety update reports in a notice to be published in the Federal Gazette. Sentences 1 to 6 shall not apply to parallel importers.

(6) Sub-sections 1 to 5, Section 62 sub-section 6 and Section 63b sub-section 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis:

1.  to the holder of a registration pursuant to Section 39a,

2.  to a pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is neither the holder of the marketing authorisation nor the holder of a registration pursuant to Section 39a and who places a medicinal product on the market that is subject to marketing authorisation or exempt from marketing authorisation or is a traditional herbal medicinal product.

Sub-sections 1 to 4 apply mutatis mutandis:

1.  to the holder of the registration pursuant to Section 38,

2.  to a pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is not the holder of the registration pursuant to Section 38 and places a homeopathic medicinal product that is subject to registration or exempt from the obligation to obtain a registration on the market,

3.  to the applicant before the marketing authorisation is granted.

Sub-sections 1 to 4 shall apply irrespective of whether or not the medicinal product is still on the market or the registration or marketing authorisation still existing. The fulfilment of the obligations pursuant to sub-sections 1 to 5 can be totally or partly transferred to the marketing authorisation holder by means of a written agreement between the marketing authorisation holder and the pharmaceutical entrepreneur who is not the holder of the marketing authorisation.

(7) Sub-sections 1 to 6 shall not apply to medicinal products for which a marketing authorisation has been granted by the European Community or the European Union. For these medicinal products, the obligations of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 and his/her obligations pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 540/95, in the latest applicable version in either case, shall apply provided that, within the purview of the present Act, the obligation to notify the Member States or to inform the Member States exists for the relevant competent higher federal authority. In the case of medicinal products for which a marketing authorisation by the competent higher federal authority forms the basis for mutual recognition or for which a competent higher federal authority is the rapporteur in arbitration proceedings pursuant to Article 36 of Directive 2001/82/EC, the competent higher federal authority shall assume the responsibility for the analysis and surveillance of all serious suspected adverse reactions that occur in the European Union; this shall also apply to medicinal products that were authorised for marketing in the decentralised procedure.

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Section 63i
Documentation and notification obligations in respect of blood and tissue preparations and tissues

(1) The holder of a marketing authorisation or authorisation for blood preparations pursuant to Article 3 (6) of Directive 2001/83/EC or an authorisation for tissue preparations pursuant to Section 21a, shall keep documents on all suspected serious incidents or serious adverse reactions in the Member States of the European Union or in the States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area or in a third country, as well as on the number of recalls.

(2) The holder of a marketing authorisation or authorisation for blood or tissue preparations pursuant to sub-section 1, shall, furthermore, document every suspected serious incident and every suspected serious adverse reaction and shall report them to the competent higher federal authority immediately, or at the latest within 15 days of acquiring this knowledge. The report shall contain all of the necessary information, especially the name or firm and address of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, name and number or code of the blood or tissue preparation, date and documentation of the emergence of the suspicion of the serious incident or the serious adverse reaction, date and place where the removal of the blood components or tissue took place, enterprises or facilities supplied as well as information on the donor. The incidents or reactions reported pursuant to sentence 1 are to be examined with respect to their causes and effects and subsequently evaluated and the results together with the measures to trace and protect both the donor and the recipient reported immediately to the competent higher federal authority.

(3) In the case of blood and tissue preparations as well as blood and blood components, and tissues which are not subject to marketing authorisation or authorisation, the blood and plasma donation facilities or the tissue facilities shall notify the competent authority, immediately, of every suspected serious incident and every suspected serious adverse reaction. The notification shall contain all the necessary information such as the name or firm and address of the donation or tissue facility, name and number or code of the blood or tissue preparation, date and documentation of the emergence of the suspected serious incident or the serious adverse reaction, date on which the blood or tissue preparation was manufactured as well as information on the donor. Sub-section 2 sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The competent authority shall transmit the notifications pursuant to sentences 1 and 2 as well as the notifications pursuant to sentence 3 to the competent higher federal authority.

(4) The holder of a marketing authorisation or authorisation for blood or tissue preparations within the meaning of sub-section 1 shall submit, to the competent higher federal authority, on the basis of the obligations contained in sub-section 1, an updated report on the safety of the medicinal product immediately upon request or, where recalls, confirmed or suspected serious incidents or serious adverse reactions are involved, at least once a year. Sentence 1 shall not apply to parallel importers.

(5) Section 62 sub-section 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis to blood and plasma donation facilities or to tissue facilities; Section 63b sub-section 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the holder of an authorisation for blood or tissue preparations.

(6) A serious incident within the meaning of the foregoing provisions is any undesired event in connection with the procurement, testing, processing, preserving, storage or supply of tissues or blood preparations which could lead to the transmission of an infectious disease, the death of a patient, a life-threatening state, disability or invalidity of patients, the need for or prolongation of hospitalisation or disease. A serious incident is also any incorrect identification or confusion of germ cells or impregnated egg cells within the framework of medically-assisted insemination measures.

(7) A serious adverse reaction within the meaning of the foregoing provisions is an unintended reaction, including an infectious disease in the donor or recipient in connection with the procurement of tissues or blood or the transplanting of tissue or blood preparations, which is fatal or life-threatening or leads to disability or invalidity or requires hospitalisation or the prolongation of existing hospitalisation or causes or prolongs a disease.

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Section 63j
Exceptions

(1) The provisions of the Tenth Chapter shall not apply to medicinal products that are used as investigational medicinal products within the framework of a clinical trial.

(2) Section 63b, with the exception of sub-sections 1 and 3, sections 63d, 63e, 63f and 63g, shall not apply to medicinal products for animal use.

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ELEVENTH CHAPTER
SUPERVISION

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Section 64
Conducting supervision

(1) Enterprises and facilities in which medicinal products are manufactured, tested, stored, packaged or placed on the market, or in which any other form of trade with them takes place, shall be subject in this regard to supervision by the competent authority; the same shall apply to enterprises and facilities which develop medicinal products, subject them to clinical trials, residue tests or acquire or administer medicinal products pursuant to Section 47a sub-section 1 sentence 1 or medicinal products intended for administration to animals. The development, manufacture, testing, storage, packaging and the marketing of active substances and other substances and tissues intended for the manufacture of medicinal products or any other form of trade in such active substances and substances shall be subject to supervision in so far as they are regulated by an ordinance pursuant to Section 54, pursuant to Section 12 of the Transfusion Act or pursuant to Section 16a of the Transplantation Act. In the case of Section 14 sub-section 4 number 4 and Section 20b sub-section 2, the removal facilities and the laboratories are subject to supervision by the competent authority responsible for them locally. Sentence 1 shall also apply to persons carrying out these activities professionally, to persons carrying with them medicinal products not exclusively intended for personal use, to the sponsor of a clinical trial or his/her representative pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 1, as well as to persons or associations collecting medicinal products for others. Sentence 1 shall not apply to reconstitution in so far as medicinal products which are intended for use in clinical trials are not concerned.

(2) Persons in charge of supervision shall carry out this activity as their main profession. The competent authority may call in experts. In so far as blood preparations, tissues and tissue preparations, radiopharmaceuticals, medicinal products produced using genetic engineering, sera, vaccines, allergens, advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal products or active substances or other substances of human, animal or microbial origin or which have been manufactured using genetic engineering are concerned, the competent authority shall summon members of the competent higher federal authority to participate as experts. With regard to pharmacies which are not hospital pharmacies or which do not require an authorisation in compliance with Section 13, the competent authority may commission experts to carry out the supervision.

(3) The competent authority shall satisfy itself that the provisions on medicinal products, active substances and other substances intended for medicinal product manufacture, on advertising in the field of health, of Part Two of the Transfusion Act, of Parts 2, 3 and 3a of the Transplantation Act and on pharmacies are observed. To this end, the competent authority, on the basis of a surveillance system and paying special attention to possible risks, shall carry out inspections at appropriate intervals, to an appropriate extent and, if necessary, also unannounced and shall stipulate effective follow-up measures. It shall also have medicinal product samples tested officially.

(3a) Enterprises and facilities requiring an authorisation pursuant to Sections 13, 20c, 72 or Section 72b sub-section 1, as well as veterinary in-house dispensaries are to be inspected pursuant to sub-section 3 every two years, as a rule. The competent authority shall grant an authorisation pursuant to Sections 13, 20c, 52a, 72 or Section 72b sub-section 1 only after the latter has satisfied itself by means of an inspection that the requirements for granting an authorisation are fulfilled.

(3b) The competent authority shall conduct the inspections to monitor compliance with the provisions governing the trade in medicinal products for human use in accordance with the guidelines of the European Commission pursuant to Article 111a of Directive 2001/83/EC, in so far as the supervision of the conduct of clinical trials is not concerned. It shall co-operate with the European Medicines Agency by exchanging information on planned and conducted inspections as well as in the co-ordination of inspections of enterprises and facilities in countries that are not Member States of the European Union or other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

(3c) The inspections can also be carried out at the request of another Member State, the European Commission or the European Medicines Agency. Without prejudice to any other agreements between the European Union and countries that are not members of the European Union or other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, the competent authority can require a manufacturer in the country that is not a member of the Union or a State party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area to submit him/herself to an inspection in accordance with the requirements of the European Union.

(3d) A report shall be drawn up on the inspection. The competent authority that conducted the inspection shall inform the inspected enterprises, facilities or persons of the content of the draft report and give them opportunity for comment before it is completed.

(3e) If, after evaluation of the comments pursuant to sub-section 3d sentence 2, the inspection leads to the conclusion that the enterprises, facilities or persons do not comply with the statutory provisions, this information shall be entered into the database referred to in Section 67a, in so far as the principles and guidelines of good manufacturing practice or good distribution practice as provided for by Community legislation on medicinal products for human use or the principles and guidelines of good manufacturing practice as provided for by Community legislation on medicinal products for animal use are affected.

(3f) Within a period of 90 days following an inspection to determine compliance with good manufacturing practice or good distribution practice, the inspected enterprises, facilities or persons shall be issued with a certificate if the inspection has resulted in the conclusion that the corresponding principles and guidelines are being complied with. The certificate shall be valid for not more than three years. The certificate shall be withdrawn if it subsequently becomes known that the conditions were not fulfilled; it shall be revoked if the conditions no longer apply.

(3g) The information regarding the issue, refusal, withdrawal or revocation of the certificate pursuant to sub-section 3f shall be entered into a database pursuant to Section 67a. This shall also apply to the issuing, withdrawal, revocation or suspension of an authorisation pursuant to Sections 13, 20b, 20c, 52a, 72 or Section 72b sub-section 1, as well as to the registration and deletion of medicinal product brokers or of enterprises and facilities that manufacture, import or otherwise trade in active substances without requiring a licence.

(3h) Sub-sections 3b, 3c and 3e to 3g shall apply neither to veterinary in-house dispensaries nor to enterprises and facilities that exclusively manufacture medicated feedingstuffs. Furthermore, sub-section 3d sentence 2 shall not apply to veterinary in-house dispensaries.

(4) The persons in charge of the supervision shall be authorised:

1.  to enter and inspect during normal business hours properties, office premises, operating rooms, transport facilities and also, for the prevention of imminent danger to public order and security, residential housing and to take pictures for documentation purposes in office premises, operating rooms and means of transport in which the activities referred to in sub-section 1 are carried out; the fundamental right to the inviolability of the home (Article 13 of the Basic Law) shall be limited in this regard,

2.  to review documentation on the development, manufacture, testing, clinical trial or residue testing, acquisition, storing, packaging, marketing and other whereabouts of the medicinal products as well as on the advertising material currently in circulation and on the liability coverage required pursuant to Section 94,

2a.  to prepare or request transcripts or photocopies of documents pursuant to number 2 or printouts or copies of data storage media on which documents pursuant to number 2 are stored in so far as personal data from patients are not concerned,

3.  to demand from natural and legal persons and associations without legal capacity all the necessary information, in particular on the company operations mentioned in number 2,

4.  to issue provisional orders also on the closing of the company or facility, in so far as this is deemed necessary for the prevention of imminent danger to public order and safety.

(4a) If it is required for the implementation of the present Act or of ordinances issued on the basis of the present Act or Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, experts from the Member States of the European Union may exercise the powers contained in sub-section 4 number 1, if they are in the company of the persons responsible for the supervision.

(5) The person under obligation to give information may refuse to answer certain questions if he/she has reason to fear that answering them could expose him/her or one of the relatives specified in Section 383 sub-section 1 numbers 1 to 3 of the German Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung) to the danger of prosecution under criminal law or to a lawsuit under the Act on Administrative Offences (Gesetz über Ordnungswidrigkeiten).

(6) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, to issue, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, regulations governing the fulfilment of supervisory tasks in cases where medicinal products are imported into the territory governed by this Act, by a pharmaceutical entrepreneur who has no registered place of business in the territory governed by this Act, in so far as necessary for the implementation of the provisions governing the trade in medicinal products as well as advertising in the field of health. In the process, the main responsibility for supervisory tasks, which arise out of the introduction of a medicinal product from a specific Member State of the European Union, can be assigned in each case to a specific Land or to a facility supported by one of the Laender. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

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Section 65
Sampling

(1) To the extent necessary for the implementation of the provisions on the trade in medicinal products, on advertising in the field of health of Part Two of the Transfusion Act, of Parts 2, 3 and 3a of the Transplantation Act and on pharmacies, those persons in charge of supervision shall be authorised to demand or to take samples of their own selection, against receipt, for the purposes of testing them. This authorisation shall extend to the taking of samples of feedingstuffs, trough water and samples from living animals including the necessary interventions on these animals for this purpose. In so far as the pharmaceutical entrepreneur does not explicitly waive his/her right thereto, a part of the sample or, if the sample is not divisible in parts of equal quality without endangering the purpose of the test, a second sample of the same type as the sample taken shall be left behind.

(2) The samples left behind shall be officially closed or sealed. They shall be marked with the date on which the sample was taken and the date after which the closing or sealing of the sample may be considered as cancelled.

(3) For samples which are not drawn from the pharmaceutical enterprise, an appropriate compensation shall be paid by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur if this right is not explicitly waived.

(4) Eligible for appointment as a private expert for the testing of samples left behind pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall only be a person who:

1.  has the expert knowledge pursuant to Section 15. The practical experience pursuant to Section 15 sub-sections 1 and 4 can be replaced by practical experience in the control and assessment of medicinal products in medicinal product control laboratories or in other similar medicinal product institutes,

2.  is reliable enough to perform his/her duties as an expert for the testing of official samples and

3.  has adequate premises and facilities at his/her disposal for the intended testing and assessment of medicinal products.

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Section 66
Obligation to tolerate and collaborate

The party subject to supervision in compliance with Section 64 sub-section 1 shall be obliged to tolerate the measures defined in Sections 64 and 65 and to give full support to the persons in charge of supervision in the fulfilment of their duties, in particular, indicating to them, upon request, the premises and transport facilities, opening rooms, containers and receptacles, giving information and enabling the taking of samples. The same requirement shall apply to the qualified person referred to in Section 14, the responsible person pursuant to Section 20c, the Graduated Plan Officer, Information Officer and the clinical trial investigator, and their representatives, also with regard to queries by the competent higher federal authority.

(2) The obligation to tolerate and collaborate pursuant to sub-section 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to measures by the higher federal authorities pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 5 sentence 4 or sub-section 8 sentences 2 and 3 or pursuant to Section 62 sub-section 6.

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Section 67
General notification requirement

(1) Enterprises or facilities which develop or manufacture medicinal products, subject medicinal products to clinical trials or to residue tests, test, store, package, market them or are otherwise engaged in the trade in medicinal products shall accordingly notify the competent authorities and, in the case of a clinical trial on human beings the competent higher federal authority as well, before taking up these activities. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to facilities that procure tissues, conduct the laboratory test necessary for the procurement, process, preserve, test, store or place them on the market. The development of medicinal products shall be notified in so far as it is governed by an ordinance pursuant to Section 54. The same shall apply to persons practising these activities on a self-employed and professional basis as well as to persons or associations who collect medicinal products for others. The notification shall state the type of activity and the factory site; if medicinal products are collected, details shall be given regarding the type of collection made and the place of storage. If, according to sentence 1, notification is to be given of a clinical trial on human beings, the competent authority, the sponsor of the clinical trial, his/her representative pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 1 if any, as well as the investigator and his/her deputy, where necessary also indicating their status as chief investigator (Leiter der klinischen Prüfung), shall also be designated by name. Sentences 1 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to enterprises and facilities which manufacture, test, store, package, market or otherwise trade in active substances or other substances intended for use in the manufacture of medicinal products, in so far as these activities are regulated by an ordinance pursuant to Section 54. Sentence 1 shall not apply to reconstitution, in so far as medicinal products which are intended for use in clinical trials are not concerned.

(2) If medicinal product manufacture is envisaged, for which an authorisation as defined in Section 13 is not necessary, the medicinal products shall be notified indicating their name and composition.

(3) Notification shall likewise be given of subsequent changes. In the case of enterprises and facilities that manufacture, import or otherwise trade in active substances, a yearly notification shall be sufficient if the changes will not have an effect on the quality or safety of the active substances.

(3a) If the start of a clinical trial on human beings is to be notified pursuant to sub-section 1, the competent higher federal authority shall also be notified of the progression, termination and results of the clinical trial; further details shall be specified in the ordinance pursuant to Section 42.

(4) Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall not apply to those persons holding an authorisation under Section 13, Section 20b, Section 20c, Section 52a or Section 72 or to pharmacies pursuant to the Pharmacies Act. Sub-section 2 shall not apply to veterinary in-house dispensaries.

(5) A person who, in his/her capacity as a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, places on the market a medicinal product which, pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1, is exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation shall notify the competent higher federal authority and the competent authority of this beforehand. The notification shall include the name used for the medicinal product and the non-active substances used, in so far as they are not specified in the ordinance pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1, as well as the actual composition of the medicinal product in so far as the ordinance pursuant to Section 36 sub-section 1 allows for differences in this respect. Also to be notified are any changes in the information and the termination of the placing on the market.

(6) Any person who conducts tests which serve the purpose of gathering knowledge resulting from the use of authorised or registered medicinal products shall immediately inform the competent higher federal authority, the Federal Association of Panel Doctors, the Central Federal Association of the health insurance funds, as well as the Association of Private Health Insurance Funds. In this regard, the location, time, purpose and observation plan of the non-interventional study shall be stated and the names of the participating doctors, in addition to their lifelong physician identification number communicated to the Federal Association of Panel Doctors and the Central Federal Association of the health insurance funds. Remuneration paid to doctors for their participation in tests pursuant to sentence 1 shall be calculated, as to type and amount, in such a way as to provide no incentive for the preferential prescription or recommendation of specific medicinal products. In so far as participating doctors provide benefits which are reimbursable by the statutory health insurance, the type and amount of the remuneration paid to them as well as a copy of the contract signed with them shall accompany the notices pursuant to sentence 1; notices to the competent higher federal authority shall be excluded therefrom. In the case of medicinal products intended for use in animals, notifications pursuant to sentence 1 shall only be made to the competent higher federal authority. Sentences 1 to 5 shall not apply to post-authorisation safety studies pursuant to Section 63f.

(7) Any person who intends to introduce medicinal products that are authorised for placing on the market, by another pharmaceutical entrepreneur, in another Member State of the European Union into the territory governed by the present Act on a commercial or professional basis, for the purpose of placing them on the market within the scope of the present Act, shall notify the marketing authorisation holder of this intention before commencing activities. In the case of medicinal products that have been authorised for marketing pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, sentence 1 shall apply subject to the proviso that the notice must be transmitted to the marketing authorisation holder as well as the European Medicines Agency. A fee shall be paid to the Agency for monitoring compliance with the requirements laid down in the European Union legislation on medicinal products and in the marketing authorisations; the fee shall be determined based on European Union legislation.

(8)* Any person who, for the purpose of retail trading, wishes to offer medicinal products for human use on the internet for sale at a distance, shall inform the competent authority before commencing activities and do so stating his/her name or company name and the ad-dress of the location from which the medicinal products are to be supplied and the address of every internet website including all of the necessary information for their identification. Subsequent changes shall also be communicated. The competent authority shall transmit this information to a database pursuant to Section 67a. The internet website pursuant to sentence 1 must carry the name and address of the competent authority and its other contact data, the common logo for sale at a distance pursuant to Article 85c of Regulation 2001/83/EC, as well as a hyperlink to the internet website of the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI).

Footnote: Section 67 sub-section 8 shall enter into force on the first day of the second year following the promulgation of the implementing act of the European Commission pursuant to Article 85c (3) of Directive 2001/83/EC in the Official Journal of the European Union.

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Section 67a
Database-supported information system

(1) The federal and Land authorities responsible for the implementation of the present Act shall collaborate with the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI) to set up a central information system for medicinal products, active substances and tissues as well as their manufacturer or importer, which can be used jointly. This information system shall collate all of the important data necessary for the fulfilment of the specific tasks affecting more than one authority. The German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall set up this information system on the basis of the data supplied to it by the competent authorities or higher federal authorities pursuant to the ordinance issued pursuant to sub-section 3 and shall be responsible for its operation. Data from the information system shall be transmitted to the competent authorities and higher federal authorities for fulfilment of their legally stipulated duties and to the European Medicines Agency. The competent authority and higher federal authorities shall have access, in addition, to current data from the information system for the fulfilment of their legally stipulated duties. Transmission to other agencies shall be permissible in so far as this is provided for in the ordinance issued pursuant to sub-section 3. The German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall be entitled to charge fees for its services. Such fees shall be listed in a catalogue of fees which is subject to the consent of the Federal Ministry.

(2) The German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall provide access to generally available databases which contain information on medicinal products through a website. The website will be connected with the European website for medicinal products set up by the European Medicines Agency pursuant to Article 26 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004. Furthermore, the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall provide information on the offering of medicinal products for human use for sale at a distance by means of a generally accessible website. This website will be connected with the website operated by the European Medicines Agency that contains information on sale at a distance and on the logo for sale at a distance. The German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall publish the addresses of the websites in the Federal Gazette.

(3) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to grant, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, the power to process and utilize data for the purposes defined in sub-sections 1 and 2 and to collect data for the purposes contained in sub-section 2, and to issue regulations governing the transmission of data by federal and Land authorities to the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information, including personal data, for the purposes regulated by the present Act, as well as the type and scope of such data and the requirements to be placed thereon. The ordinance in question may also contain provisions stipulating that notifications may or must be made on electronic or optical storage media, in so far as required for the proper implementation of the regulations governing the trade in medicinal products. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry, the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, where medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(4) The ordinance pursuant to sub-section 3 shall be promulgated in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in the case of radiopharmaceuticals or medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used.

(5) The German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the data are transmitted only to authorised persons and that only such persons receive access to them.

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Section 68
Obligation to inform and to report

(1) The federal and Land authorities and agencies responsible for the implementation of the present Act shall:

1.  inform each other of the authorities, agencies and experts responsible for the enforcement of the Act and,

2.  in instances of contravention and suspected contravention of the provisions contained in the medicinal product legislation, the legislation on health products advertising or on pharmacies, for their individual jurisdictions, report to each other immediately and support each other's investigative activities.

(2) The authorities specified in sub-section 1:

1.  shall furnish the competent authority of another Member State of the European Union with information, or, in the case of medicinal products for human use the European Medicines Agency, in response to a duly justified request, and shall transmit to it the necessary certificates and documents in so far as necessary to monitor compliance with the medicinal product-related regulations, the legislation on health products advertising and on pharmacies or for the prevention of medicinal product risks,

2.  shall investigate all of the facts of which it is informed by the requesting authority of another Member State and shall inform said authority of the results of the investigation.

(3) The authorities specified in sub-section 1 shall provide the competent authorities of another Member State and the European Medicines Agency or the European Commission with all of the information which is necessary to monitor compliance with the medicinal product-related regulations, as well as the legislation on health products advertising and on pharmacies in force in that Member State or for the prevention of medicinal product risks. In cases of infringement or suspected infringement, the competent authorities of other Member States, the Federal Ministry, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, as well as the European Medicines Agency, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, and the European Commission may also be informed.

(4) The authorities specified in sub-section 1 may, if necessary for the implementation of requirements stipulated in medicinal product-related legislation, the legislation on health products advertising and on pharmacies, or for the prevention of medicinal product risks, also inform the competent authorities of other states and the competent offices at the Council of Europe. Sub-section 2 number 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis. States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area which are not Member States of the European Union shall be informed through the European Commission.

(5) Communication with the competent authorities of other states, Council of Europe offices, the European Medicines Agency, and with the European Commission shall be the prerogative of the Federal Ministry. The Federal Ministry may transfer this power to the competent higher federal authority or, by means of an ordinance with the approval of the Bundesrat, to the competent higher authorities of the Laender. Furthermore, in individual cases, the Federal Ministry can transfer the above-mentioned power to the competent higher authority of the Land if the latter gives its consent. The higher authorities of the Laender are authorised to transfer the powers specified in sentences 2 and 3 to other authorities. In so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall supersede the Federal Ministry. In such a case, the ordinance shall be promulgated pursuant to sentence 2 in agreement with the Federal Ministry.

(5a) Where the supervision of the advertising of medicinal products intended for use in humans is concerned, the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety shall be responsible for the correspondence with the competent authorities of other Member States of the European Union and the European Commission with respect to the implementation of Regulation (EC) No. 2006/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27th October 2004 on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws (Regulation on consumer protection cooperation) (OJ L 364, p. 1) amended by Article 16 No. 2 of Directive 2005/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11th May 2005, (OJ L 149, p. 22) as the central liaison office.

(6) In the cases provided for in sub-section 3 sentence 2 and sub-section 4, personal data shall not be transmitted if so doing will have an adverse effect on interests of the affected person which are worthy of protection especially if, on the side of the recipient, an adequate standard of data protection is not guaranteed. Personal data may be transmitted, even if the recipient cannot guarantee an adequate standard of data protection, if necessary for reasons of health protection.

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Section 69
Measures by the competent authorities

(1) The competent authorities shall issue the necessary directives to rectify any offences which have been identified and to prevent offences in the future. They may, in particular, prohibit the marketing of medicinal products or active substances and order their recall from the market and seize them if:

1.  the required marketing authorisation or registration of the medicinal product has not been submitted or if their suspension has been ordered,

2.  the medicinal product or the active substance has not been manufactured according to the recognised pharmaceutical rules or does not possess the appropriate quality in keeping with recognised pharmaceutical rules,

3.  the medicinal product is lacking in therapeutic efficacy,

4.  there is sufficient reason to suspect that the medicinal product has harmful effects which exceed the bounds considered justifiable according to the prevailing standard of scientific knowledge,

5.  the prescribed quality controls have not been carried out, or

6.  the authorisation required for the manufacture of the medicinal product or the active substances or the introduction into the purview of the present Act has not been granted or a reason for the withdrawal or the revocation of the permit pursuant to Section 18 sub-section 1 exists.

7.  the authorisation required to engage in wholesale trading under Section 52a has not been granted or a reason for the withdrawal or the revocation of the authorisation pursuant to Section 52a sub-section 5 exists.

In the case described in sentence 2 numbers 2 and 4, the competent higher federal authority may order a medicinal product to be recalled from the market if its actions are in connection with measures pursuant to Section 28, Section 30, Section 31 sub-section 4 sentence 2 or Section 32 sub-section 5 to prevent risks posed by medicinal products to human and animal health. The decision of the competent higher federal authority pursuant to sentence 3 is immediately enforceable. In so far as the medicinal products referred to in sentence 2 number 4 are medicinal products for animal use, it shall only apply to their use in keeping with the intended purpose.

(1a) In the case of medicinal products for which a marketing authorisation or an authorisation:

1.  pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, or

2.  within the framework of the recognition procedure pursuant to Chapter 4 of Directive 2001/83/EC or Chapter 4 of Directive 2001/82/EC, or

3.  on the basis of an expert opinion of the Committee provided for in Article 4 of Directive 87/22/EEC of 22nd December 1986 prior to 1st January 1995,

has been issued, the competent higher federal authority shall inform the Committee on Human Medicinal Products or the Committee on Veterinary Medicinal products about any observed violation of the medicinal product regulations, in accordance with the procedures envisaged by the above-mentioned legal acts, submitting at the same time detailed grounds and details of the proposed procedure. In the case of these medicinal products, the competent authorities may take the measures necessary to eliminate observed violations and to prevent future violations before informing the Committee, in so far as these are urgently needed to guarantee the protection of human or animal health or the protection of the environment. In the cases described in sentence 1 numbers 2 and 3, the competent authorities shall inform the European Commission and the other Member States, in the cases described in sentence 1 number 1, the Commission of the European Communities and the Medicines Agency, of the reasons for these measures by the following working day, at the latest, through the channel of the competent higher federal authority. In the case of sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 4, the competent higher federal authority can also order the suspension of the marketing authorisation or the recall of a medicinal product if such action is urgently needed to ensure the protection of the legal rights mentioned in sentence 2; in such a case sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) The competent authorities may prohibit the collection of medicinal products if suitable storage of the medicinal products is not guaranteed or if there is sufficient reason to suspect that the medicinal products collected will be used improperly. Collected medicinal products may be seized if, as a result of inappropriate storage or through their distribution, human and animal health will be endangered.

(2a) The competent authorities may furthermore seize medicinal products intended for administration to animals as well as substances and preparations from substances within the meaning of Section 59a if facts justify the assumption that provisions on the trade in medicinal products have not been observed.

(3) The competent authorities may seize advertising material which fails to comply with the regulations governing the trade in medicinal products and advertising in the field of health.

(4) In the case of sub-section 1 sentence 3, the competent higher federal authority may also issue a public warning.

(5) In the case of a medicinal product for human use, the dispensing of which was prohibited or that was removed from the market because:

1.  the prerequisites for the placing on the market did not exist or no longer exist,

2.  the medicinal product does not match the declared composition with regard to type and quantity, or

3.  the testing of the medicinal product or of the ingredients and intermediate products was not conducted or another requirement or prerequisite for the granting of the manufacturing authorisation was not fulfilled,

the competent authority can, in consultation with the competent higher federal authority, in exceptional cases, allow its supply to patients who are already being treated with the product during a transition period if this is medically justifiable and indicated for the affected person.

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Section 69a
The supervision of substances which can be used as medicinal products for animals

Sections 64 to 69 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the enterprises, facilities and persons specified in Section 59c as well as to the enterprises, facilities and persons who manufacture, store, import or place on the market substances listed in Table 2 of the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010 of 22nd December 2009, on pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin (OJ L 15 of 20.1.2010, p. 1), in the latest applicable version.

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Section 69b
Use of specific data

(1) The authorities responsible for the collection of data for the notification and registration of animal-keeping enterprises, pursuant to the Ordinance on the Movement of Livestock, shall transmit the data necessary for the fulfilment of its duties, on request, to the competent authority responsible for the supervision pursuant to Section 64 sub-section 1 sentence 1 second half sentence.

(2) The data may be kept for three years. The three-year deadline shall begin at the end of the year in which the data is transmitted. When the deadline has expired, the data shall be erased unless they may be kept for a longer period on the basis of other provisions.

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TWELFTH CHAPTER
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR THE FEDERAL ARMED FORCES, FEDERAL POLICE, PUBLIC ORDER POLICE AND CIVIL PROTECTION

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Section 70
Application and enforcement of the Act

(1) The provisions of the present Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the establishments which supply the Federal Armed Forces, the Federal Police and the Public Order Police of the Laender with medicinal products as well as to the stockpiling of medicinal products for civil protection purposes.

(2) In the sphere of the Federal Armed Forces, the execution of the present Act in respect of the supervision of the trade in medicinal products shall be incumbent upon the competent agencies and experts of the Federal Armed Forces. In the sphere of the Federal Police, it shall be incumbent upon the competent agencies and experts of the Federal Police. With regard to the stockpiling of medicinal products for civil protection, it shall be incumbent on the agencies designated by the Federal Ministry of the Interior; in so far as offices of the individual Laender are designated, the approval of the Bundesrat shall be required.

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Section 71
Exceptions

(1) The indication of the expiry date stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 1 number 9 is not necessary in the case of medicinal products which are supplied to the Federal Armed Forces, the Federal Police, as well as to the Federal Government and the Laender for the purpose of civil protection and disaster control. The competent Federal Ministries or, in cases where medicinal products are supplied to the Laender, the competent Land authorities shall ensure that quality, efficacy and safety are also guaranteed with respect to these medicinal products.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to permit, by means of ordinance, exceptions to the regulations contained in the present Act and the ordinances issued by virtue of the present Act for the sphere of the Federal Armed Forces, the Federal Police, the Public Order Police of the Laender and the Civil Protection and Disaster Control Service, in so far as this is justified in the execution of the specific duties in these areas and in so far as the protection of human or animal health continues to be guaranteed. The ordinance shall be issued by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in agreement with the Federal Ministry, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

(3) The ordinance shall be issued, in so far as it concerns the Federal Armed Forces, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Defence and, in so far as it concerns the Federal Police and Civil Protection, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior without, in either instance, the approval of the Bundesrat; in so far as the ordinance concerns the Public Order Police of the individual federal Laender or the Disaster Control Service, it shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry of the Interior and subject to the approval of the Bundesrat.

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THIRTEENTH CHAPTER
IMPORT AND EXPORT

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Section 72
Import authorisation

(1) A party wishing to bring:

1.  medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1,

2.  active substances which are of human, animal or microbial origin which are manufactured using genetic engineering, or

3.  other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products,

on a commercial or professional basis, into the purview of the present Act from countries which are not Member States of the European Communities or other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area shall require an authorisation by the competent authority. Section 13 sub-section 4 and Sections 14 to 20a shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(2) Sub-section 1 shall apply to persons or facilities wishing to import medicinal products of human origin for direct use in human beings, on a commercial or professional basis, with the proviso that the authorisation may only be refused if the applicant fails to show evidence that qualified personnel and suitable premises are available for the assessment of the quality and safety of the medicinal products and for the conversion of the medicinal product into its usable form, should this prove necessary, according to the latest standards prevailing in science and technology.

(3) Sub-sections 1 and 2 shall not apply to:

1.  tissues within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act, which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 72b,

2.  autologous blood for the manufacturer of biotechnologically processed tissue products which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 72b,

3.  tissue preparations within the meaning of Section 20c, which require an authorisation pursuant to Section 72b, and

4.  active substances intended for the manufacture of medicinal products according to a procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia.

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Section 72a*
Certificates

(1) The importer may only import medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-sections 1 and 2 numbers 1, 1a, 2 and 4 which are not intended for clinical trials on human beings, or active substances, if:

1.  the competent authority of the manufacturing country has confirmed by certificate that the medicinal products or active substances are being manufactured in compliance with the requirements of the recognized Good Practices in the Manufacture and Quality Control of Medicinal Products of the European Union or according to standards that are equivalent to these, that the manufacturing facilities are regularly monitored, appropriate measures including repeated and unannounced inspections are used for monitoring and, in the event of essential deviations from the recognised principles, that the competent authority is informed and that such certificates as refer to medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-sections 1 and 2 number 1, which are intended for administration to human beings, and active substances which are of human, animal or microbial origin, and are not intended for the manufacture of a medicinal product according to a procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia or are active substances manufactured using genetic engineering are mutually recognised,

2.  the competent authority has attested that the afore-mentioned requirements have been adhered to in manufacturing and assuring the quality of the medicinal products and the active substances used in their manufacture in so far as they are of human or animal origin or are manufactured using genetic engineering, or in the manufacture of the active substances, or

3.  the competent authority has attested that the import is in the interests of the general public.

The competent authority may only issue an attestation pursuant to:

1.  sentence 1 number 2, if no certificate pursuant to sentence 1 number 1 exists and it or a competent authority of a Member State of the European Union or of another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area has satisfied itself regularly in the country of manufacture that the above-mentioned requirements are being observed in manufacturing the medicinal products or the active substances,

2.  sentence 1 number 3, if no certificate pursuant to sentence 1 number 1 exists and an attestation pursuant to sentence 1 number 2 is not envisaged or not possible.

(1a) Sub-section 1 sentence 1 does not apply to:

1.  medicinal products intended for a clinical trial on human subjects, or for use in the context of a compassionate use programme,

2.  medicinal products of human origin for immediate use or preparations made from blood stem cells which are intended for targeted administration to a specific person,

3.  active substances which are of human, animal or microbial origin and are intended for the manufacture of a medicinal product according to a procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia,

4.  active substances which are or contain substances pursuant to Section 3 numbers 1 to 3, in so far as they are not subject to the requirements of Good Manufacturing Practice in keeping with the principles and guidelines of the European Commission,

5.  tissues within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act, which require a certificate or attestation pursuant to Section 72b,

6.  autologous blood for the manufacture of biotechnologically processed tissue products which require a certificate or attestation pursuant to Section 72b,

7.  tissue preparations within the meaning of Section 20c, which require a certificate or attestation pursuant to Section 72b, and

8.  active substances that are manufactured in and imported from a state that is not a member of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area and that is mentioned in the list published by the European Commission pursuant to Article 11 (1b) of Directive 2001/83/EC.

(1b) The provisions laid down in subsection 1 sentence 1 numbers 1 and 2 for active substances of human, animal or microbial origin or for active substances manufactured using genetic engineering shall apply mutatis mutandis to other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products.

(1c) Medicinal products and active substances of human, animal or microbial origin or active substances manufactured using genetic engineering as well as other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products with the exception of those medicinal products specified in sub-section 1a numbers 1 and 2, may not be imported on the basis of a certificate pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3.

(1d) Sub-section 1 sentence 1 shall be applicable to the import of active substances as well as other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products, in so far their supervision is regulated by an ordinance pursuant to Section 54.

(2) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to mandate, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, that substances and preparations from substances which can be used as medicinal products or in the manufacture of medicinal products may not be imported, in so far as this is necessary to prevent hazards to human health or for the purpose of taking precautions against risks.

(3) The Federal Ministry is hereby also empowered to specify, by means of ordinance with the approval of the Bundesrat, the additional requirements for the import of the medicinal products specified under sub-section 1a numbers 1 and 2 from countries which are not Member States of the European Union or other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, in so far as necessary to ensure that the medicinal products are of proper quality. In this context, the Ministry can lay down regulations, in particular, which govern the tests to be carried out by the competent person pursuant to Section 14 and the possibility of supervision by the competent authority of the manufacturing country.

Footnote: *Individual provisions contained in Section 72a shall enter into force pursuant to Article 15 (5) of the Second Act amending the Regulations on Medicinal Products and other Regulations of 19th October 2012 (FLG I, p. 2192) not before 2nd July 2013.

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Section 72b
Import authorisations and certificates for tissues and specific tissue preparations

(1) Any person who intends to import tissues within the meaning of Section 1a number 4 of the Transplantation Act or tissue preparations within the meaning of Section 20c, on a commercial or professional basis, for the purpose of distribution to others or for processing, shall require an authorisation to do so from the competent authority. Section 20c sub-section 1 sentence 3 and sub-sections 2 to 7 shall apply mutatis mutandis. Section 72 sub-section 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the import of tissue preparations for immediate use.

(2) The importer pursuant to sub-section 1 may only import tissues or tissue preparations into the territory governed by this Act if:

1.  the authorities of the country of origin have confirmed in a certificate that the removal, laboratory tests, processing, preservation, storage or testing were conducted according to standards which are at least equivalent to the Standards of Good Practice laid down by the European Union, and such certificates are mutually recognised, or

2.  the authority responsible for the importer certifies that the standards of Good Practice for the procurement, laboratory tests, processing, preservation, storage or testing of tissues are being observed after that authority or a competent authority of another Member State of the European Union, or a State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area has satisfied itself thereof, in the manufacturing country, or

3.  the authority responsible for the importer has certified that importing is in the public interest, if a certificate pursuant to number 1 is not available and an attestation pursuant to number 2 is not possible.

By way of derogation from sentence 1 number 2, the competent authority can dispense with an inspection of the removal facility in the country of origin, if the documents submitted by the importer give no reason for complaint or if his/her facilities or factory sites, as well as the quality assurance system of the party procuring the tissue in the country of origin, is already known to them.

(3) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to stipulate the additional requirements for the import of tissues or tissue preparations pursuant to sub-section 2, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, so as to guarantee that tissues and tissue preparations are of proper quality. It can lay down, in particular, regulations concerning the tests to be conducted by the responsible person pursuant to Section 20c and the conduct of surveillance in the country of origin by the competent authority.

(4) Sub-section 2 sentence 1 shall apply to the import of tissues and tissue preparations within the meaning of sub-section 1, in so far as its surveillance is regulated by an ordinance pursuant to Section 54, Section 12 of the Transfusion Act or pursuant to Section 16a of the Transplantation Act.

(5) Sub-sections 1 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to autologous blood for the manufacture of biotechnologically processed tissue products.

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Section 73
Prohibition of introduction

(1) Medicinal products which are subject to compulsory marketing authorisation, to authorisation pursuant to Section 21a or registration may only be introduced into the purview of the present Act, if they are authorised for marketing, authorised pursuant to Section 21a, or registered within the purview of the present Act or if they have been exempted from the obligation to obtain the marketing authorisation or registration and if:

1.  in the case of introduction from a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, the recipient is a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, a wholesaler or veterinarian or runs a pharmacy or, as a hospital operator pursuant to the Pharmacy Act, is supplied by a pharmacy from a Member State of the European Union or of another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,

1a.  in the case of shipment to the final consumer, the medicinal product is shipped, according to the German regulations governing sale at a distance or electronic commerce, by a pharmacy of a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, which is authorised to conduct sale at a distance under its national laws, in so far as they correspond to German pharmacy law as regards the provisions governing sale at a distance, or according to the German Act on Pharmaceutical Services, or

2.  in the case of introduction from a country which is not a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, the recipient is the holder of an authorisation pursuant to Section 72.

The medicinal products specified in Section 47a sub-section 1 sentence 1 shall only be introduced into the purview of the present Act if the recipient is one of the facilities mentioned there. The Federal Ministry shall publish at regular intervals an updated overview of the Member States of the European Union and the other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, in which safety standards exist with respect to sale at a distance and electronic commerce in medicinal products which are comparable with those laid down in German law.

(1a) Medicated feedingstuffs may only be introduced into the purview of the present Act if:

1.  they comply with the medicinal product-related provisions in force within the purview of the present Act, and

2.  the recipient belongs to the group of persons mentioned in sub-section 1, or is an animal keeper in the case of Section 56 sub-section 1 sentence 1.

(1b) It is prohibited to introduce counterfeit medicinal products or counterfeit active substances into the territorial scope of the present Act. The competent authority can, in justified cases, make exceptions for the purposes of testing or criminal prosecution.

(2) Sub-section 1 sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products which:

1.  are intended, in individual cases and in small amounts, for supplying particular animals with medicinal products at animal shows, tournaments or similar events,

2.  are intended for scientific and research establishments' own requirements and needed for scientific purposes with the exception of medicinal products intended for use in clinical trials on human beings,

2a.  are needed in small quantities by a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, an enterprise with an authorisation pursuant to Section 13 or a testing laboratory as samples for inspection or for analysis purposes,

2b.  are introduced from a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area by an enterprise authorised pursuant to Section 13, either for the purpose of treating or processing and the subsequent shipping onwards or shipping back or for the purpose of manufacturing a medicinal product authorised for placing on the market on the territory governed by this Act,

3.  are conveyed under customs supervision through the territory governed by this Act or are transferred to a bonded warehouse procedure or a free zone of control type II or to a free zone of control type I or to a bonded warehouse,

3a.  are authorised in a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area and even after transit storage with a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, manufacturer or wholesaler, are to be re-exported, shipped onwards or shipped back,

4.  are introduced for the head of state of a foreign country or for his/her escort and are intended for use during his/her stay within the purview of the present Act,

5.  are intended for the personal use or consumption of members of diplomatic missions or consular representations within the purview of the present Act or of officials of international organizations located there or of their family members, in so far as these persons are neither German nor have their permanent residence within the purview of the present Act,

6.  are introduced when entering into the purview of the present Act in an amount corresponding to the normal personal requirement, or corresponding to the normal requirement of the accompanying non-food producing animals,

6a.  may be placed on the market in the country of origin and are purchased, without a commercial or professional intermediary, in a quantity which corresponds to the amount needed for normal personal use in a Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,

7.  are carried on board any means of transport and are intended exclusively for the use of or consumption by persons conveyed by these means of transport,

8.  are intended for use or consumption on sea-going vessels and are consumed on board ships,

9.  are sent as samples to the competent higher federal authority for the purpose of obtaining a marketing authorisation or for official batch testing,

9a.  are needed by the competent higher federal authority as samples for analytical purposes within the framework of pharmacovigilance,

10.  are procured by federal or Land authorities in interstate commerce.

(3) By way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1, finished medicinal products which are intended for use in human beings and are not authorised for marketing, authorised pursuant to Section 21a or registered for trade within the purview of the present Act or which are not exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation or registration, may be introduced into the purview of the present Act if:

1.  they are ordered by pharmacies on the basis of an order received from individual persons in a small quantity and are dispensed by these pharmacies within the framework of the existing pharmacy operating licence,

2.  if they may be legally placed on the market in the State from which they are introduced into the territorial scope of the present Act, and

3.  no medicinal product for the therapeutic indication in question which is identical in terms of the active substance and comparable in terms of the strength is available in the territorial scope of the Act,

or if they are to be held in stock for emergencies pursuant to the provisions of the legislation on pharmacies or the requirements of occupational accident insurance, or within the sphere of responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Defence, or must be procured at short notice, if medicinal products for the therapeutic indication are not available. The ordering and dispensing of medicinal products from Member States of the European Union or other States party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area require a prescription from a doctor or dentist. Further details shall be settled by the Pharmacies Operation Regulations.

(3a) By way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1, finished medicinal products which are not registered or authorised for placing on the market within the scope of the present Act, or are exempted from the authorisation or registration for the purpose of use in animals, may be introduced into the territorial scope of the present Act if:

1.  they are ordered by pharmacies for veterinarians or animal keepers and are dispensed by these pharmacies within the framework of the existing pharmacy operating licence or are ordered by a veterinarian operating a veterinary in-house dispensary for the animals he/she treats,

2.  they are authorised for use in animals in a Member State of the European Union or in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, and

3.  within the scope of this Act, no other authorised medicinal product intended for administration to animals is available to achieve the treatment objective.

The ordering and dispensing by pharmacies may only be done on the basis of a veterinary prescription. Sub-section 3 sentence 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis. Veterinarians who order medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1, obtain them from pharmacies or prescribe them shall notify the competent authority immediately thereof. The notification must state the species and therapeutic indication for which the medicinal product is intended, the State from which the medicinal product is brought into the purview of the present Act, the name and quantity of the medicinal product ordered as well as its active substances by type and quantity.

(4) The provisions of the present Act shall not be applicable to medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 2 numbers 4 and 5. The provisions of the present Act shall not be applicable to medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 2 numbers 1 to 3 and 6 to 10 and sub-section 3, with the exception of Sections 5, 6a, 8, 13 to 20a, 52a, 64 to 69a and 78, and furthermore in the cases referred to in sub-section 2 number 2 and sub-section 3 and also with the exception of Sections 48, 95 sub-section 1 numbers 1 and 3a, sub-sections 2 to 4, Section 96 numbers 3, 10 and 11 and Section 97 sub-sections 1, 2 numbers 1 and 9 and sub-section 3. The provisions of the present Act shall not apply to medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 3a, with the exception of Sections 5, 6a, 8, 48, 52a, 56a, 57, 58 sub-section 1 sentence 1, Sections 59, 64 to 69a, 78, 95 sub-section 1 numbers 1, 2a, 2b, 3a, 6, 8, 9 and 10, sub-sections 2 to 4, Section 96 numbers 3, 13, 14 and 15 to 17, Section 97 sub-sections 1 and 2 numbers 1 and 21 to 24 and 31 and sub-section 3, as well as the provisions contained in the Ordinance on Veterinary In-House Dispensaries issued on the basis of Section 12 sub-section 1 numbers 1 and 2 and sub-section 2, Section 48 sub-section 2 number 4 and sub-section 4, Section 54 sub-sections 1, 2 and 3, as well as Section 56a sub-section 3 and in the ordinance on the obligation to produce supporting documents for medicinal products intended for use on animals issued on the basis of Sections 12, 54 and 57.

(5) When exercising their profession in the context of local border traffic within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No. 1931/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20th December 2006 laying down rules on local border traffic at the external land borders of the Member States and amending the provisions of the Schengen Convention (OJ L 405 of 30.12.2006, p. 1), physicians and veterinarians may only carry medicinal products with them which have been authorised for marketing or registered within the purview of the present Act or which are exempted from the obligation to obtain a marketing authorisation or registration. By way of derogation from sub-section 1 sentence 1, doctors who provide health care services within the meaning of Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9th March 2011 on the application of patients' rights in cross-border health care (OJ L 88 of 04.04.2011, p. 45) may carry with them small amounts of medicinal products authorised in the place where they are established, in the original packaging, in the quantity that is necessary for providing their cross-border health care services, if and in so far as medicinal products with the same composition and intended for the same therapeutic indications are also authorised for marketing within the purview of the present Act; the doctor may only administer these medicinal products himself/herself. Furthermore, by way of derogation from sub-section 1, sentence 1 veterinarians who render services as nationals of a Member State of the European Union or of another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area within the meaning of Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12th December 2006 on services in the internal market (OJ L 376 of 27.12.2006, p. 36), may carry with them small amounts of medicinal products which are authorised for marketing in the place where they are established, in a quantity which is necessary for the performance of the services, and in the original packaging, if and in so far as medicinal products with the same composition and intended for the same therapeutic indications are also authorised for marketing within the purview of the present Act; the veterinarian may only administer these medicinal products himself and shall inform the animal keeper of the withdrawal period specified for the corresponding medicinal product authorised for marketing within the purview of the present Act.

(6) In the case of sub-section 1 number 2, as well as sub-section 1a number 2, in conjunction with sub-section 1 number 2, the presentation of a certificate issued by the authorities competent in the recipient's case, containing information on the type and quantity of the medicinal product and confirming that the requirements specified in sub-section 1 or sub-section 1a have been met, shall be necessary for customs clearance for free circulation. The customs office shall forward the certificate to the authorities which issued it, at the expense of the party paying the customs duties.

(7) In the case of sub-section 1 number 1, a recipient who is a wholesaler or who runs a pharmacy shall prove the existence of the provision for coverage pursuant to Section 94.

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Section 73a
Export

(1) By way of derogation from Sections 5 and 8 sub-section 1, the medicinal products referred to there may be exported or removed from the purview of the present Act if the competent authority of the country of destination has authorised the import or introduction of such medicinal products. The authorisation pursuant to sentence 1 must state that the competent authority of the country of destination is cognisant of the grounds for refusal which prevent the marketing of said medicinal products within the purview of the present Act.

(2) The competent authority or the competent higher federal authority, in so far as authorisation-related information is concerned and the authorisation holder has his/her place of business outside of the purview of the present Act, shall issue a certificate corresponding to the World Health Organization's Certification Scheme at the request of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, the manufacturer, the exporter or the competent authority of the country of destination. If the request is submitted by the competent authority of the country of destination, the consent of the manufacturer is to be obtained prior to issuing the certificate.

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Section 74
Participation of customs offices

(1) The Federal Ministry of Finance and the customs offices specified by it shall participate in the supervision of the introduction of medicinal products and active substances into the purview of the present Act and of the export of the same. The authorities named may:

1.  retain for inspection consignments of the type named in sentence 1, as well as their means of conveyance, containers, loading and packing material,

2.  inform the competent administrative authorities of suspected violations of prohibitions and restrictions of the present Act or of the ordinances issued pursuant to the present Act, if this suspicion becomes evident during the execution of their duties,

3.  issue instructions to the effect that, in instances defined in number 2, consignments of the type named in sentence 1 shall be presented to a competent medicinal product supervision authority at the cost and at the risk of the person holding the right of disposal of the consignment.

The inviolability of the secrecy of mail pursuant to Article 10 of the Basic Law shall be restricted in compliance with sentences 1 and 2.

(2) The Federal Ministry for Finance shall settle the details of the procedure indicated in sub-section 1, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat. In particular, it may thereby envisage obligations to notify, register, submit information and provide assistance, as well as to tolerate the inspection of business papers and other documents and of premises and the taking of samples free of charge. The ordinance shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, as far as radiopharmaceuticals and active substances or medicinal products and active substances in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used are concerned and in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection where medicinal products intended for administration to animals are involved.

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FOURTEENTH CHAPTER
INFORMATION OFFICER, PHARMACEUTICAL CONSULTANT

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Section 74a
Information Officer

(1) Any person who, as a pharmaceutical entrepreneur, places medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 on the market, shall commission a person with the necessary expert knowledge and the reliability required to perform his/her activities, to responsibly fulfil the tasks of providing scientific information on the medicinal products (information officer). The information officer shall, in particular, be responsible for ensuring compliance with the prohibition contained in Section 8 sub-section 1 number 2 and ensuring that the labelling, the package leaflets, the expert information and advertisements correspond with the content of the marketing authorisation or registration or, in so far as the medicinal product is exempted from the need for a marketing authorisation or registration, with the content of the ordinances governing the exemption from marketing authorisations or registrations pursuant to Section 36 or Section 39 sub-section 3. Sentence 1 shall not apply to persons who, pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 2 sentence 1 numbers 1, 2, 3 or 5, do not require a manufacturing authorisation. Persons other than those specified in sentence 1 shall not be allowed to exercise the functions of an information officer.

(2) The information officer can be the Graduated Plan Officer at the same time.

(3) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall inform the competent authority about the identity of the information officer and shall give notice of any change beforehand. In the case of an unforeseen change in the person of the information officer, notice shall be given immediately.

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Section 75
Expert knowledge

(1) Pharmaceutical entrepreneurs may only appoint persons in possession of expert knowledge, as defined in sub-section 2, to visit members of the medical professions on a full-time basis, in order to give technical information on medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 (pharmaceutical consultant). Sentence 1 shall also apply to information given by telephone. The activities of a pharmaceutical consultant may not be carried out by persons other than those indicated in sentence 1.

(2) The following persons shall be deemed to possess the necessary expert knowledge:

1.  pharmacists or persons holding a certificate testifying to a successfully completed course of university studies in pharmacy, chemistry, biology, human or veterinary medicine,

2.  assistants of pharmacists, as well as persons who have completed training as technical assistants in the fields of pharmacy, chemistry, biology, human or veterinary medicine,

3.  pharmaceutical sales representatives.

(3) The competent authority is hereby empowered to recognize a passed examination or a successfully completed course of training as being sufficient if it is at least equivalent to the level of training of any of the persons specified in sub-section 2.

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Section 76
Duties

(1) The pharmaceutical consultant shall have to make the expert information pursuant to section 11a available, in so far as he/she provides expert information on individual medicinal products to members of the medical professions. He/she shall record in writing any information given to him/her by members of the medical professions on adverse reactions and contraindications or other risks associated with the medicinal products and notify his/her contract-giver thereof in writing.

(2) In so far as the pharmaceutical consultant is commissioned by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur to distribute samples of finished medicinal products to those persons entitled to receive them pursuant to Section 47 sub-section 3, he/she shall keep a record of the recipients of the samples, as well as the type and quantity thereof and the time and date of their distribution and must present these records, on request, to the competent authorities.

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FIFTEENTH CHAPTER
DESIGNATION OF THE COMPETENT HIGHER FEDERAL AUTHORITIES AND OTHER PROVISIONS

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Section 77
Competent higher federal authority

(1) The competent higher federal authority shall be the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices unless either the Paul Ehrlich Institute (the Federal Agency for Sera and Vaccines) or the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety is competent.

(2) The Paul Ehrlich Institute shall be competent for sera, vaccines, blood preparations, bone marrow preparations, tissue preparations, tissues, allergens, advanced therapy medicinal products, xenogenic medicinal productsand blood components manufactured using genetic engineering.

(3) The Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety shall be responsible for medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals. For the purpose of monitoring the efficacy of antibiotics, the Federal Agency for Consumer Protection and Food Safety conducts repeated observations, tests and evaluations of the resistance developed by disease pathogens of animal origin to substances with an anti-microbial effect which are present as active substances in veterinary medicines (resistance monitoring). Resistance monitoring also includes the drawing up of reports.

(4) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered, by means of ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, to modify the competences of the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices and the Paul Ehrlich Institute, in so far as this is necessary to take account of new scientific developments or if such a change is required for reasons of a more uniform distribution of the workload.

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Section 77a
Independence and transparency

(1) As regards the guarantee of independence and transparency, the competent higher federal authorities and the competent authorities shall ensure that staff employed by the authorising authorities or other competent authorities, who are involved with marketing authorisations and supervision, or experts appointed by them, have no financial or other interests in the pharmaceutical industry that could influence their neutrality. These persons shall make an annual declaration in this regard.

(2) Within the framework of performing the tasks referred to in this Act, the competent higher federal authorities and the competent authorities shall make the procedural rules of their committees, the agendas and minutes of their meetings accessible to the public; manufacturing and business secrets shall be protected in the process.

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Section 78
Prices

(1) The Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology is hereby empowered to fix, in agreement with the Federal Ministry and, as far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, by ordinance subject to the approval of the Bundesrat:

1.  price margins for medicinal products which are distributed in wholesale commerce or in pharmacies or which are re-sold by veterinarians,

2.  prices for medicinal products which are manufactured and distributed in pharmacies or by veterinarians, as well as for the containers in which they are supplied,

3.  prices for particular services rendered by pharmacies in connection with the dispensing of medicinal products.

By way of derogation from sentence 1, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology is hereby empowered to adjust the fixed mark-up according to how pharmacy costs develop given cost-effective management, in agreement with the Federal Ministry, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat. The price regulations for wholesale commerce based on sentence 1 number 1, shall also apply to pharmaceutical entrepreneurs or other natural or legal persons who pursue an activity pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 22 in supplying pharmacies that purchase the medicinal products for the purpose of supplying consumers. The Medicinal Product Pricing Ordinance, issued on the basis of sentence 1 also applies to medicinal products that are introduced into the purview of the present Act pursuant to Section 73 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 1a.

(2) The prices and price margins shall take into account the legitimate interests of the medicinal product consumers, the veterinarians, the pharmacies and the wholesale trade. A uniform pharmacy retail price shall be guaranteed for medicinal products which are to be dispensed exclusively in pharmacies. Sentence 2 shall not apply to prescription-only medicinal products which are not subject to reimbursement by the statutory health insurance.

(3) In the case of medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 2 sentence 2 for which prices and price ranges have been specified by an ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1, the pharmaceutical entrepreneurs shall guarantee a uniform sales price; in the case of non-prescription medicinal products which are to be reimbursed by the statutory health insurance, the pharmaceutical entrepreneurs shall specify their uniform sales price from which exceptions may be made in individual cases, for the purpose of the settlement of accounts between the pharmacy and the statutory health insurance. Social insurance carriers, private health insurances, as well as their individual associations, can come to an agreement with the pharmaceutical entrepreneur on discounts off the uniform sales price for the prescription of medicinal products which they have to reimburse.

(3a) The amounts to be refunded by the health insurance pursuant to Section 130b of the Fifth Book of the Social Code constitute a discount on the pharmaceutical entrepreneur's sales price even for persons who do not receive the medicinal product as members of a statutory health insurance in the form of a benefit in kind. The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall grant the discount upon supplying the medicinal product.

(4) In the case of medicinal products which, in the case of a threatening infectious disease, the spread of which requires an immediate supply of specific medicinal products which goes beyond the normal amount, are dispensed by pharmacies and which have been stored for this purpose, the prices and price ranges to be specified pursuant to sub-section 2 shall be based on the sales price for the specific Land. The same shall apply to medicinal products manufactured in pharmacies from active substances stored for this purpose and dispensed in such cases. In these cases, sub-section 2 sentence 2 shall apply at Land level.

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Section 79
Authority to permit exceptions in times of crisis

(1) The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to permit exceptions to the regulations laid down by the present Act and by the ordinances issued by virtue of the present Act, in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, if the necessary supply of medicinal products to the population would otherwise be seriously jeopardized and if a direct or indirect hazard by medicinal products to human health is not to be feared; in particular, regulations can be adopted to counter the spread of risks that might occur in reaction to the presumed or confirmed spread of pathogenic substances, toxins, chemicals or exposure to ionising radiation.

(2) The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection is hereby empowered to permit exceptions to the provisions contained in the present Act and the ordinances issued on the basis of the present Act, in agreement with the Federal Ministry and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, if the necessary supply of medicinal products to livestock would otherwise be seriously jeopardised and if a direct or indirect hazard by medicinal products to human or animal health is not to be feared.

(3) The ordinances pursuant to sub-section 1 or 2 shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, in so far as radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionising radiation is used or regulations to protect against the risks of ionising radiation are concerned.

(4) The term of validity of the ordinance pursuant to sub-section 1 or 2 shall be limited to six months.

(5) In the event of a shortage of medicinal products necessary for the prevention or treatment of life-threatening diseases in the population, the competent authorities may permit, on a case-by-case basis, the temporary placing on the market as well as, by way of derogation from Section 73 sub-section 1, the import and introduction of medicinal products which are not authorised for placing on the market or registered for trade within the purview of this Act if they may be placed on the market in the State from which they are being introduced into the purview of the present Act. The granting of permission by the competent authority also counts as an attestation pursuant to Section 72a sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 or pursuant to Section 72b sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 3, that the import is in the public interest. The existence of a shortage within the meaning of this sub-section, as well as its cessation will be declared by the Federal Ministry by way of publication either in the Federal Gazette or in the electronic Federal Gazette. The publication shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, in so far as radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionising radiation is used are concerned.

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Section 80
Authority to issue procedural and compassionate use regulations

The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to regulate, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, further details regarding the procedure in respect of:

1.  the marketing authorisation including the prolongation of the manufacturing authorisation,

2.  the official batch testing and batch release,

3.  the notifications in respect of changes in the marketing authorisation documents,

3a.  the competent higher federal authority and the persons involved in the placing on the market in cases of compassionate use pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 6 in conjunction with Article 83 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004,

4.  the registration,

5.  the reporting of medicinal product risks, and

6.  the electronic submission of documents pursuant to numbers 1, 3, 4 and 5 including the formats to be used,

in the process, it may require the forwarding of duplicates to the competent authorities and stipulate that the documents are to be submitted in multiple copies as well as on electronic or optical storage media. The Federal Ministry can transfer this authority to the competent higher federal authority without the approval of the Bundesrat. In the ordinance pursuant to sentence 1 number 3a, in particular, the tasks of the competent higher federal authority with regard to the participation of the European Medicines Agency and the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, pursuant to Article 83 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, and the areas of responsibility of the treating doctors and pharmaceutical entrepreneurs or sponsors can be regulated, including notification, documentation and reporting requirements for adverse reactions in particular, pursuant to Article 24(1) and Article 25 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004. In this regard, regulations can also be laid down for medicinal products which, under the conditions laid down in Article 83 of Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004, relate to medicinal products which are not among those referred to in Article 3 (1 or 2) of this Regulation. The ordinance pursuant to sentences 1 and 2 shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals is concerned.

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Section 81
Relation to other laws

The regulations contained in the legislation on narcotic drugs and on nuclear energy and those contained in the Law on the Protection of Animals shall not be affected.

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Section 82
General administrative regulations

The Federal Government shall issue, with the approval of the Bundesrat, the general administrative regulations required for the implementation of the present Act. In so far as these apply to the competent higher federal authority, the general administrative regulations shall be issued by the Federal Ministry. The general administrative regulations pursuant to sentence 2 shall be issued in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection, in so far as medicinal products intended for administration to animals are concerned.

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Section 83
Approximation to European Union legislation

Ordinances or general administrative regulations issued in compliance with the present Act may also be issued for the purpose of approximation to the legal and administrative regulations of the Member States of the European Union, in so far as this is necessary for the implementation of regulations, directives, decisions or resolutions adopted by European Community or the European Union, which affect fields covered by the present Act.

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Section 83a
Ordinances for specific cases

The Federal Ministry is hereby empowered to amend, by ordinance not subject to the approval of the Bundesrat, references to regulations contained in legal instruments of the European Community or the European Union in this Act, or in ordinances issued on the basis of the present Act, in so far as necessary to adapt to changes in these regulations. In the case of regulations governing medicinal products or substances which are intended for administration to animals, the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall supersede the Federal Ministry and shall issue the ordinance in agreement with the Federal Ministry.

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SIXTEENTH CHAPTER
LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

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Section 84
Absolute liability

(1) If, as a result of the administration of a medicinal product intended for human use, which was distributed to the consumer within the purview of the present Act and which is subject to compulsory marketing authorisation or is exempted by ordinance from the need for a marketing authorisation, a person is killed, or the body or the health of a person is substantially damaged, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur who placed the medicinal product on the market within the purview of the present Act shall be obliged to compensate the injured party for the damage caused. The liability to compensate shall only exist if:

1.  when used in accordance with its intended purpose, the medicinal product has harmful effects which exceed the limits considered tolerable in the light of current medical knowledge, or

2.  the damage has occurred as a result of labelling, expert information or instructions for use which do not comply with current medical knowledge.

(2) If the medicinal product administered is capable of causing the damage, in the circumstances pertaining to the individual case, the damage will be presumed to have been caused by the medicinal product in question. The capability in the individual case will be determined according to the composition and the dosage of the administered medicinal product, the manner and duration of its administration when used as intended, the temporal relationship to the occurrence of the damage, the damage symptoms and the person's state of health at the time of the administration as well as all other circumstances which, in the individual case, speak for or against the causation of damage. The presumption shall not apply if, in the light of the circumstances pertaining to the individual case, another fact is capable of causing the damage. However, the administration of additional medicinal products which, in the circumstances pertaining to the individual case, are capable of causing the damage shall not be considered as another fact unless, owing to the administration of these medicinal products, claims for reasons other than the lack of causality for the damage, do not exist under this provision.

(3) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall be exempted from liability to pay damages pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 1, if the facts indicate that the damaging effect of the medicinal product is not attributable to its development and manufacturing process.

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Section 84a
Right to disclosure

(1) Where facts exist to justify the assumption that a medicinal product has caused the damage, the injured party can request information from the pharmaceutical entrepreneur unless such information is not necessary to verify a right to compensation pursuant to Section 84. The right refers to effects, adverse reactions and interactions known to the pharmaceutical entrepreneur as well as suspected adverse reactions and interactions brought to his/her attention and all further knowledge which could be of significance in assessing the justifiability of harmful effects. Sections 259 to 261 of the Civil Code shall be applied mutatis mutandis. A right to disclosure shall not exist where statutory provisions require that the data remain secret or when non-disclosure is justified by an overriding interest of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur or a third party.

(2) A right to disclosure also exists, under the conditions laid down in sub-section 1 vis-à-vis the authorities responsible for the authorisation and supervision of medicinal products. The authority is not obliged to disclose the information where provisions require that the data remain secret or when non-disclosure is justified by an overriding interest of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur or a third party. This shall be without prejudice to claims under the Freedom of Information Act.

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Section 85
Contributory negligence

If negligence on the part of the injured party has helped to cause the injury, Section 254 of the Civil Code shall apply.

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Section 86
Extent of liability for damages in the case of death

(1) In the case of death, compensation shall be made by reimbursing the costs of an attempted cure as well as the costs incurred by the pecuniary prejudice sustained by the deceased party as a result of the suspension or reduction of his/her earning capacity or the resultant increase in his/her needs for the duration of the disease. The party liable for damages shall furthermore reimburse the funeral costs to the party who is responsible for defraying these expenses.

(2) If at the time of injury, the deceased party maintained a relationship with a third party by virtue of which he/she was or was liable to come under the legal obligation to support this third party and if the third party was deprived of the right to maintenance as a result of the death, the party liable for damages shall indemnify the third party, guaranteeing maintenance to the extent to which the deceased party would have been liable for the length of lifespan he/she would probably have had. Liability for damages shall also be enforced if, at the time of injury, the third party had been conceived but not yet born.

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Section 87
Extent of liability for damages in the case of bodily injury

In the case of injury to a person's body or damage to his/her health, compensation shall be given by reimbursing the costs of the treatment as well as the costs incurred by the pecuniary prejudice sustained by the injured party as a result of the temporary or permanent suspension or reduction of his/her earning capacity or the resultant increase in his/her needs. In this case, reasonable financial compensation can also be claimed when the damage is not of a pecuniary nature.

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Section 88
Maximum amounts

The party liable for damages shall be liable:

1.  in the case of the death of or injury to a person, only up to a capital amount of 600,000 euros or an annuity of up to 36,000 euros per year,

2.  in the case of the death of or injury to several persons by the same medicinal product, notwithstanding the limits stipulated in number 1, up to a capital amount of 120 million euros or an annuity of up to 7.2 million euros per year.

Should, in the case of sentence 1 number 2, the combined indemnification to be paid to several injured parties exceed the maximum amounts specified therein, then the individual compensation shall be reduced pro-rata to the maximum total given.

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Section 89
Compensation in the form of annuities

(1) Compensation on account of the suspension or reduction of earning capacity and on account of increased need on the part of the injured party, as well as the compensation to be afforded a third party pursuant to Section 86 sub-section 2, shall be paid in the future by means of an annuity.

(2) The provisions of Section 843 sub-sections 2 to 4 of the Civil Code and of Section 708 number 8 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(3) If a security bond was not awarded when the party liable was sentenced to pay the annuity, the entitled party may, nevertheless, demand a security bond if the pecuniary circumstances of the liable party have deteriorated considerably; under the same circumstances, he/she may demand an increase in the security bond specified in the verdict.

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Section 90
(deleted)

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Section 91
Extended liability

This shall be without prejudice to legal provisions according to which the party liable for damages under section 84 shall be liable to a greater extent than stipulated by the provisions in this chapter, or according to which another party is responsible for the damage incurred.

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Section 92
Mandatory provision

The liability for damages pursuant to this chapter may neither be excluded nor restricted beforehand. All agreements to the contrary shall be void.

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Section 93
Several parties liable for damages

If several parties are liable for damages, they shall be jointly and severally liable. With regard to the relationship of the liable parties to each other, the obligation to pay compensation as well as the extent of the compensation to be paid shall depend on the extent to which the damage has been predominantly caused by one or the other party.

Section 94
Coverage provision

(1) The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall ensure that he/she is able to meet his/her legal commitments in respect of compensation for the damage incurred as a result of the administration of a medicinal product intended for human use, placed by him/her on the market, and subject to a compulsory marketing authorisation or exempted by ordinance from a marketing authorisation (provision for coverage). The provision for coverage must be made available in the amounts specified in Section 88 sentence 1. It can only be made available by means of:

1.  a third party insurance taken out with an independent insurance company authorised to conduct business within the purview of the present Act, for which, in the event of a reinsurance, a reinsurance contract exists only with a reinsurance company that is established within the purview of the present Act, in another Member State of the European Union, in another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area or in another state recognised by the European Commission as equivalent according to Article 172 of Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II) (OJ L 335 of 17.12.2009, p. 1), or

2.  an exemption or warranty obligation issued by a domestic credit institution, or a credit institution of one of the other Member States of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

(2) If the provision for coverage is afforded by a third party insurance, Section 113 sub-section 3 and Sections 114 to 124 of the Law on Insurance Contracts shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(3) Provision for coverage may only be made available using exemption or warranty obligations issued by a credit institution if it is guaranteed that the credit institution will be in a position to meet its commitments within the framework of the provision for coverage for such time as it can be expected to be called upon to do so. Section 113 sub-section 3 and Sections 114 to 124 of the Law on Insurance Contracts shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to exemption or warranty obligations.

(4) The competent office within the meaning of Section 117 sub-section 2 of the Law on Insurance Contracts shall be the authority competent for carrying out supervision pursuant to section 64.

(5) The Federal Republic of Germany and the federal Laender are not obliged to provide coverage in compliance with sub-section 1.

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Section 94a
Local jurisdiction

(1) In the case of legal actions initiated on the basis of section 84, the court in whose district the plaintiff has his/her domicile or, failing this, has his/her usual place of abode at the time of filing the action shall have jurisdiction.

(2) No account shall be taken of sub-section 1 when determining the international jurisdiction of the courts of a foreign nation pursuant to Section 328 sub-section 1 number 1 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

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SEVENTEENTH CHAPTER
PENAL PROVISIONS AND PROVISIONS ON ADMINISTRATIVE FINES

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Section 95
Penal provisions

(1) Any person who:

1.  in breach of Section 5 sub-section 1, places a medicinal product on the market or uses a medicinal product on another,

2.  contravenes an ordinance issued in compliance with Section 6, which forbids the marketing of medicinal products, in so far as it refers to the present penal provision for specific cases,

2a.  in breach of Section 6a sub-section 1, places on the market or prescribes medicinal products for doping purposes in the field of sport, or administers such medicinal products to others,

2b.  in breach of Section 6a sub-section 2a sentence 1 is in possession of a medicinal product or an active substance,

3.  places radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products in the manufacture of which ionizing radiation is used on the market, in breach of Section 7 sub-section 1,

3a.  in breach of Section 8 sub-section 1 number 1 or sub-section 2, also in conjunction with Section 73 sub-section 4 or Section 73a, manufactures or places medicinal products or active substances on the market or otherwise trades in them,

4.  in breach of Section 43 sub-section 1 sentence 2, sub-section 2 or 3 sentence 1, trades in or dispenses medicinal products which may be dispensed to the consumer on prescription only,

5.  dispenses medicinal products which may be dispensed to the consumer on prescription only, in breach of Section 47 sub-section 1, to persons or bodies other than those specified therein, or dispenses them in breach of Section 47 sub-section 1a or obtains them in breach of Section 47 sub-section 2 sentence 1,

5a.  in breach of Section 47a sub-section 1, dispenses one of the medicinal products specified therein to any facility other than those specified therein or places such a medicinal product on the market,

6.  in breach ofSection 48 sub-section 1 sentence 1 in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2 number 1 or 2, dispenses medicinal products intended for use in food-producing animals,

7.  in breach of Section 56 sub-section 1, dispenses medicated feedingstuffs to animal keepers without the required prescription,

8.  in breach of Section 56a sub-section 1 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 3, or sentence 2, prescribes, dispenses or administers medicinal products that are intended for use on food-producing animals and may be dispensed to consumers on prescription only, or

9.  in breach of Section 57 sub-section 1, acquires medicinal products which may be dispensed to consumers on prescription only,

10.  in breach of Section 58 sub-section 1 sentence 1, administers medicinal products which may only be dispensed to consumers on prescription, to food-producing animals, or

11.  in breach of Section 59d sentence 1 number 1 administers a prohibited substance to one of the animals specified therein,

shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to a fine.

(2) The attempt to commit such acts shall be punishable.

(3) In particularly serious instances, the penalty shall be imprisonment from one to ten years. As a rule, a particularly serious instance shall be said to exist if the perpetrator:

1.  by means of one of the actions indicated in sub-section 1:

a)  endangers the health of a large number of persons,

b)  exposes another person to the risk of death or the risk of serious injury to that person's body or health,

c)  acquires a considerable pecuniary gain for himself/herself or another person out of gross self-interest, or

2.  in the cases referred to in sub-section 1 number 2a,

a)  dispenses medicinal products for doping purposes in the field of sport to persons under the age of 18 years or administers such medicinal products to these persons, or

b)  acts commercially or as a member of a gang which has come together for the recurrent commission of such acts, or

3.  in the cases mentioned in sub-section 1 number 3a, manufactures or places counterfeit medicinal products or active substances on the market acting, in the process, commercially or as a member of a gang which has come together for the recurrent commission of such acts.

(4) If the perpetrator has acted negligently in the instances cited in sub-section 1, the penalty shall be imprisonment for a period of not more than one year or a fine.

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Section 96
Penal provisions

Any person who:

1.  in breach of Section 4b sub-section 3 sentence 1, dispenses a medicinal product,

2.  contravenes an ordinance pursuant to Section 6, which prescribes, restricts or prohibits the use of certain substances, preparations made from substances or materials in the manufacture of medicinal products, in so far as it refers to the present penal provision for specific cases,

3.  manufactures or places medicinal products or active substances on the market in breach of Section 8 sub-section 1 number 2, also in conjunction with Section 73a,

4.  without either the authorisation required by Section 13 sub-section 1 or Section 72 sub-section 1 sentence 1, manufactures or imports a medicinal product, an active substance or other substance specified therein,

4a.  without an authorisation pursuant to Section 20b sub-section 1 sentence 1 or sub-section 2 sentence 7, procures tissues or carries out laboratory testing or, without an authorisation pursuant to Section 20c sub-section 1 sentence 1, processes, preserves, tests, stores or places tissues or tissue preparations on the market,

5.  in breach of Section 21 sub-section 1, places finished medicinal products or medicinal products intended for administration to animals or medicinal products specified in an ordinance pursuant to Section 35 sub-section 1 number 2 or Section 60 sub-section 3 without a marketing authorisation or without an authorisation from the European Community or the European Union on the market,

5a.  places tissue preparations on the market without an authorisation pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 1 sentence 1,

5b.  introduces tissue preparations for the first time without a certificate pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 9 sentence 1,

6.  fails to submit completely or correctly the information required pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 3, 5 to 9, 11, 12, 14 or 15, sub-section 3b or 3c sentence 1 or Section 23 sub-section 2 sentence 2 or 3 or fails to submit a document required according to Section 22 sub-section 2 or 3, Section 23 sub-section 1, sub-section 2 sentence 2 or 3, sub-section 3, also in conjunction with Section 38 sub-section 2, or a document required according to an enforceable order pursuant to Section 28 sub-sections 3, 3a, 3b or sub-section 3c sentence 1 number 2 completely or with the correct contents,

7.  places a medicinal product on the market in breach of Section 30 sub-section 4 sentence 1 number 1, also in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 35 sub-section 1 number 2,

8.  places a batch which has not been released for marketing on the market, in breach of Section 32 sub-section 1 sentence 1, also in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 35 sub-section 1 number 3,

9.  places finished medicinal products as homeopathic or as traditional herbal medicinal products without registration on the market, in breach of Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 1 or Section 39a sentence 1,

10.  conducts the clinical trial of a medicinal product in breach of Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 numbers 2 and 2a letter a, number 3, 4, 5, 6 or 8, in each case also in conjunction with sub-section 4 or Section 41,

11.  begins the clinical trial of a medicinal product in breach of Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 2,

12.  in breach of Section 47a sub-section 1 sentence 1, dispenses without a prescription one of the medicinal products specified therein if the act is not punishable pursuant to Section 95 sub-section 1 number 5a,

13.  in breach of Section 48 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 1, in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 2 number 1, 2 or number 7 dispenses medicinal products if such action is not subject to penalty under Section 95 sub-section 1 number 6,

14.  engages in wholesale trade without an authorisation pursuant to Section 52a sub-section 1 sentence 1,

14a.  engages in the activity of a medicinal product broker, in breach of Section 52c sub-section 2 sentence 1,

15.  prescribes or dispenses a medicinal product in breach of Section 56a sub-section 4,

16.  in breach of Section 57 sub-section 1a sentence 1, in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 56a sub-section 3 sentence 1 number 2, is in possession of a medicinal product specified therein,

17.  produces foodstuffs in breach of Section 59 sub-section 2 sentence 1,

18.  acquires, offers, stores, packages, carries on his/her person or places substances or preparations from substances on the market, in breach of Section 59a sub-section 1 or 2,

18a.  in breach of Section 59d sentence 1 number 2 administers a substance to one of the animals specified therein,

18b.  in breach of Section 72a sub-section 1 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sub-section 1b or sub-section 1d, or in breach of Section 72a sub-section 1c, imports a medicinal product, an active substance or another substance listed in the sub-sections cited,

18c.  in breach of Section 72b sub-section 1 sentence 1, imports tissues or tissue preparations without an authorisation,

18d.  in breach of Section 72b sub-section 2 sentence 1, imports tissues or tissue preparations,

18e.  in breach of Section 73 sub-section 1b sentence 1, introduces a counterfeit medicinal product or a counterfeit active substance into the purview of the present Act,

19.  places a medicinal product intended for administration to human beings on the market even though the third party insurance or the exemption or warranty obligation required in compliance with Section 94 does not or no longer exists or

20.  infringes Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 laying down Community procedures for the authorisation and supervision of medicinal products for human and veterinary use and establishing a European Medicines Agency (OJ L 136 of 30.04.2004, p. 1), last amended by Regulation (EU) No. 1235/2010 (OJ L 348 of 31.12.2010, p. 1) by:

a)  failing to attach information or a document correctly or completely, in breach of sentence 1 of Article 6 (1) of the Regulation in conjunction with the first indent of Article 8 (3) sub-paragraph 1 letters c to e, h to iaa or letter ib of Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311 of 28.11.2001, p. 67), last amended by Directive 2011/62/EU (OJ L 174 of 01.07.2011, p. 74), or

b)  failing to attach information or a document correctly or completely, in breach of sentence 1 of Article 31 paragraph 1 of the Regulation in conjunction with sentence 2 of the first indent of Article 12 paragraph 3 (c-e, h-j or k) of Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6th November 2001 on the Community Code relating to veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 311, p. 1), amended by Directive 2004/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31st March 2004 (OJ L 136, p. 58).

shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to a fine.

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Section 97
Administrative fines

(1) Any person who commits one of the acts indicated in Section 96 by negligence shall be deemed to have committed an administrative offence.

(2) An administrative offence shall also be deemed to have been committed by any person who wilfully or negligently:

1.  places medicinal products on the market, in breach of Section 8 sub-section 3,

2.  places medicinal products which do not bear the name or the company name of the pharmaceutical entrepreneur on the market, in breach of Section 9 sub-section 1,

3.  places medicinal products on the market, in breach of Section 9 sub-section 2 sentence 1 without having his/her place of business within the purview of the present Act or in another Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,

4.  places medicinal products without the prescribed labelling on the market, in breach of Section 10, also in conjunction with Section 109 sub-section 1 sentence 1 or an ordinance pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 number 1,

5.  places medicinal products on the market without the required package leaflet, in breach of Section 11 sub-section 1 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sub-sections 2a to 3b or 4, each also in conjunction with an ordinance pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 number 1,

5a.  dispenses a partial amount in breach of Section 11 sub-section 7 sentence 1,

6.  contravenes an enforceable order pursuant to Section 18 sub-section 2,

7.  in breach of Section 20, or in breach of Section 20b sub-section 5 or in breach of Section 20c sub-section 6, also in conjunction with Section 72b sub-section 1 sentence 2, or in breach of Section 21a sub-section 7 sentence 1 and sub-section 9 sentence 4, or in breach of Section 29 sentence 1, sub-section 1c sentence 1, or in breach of Section 52a sub-section 8, Section 63c sub-section 2 or in breach of Section 63h sub-section 2 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2 or in breach of Section 63i sub-section 2 sentence 1, or in breach of Section 67 sub-section 1, sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2, in each case also in conjunction with Section 69a, in breach of Section 67 sub-section 5 sentence 1, sub-section 6 sentence 1 or sub-section 8 sentence 1 or in breach of Section 73 sub-section 3a sentence 4, fails to notify or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

7a.  in breach ofSection 29 sub-section 1a sentence 1, sub-section 1b or 1d, fails to notify or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

8.  introduces medicinal products into the purview of the present Act in breach of Section 30 sub-section 4 sentence 1 number 2 or Section 73 sub-section 1 or 1a,

9.  conducts the clinical trial of a medicinal product in breach of Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 7,

9a.  conducts a clinical trial without designating a deputy pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1a sentence 3,

9b.  in breach of Section 42b sub-section 1 or sub-section 2, fails to make the reports available, or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

10.  in breach of Section 43 sub-sections 1, 2 or 3 sentence 1, places medicinal products on the market professionally or commercially or trades in or dispenses any medicinal products which may be dispensed to consumers without prescription,

11.  in breach of Section 43 sub-section 5 sentence 1, dispenses medicinal products intended for administration to animals and not released for trade outside of pharmacies in a manner which is in breach of the relevant provisions,

12.  in breach of Section 47 sub-section 1, dispenses medicinal products which may be dispensed to consumers without prescription to persons or bodies other than those specified therein or dispenses them in breach of Section 47 sub-section 1a or obtains the same in breach of section 47 sub-section 2 sentence 1,

12a.  in breach of Section 47 sub-section 4 sentence 1, dispenses samples or has samples dispensed without a written request, in a package size other than the smallest one or in quantities exceeding the admissible limit,

13.  fails to keep the records specified in Section 47 sub-section 1b or Section 47 sub-section 4 sentence 3 or in Section 47a sub-section 2 sentence 2, fails to do so correctly or fails to submit them to the competent authority upon request,

13a.  in breach of Section 47a sub-section 2 sentence 1, dispenses any medicinal product specified therein without the prescribed labelling,

14.  retails medicinal products in breach of Section 50 sub-section 1,

15.  in breach of Section 51 sub-section 1, offers medicinal products for sale within the framework of itinerant trading or seeks to procure orders for medicinal products,

16.  in breach of Section 52 sub-section 1, places medicinal products on the market on a self-service basis,

17.  in breach of Section 55 sub-section 8 sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2, uses a substance, container or packaging or manufactures a pharmaceutical form,

17a.  in breach of Section 56 sub-section 1 sentence 2, fails to send a copy of the prescription or fails to do so on time,

18.  in breach of Section 56 sub-section 2 sentence 1, sub-section 3 or 4 sentence 1 or 2, manufactures medicated feedingstuffs,

19.  fails to label medicated feedingstuffs in compliance with Section 56 sub-section 4 sentence 3,

20.  in breach of Section 56 sub-section 5 sentence 1, prescribes a medicated feedingstuff or has it manufactured,

21.  in breach of Section 56a sub-section 1 sentence 1 numbers 1, 2, 3 or 4, in each case also in conjunction with sentence 3, prescribes, dispenses or administers medicinal products which:

a)  are intended for use on animals not used in food production and may be dispensed to consumers on prescription only,

b)  may be dispensed to consumers without a prescription,

21a.  in breach of Section 56a sub-section 1 sentence 4, prescribes or dispenses medicated pre-mixes,

22.  in breach of Section 57 sub-section 1, acquires medicinal products which may be dispensed to consumers without a prescription,

22a.  uses medicinal products in breach of Section 57a,

23.  administers medicinal products to food-producing animals in breach of Section 58 sub-section 1 sentence 2 or 3,

24.  contravenes an obligation to keep records or to submit them in compliance with Section 59 sub-section 4,

24a.  in breach ofSection 59b sentence 1, fails to place substances at the disposal of the competent authority or fails to do so correctly and on time,

24b.  in breach of Section 59c sentence 1, also in conjunction with sentence 2, fails to keep any of the records mentioned therein, fails to do so correctly or completely, fails to preserve them or fails to do so for a minimum of three years or fails to submit them to the competent authority or to do so on time,

24c.  in breach of Section 63a sub-section 1 sentence 1, fails to appoint a Graduated Plan Officer or, in breach of Section 63a sub-section 3, fails to give notice or fails to do so completely or on time,

24d.  in breach of Section 63a sub-section 1 sentence 5, works as a Graduated Plan Officer,

24e.  in breach of Section 63b sub-section 1, fails to operate a pharmacovigilance system,

24f.  in breach of Section 63b sub-section 2 number 1, fails to take a measure specified therein, or fails to do so in due time,

24g.  in breach of Section 63b sub-section 2 number 3, fails to keep a pharmacovigilance master file, fails to do so correctly or completely, fails to make it available or fails to do so correctly, completely, or in due time,

24h.  in breach of Section 63b sub-section 2 number 4, fails to put into place a risk management system for each individual medicinal product, or fails to do so correctly or completely,

24i.  in breach of Section 63b sub-section 3 sentence 1, publishes information specified therein without the prior or simultaneous notification specified therein,

24j.  in breach of Section 63d sub-section 1, also in conjunction with sub-section 3 sentence 1 or sub-section 3 sentence 4, fails to submit a safety report or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

24k.  in breach of Section 63f sub-section 1 sentence 3, fails to transmit a final report or fails to do so on time,

24l.  in breach of Section 63g sub-section 1, fails to submit a draft of the study protocol or fails to do so correctly or on time,

24m.  in breach of Section 63g sub-section 2 sentence 1, commences a safety study,

24n.  in breach of Section 63g sub-section 4 sentence 1, fails to submit a study report or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

24o.  in breach of Section 63h sub-section 5 sentences 1, 2 or sentence 3, fails to submit a report or fails to do so correctly, completely or on time,

24p.  in breach of Section 63i sub-section 3 sentence 1, fails to make a notification or fails to do so correctly or on time,

24q.  in breach of Section 63i sub-section 4 sentence 1, fails to submit a report or fails to do so correctly or on time,

25.  contravenes an enforceable order pursuant to Section 64 sub-section 4 number 4, also in conjunction with Section 69a,

26.  contravenes the obligation to tolerate or to collaborate as defined in Section 66, also in conjunction with Section 69a,

27.  in breach of an enforceable order pursuant to Section 74 sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 3, fails to present a consignment for clearance,

27a.  in breach of Section 74a sub-section 1 sentence 1, fails to appoint an information officer or, in breach of Section 74a sub-section 3, fails to inform the competent authority or fails to do so completely or on time,

27b.  in breach of Section 74a sub-section 1 sentence 4, works as an information officer,

28.  in breach of Section 75 sub-section 1 sentence 1, appoints a person as pharmaceutical consultant,

29.  in breach of Section 75 sub-section 1 sentence 3, works as a pharmaceutical consultant,

30.  contravenes an obligation to record, to inform or to present records in compliance with Section 76 sub-section 1 sentence 2 or sub-section 2,

30a.  (no longer applicable)

31.  contravenes an ordinance pursuant to Section 7 sub-section 2 sentence 2, Section 12 sub-section 1 number 3 letter a, Section 12 sub-section 1b, Section 42 sub-section 3, Section 54 sub-section 1, Section 56a sub-section 3, Section 57 sub-section 2, Section 58 sub-section 2 or Section 74 sub-section 2, in so far as it relates to this regulation on administrative fines for specific cases.

(2a) Any person who wilfully or by negligence contravenes Article 1 of Regulation (EC) No. 540/95 of the Commission of 10th March 1995laying down the arrangements for reporting non-serious suspected unexpected adverse reactions which are not serious, whether arising in the Community or in a third country, to medicinal products for human or veterinary use authorised pursuant to the provisions of Regulation (EEC) No. 2309/93 (OJL 55 of 11.03.1995, p. 5), in conjunction with Section 63h sub-section 7 sentence 2 by failing to ensure that the European Medicines Agency and the competent higher federal authority are notified of a adverse reaction mentioned therein shall be deemed to have committed an administrative offence.

(2b) Any person who fails to comply with Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 by wilfully or negligently

1.  failing to make a notification specified therein to the European Medicines Agency or the competent higher federal authority, or failing to do so correctly, completely or in time, in breach of Article 16 (2) first sentence or second sentence in conjunction with Article 8 (3) first sub-paragraph, letters c to e, h to iaa, or letter ib of Directive 2001/83/EC or in breach of Article 41 (4) first or second sentence in conjunction with Article 12 (3) first sub-paragraph, second sentence, letters c to e, h to j or letter k of Directive 2001/82/EC each in conjunction with Section 29 sub-section 4 sentence 2,

2.  failing to ensure that a notification is available at a location specified therein, in breach of Article 28 (1) in conjunction with Article 107 (1) second sub-paragraph of Directive 2001/83/EC,

3.  failing to ensure that the competent higher federal authority or the European Medicines Agency receives notification of an adverse reaction specified therein, in breach of Article 49 (1) first sentence or (2) first sentence each in conjunction with Section 29 sub-section 4 sentence 2,

4.  failing to keep a document specified therein or fails to do so correctly or completely, in breach of Article 49 (3) first sentence,

shall be deemed to have committed an administrative offence.

(2c) Any person who fails to comply with Regulation (EC) No. 1901/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 12th December 2006 on medicinal products for paediatric use and amending Council Regulation (EEC) 1768/92, Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC, as well as Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 (OJ L 378 of 27.12.2006, p. 1), by wilfully or negligently:

1.  failing to place a medicinal product mentioned therein on the market or failing to do so on time in breach of Article 33 first sentence,

2.  contravening an enforceable order pursuant to Article 34 (2) fourth sentence,

3.  failing to submit the report specified therein or failing to do so on time in breach of Article 34 (4) first sentence,

4.  failing to transfer the marketing authorisation to one of the third parties specified therein or failing to do so on time and not allowing the latter to use the documentation specified therein or failing to do so in time, in breach of Article 35 first sentence,

5.  failing to inform or failing to do so correctly or on time in breach of Article 35 second sentence, or

6.  failing to submit the results of the test mentioned therein or failing to do so correctly or on time in breach of Article 41 (2) second sentence

shall be deemed to have committed an administrative offence.

(3) The committing of an administrative offence may be liable to a fine not exceeding 25,000 euros.

(4) The administrative authority within the meaning of Section 36 sub-section 1 number 1 of the Act on Administrative Offences shall be the competent higher federal authority pursuant to Section 77, in the cases provided for in sub-section 1 in conjunction with Section 96 numbers 6 and 20, sub-section 2 number 7, in conjunction with Section 21a sub-sections 7, 9 sentence 4, Section 29 sub-section 1 or sub-section 1c sentence 1, Section 63c sub-section 2, Section 63h sub-sections 2, 3 and 4, Section 63i sub-section 2 sentence 1, sub-section 2 numbers 7a, 9a and 24e to 24q and sub-sections 2a to 2c.

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Section 98
Confiscation

Materials connected with an offence as defined in Section 95 or Section 96 or an administrative offence as defined in Section 97 may be confiscated. Section 74a of the Penal Code and Section 23 of the Act on Administrative Offences shall apply.

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Section 98a
Extended forfeiture

In the cases mentioned in Section 95 sub-section 1 number 2a, as well as the manufacture and placing on the market of counterfeit medicinal products pursuant to Section 95 sub-section 1 number 3a in conjunction with Section 8 sub-section 2, Section 73d of the Penal Code shall apply if the perpetrator acts commercially or as a member of a gang which has come together for the recurrent commission of such acts.

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EIGHTEENTH CHAPTER
TRANSITIONAL AND INTERIM PROVISIONS

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First sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Law on the Reform of Drug Legislation

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Section 99
1961 Drug Law

The 1961 Drug Law within the meaning of the present Act is the Law on the Trade in Drugs of 16th May 1961 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 533) last amended by the law of 2nd July 1975 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1745).

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Section 100

(1) Any authorisation which had been granted pursuant to Section 12 sub-section 1 or Section 19 sub-section 1 of the 1961 Drug Law and was still valid on 1st January 1978, shall continue to be valid to the previous extent as an authorisation within the meaning of Section 13 sub-section 1 sentence 1.

(2) Any authorisation which is considered as granted pursuant to Section 53 sub-section 1 or Section 56 of the 1961 Drug Law and was still valid on 1st January 1978, shall continue to be valid to the previous extent as an authorisation within the meaning of Section 13 sub-section 1 sentence 1.

(3) Where the manufacture of medicinal products did not require an authorisation pursuant to the 1961 Drug Law, but requires an authorisation pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 1 sentence 1, such an authorisation shall be deemed to be granted to any person who had been carrying out the activity of manufacturing medicinal products, with an authorisation to do the same, for a period of at least three years on 1st January 1978; however, only in so far as manufacture is restricted to such medicinal products as had been manufactured previously or medicinal products which are similar in composition.

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Section 101
(no longer applicable)

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Section 102

(1) Any person who exercises the function of Production Manager, with an authorisation to do so, on 1st January 1978 shall continue to exercise this function to the same extent as hitherto.

(2) Any person who, on 1st January 1978, is in possession of the expert knowledge pursuant to Section 14 sub-section 1 of the 1961 Drug Law and does not exercise the function of Production Manager, may exercise the function of Production Manager if evidence of two years of practical experience in the manufacture of medicinal products can be shown. If the practical experience was obtained prior to 10th June 1965, proof shall be submitted of an additional year of practical experience prior to the commencement of this person's activity.

(3) Any person who had commenced university studies pursuant to Section 15 sub-section 1, prior to 10th June 1975 shall be deemed to have acquired expert knowledge as a Production Manager, if he/she completed his/her studies by 10th June 1985 and exercised a function pursuant to Section 15 sub-sections 1 and 3, for at least two years. This shall be without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section 2.

(4) Sub-sections 2 and 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to any person seeking to work as a Quality Control Manager.

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Section 102a
(no longer applicable)

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Section 103

(1) In the case of medicinal products which, pursuant to Section 19a or Section 19d in conjunction with Section 19a of the 1961 Drug Law, are authorised for marketing on 1st January 1978 or which are deemed to have been granted a marketing authorisation on 1st January 1978 pursuant to Article 4 sub-section 1 of the Law on the Establishment of a Federal Agency for Sera and Vaccines of 7th July 1972 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1163), a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 25 shall be deemed to be granted. Sections 28 to 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the marketing authorisation.

(2) (deleted)

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Section 104
(no longer applicable)

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Section 105

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 and are on the market on 1st January 1978 are deemed to be authorised for marketing if they are on the market on 1st September 1976 or, by virtue of an application submitted by this date, are registered in the register for proprietary medicinal products pursuant to the 1961 Drug Law.

(2) Notification of finished medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1 must be submitted, within a period of six months from the 1st January 1978, to the competent higher federal authority indicating the designation of the active substances according to their nature and quantity as well as their therapeutic indications. In making a notification regarding a homeopathic medicinal product, the information bearing on the therapeutic indications may be omitted. A copy of the notification shall be sent to the competent authority indicating the stipulated information. The finished medicinal products may only be kept on the market if the deadline for notification is observed.

(3) The marketing authorisation for a medicinal product, notification of which has been submitted within the deadline pursuant to sub-section 2 shall expire by way of derogation from Section 31 sub-section 1 number 3, on 30th April 1990 unless an application for a prolongation of the marketing authorisation, or for registration, is submitted prior to the date of expiry, or unless the medicinal product is exempted from the need for a marketing authorisation or registration by ordinance. Section 31 sub-section 4 sentence 1 shall not apply to the marketing authorisation pursuant to sentence 1 if the renouncement pursuant to Section 31 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 is submitted by 31st January 2001.

(3a) Until the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation, a modification pursuant to Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 1 number 1, in the case of finished medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1, in so far as it concerns the therapeutic indications, and number 3 shall only be admissible if it is necessary to correct the flaws, bearing on the efficacy or safety of the medicinal product, indicated to the applicant by the competent higher federal authority; furthermore, Section 29 sub-section 2a sentence 1 numbers 1, 2 and 5 shall not apply to finished medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1, until the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation. By way of derogation from section 29 sub-section 3, a finished medicinal product pursuant to sub-section 1, which has been manufactured using a manufacturing procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia, may be placed on the market up until the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation:

1.  with a change in the composition of the medically active constituents in type and quantity, if the change consists only in the fact that one or several medically active constituents, contained up to that point in the medicinal product, are no longer present after the change or are present in lesser quantities,

2.  with a change in the quantity of the medically active constituent and, within the hitherto existing area of application, with a change in indication if the medicinal product is adjusted as a whole to the results published pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 7 sentence 1, in the version in force before 17th August 1994,

3.  (no longer applicable)

4.  with a change in the quantity of the medically active constituents, in so far as it is a medicinal product with several active constituents the number of which has been reduced, or

5.  with a change in the type or quantity of the medically active constituents without increasing their number within the same therapeutic indication and the same school of therapy if the medicinal product, as a whole, is adjusted to a result published pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 7 sentence 1, in the version in force before 17th August 1994 or to a medicinal product model submitted by the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices and the medicinal product does not become subject to prescription as a result of the adjustment;

a change shall only be admissible in so far as it is necessary for the purpose of correcting the flaw bearing on the efficacy or safety of the medicinal product indicated to the applicant by the competent higher federal authority. The pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall make notification of the change and in the event of a change in the composition, shall cause a clearly differentiating addition, which rules out any possibility of confusion with the previous name, to be made to the previous name of the medicinal product for a period of at least five years. Upon expiry of a period of six months following the notification, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur may place the medicinal product on the market henceforth only in its changed form. In the event that the competent higher federal authority has stipulated the use of a package leaflet with a standard wording for specific medicinal products, by imposition of a condition pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 3, the medicinal product may be placed on the market when changed pursuant to sentence 2 number 2, by way of derogation from Section 109 sub-section 2, only with a package leaflet pursuant to Section 11.

(4) In applying for a prolongation of the marketing authorisation, documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 1 to 6 shall be submitted in derogation of section 31 sub-section 2. The competent higher federal authority shall determine, on a case by case basis, when the documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 7 to 15 sub-section 2 number 1 and sub-section 3a and, in the case of medicated pre-mixes, the documents pursuant to Section 23 sub-section 2 sentences 1 and 2, as well as the analytical expert opinion pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1 are to be submitted. If requested by the competent authority, documents shall also be submitted providing evidence that the medicinal product's medically active constituents possess sufficient bioavailability in so far as this is required according to the current state of scientific knowledge. An appraising expertise shall also be submitted. Section 22 sub-section 2 sentence 2 and sub-sections 4 to 7 and Section 23 sub-section 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis. The documents referred to in sentences 2 to 5 shall be submitted within a period of four months following the request by the competent higher federal authority.

(4a) In applying for a prolongation of the marketing authorisation pursuant to sub-section 3, documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 numbers 2 and 3, as well as the expert opinions pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1 sentence 2 numbers 2 and 3 shall be submitted by 1st February 2001 in cases where these documents have not already been submitted by the applicant; Section 22 sub-section 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis. Sentence 1 shall not apply to medicinal products which have been manufactured using a manufacturing procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia. In the case of whole blood, plasma and blood cells of human origin, by way of derogation from sentence 1, the documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 number 2 and the expert opinion pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1 sentence 2 number 2 shall not be required unless substances are contained therein which do not exist naturally in the human body. With the exception of the cases specified in Section 109a, the marketing authorisation shall expire if the documents stipulated in sentences 1 to 3 are not submitted on time.

(4b) In submitting documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 number 2, in the case of veterinary medicinal products which contain pharmacologically active substances which are listed in Table 1 of the Annex to Regulation (EU) No. 37/2010, reference may be made to documents submitted pursuant to the provisions contained in a legal instrument based on Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No. 470/2009, in so far as a veterinary medicinal product containing this pharmacologically active constituent has already been authorised for marketing in a Member State of the European Union and the prerequisites for referring to such documents pursuant to Section 24a have been met.

(4c) If the medicinal product pursuant to sub-section 3 has already been authorised for marketing in another Member State of the European Union or another State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, in keeping with Directive 2001/83/EC or Directive 2001/82/EC, the prolongation of the marketing authorisation shall be granted if:

1.  the medicinal product is on the market in the other Member State and

2.  the applicant:

a)  provides all of the information stipulated under Section 22 sub-section 6 and submits the necessary copies and

b)  declares in writing that the documents submitted pursuant to sub-sections 4 and 4a match the marketing authorisation documents on the basis of which the authorisation was granted in the other Member States,

unless the prolongation of the marketing authorisation could constitute a danger for public health or, in the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, a danger to the health of human beings, animals or the environment.

(4d) In applying for registration, documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 1 to 4 shall be submitted along with the application in derogation of Section 38 sub-section 2. The documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 1 numbers 7 to 15 and sub-section 2 number 1, as well as the analytical expert opinion pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1 shall be submitted to the competent higher federal authority if requested. Section 22 sub-sections 4 to 7, with the exception of the draft of the expert information, shall apply mutatis mutandis. The documents stipulated in sentences 2 and 3 shall be submitted within a period of two months following a request by the competent higher federal authority.

(4e) In deciding on an application for prolongation of a marketing authorisation or registration pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1, Section 25 sub-section 5 sentence 5 and Section 39 sub-section 1 sentence 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

(4f) The manufacturing authorisation pursuant to sub-section 1 shall be prolonged upon request pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1, for a period of five years if no reason for a refusal pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 2 exists; for additional prolongations, Section 31 shall apply. The particularities of a specific substance group or school of therapy (phytotherapy, homeopathy, and anthroposophy) shall be taken into consideration.

(4g) In the case of medicinal products which are blood preparations, Section 25 sub-section 8 shall be applied mutatis mutandis.

(5) In the case of flaws, the applicant shall correct the flaws within a reasonable deadline which may, however, not exceed twelve months following the notice of flaws; the correcting of flaws shall be recorded in writing. In the event that the flaws are not corrected within this deadline, the marketing authorisation shall be refused. After a decision has been taken to refuse the marketing authorisation, the submission of documents in order to correct flaws shall not be allowed. In all appropriate cases, the competent authority shall refrain from giving notice of flaws pursuant to sentence 1 first half-sentence and shall instead prolong the marketing authorisation on the basis of sub-section 5a sentences 1 and 2, with a proviso requiring the applicant to correct the flaws within a deadline which it shall set according to its best judgement.

(5a) The competent higher federal authority is empowered to impose conditions on the prolongation of the marketing authorisation pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1. Apart from ensuring the requirements stipulated in Section 28 sub-section 2, the contents of conditions may also be geared towards guaranteeing the requirements of quality, safety and efficacy, unless notice must be given of flaws pursuant to sub-section 5 or the prolongation of the marketing authorisation refused as a result of serious deficiencies in the pharmaceutical quality, efficacy or safety. Sentence 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis to document requirements pursuant to Section 23 sub-section 1 number 1. The notice regarding the prolongation shall state whether the condition imposed shall be met immediately or by a deadline to be specified by the competent higher federal authority. Notice shall be given to the competent higher federal authority of the fulfilment of the conditions accompanied by a statutory declaration from an independent counter-expert confirming that the quality of the medicinal product corresponds to the current state of scientific knowledge. Section 25 sub-section 5 sentences 5, 6 and 8 as well as Section 30 sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 2, second alternative shall apply mutatis mutandis. Sentences 1 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the registration pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1.

(5b) No preliminary procedure pursuant to Section 68 of the Rules of the Administrative Court shall be held in the event of an appeal against the decision regarding the prolongation of the marketing authorisation pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1. Immediate execution shall be ordered pursuant to Section 80 sub-section 2 number 4 of the Rules of the Administrative Court, unless the execution would result in undue hardship for the pharmaceutical entrepreneur which is not justified by overriding public interest.

(5c) By way of derogation from sub-section 3 sentence 1, the marketing authorisation for a medicinal product for which a notification was made within the specified time pursuant to sub-section 2 and for which the pharmaceutical entrepreneur declared his/her intention to withdraw the application to prolong the marketing authorisation pursuant to sub-section 3 sentence 1by 31st December 1999, shall expire on 1st February 2001 unless the procedure to prolong the marketing authorisation pursuant to sentence 2 is to be resumed. In cases where the pharmaceutical entrepreneur submitted the necessary documents on time in response to a request to that effect issued before 17th August 1994 pursuant to sub-section 4 sentence 2, or if the date of submission of documents for the medicinal product in question was subsequent to that date, or if the request for documents regarding the medicinal product in question was issued after said date, the procedure to prolong the marketing authorisation shall be resumed by the competent federal higher authority upon application by the entrepreneur; the application shall be submitted by 31st January 2001, accompanied by the documents specified in sub-section 4a sentence 1.

(5d) Sub-section 3 sentence 2 and sub-sections 3a to 5c shall apply mutatis mutandis to medicinal products for which an application for prolongation was submitted by 30th June 1991, pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 2 of the EC Transition Ordinance of 18th December 1990 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2915) Annex 3 to Section 2 number 2, chapter II numbers 1 and 2.

(6) (no longer applicable)

(7) Sub-sections 1 to 5d shall also apply to medicinal products intended for administration to animals which are not finished medicinal products in so far as they are required to have a marketing authorisation or to be registered and are on the market on 1st January 1978.

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Section 105a

(1) (no longer applicable)

(2) (no longer applicable)

(3) In the case of finished medicinal products, which are not subject to prescription pursuant to Section 49, the competent higher federal authority may, in the first instance, forego the examination of the expert information submitted and exempt the pharmaceutical entrepreneur from his/her duties pursuant to Section 11a, and the pharmaceutical consultant from his/her duty pursuant to Section 76 sub-section 1 sentence 1, until the standardized wording of the expert information for the medicinal products in question is stipulated by imposition of conditions pursuant to Section 28 sub-section 2 number 3.

(4) Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall not apply to medicinal products which are intended for administration to animals or which fall within the competence of the Paul Ehrlich Institute.

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Section 105b

The right to the payment of costs which are to be levied pursuant to Section 33 sub-section 1, in conjunction with an ordinance issued pursuant to Section 33 sub-section 2 or Section 39 sub-section 3, for the prolongation of a marketing authorisation or for the registration of a finished medicinal product within the meaning of Section 105 sub-section 1 shall expire after a period of four years subsequent to informing the applicant of the final decision regarding the prolongation of the marketing authorisation or registration.

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Section 106
(no longer applicable)

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Section 107
(no longer applicable)

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Section 108
(no longer applicable)

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Section 108a

Any batch of serum, vaccine, test allergen, test serum or test antigens which was released at the time of the coming into effect of the accession pursuant to Section 16 of the Second Regulations Implementing the Drug Law of 1st December 1986 (Law Gazette I, No. 36p. 483) shall be deemed to be released within the meaning of Section 32 sub-section 1 sentence 1, in the territory stipulated in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty. Section 32 sub-section 5 shall apply to the release mutatis mutandis.

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Section 108b
(no longer applicable)

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Section 109

(1) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 and were on the market on 1st January 1978, shall be governed by section 10 with the proviso that the marketing authorisation number stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3 be replaced, where available, by the registration number recorded in the specialty register pursuant to the 1961 Drug Law with the abbreviation 'Reg.-Nr.'. Sentence 1 shall be valid until the prolongation of the marketing authorisation or registration.

(2) The text for labels and package leaflets shall be submitted by 31st July 2001 at the latest. Until that date, medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1 sentence 1 may be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, thereafter by wholesalers and retailers with labels and package leaflets which are in keeping with the regulations in force up to the date specified in sentence 1.

(3) Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 105 sub-section 1, and are released for trade outside of pharmacies pursuant to Section 44 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 numbers 1 to 3 or Section 45 and fall under letters a to e may, without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-sections 1 and 2, be placed on the market from 1st January 1992 by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur if they carry one or several of the following indications on their containers and, if used, on their outer packaging and package leaflet:

'Traditionally used:

a)  to strengthen and fortify,

b)  to improve the state of health,

c)  to support the functioning of the organs,

d)  for prevention,

e)  as a mild-action medicinal product.'

Sentence 1 shall not apply in cases where the therapeutic indications are restricted to the results published within the framework of a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 1, or a marketing authorisation pursuant to the version in force before 17th August 1994.

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Section 109a

(1) In the case of medicinal products specified in Section 109 sub-section 3, as well as medicinal products which are not subject to a prescription and are not excluded from trade outside of pharmacies by virtue of an ordinance issued on the basis of Section 45 or 46, as a result of their components, their pharmaceutical forms or because they are chemical compounds with specific pharmacological effects or because such compounds have been added to them, the prolongation of the marketing authorisation can be granted pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 3 and, furthermore, pursuant to Section 31, pursuant to sub-sections 2 and 3.

(2) The requirements in respect of the necessary quality are deemed to be met when the documents pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 number 1, as well as the analytical expert opinions pursuant to Section 24 sub-section 1, have been submitted and the pharmaceutical entrepreneur has made a statutory declaration that the medicinal product has been tested in accordance with the general administrative regulation pursuant to Section 26 and displays the necessary pharmaceutical quality. The form and content of the statutory declaration shall be stipulated by the competent higher federal authority.

(3) The requirements in respect of the efficacy are deemed to be met when the medicinal product claims efficacy in therapeutic indications which are recognized in a list of the therapeutic indications for substances or combinations of substances compiled by the competent higher federal authority after a hearing by a commission set up by the Federal Ministry to which Section 25 sub-section 6 sentences 4 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis. These therapeutic indications shall be stipulated taking into account the peculiarities of the particular medicinal product and the experience which has been handed down and documented and shall be accompanied by the additional remark: 'Traditionally used'. Such therapeutic indications are: 'to strengthen and fortify the ...', 'to improve the state of health ...', 'to support the functioning of the ...', 'for prevention against ...', 'as a mild-action medicinal product for use in ...'. Therapeutic indications which would result in the medicinal product being excluded from trade outside of pharmacies may not be recognized.

(4) Sub-sections 1 to 3 shall apply only in cases where the documents pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 4a have not been submitted and the applicant declares in writing that he or she is pursuing a prolongation of the marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 3, pursuant to sub-sections 2 and 3.

(4a) By way of derogation from sub-section 4, sub-sections 2 and 3 shall apply to medicinal products pursuant to sub-section 1, if the prolongation of the marketing authorisation would normally be refused owing to the fact that one of the published results substantiating the medicinal product's efficacy pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 7 sentence 1 of the version in force prior to 17th August 1994, can no longer be recognised.

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Section 110

In the case of medicinal products which are subject to a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21, or to registration pursuant to Section 38, and which are on the market on 1st January 1978, the competent higher federal authority can stipulate, by imposing conditions, the affixing of warnings in so far as they are necessary to prevent a direct or indirect health hazard to human beings or animals by the administration of the medicinal product.

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Section 111
(no longer applicable)

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Section 112

Any person who, on 1st January 1978, places medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1, which are released for trade outside of pharmacies, on the market, on a retail basis outside of pharmacies, may continue to pursue this activity in so far as he or she was entitled to do so pursuant to the Act on the Exercise of Professions in the Retail Trade (Gesetz über die Berufsausübung im Einzelhandel) of 5th August 1957 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1121), amended by Article 150 sub-section 2 number 15 of the Law of 24th May 1968 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 503).

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Section 113

By way of derogation from Section 58 sub-section 1, medicinal products may be administered if it can be inferred from the labelling or accompanying documents that the medicinal products may continue to be placed on the market pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 1.

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Section 114
(no longer applicable)

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Section 115

Any person who exercises the function of a pharmaceutical consultant pursuant to Section 75 on 1st January 1978, shall not need to provide the proof of training stipulated therein.

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Section 116

Physicians who are entitled, on 1st January 1978, under provisions contained in the legislation of the individual Land to manufacture and dispense medicinal products to persons being treated by them, may continue to pursue this activity to the same extent as hitherto. Section 78 shall be applicable.

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Section 117
(no longer applicable)

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Section 118

Section 84 shall not apply to damage caused by medicinal products which were dispensed prior to 1st January 1978.

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Section 119

Finished medicinal products which are medicinal products within the meaning of Section 2 sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 number 1 and which are on the market in the territory referred to in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty, at the time when accession takes effect, may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers without the package leaflet required under Section 11, in so far as they correspond to the provisions contained in the medical legislation of the German Democratic Republic in force before accession took effect. The competent higher federal authority may, by imposition of conditions, stipulate that warnings must be affixed, in so far as this is deemed necessary for the prevention of direct or indirect danger to human beings or animals as a result of the application of the medicinal product.

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Section 120

In the case of a clinical trial which is being carried out in the territory mentioned in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty at the time when accession takes effect, the insurance policy required under Section 40 sub-section 1 number 8 shall be taken out.

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Section 121
(no longer applicable)

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Section 122

The obligation to notify pursuant to Section 67 shall not apply to undertakings, facilities and persons in the territory mentioned in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty who are already pursuing an activity within the meaning of that provision at the time when accession takes effect.

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Section 123

A person shall also be deemed to possess the necessary expert knowledge as a pharmaceutical consultant pursuant to Section 75 sub-section 2 number 2, if he or she has successfully completed a course of studies as a pharmaceutical engineer, a pharmacy assistant or veterinary engineer in the territory mentioned in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty.

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Section 124

Sections 84 to 94a shall not be applicable to medicinal products which were dispensed to consumers in the territory mentioned in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty before accession took effect.

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Second sub-chapter

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Section 125
Transitional provisions arising out of the First Act Amending the Drug Law

(1) After hearing the commissions pursuant to Section 25 sub-sections 6 and 7, the competent higher federal authority shall lay down, in the case of medicinal products which were authorised for marketing on 2nd March 1983, the deadline by which the documents regarding the test method pursuant to Section 23 sub-section 2 sentence 3 are to be submitted.

(2) In the case of medicinal products for which a marketing authorisation was applied after 1st March 1983, and before 4th March 1998, the provisions contained in Section 23 shall apply with the proviso that the documents regarding the test methods do not have to be submitted prior to the deadline referred to in sub-section 1.

(3) In cases where a deadline for the submission of documents regarding the test method pursuant to sub-section 1 has been set, the marketing authorisation may be withdrawn if the documents are not submitted or if they fail to meet the requirements stipulated in Section 23 sub-section 2 sentence 3.

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Section 126

In the case of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, and which are authorised for marketing in the territory mentioned in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty at the time when accession takes effect, Section 125 sub-sections 1 and 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

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Third sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Second Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 127

(1) Medicinal products which are on the market on 1st February 1987 and are subject to the labelling provisions contained in Section 10, must be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur pursuant to the provision contained in Section 10 sub-section 1 number 9 within a period of one year after the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation on 1st February 1987, or after the exemption from the marketing authorisation or, in the case of homeopathic medicinal products, five years after the 1st February 1987. Up to this point in time, medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1 may be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, after this, they may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers without indication of an expiry date if the medicinal product's shelf-life is more than three years or, in the case of medicinal products governed by the provisions contained in Section 109, more than two years. This shall be without prejudice to the provisions contained in Section 109.

(2) Medicinal products which are on the market on 1st February 1987 and are subject to the labelling regulations of Section 10 sub-section 1a may be placed on the market until 31st December 1988 by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, and even after this deadline by wholesalers and retailers without the information stipulated in Section 10 sub-section 1a.

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Section 128

(1) In the case of finished medicinal products which are on the market on 1st February 1987, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall submit the wording of the expert information to the competent higher federal authority along with the first application for the prolongation of the marketing authorisation or registration filed on 1st February 1987. Sentence 1 shall not apply in so far as the competent higher federal authority has exempted medicinal products which are not subjected to prescription pursuant to Section 49, from the obligations contained in Section 11a, until further notice; in this case, the draft of the expert information is to be submitted upon request to the competent higher federal authority.

(2) In the cases described in sub-section 1 Section 11a, Section 47 sub-section 3 sentence 2 and Section 76 sub-section 1 shall apply from the date of the prolongation of the marketing authorisation or the registration or the stipulation of a specific expert information by means of Section 36 sub-section 1, or in the cases described in sub-section 1 sentence 2, six months after the decision of the competent higher federal authorities on the contents of the expert information. Finished medicinal products, the package leaflet of which fails to comply with the provisions contained in Section 11 sub-section 1, in the version of the Second Law Amending the Drug Law, may be placed on the market until this point in time.

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Section 129

Section 11 sub-section 1a shall apply to medicinal products which are on the market on 1st February 1987 subject to the proviso that their package leaflet must be forwarded to the competent authority after the next prolongation of the authorisation or registration.

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Section 130

Any person who is appointed as a private expert by 1st February 1987 to test samples pursuant to Section 65 sub-section 2 may continue to exercise this function to the same extent as hitherto.

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Section 131

In respect of the obligation to submit or pass on expert information pursuant to Section 11a, Section 128 shall apply mutatis mutandis to medicinal products which are on the market in the territory stipulated in Article 3 of the Unification Treaty at the time of the coming into effect of accession.

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Fourth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Fifth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 132

(1) Medicinal products which are on the market on 17th August 1994 and are subject to the provisions contained in Sections 10 and 11, must be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur pursuant to the provisions contained in Sections 10 and 11 within a period of one year after the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation granted on 17th August 1994, or in so far as they are exempt from the need for a marketing authorisation, from the time stipulated in the ordinance pursuant to Section 36 or, in so far as homeopathic medicinal products are concerned, five years after 17th August 1994. Until such time, medicinal products referred to in sentence 1 may continue to be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, and thereafter such medicinal products may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers with labelling and package leaflets which comply with the provisions in force up to 17th August 1994. The foregoing shall be without prejudice to the provisions contained in section 109.

(2) In the case of finished medicinal products which are on the market on 17th August 1994, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall submit the wording of the expert information in compliance with Section 11a of the current version of the present Act to the competent higher federal authority along with the first application for the prolongation of the marketing authorisation filed on 17th August 1994. This shall be without prejudice to the provisions contained in Section 128 sub-section 1 sentence 2.

(2a) Marketing authorisations which are not in compliance with Section 16 shall be adapted to Section 16 by 17th August 1996. Sentence 1 shall apply to Section 72 mutatis mutandis.

(2b) Any person who exercises the function of Production Manager for the manufacture of blood preparations or as (Quality) Control Manager for the testing of blood preparations on 17th August 1994 and fulfils the prerequisites of Section 15 sub-section 3, as contained in the version in force up until 17th August 1994, may continue to exercise this function.

(3) (no longer applicable)

(4) Section 39 sub-section 2 numbers 4a and 5a shall not apply to medicinal products which were registered by 31st December 1993 or for which an application for registration was submitted by that date or for which a notification was made pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 2 and which were placed on the market pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3, in the version valid before 11th September 1998. Furthermore, Section 39 sub-section 2 number 4a shall not apply to medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1 in respect of which a re-registration is being applied for because one or several constituent are to be removed or the degree of dilution of constituents is to be increased. Furthermore, Section 39 sub-section 2 numbers 4a and 5a shall not apply, in the case of decisions bearing on the registration or on its prolongation, to medicinal products which are identical, in the nature and quantity of their components as well as with regard to their pharmaceutical forms, with medicinal products specified in sentence 1. Section 21 sub-section 2a sentence 5 and Section 56a sub-section 2 sentence 5 shall also apply to medicinal products intended for administration to animals the degree of dilution of which is below the sixth decimal potency, in so far as they have been registered pursuant to sentence 1 or 2 or have been exempted from registration.

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Fifth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising of the Seventh Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 133

The obligation to notify pursuant to Section 67 in conjunction with Section 69a shall apply to the enterprises, facilities and persons specified in Section 59c who were already exercising one of the functions provided for in Section 59c on 4th March 1998 with the proviso that the notification must be made at the latest by 1st April 1998.

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Sixth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Transfusion Act

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Section 134

Any person who, at the time of the entry into force of the Transfusion Act of 1st July 1998 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1752), exercises the function of Production Manager in the manufacture of or as Quality Control Manager for the testing of blood preparations or sera from human blood and meets the requirements stipulated by Section 15 sub-section 3, in the version valid until that date, may continue to exercise that function. Any person who, at the time specified in sentence 1, exercises the function of pre-treating persons for the separation of blood stem cells or other blood components according to the technological and scientific state of the art, may continue to exercise this function.

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Seventh sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Eighth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 135

(1) Medicinal products which are on the market on 11th September 1998 and are subject to the provisions contained in Sections 10 and 11, must be placed on the market one year after the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation on 11th September 1998 or, in so far as they are exempt from the marketing authorisation, on the date specified in the ordinance pursuant to Section 36 or, in so far as they are homeopathic medicinal products, on 1st October 2003, by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur pursuant to the provisions contained in Sections 10 and 11. Until this date, medicinal products pursuant to sentence 1 may be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur; after this date such medicinal products may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers with labelling and package leaflets which are pursuant to the provisions in force up to 11th September 1998. This shall be without prejudice to Section 109.

(2) Any person who on 11th September 1998 exercises the function of Production Manager or Quality Control Manager for the medicinal products or active substances named in Section 15 sub-section 3a and is authorised to do so, may continue to exercise this function to the same extent as hitherto. Until 1st October 2001, Section 15 sub-section 4 shall not apply to the practical activities involved in the manufacture of medicinal products and active substances pursuant to Section 15 sub-section 3a.

(3) Homeopathic medicinal products which are on the market on 11th September 1998, and for which an application for registration was submitted by 1st October 1999 may, by way of derogation from Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3, continue to be placed on the market until a decision has been taken on the application for registration as long as they are in compliance with the provisions in force until 11th September 1998.

(4) In the amended version, Section 41 number 6 shall not apply to declarations of consent which were made prior to 11th September 1998.

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Eighth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Tenth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 136

(1) In the case of medicinal products for which the prolongation applied for under Section 105 sub-section 3 sentence 1 has already been granted, the documents specified in Section 105 sub-section 4a sentence 1 shall be submitted, at the latest, with the application pursuant to Section 31 sub-section 1 number 3. In the case of such medicinal products, the marketing authorisation shall be prolonged if no reason for refusal pursuant to Section 25 sub-section 2 exists; Section 31 shall apply to further prolongations.

(1a) With regard to medicinal products pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 3 sentence 1 which are manufactured according to a procedure which is not described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia, Section 105 sub-section 3 sentence 2 in the version in force up to 12th July 2000 shall apply until such time as a decision is made by the Commission pursuant to Section 55 sub-section 6, on the inclusion of this manufacturing procedure, insofar as an application has been submitted by 1st October 2000 regarding its inclusion in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia.

(2) In the case of medicinal products with respect to which the applicant has been informed prior to 12th July 2000 of flaws regarding their efficacy or safety, Section 105 sub-section 3a in the version in force up to 12th July 2000 shall apply.

(2a) Section 105 sub-section 3a sentence 2, in the version in force up to 12th July 2000, shall apply up to 31st January 2001 with the proviso that a notification of flaws is not necessary and a notification is admissible only if it is restricted to the fact that one or several medically active constituents contained up to that point in the medicinal product are no longer present after the notification.

(3) In the case of medicinal products which have been manufactured according to a manufacturing procedure described in the homeopathic section of the Pharmacopoeia, Section 105 sub-section 5c shall continue to apply in the version in force prior to 12th July 2000.

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Ninth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Eleventh Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 137

By way of derogation from Section 13 sub-section 2, Section 47 sub-section 1 number 6, Section 56 sub-section 2 sentence 2 and sub-section 5 sentence 1, medicated feedingstuffs may continue to be manufactured, placed on the market and used until 31st December 2005 according to the regulations in force up to 1st November 2002.

By way of derogation from Section 56 sub-section 2 sentence 1, medicated feedingstuffs may be manufactured using a maximum of three medicated pre-mixes, each of which are authorised for administration to the animal species in question, until 31st December 2005, if:

1.  no authorised medicated pre-mix exists for the therapeutic indications in question,

2.  in individual cases, the medicated feedingstuff does not contain more than two medicated pre-mixes containing antibiotics and

3.  a homogenous and stable distribution of the active constituents throughout the medicated feedingstuff is guaranteed.

By way of derogation from sentence 2 number 2, a medicated feedingstuff may contain only one medicated pre-mix containing antibiotics if the medicated pre-mix contains two or more substances with an antibiotic effect.

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Tenth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Twelfth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 138

(1) With regard to the manufacture and import of active substances of microbial origin, as well as other substances of human origin intended for the manufacture of medicinal products which are manufactured or imported into the territory governed by this Act, commercially or professionally, for the purpose of distribution to others, Sections 13, 72 and 72a in the version in force until 5th August 2004 shall be applicable until 1st September 2006, unless blood and blood components of human origin destined for the manufacture of medicinal products are concerned. If blood is withdrawn for the processing and multiplication of autologous somatic cells within the framework of tissue engineering for the purpose of tissue regeneration, and if an application has not yet been made for a manufacturing authorisation for this purpose, Section 13 shall not be applicable until 1st September 2006.

(2) Any person who is authorised, on 5th August 2004, to exercise the functions of a Production or Quality Control Manager may continue to exercise this function, in derogation of Section 15 sub-section 1.

(3) Sections 40 to 42, 96 number 10 and Section 97 sub-section 2 number 9, in the version in force until 6th August 2004, shall apply to clinical trials of medicinal products on human beings for which the documents required pursuant to Section 40 sub-section 1 sentence 2 in the version in force until 6th August 2004 were submitted to the ethics committee responsible for the chief investigator before 6th August 2004.

(4) Any person who is authorised to exercise the function of wholesaler on 6th August 2004 and submits an application pursuant to Section 52a sub-section 1, for an authorisation to conduct the wholesale distribution of medicinal products, by 1st December 2004, may, in derogation of Section 52a sub-section 1, continue to exercise this function until the decision has been taken with respect to the application; Section 52a sub-section 3 sentences 2 to 3 shall not apply.

(5) An official approval regarding the wholesale distribution of medicinal products intended for administration to animals, granted on the basis of the ordinance pursuant to Section 54 sub-section 2a shall constitute an authorisation within the meaning of Section 52a, for the wholesale distribution of medicinal products intended for administration to animals. The holder of the approval shall submit the corresponding documents and declarations pursuant to Section 52a sub-section 2, to the competent authority by 1st March 2005.

(6) Any person who was allowed to import substances other than active substances of human or animal origin or those manufactured using genetic engineering, without an import authorisation pursuant to Section 72, into the territory governed by this Act on 6th August 2004, may continue to pursue this activity until 1st September 2005.

(7) Medicinal products, which are authorised by the competent higher federal authority before 30th October 2005, may continue to be placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs, in derogation of Section 10 sub-section 1b, up to the next prolongation but not after 30th October 2007. Medicinal products, which are placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs pursuant to sentence 1 may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers, in derogation of Section 10 sub-section 1b.

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Eleventh sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the First Act Amending the Transfusion Act and the Regulations on Medicinal Products

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Section 139

Any person who, on entry into force of Article 2 number 3 of the First Act amending the Transfusion Act and Regulations on Medicinal Products of 10th February 2005 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 234), carries out the functions of a Production or Control Manager for the testing of blood stem cell preparations and complies with the conditions contained in Section 15 sub-section 3 of the version in force at the time, may continue to exercise these functions.

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Twelfth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Thirteenth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 140

In derogation of Section 56a sub-section 2 and Section 73 sub-section 3, medicinal products not used in food-producing animals may be introduced into the purview of the present Act, prescribed, dispensed or used up to 29th October 2005 pursuant to the regulations in force until 1st September 2005.

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Thirteenth sub-chapter
Transitional provisions arising out of the Fourteenth Act Amending the Drug Law

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Section 141

(1) Medicinal products that are on the market on 5th September 2005 and are subject to Sections 10 and 11, must be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur two years after the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation or registration following 6th September 2005 or, if they are exempted from the need for a marketing authorisation or registration at the time referred to in the ordinance pursuant to Section 36 or Section 39, or if they do not require a prolongation, on 1st January 2009 pursuant to Sections 10 and 11. Up to the relevant dates referred to in sentence 1, medicinal products may be placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs and, after these dates, also by wholesale and retail distributors with labelling and a package leaflet complying with the provisions applicable up to 5th September 2005. This shall be without prejudice to Section 109.

(2) In the case of finished products which are on the market on 5th September 2005, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall submit to the higher federal authority the wording of the expert information pursuant to Section 11a with the first application for prolongation submitted after 6th September 2005; if the medicinal products in question do not require prolongation, the requirement shall apply from 1st January 2009.

(3) A person who does not have the experience referred to in Section 15 but who is authorised on 5th September 2005 to engage in the activities of the qualified person described in Section 19, shall be regarded as a qualified person pursuant to Section 14.

(4) Finished medicinal products which are on the market on 5th September 2005 and which, pursuant to Section 4 sub-section 1, require a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21, for the first time after 6th September 2005, can still be placed on the market if a marketing authorisation application has been submitted by 1st September 2008.

(5) The periods relating to the protection of documents pursuant to Section 24b sub-sections 1, 4, 7 and 8 shall not apply to reference medicinal products for which the application for marketing authorisation was submitted before 30th October 2005; these medicinal products shall be subject to the protection deadlines referred to in Section 24a, in the version applicable until 5th September 2005, amounting to the period of ten years referred to in Section 24b sub-section 4.

(6) Medicinal products with a marketing authorisation that was prolonged before 1st January 2001, shall be subject to Section 31 sub-section 1 number 3, in the version applicable until 5th September 2005; Section 31 sub-section 1a shall apply to these medicinal products only if their marketing authorisation was prolonged after 6th September 2005. For marketing authorisations with a five-year validity which has expired by 1st July 2006, the deadline referred to in Section 31 sub-section 1 number 3 in the version applicable on 6th September 2005 shall continue to apply. For medicinal products with a marketing authorisation that was prolonged after 1st January 2001 and before 6th September 2005, the competent higher federal authority can stipulate the requirement of a further prolongation, if this is necessary to guarantee the safe placing on the market of the medicinal product. Marketing authorisation prolongation applications submitted before 6th September 2005 which, according to this sub-section, no longer require prolongation, shall be regarded as settled. Sentences 1 and 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis to registrations. Marketing authorisation prolongations or registrations of medicinal products which were considered authorised pursuant to Section 105 sub-section 1, shall be considered prolongations within the meaning of this sub-section. This shall be without prejudice to Section 136 sub-section 1.

(7) The holder of the authorisation for a medicinal product which is authorised on 5th September 2005 but is not on the market at this time shall inform the competent higher federal authority immediately of the fact that the medicinal product will not be placed on the market.

(8) Section 33 in the version applicable until 5th September 2005, shall be applicable to protests which are lodged before 5th September 2005.

(9) Section 25 sub-section 9 and Section 34 sub-section 1a shall not be applicable to medicinal products for which the application for marketing authorisation was submitted before 6th September 2005.

(10) Medicinal products which were registered as homeopathic medicinal products by 6th September 2005 or for which an application for registration was submitted before 30th April 2005, shall still be subject to the provisions applicable up to that date. The same applies to medicinal products, which have been notified and placed on the market pursuant to Section 38 sub-section 1 sentence 3 of the version valid before 11th September 1998.

(11) Section 48 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 2 shall apply only from the date of entry into force of an ordinance pursuant to Section 48 sub-section 6 sentence 1 and at the latest on 1st January 2008. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection shall publish the date referred to in sentence 1 in the Federal Law Gazette.

(12) Section 56a sub-section 2a shall apply only after the list referred to therein has been drawn up and published by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection in the Federal Gazette or, if it is part of a directly applicable legal instrument of the European Community or of the European Union, after publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

(13) In the case of medicinal products, which are on the market on 5th September 2005, for which the obligation to report pursuant to Section 63b sub-section 5 sentence 2 exists in the version valid up to 5th September 2005, Section 63b sub-section 5 sentence 3 shall apply to the next report to be submitted on 6th September 2005.

(14) The marketing authorisation for a traditional herbal medicinal product that has been prolonged pursuant to Section 105 in conjunction with Section 109a, shall expire on 30th April 2011 unless an application for a marketing authorisation or registration pursuant to Section 39a is submitted before 1st January 2009. The marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 105, in conjunction with Section 109a shall moreover expire after the decision on the application for a marketing authorisation or registration pursuant to Section 39a has been taken. After the decision, the medicinal product may continue to be placed on the market for a further twelve months in its present form.

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Fourteenth sub-chapter

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Section 142
Transitional provisions arising out of the Tissues Act

(1) Any person who, by 1st August 2007, possesses the expert knowledge required pursuant to Section 15 sub-section 3a, in the version in force up to that date, may continue to exercise the function of qualified person.

(2) Any person who had applied for an authorisation pursuant to Section 20b sub-section 1 or sub-section 2 or Section 20c sub-section 1, or a manufacturing authorisation pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 1 by 1st October 2007, or an authorisation pursuant to Section 21a sub-section 1 by 1st February 2008 or a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 1 by 30th September 2008 for tissues or tissue preparations, may continue to procure these tissues or tissue preparations, test them in laboratories, process, preserve, store or place them on the market until a decision is taken on the application.

(3) Any person who, on 1st August 2007, possesses a manufacturing authorisation pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 1, for tissues or tissue preparations within the meaning of Section 20b sub-section 1 or Section 20c sub-section 1, or a marketing authorisation pursuant to Section 21 sub-section 1 for tissue preparations within the meaning of Section 21a sub-section 1 shall not have to submit a new application pursuant to Section 20b sub-section 1, Section 20c sub-section 1 or Section 21a sub-section 1.

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Fifteenth sub-chapter

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Section 143
Transitional provisions arising out of the Act on improving measures against doping in sport

(1) Finished medicinal products which have been authorised before 1st November 2007 by the competent higher federal authority and are subject to the provisions contained in Section 6a sub-section 2 sentences 2 to 4 may be placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs, also without the warnings on the package insert stipulated in Section 6a sub-section 2 sentences 2 and 3, until the next prolongation of the authorisation, but not longer than 31st December 2008.

(2) If a substance or a group of substances is added to the Appendix of the Anti-Doping Convention of 16th November 1989 (Federal Law Gazette 1994 II, p. 334), medicinal products which, at the time of the publication of the amended appendix in the Federal Law Gazette, are authorised and contain one of these substances, may continue to be placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs, even without the warning on the package insert stipulated by Section 6a sub-section 2 sentences 2 and 3, until the next prolongation of the authorisation, but not longer than one year after the publication of the Appendix in the Federal Law Gazette. Sentence 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to substances which are intended for use in prohibited methods.

(3) Medicinal products which have been placed on the market by pharmaceutical entrepreneurs pursuant to sub-section 1, may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers without the warnings in the package insert stipulated under Section 6a sub-section 2 sentences 2 and 3.

(4) The deadlines provided for in sub-sections 1 and 2 apply mutatis mutandis to the adaptation of the wording of the expert information.

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Sixteenth sub-chapter

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Section 144
Transitional provisions arising out of the Act amending the regulations on medicinal products and other regulations

(1) Any person who manufactures the advanced therapy medicinal products specified in Section 4b sub-section 1 with permission on 23rd July 2009 and applies for a manufacturing authorisation by 1st January 2010 may continue to manufacture these medicinal products until such time as a decision has been taken on the application.

(2) Any person who places the advanced therapy medicinal products specified in Section 4b sub-section 1 with the exception of biotechnologically processed tissue products on the market on 23rd July 2009 with permission and applies for an authorisation pursuant to Section 4b sub-section 3 sentence 1 by 1st August 2010, may continue to place these medicinal products on the market until such time as a decision has been taken on the application.

(3) Any person who places biotechnologically processed tissue products within the meaning of Section 4b sub-section 1 with permission on the market on 23rd July 2009 and applies for an authorisation pursuant to Section 4b sub-section 3 sentence 1 by 1st January 2011, may continue to place these medicinal products on the market until such time as a decision has been taken on the application.

(4) Any person who, on 23rd July 2009, as the qualified person, possesses the expert knowledge pursuant to Section 15 sub-section 3a, in the version in force up to that point in time, may continue to exercise the function of qualified person.

(4a) Any person who, prior to 23rd July 2009, as the qualified person, possessed the expert knowledge pursuant to Section 15 sub-sections 1 and 2 for medicinal products that, owing to the amendment of Section 4 sub-section 3 in the version in force from 23rd July 2009, are classified as sera and require expert knowledge pursuant to Section 15 sub-section 3, was allowed to continue to perform his/her activities as the qualified person from 23rd July 2009 to 26th October 2012. This also applies to any person who from 23rd July 2009, as a qualified person, possessed the expert knowledge pursuant to Section 15 sub-sections 1 and 2 for these medicinal products.

(5) Any person who, on 23rd July 2009, holds a manufacturing authorisation pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 1 for the procurement or the laboratory testing of autologous blood for the manufacture of biotechnologically processed tissue products does not require a new authorisation pursuant to Section 20b sub-section 1 or 2.

(6) The obligation to notify pursuant to Section 67 sub-section 5, shall exist from 1st January 2010 onwards for medicinal products which were already on the market on 23rd July 2009.

(7) Any person who, on 23rd July 2009, manufactures medicinal products pursuant to Section 4a sentence 1 number 3, in the version in force up to 23rd July 2009, must notify the competent authority pursuant to Section 67 thereof by 1st February 2010. Any person who, on 23rd July 2009, exercises a function pursuant to Section 4a sentence 1 number 3, in the version in force up to 23rd July 2009, for which an authorisation pursuant to Sections 13, 20b or 20c is required and has applied for the authorisation by 1st August 2011, shall continue to exercise this function until such time as a decision has been taken on the application.

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Seventeenth sub-chapter

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Section 145
Transitional provisions arising out of the Act on the Reform of the Market for Medicinal Products

In the case of medicinal products which are already authorised when the present Act enters into force, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur and the sponsor shall place the reports requested pursuant to Section 42b sub-sections 1 and 2 at the disposal of the competent higher federal authority for the first time at the latest 18 months subsequent to the entry into force of the present Act. Sentence 1 shall apply to clinical trials for which Sections 40 to 42 in the version valid from 6th August 2004 applied.

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Eighteenth sub-chapter
Transitional provision

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Section 146
Transitional provisions arising out of the Second Act amending regulations on medicinal products and other regulations

(1) Medicinal products that are on the market on 26th October 2012 and are governed by the provisions contained in Section 10 sub-section 1 number 2, must be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur, pursuant to the provisions contained in Section 10 sub-section 1 number 2, two years after the first prolongation of the authorisation or registration after 26th October 2012, or, if they are exempt from the authorisation or registration or do not require a prolongation, on 26th October 2014. Up until the dates specified in each case pursuant to sentence 1, medicinal products may be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur; after these dates they may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers bearing labelling that corresponds to the regulations in force up until 26th October 2012.

(2) Medicinal products that are on the market on 26th October 2012 and are governed by the provisions contained in Section 11, must be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur in keeping with the provisions contained in Section 11 two years after the first prolongation of the marketing authorisation or registration after the publication pursuant to Section 11 sub-section 1b or, if they are exempt from the marketing authorisation or registration or if they do not require a prolongation, two years or, if they are registered medicinal products pursuant to Section 38, five years following the publication pursuant to Section 11 sub-section 1b. Up until the dates specified in each case pursuant to sentence 1, medicinal products may be placed on the market by the pharmaceutical entrepreneur; after these dates they may continue to be placed on the market by wholesalers and retailers accompanied by a package leaflet that corresponds to the regulations in force until 26th October 2012.

(2a) Any person who manufactures medicinal products pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 2a sentence 2 number 1 or 3 on 26th October 2012 shall inform the competent authority pursuant to Section 13 sub-section 2a sentence 3 thereof by 26th February 2013.

(3) In the case of finished medicinal products that are on the market on 26th October 2012, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur shall submit to the competent higher federal authority the wording of the summary of expert information that corresponds to Section 11a together with the first application for prolongation of the authorisation after the publication pursuant to Section 11a sub-section 1 sentence 9; if such medicinal products do not require a prolongation, the obligation shall be valid for two years following the publication pursuant to Section 11a sub-section 1 sentence 9.

(4) In the case of marketing authorisations or registrations, the five-year validity period of which ends by 26th October 2013, the deadline contained in Section 31 sub-section 1 sentence 1 number 3, Section 39 sub-section 2c and Section 39c sub-section 3 sentence 1 shall continue to apply in the version in force up to 26th October 2012.

(5) The obligation pursuant to Section 22 sub-section 2 sentence 1 number 5a shall not apply to medicinal products that were authorised for placing on the market prior to 26th October 2012 or for which a proper application for authorisation was already submitted before 26th October 2012.

(6) Any person who is authorised to pursue the activity of a wholesaler up until 26th October 2012 and applied for an authorisation to operate a wholesale business in medicinal products may, by way of derogation from Section 52a sub-section 1, pursue the medicinal product wholesale business until a decision is taken on the application submitted; Section 52a sub-section 3 sentences 2 to 3 shall not apply.

(7) The obligation pursuant to Section 63b sub-section 2 number 3 shall apply from 21st July 2015 to medicinal products authorised for marketing before 26th October 2012 or from the date on which the marketing authorisation is prolonged should this be earlier. The obligation pursuant to Section 63b sub-section 2 number 3 shall apply from 21st July 2015 for medicinal products for which a proper application for marketing authorisation was submitted before 26th October 2012.

(8) Sections 63f and 63g shall apply to studies commenced after 26th October 2012.

(9) Any person who, on 2nd January 2013 lawfully engages in the activity as a medicinal product broker and informs the competent authority of his/her activity by 2nd May 2013 may continue to pursue this activity until such time as a decision is taken on the registration pursuant to Section 52c.

(10) Installations and facilities that otherwise trade in active substances must notify the competent authority of their activity by 26th April 2013.

(11) Any person who for retail trade purposes offers medicinal products for human use for sale at a distance on the internet must notify the competent authority of his/her activity, providing the particulars specified under Section 67 sub-section 8 by … [insert: the date four months after the entry into force of Article 15 (4).]*

(12) The requirements specified in Section 94 sub-section 1 sentence 3 number 1 shall apply to re-insurance contracts from 1st January.

Footnote: *The implementation act of the European Commission referred to has not been adopted to date.

table of contents

Annex

(to Section 6a subsection 2a)

Substances pursuant to Section 6a subsection 2a sentence 1 are:

I.  Anabolic substances

1.  Anabolic androgenic steroids

a)  Exogenous anabolic androgenic steroids

1-Androstenediol

1-Androstenedione

Bolandiol

Bolasterone

Boldenone

Boldione

Calusterone

Clostebol

Danazol

Dehydrochlormethyltestosterone

Desoxymethyltestosterone

Drostanolone

Ethylestrenol

Fluoxymesterone

Formebolone

Furazabol

Gestrinone

4-Hydroxytestosterone

Mestanolone

Mesterolone

Metenolone

Methandienone

Methandriol

Methasterone

Methyldienolone

Methyl-1-testosterone

Methylnortestosterone

Methyltestosterone

Metribolone (synonym Methyltrienolone)

Mibolerone

Nandrolone

19-Norandrostenedione

Norboletone

Norclostebol

Norethandrolone

Oxabolone

Oxandrolone

Oxymesterone

Oxymetholone

Prostanozol

Quinbolone

Stanozolol

Stenbolone

1-Testosterone

Tetrahydrogestrinone

Trenbolone

Other substances related to anabolic androgenic steroids

b)  Endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids

Androstenediol

Androstenedione

Androstanolone, synonym Dihydrotestosterone

Prasterone, synonym Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)

Testosterone

2.  Other anabolic substances

Clenbuterol

Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs)

Tibolone

Zeranol

Zilpaterol

II.  Peptide hormones, growth factors and related substances

Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents

Human erythropoietin (EPO)

Epoetin alpha, beta, delta, omega, theta, zeta and recombinant human erythropoietin analogues

Darbepoetin alpha (dEPO)

Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta, synonym PEG-Epoetin beta, Continuous Erythropoiesis Receptor Activator (CERA)

Hematide, synonym Peginesatide

Chorionic Gonadotrophin (CG) und Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)

Choriogonadotropin alfa

Lutropin alfa

Insulins

Corticotrophins

Corticotropin

Tetracosactide

Growth Hormone, releasing factors, releasing peptide and growth factors

Somatropin, synonym growth hormone, Growth Hormone (GH)

Somatrem, synonym Somatotropin (methionyl), human

Growth hormone releasing factors, synonym Growth Hormone Releasing Hormones (GHRH)

Sermorelin

Somatorelin

Growth Hormone Releasing Peptides (GHRP)

Mecasermin, synonym Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1)

IGF-1-Analogues

III.  Hormone antagonists and modulators

1.  Aromatase inhibitors

Aminoglutethimide

Anastrozole

Androsta-1, 4, 6-triene-3, 17-dione, synonym Androstatrienedione

4-Androstene-3, 6, 17-trione (6-oxo)

Exemestane

Formestane

Letrozole

Testolactone

2.  Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs)

Raloxifene

Tamoxifen

Toremifene

3.  Other anti-estrogenic substances

Clomiphene

Cyclofenil

Fulvestrant

4.  Substances modifying myostatin functions

Myostatin inhibitors

Stamulumab

IV.  Substances for gene doping

PPARδ (Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Delta) agonists, synonym PPAR delta agonists

GW 501516, synonym GW 1516

AMPK (PPARδ-AMP-activated protein kinase) axis agonists

Aminoimidazole carboxamide riboside (AICAR).

The list includes the different salts, esters, ethers, isomers, mixtures of isomers, complexes or derivates.