Logo jurisLogo Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz

Limited Liability Companies Act
(Gesetz betreffend die Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung, GmbHG)

Full text in format:   HTML  PDF   text in German

Übersetzung durch Ute Reusch.

Translation provided by Ute Reusch.

Stand: Die Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 8 des Gesetzes vom 10.5.2016 (BGBl. I S. 1142)
Der Stand der deutschsprachigen Dokumentation kann aktueller sein. Vergleichen Sie dazu bitte http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gmbhg/BJNR004770892.html.

Version information: The translation includes the amendment(s) to the Act by Article 8 of the Act of 10.5.2016 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1142)
Translations may not be updated at the same time as the German legal provisions displayed on this website. To compare with the current status of the German version, see http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gmbhg/BJNR004770892.html.

© 2017 juris GmbH, Saarbrücken

Part 1
Formation of the company
Section 1Purpose; number of founders
Section 2Form of the articles of association
Section 3Content of the articles of association
Section 4Business name
Section 4aRegistered office
Section 5Share capital; share
Section 5aEntrepreneurial company
Section 6Directors
Section 7Registration of the company
Section 8Content of the application for registration
Section 9Over-valuation of the contributions in kind
Section 9aClaims for compensation on the part of the company
Section 9bWaiver of claims for compensation
Section 9cRefusal to register the company
Section 10Content of the entry
Section 11Legal status prior to entry
Section 12Company announcements
Part 2
Legal relations of the company and its shareholders
Section 13Legal person; commercial company
Section 14Obligation to pay capital contribution
Section 15Transfer of shares
Section 16Legal status following a change in shareholders or the extent of their participation; purchase from non-authorised persons
Section 17(repealed)
Section 18Joint ownership of a share
Section 19Payment of capital contributions
Section 20Default interest
Section 21Forfeiture
Section 22Liability of legal predecessors
Section 23Auction of the share
Section 24Raising shortfalls
Section 25Mandatory provisions
Section 26Obligation to pay additional contributions
Section 27Unlimited obligation to pay additional contributions
Section 28Limited obligation to pay additional contributions
Section 29Appropriation of earnings
Section 30Capital maintenance
Section 31Reimbursement of prohibited repayments
Section 32Repayment of profit
Section 32a(repealed)
Section 32b(repealed)
Section 33Purchase of own shares
Section 34Collection of shares
Part 3
Representation and management
Section 35Representation of the company
Section 35aRequired particulars in business letters
Section 36Targets and deadlines in respect of the equal participation of women and men
Section 37Restrictions on the power of representation
Section 38Revocation of appointment
Section 39Registration of the directors
Section 40List of shareholders
Section 41Book-keeping
Section 42Balance sheet
Section 42aPresentation of the annual financial statements and management report
Section 43Directors’ liability
Section 43aGranting of a credit from company assets
Section 44Deputies to the directors
Section 45Rights of the shareholders
Section 46Duties of the shareholders
Section 47Voting
Section 48Meeting of shareholders
Section 49Convocation of the meeting
Section 50Minority rights
Section 51Form of the convocation
Section 51aRight to information and right of inspection
Section 51bCourt decision on the right to information and right of inspection
Section 52Supervisory board
Part 4
Amendments to the articles of association
Section 53Form of an amendment to the articles of association
Section 54Application for registration and entry of an amendment to the articles of association
Section 55Increase in the share capital
Section 55aAuthorised capital
Section 56Capital increase with contributions in kind
Section 56aPayments towards the new share capital
Section 57Application to register the increase
Section 57aRefusal to make the entry
Section 57b(repealed)
Section 57cCapital increase from company funds
Section 57dEntry of capital reserves and retained earnings
Section 57eTaking the last annual balance sheet as a basis; audit
Section 57fRequirements of the balance sheet
Section 57gAdvance notice of the annual financial statements
Section 57hTypes of capital increase
Section 57iRegistration and entry of the resolution to increase the share capital
Section 57jAllocation of shares
Section 57kPartial rights; exercise of the rights
Section 57lParticipation in the increase in the share capital
Section 57mRelation between rights; relationships to third parties
Section 57nProfit share of the new shares
Section 57oPurchase costs
Section 58Reduction in share capital
Section 58aSimplified capital reduction
Section 58bAmounts from the release of reserves and capital reduction
Section 58cNon-occurrence of assumed losses
Section 58dDistribution of profits
Section 58eResolution on the capital reduction
Section 58fCapital reduction with simultaneous increase in the share capital
Section 59(repealed)
Part 5
Dissolution and nullity of the company
Section 60Grounds for winding up the company
Section 61Dissolution by court judgment
Section 62Dissolution by an administrative authority
Section 63(repealed)
Section 64Liability for payments following illiquidity or over-indebtedness
Section 65Registration and entry of the dissolution
Section 66Liquidators
Section 67Registration of the liquidators
Section 68Signature of the liquidators
Section 69Legal relations of the company and shareholders
Section 70Duties of the liquidators
Section 71Opening balance; rights and duties
Section 72Distribution of assets
Section 73Twelve-month ban
Section 74End of liquidation
Section 75Proceedings for annulment
Section 76Remedying of defects by a resolution passed by the shareholders
Section 77Effect of the annulment
Part 6
Regulatory, criminal and administrative fines provisions
Section 78Persons obligated to effect registration
Section 79Coercive fines
Section 80(repealed)
Section 81(repealed)
Section 82False representation
Section 83(repealed)
Section 84Breach of the duty to give notification of losses
Section 85Breach of confidentiality
Section 86Breach of duties in respect of statutory audits
Section 87Regulatory fines provisions
Section 88Notifications to the audit oversight body
(to section 2 (1a))