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Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Signs
Trade Mark Act

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Übersetzung durch Brian Duffett und Neil Mussett. Übersetzung überarbeitet und laufende Aktualisierung durch den Sprachendienst des Deutschen Patent- und Markenamtes.

Translation provided by Brian Duffett und Neil Mussett. Translation revised and regularly updated by the Language Service of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office.

Stand: Die Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 5 des Gesetzes vom 10. August 2021 (BGBl. I S. 3490).
Der Stand der deutschsprachigen Dokumentation kann aktueller sein. Vergleichen Sie dazu bitte http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/markeng/BJNR308210994.html.

Version information: The translation includes the amendment(s) to the Act by Article 5 of the Act of 10 August 2021 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3490).
Translations may not be updated at the same time as the German legal provisions displayed on this website. To compare with the current status of the German version, see http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/markeng/BJNR308210994.html.

Zur Nutzung dieser Übersetzung lesen Sie bitte den Hinweis unter "Translations".

For conditions governing use of this translation, please see the information provided under "Translations".

           
Part 1
Scope
Section 1Protected trade marks and other signs
Section 2Application of other provisions
Part 2
Preconditions, scope and restrictions of the protection of trade marks and commercial designations, transfer and licence
Chapter 1
Trade marks and commercial designations, precedence and seniority
Section 3Signs eligible for protection as trade marks
Section 4Accrual of trade mark protection
Section 5Commercial designations
Section 6Precedence and seniority
Chapter 2
Prerequisites for the protection of trade marks by means of registration
Section 7Proprietorship
Section 8Absolute grounds for refusal
Section 9Trade marks that have been filed or registered as relative grounds for refusal
Section 10Well-known marks
Section 11Trade mark registered for an agent
Section 12Earlier trade marks and commercial designations acquired by virtue of use
Section 13Other earlier rights
Chapter 3
Scope of protection, infringements of rights
Section 14Exclusive right of the proprietor of a trade mark, claim for injunctive relief, compensation claim
Section 14aGoods under Customs Surveillance
Section 15Exclusive right of the proprietor of a commercial designation, claim for injunctive relief, compensation claim
Section 16Reproduction of a registered trade mark in reference works
Section 17Rights against agents or representatives
Section 18Destruction and recall rights
Section 19Right to information
Section 19aClaims for production and inspection
Section 19bSecuring compensation claims
Section 19cPublication of judgments
Section 19dClaims under other statutory provisions
Chapter 4
Restrictions of protection
Section 20Limitation
Section 21Forfeiting of rights
Section 22Exclusion of rights if the registration of a later trade mark is definitive
Section 23Use of names and descriptive indications, spare parts business
Section 24Exhaustion
Section 25Exclusion of rights for non-use
Section 26Use of the trade mark
Chapter 5
Trade marks as objects of property
Section 27Transfer
Section 28Presumption of proprietorship of the right, service on the proprietor
Section 29Rights in rem, levy of execution, insolvency proceedings
Section 30Licences
Section 31Trade marks applied for
Part 3
Proceedings in the course of trade mark matters
Chapter 1
Registration proceedings
Section 32Requirements concerning the application
Section 33Date of filing, right to registration, publication of the application
Section 34Foreign priority
Section 35Exhibition priority
Section 36Examination of the conditions of filing
Section 37Examination for absolute grounds for refusal; observations by third parties
Section 38Accelerated examination
Section 39Withdrawal, restriction and correction of the application
Section 40Division of the application
Section 41Registration, publication and trade mark information
Section 42Opposition
Section 43Objection of insufficient use, decision on the opposition
Section 44Action for the grant of registration
Chapter 2
Correction, division, duration of protection and renewal
Section 45Correction of the Register and of publications
Section 46Division of the registration
Section 47Duration of protection and renewal
Chapter 3
Surrender, revocation and invalidity proceedings
Section 48Surrender
Section 49Revocation
Section 50Invalidity because of absolute grounds for refusal
Section 51Invalidity because of the existence of earlier rights
Section 52Consequences of revocation or invalidity
Section 53Revocation and invalidity proceedings before the German Patent and Trade Mark Office
Section 54Intervention in revocation and invalidity proceedings
Section 55Revocation and invalidity proceedings before the courts of ordinary jurisdiction
Chapter 4
General provisions for the procedures before the German Patent and Trade Mark Office
Section 56Competences in the German Patent and Trade Mark Office
Section 57Exclusion and objection
Section 58Opinions
Section 59Ascertaining the facts, right to be heard
Section 60Investigations, hearings, minutes
Section 61Decisions, instructions on appellate remedy
Section 62Inspection of files, inspection of the Register
Section 62aData protection
Section 63Costs of the proceedings
Section 64Special motion (Erinnerung)
Section 64aCosts arrangements in the proceedings before the German Patent and Trade Mark Office
Section 65Authorisation to issue statutory instruments
Section 65aAdministrative cooperation
Chapter 5
Proceedings before the Federal Patent Court
Section 66Appeal
Section 67Boards of Appeal, public nature of the hearing
Section 68Participation of the President of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office
Section 69Oral proceedings
Section 70Decision on the appeal
Section 71Costs of the appeal proceedings
Section 72Exclusion and objection
Section 73Investigation of the facts, preparation of the oral hearing
Section 74Taking of evidence
Section 75Summonses
Section 76Course of the proceedings
Section 77Minutes
Section 78Assessment of evidence, legal right to be heard
Section 79Delivery, notification, grounds
Section 80Corrections
Section 81Representation, power of attorney
Section 81aLegal aid
Section 82Application of further provisions, contestability, inspection of files
Chapter 6
Proceedings before the Federal Court of Justice
Section 83Appeals on points of law allowed and those not needing to be allowed
Section 84Entitlement to lodge an appeal, grounds for appeal
Section 85Formal prerequisites
Section 86Examination of admissibility
Section 87Several parties
Section 88Application of further provisions
Section 89Decision on the appeal on points of law
Section 89aRemedy in case of an infringement of the right to be heard
Section 90Ruling on costs
Chapter 7
Joint provisions
Section 91Re-establishment of rights
Section 91aFurther treatment of the application
Section 92Obligation to tell the truth
Section 93Official language and court language
Section 93aCompensation of witnesses, remuneration of expert witnesses
Section 94Service, authorisation to issue statutory instruments
Section 95Judicial assistance
Section 95aElectronic conduct of proceedings, authorisation to issue statutory instruments
Section 96Domestic representative
Section 96aLegal protection in case of excessively long court proceedings
Part 4
Collective marks
Section 97Collective marks
Section 98Proprietorship
Section 99Eligibility for registration of indications of geographical origin as collective marks
Section 100Restrictions of protection, use
Section 101Right of action, compensation
Section 102Regulations governing use of the collective mark
Section 103Examination of the application
Section 104Amendment of the regulations governing use of the collective mark
Section 105Revocation
Section 106Invalidity because of absolute grounds for refusal
Part 5
Certification marks
Section 106aCertification marks
Section 106bProprietorship and genuine use
Section 106cRight of action, compensation
Section 106dRegulations governing use of the certification mark
Section 106eExamination of the application
Section 106fAmendment of the regulations governing use of the certification mark
Section 106gRevocation
Section 106hInvalidity because of absolute grounds for refusal
Part 6
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Madrid Agreement and in accordance with the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement; European Union trade marks
Chapter 1
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Madrid Agreement
Section 107Application mutatis mutantis of the provisions of this Act; language
Section 108Application for international registration
Section 109Fees
Section 110Recordal in the Register
Section 111Subsequent extension of protection
Section 112Effect of international registration
Section 113Examination for absolute grounds for refusal
Section 114Opposition against an international registration
Section 115Invalidation
Section 116Opposition because of an international registration and application for a declaration of invalidity because of an international registration
Section 117Exclusion of rights for non-use
Section 118Consent to transfers of international registrations
Chapter 2
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement
Section 119Application of the provisions of this Act; languages
Section 120Application for international registration
Section 121Fees
Section 122Note in the files, entry in the Register
Section 123Subsequent extension of protection
Section 124Application, mutatis mutandis, of the provisions on the effect of international registrations under the Madrid Agreement
Section 125Transformation of an international registration
Chapter 3
Community trade marks
Section 125a(repealed)
Section 125bApplication of the provisions of this Act
Section 125cSubsequent determination of the invalidity (Ungültigkeit) of a trade mark
Section 125dConversion of European Union trade marks
Section 125eEuropean Union trade mark disputes; European Union trade mark courts
Section 125fCommunication to the European Commission
Section 125gTerritorial jurisdiction of the European Union trade mark courts
Section 125hInsolvency proceedings
Section 125iOrder for enforcement
Part 7
Indications of geographical origin
Chapter 1
Protection of indications of geographical origin
Section 126Names, indications or signs protected as indications of geographical origin
Section 127Scope of protection
Section 128Rights because of infringement
Section 129Lapse
Chapter 2
Protection of geographical indications and designations of origin in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012
Section 130Proceedings before the German Patent and Trade Mark Office; national opposition proceedings
Section 131Intergovernmental opposition procedure
Section 132Request for a change to the specification, cancellation proceedings
Section 133Appellate remedies
Section 134Supervision
Section 135Rights because of infringement
Section 136Lapse
Chapter 3
Authorisation to issue statutory instruments
Section 137More detailed provisions on the protection of individual indications of geographical origin
Section 138Other provisions for the proceedings in applications and oppositions in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012
Section 139Provisions transposing Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012; authorisation to issue statutory instruments
Part 9
Sign litigation proceedings
Section 140Sign litigation
Section 141Place of jurisdiction for claims under this Act and under the Act Against Unfair Competition
Section 142Reduction of the value in dispute
Part 8
Criminal and regulatory fine regulations, seizure on import and export
Chapter 1
Criminal and regulatory fine regulations
Section 143Punishable infringement of signs
Section 143aPunishable infringement of a European Union trade mark
Section 144Punishable use of indications of geographical origin
Section 145Provisions relating to regulatory fines
Chapter 2
Seizure of goods on import and export
Section 146Seizure in case of infringements of rights to signs
Section 147Confiscation, opposition, suspension of seizure
Section 148Competences, appellate remedies
Section 149Compensation in case of unjustified seizure
Section 150Proceedings in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 608/2013
Section 151Proceedings in accordance with German law with regard to indications of geographical origin
Part 10
Transitional provisions
Section 152Application of this Act
Section 153Restrictions for the assertion of infringement claims
Section 154Rights in rem, levy of execution, bankruptcy proceedings
Section 155Licences
Section 156Cancellation of a registered trade mark because of absolute grounds for refusal
Section 157Cancellation of a registered trade mark because of the existence of earlier rights
Section 158Transitional provisions
Section 159Duration of protection and renewal
Sections 160 to 163(repealed)
Section 164(repealed)