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Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Symbols
Trade Mark Act

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Übersetzung durch Brian Duffett und Neil Mussett

Translation provided by Brian Duffett and Neil Mussett

Stand: Die Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 3 des Gesetzes vom 19.10.2013 (BGBl. I S. 3830).
Der Stand der deutschsprachigen Dokumentation kann aktueller sein. Vergleichen Sie dazu bitte http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/markeng/BJNR308210994.html.

Version information: The translation includes the amendment(s) to the Act by Article 3 of the Act of 19.10.2013 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 3830).
Translations may not be updated at the same time as the German legal provisions displayed on this website. To compare with the current status of the German version, see http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/markeng/BJNR308210994.html.

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Part 1
Scope
Section 1Protected trade marks and other symbols
Section 2Application of other provisions
Part 2
Preconditions, scope and restrictions of the protection of trade marks and commercial designations, transfer and licence
Chapter 1
Trademarks and commercial designations, priority and seniority
Section 3Signs eligible for protection as trade marks
Section 4Accrual of trade mark protection
Section 5Commercial designations
Section 6Priority and seniority
Chapter 2
Prerequisites for the protection of trade marks by means of registration
Section 7Proprietorship
Section 8Absolute obstacles to protection
Section 9Trade marks that have been filed or registered as relative obstacles to protection
Section 10Well-known marks
Section 11Unauthorised filing of the proprietor’s trade mark
Section 12Trade marks and commercial designations with older seniority acquired by virtue of use
Section 13Other earlier rights
Chapter 3
Scope of protection, infringements of rights
Section 14Exclusive right of the proprietor of a trade mark, right to an injunction, compensation claim
Section 15Exclusive right of the proprietor of a commercial designation, right to an injunction, compensation claim
Section 16Representation of a registered trade mark in works of reference
Section 17Rights against agents or representatives
Section 18Destruction and re-call rights
Section 19Right to information
Section 19aRights of submission and inspection
Section 19bSecuring compensation claims
Chapter 4
Restrictions of protection
Section 20Lapse
Section 21Forfeiting of rights
Section 22Exclusion of rights if the registration of a trade mark with younger seniority is definitive
Section 23Use of names and descriptive indications, spare parts business
Section 24Exhaustion
Section 25Exclusion of rights for lack of use
Section 26Use of the trade mark
Chapter 5
Trade marks as an object of property
Section 27Transfer
Section 28Presumption of proprietorship of the right, service on the proprietor
Section 29Rights in rem, levy of execution, insolvency proceedings
Section 30Licences
Section 31Trade marks applied for
Part 3
Proceedings in the course of trade mark-related matters
Chapter 1
Registration proceedings
Section 32Requirements concerning the application
Section 33Date of application, right to registration, publication of the application
Section 34Foreign priority
Section 35Exhibition priority
Section 36Examination of the prerequisites for application
Section 37Examination for absolute obstacles to protection
Section 38Accelerated examination
Section 39Withdrawal, restriction and correction of the application
Section 40Division of the application
Section 41Registration
Section 42Opposition
Section 43Objection of insufficient use, decision on the opposition
Section 44Action for the grant of registration
Chapter 2
Correction, division, duration of protection and renewal
Section 45Correction of the register and of publications
Section 46Division of the registration
Section 47Duration of protection and renewal
Chapter 3
Surrender, revocation and invalidity, cancellation proceedings
Section 48Surrender
Section 49Revocation
Section 50Invalidity because of absolute obstacles to protection
Section 51Invalidity because of the existence of earlier rights
Section 52Impact of cancellation because of revocation or invalidity
Section 53Cancellation by the Patent Office because of revocation
Section 54Cancellation proceedings before the Patent Office because of absolute obstacles to protection
Section 55Cancellation proceedings before the courts of ordinary jurisdiction
Chapter 4
General provisions for the proceedings before the Patent Office
Section 56Competences in the Patent Office
Section 57Exclusion and rejection
Section 58Expert reports
Section 59Ascertaining the facts, legal hearing
Section 60Investigations, hearings, record
Section 61Orders, information on appeals
Section 62Inspection of files, inspection of the register
Section 63Costs of the proceedings
Section 64Objection
Section 64aCosts arrangements in the proceedings before the Patent Office
Section 65Empowerment to hand down legal ordinances
Chapter 5
Proceedings before the Patent Court
Section 66Appeal
Section 67Boards of Appeal, public nature of the hearing
Section 68Participation of the President of the Patent Office
Section 69Oral hearing
Section 70Decision on the appeal
Section 71Costs of the appeal proceedings
Section 72Exclusion and rejection
Section 73Investigation of the facts, preparation of the oral hearing
Section 74Taking of evidence
Section 75Summonses
Section 76Course taken by the hearing
Section 77Minutes
Section 78Assessment of evidence, legal right to be heard
Section 79Pronouncement, service, grounds
Section 80Corrections
Section 81Representation, power of attorney
Section 81a Legal aid
Section 82Application of further provisions, availability of challenge, inspection of files
Chapter 6
Proceedings before the Federal Court of Justice
Section 83Appeals on points of law admitted and those exempt from admission
Section 84Entitlement to lodge an appeal, grounds for appeal
Section 85Formal prerequisites
Section 86Examination of admissibility
Section 87Several parties
Section 88Application of further provisions
Section 89Decision on the appeal on points of law
Section 89aRemedy in case of an infringement of the right to a legal hearing
Section 90Ruling on costs
Chapter 7
Joint provisions
Section 91Re-establishment of rights
Section 91aFurther treatment of the application
Section 92Obligation to tell the truth
Section 93Official language and court language
Section 93aCompensation of witnesses, remuneration of expert witnesses
Section 94Service
Section 95Mutual assistance
Section 95aElectronic proceedings, empowerment to hand down an order
Section 96Domestic representative
Section 96aLegal protection in case of excessively long court proceedings
Part 4
Collective marks
Section 97Collective marks
Section 98Proprietorship
Section 99Eligibility for registration of indications of geographical origin as collective marks
Section 100Restrictions of protection, use
Section 101Empowerment to act, compensation
Section 102Regulations governing use of the mark
Section 103Examination of the application
Section 104Amendment of the regulations governing use of the mark
Section 105Revocation
Section 106Invalidity because of absolute obstacles to protection
Part 5
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Madrid Agreement on Marks and in accordance with the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, Community trade marks
Chapter 1
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Madrid Agreement on Marks
Section 107Application of the provisions of this Act; language
Section 108Application for international registration
Section 109Fees
Section 110Entry in the register
Section 111Subsequent territorial extension of protection
Section 112Effect of international registration
Section 113Examination for absolute obstacles to protection
Section 114Opposition
Section 115Subsequent withdrawal of protection
Section 116Opposition and application for cancellation because of an internationally-registered trade mark
Section 117Exclusion of rights for lack of use
Section 118Consent to transfers of internationally-registered trade marks
Chapter 2
Protection of trade marks in accordance with the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
Section 119Application of the provisions of this Act; languages
Section 120Application for international registration
Section 121Fees
Section 122Note in the files, entry in the register
Section 123Subsequent territorial extension of protection
Section 124Application, mutatis mutandis, of the provisions on the effect of trade marks internationally-registered in accordance with the Madrid Agreement on Marks
Section 125Conversion of an international registration
Chapter 3
Community trade marks
Section 125aFiling of Community trade marks with the Patent Office
Section 125bApplication of the provisions of this Act
Section 125cSubsequent determination of the invalidity of a trade mark
Section 125dConversion of Community trade marks
Section 125eCommunity trade mark courts, Community trade mark disputes
Section 125fNotification of the Commission
Section 125gTerritorial jurisdiction of the Community trade mark courts
Section 125hInsolvency proceedings
Section 125iIssuance of the enforcement clause
Part 6
Indications of geographical origin
Chapter 1
Protection of indications of geographical origin
Section 126Names, indications or signs protected as indications of geographical origin
Section 127Scope of protection
Section 128Rights because of infringement
Section 129Lapse
Section 130Proceedings before the Patent Office; objection against the application
Section 131Objection against the intended registration
Section 132Application for a change to the specification, cancellation proceedings
Section 133Appeals
Section 134Supervision
Section 135Rights because of infringement
Section 136Lapse
Chapter 3
Empowerments to issue legal ordinances
Section 137More detailed provisions on the protection of individual indications of geographical origin
Section 138Other provisions for the proceedings in applications and objections in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006
Section 139Provisions transposing Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006
Part 7
Proceedings in disputes on symbols
Section 140Disputes on symbols
Section 141Court venue for rights in accordance with this Act and the Act Against Unfair Competition
Section 142Reduction of the value at dispute
Part 8
Criminal and regulatory fine regulations, seizure on import and export
Chapter 1
Criminal and regulatory fine regulations
Section 143Punishable infringement of symbols
Section 143aPunishable infringement of a Community trade mark
Section 144Punishable use of indications of geographical origin
Section 145Provisions relating to regulatory fines
Chapter 2
Seizure of goods on import and export
Section 146Seizure in case of infringements of rights to symbols
Section 147Confiscation, opposition, suspension of seizure
Section 148Competences, appeals
Section 149Compensation in case of unjustified seizure
Section 150Proceedings in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 1383/2003
Section 151Proceedings in accordance with German law with regard to indications of geographical origin
Part 9
Transitional provisions
Section 152Application of this Act
Section 153Restrictions for the assertion of infringement claims
Section 154Rights in rem, levy of execution, bankruptcy proceedings
Section 155Licences
Section 156Examination of trade marks applied for to identify absolute obstacles to protection
Section 157Announcement and registration
Section 158Opposition proceedings
Section 159Division of an application
Section 160Duration of protection and renewal
Section 161Cancellation of a registered trade mark because of revocation
Section 162Cancellation of a registered trade mark because of absolute obstacles to protection
Section 163Cancellation of a registered trade mark because of the existence of earlier rights
Section 164(repealed)
Section 165Transitional provisions