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THE GERMAN CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
StPO

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Auf der Grundlage der ▄bersetzung von Brian Duffett und Monika Ebinger

Aktualisierung der ▄bersetzung durch Kathleen MŘller-Rostin und Iyamide Mahdi

Original translation by Brian Duffett and Monika Ebinger

Translation updated by Kathleen MŘller-Rostin and Iyamide Mahdi

Redaktionelle Koordination (Coordinating Editor of the Translation) Mrs. Mahdi

Stand: Die ▄bersetzung berŘcksichtigt die ─nderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 3 des Gesetzes vom 23.4.2014 (BGBl. I S. 410)

Version information: The translation includes the amendment(s) to the Act by Article 3 of the Act of 23.4.2014 (Federal Law Gazette Part I p. 410)

ę 2014 juris GmbH, SaarbrŘcken

á á á á á á á á á á á
PART ONE
GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I
SUBSTANTIVE JURISDICTION OF THE COURTS
Sectioná1[Substantive Jurisdiction]
Sectioná2[Joinder and Severance of Connected Cases]
Sectioná3[Definition of Connection]
Sectioná4[Subsequent Joinder or Severance]
Sectioná5[Jurisdiction over Connected Cases]
Sectioná6[Examination Proprio Motu]
Sectioná6a[Jurisdiction of Particular Criminal Divisions]
CHAPTER II
VENUE
Sectioná7[Place Where the Act Was Committed]
Sectioná8[Domicile, Place of Residence]
Sectioná9[Place of Apprehension]
Sectioná10[Home Port]
Sectioná10a[Environmental Criminal Offences]
Sectioná11[German Officials Abroad]
Sectioná11a[Soldiers Abroad]
Sectioná12[Concurrence of More than One Venue]
Sectioná13[Venue for Connected Cases]
Sectioná13a[Determination of the Competent Court by the Federal Court of Justice]
Sectioná14[Dispute Regarding Jurisdiction]
Sectioná15[Impediment of the Competent Court]
Sectioná16[Objection of Lack of Jurisdiction]
Sectionsá17 and 18(Deleted)
Sectioná19[Dispute Regarding Lack of Jurisdiction]
Sectioná20[Individual Acts By a Court Lacking Jurisdiction]
Sectioná21[Exigent Circumstances]
CHAPTER III
EXCLUSION AND CHALLENGE OF COURT PERSONNEL
Sectioná22[Disqualification of a Judge]
Sectioná23[Disqualification of Judges Who Participated in Previous Proceedings]
Sectioná24[Challenge of a Judge]
Sectioná25[Final Date for Challenge]
Sectioná26[Procedure Concerning Challenge]
Sectioná26a[Inadmissible Challenge]
Sectioná27[Decision on the Challenge]
Sectioná28[Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná29[Non-Deferrable Acts of the Challenged Person]
Sectioná30[Self-Disqualification; Ex Officio Challenge]
Sectioná31[Lay Judges and Registry Clerks]
Sectioná32(Deleted)
CHAPTER IV
COURT DECISIONS AND COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE PARTICIPANTS
Sectioná33[Hearing the Participants]
Sectioná33a[Subsequent Hearing]
Sectioná34[Reasons for the Decision]
Sectioná34a[Entry into Force by Virtue of an Order]
Sectioná35[Notification of the Decision]
Sectioná35a[Instructions on Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná36[Service and Execution of Decisions]
Sectioná37[Procedure Concerning Service]
Sectioná38[Direct Summons]
Sectioná39(Deleted)
Sectioná40[Service by Publication]
Sectioná41[Service on the Public Prosecution Office]
Section 41a[Electronic Document]
CHAPTER V
TIME LIMITS AND RESTORATION OF THE STATUS QUO ANTE
Sectioná42[Time Limits Determined in Days]
Sectioná43[Time Limits Determined in Weeks and Months]
Sectioná44[Restoration of the Status Quo Ante]
Sectioná45[Application for Restoration of the Status Quo Ante]
Sectioná46[Decision and Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná47[No Suspension of Execution]
CHAPTER VI
WITNESSES
Sectioná48[Summons of Witnesses]
Sectioná49[Examination of the Federal President]
Sectioná50[Examination of Members of Parliament or Government Ministers]
Sectioná51[Consequences of Non-Appearance]
Sectioná52[Right to Refuse Testimony on Personal Grounds]
Sectioná53[Right to Refuse Testimony on Professional Grounds]
Sectioná53a[Right of Professional Assistants to Refuse Testimony]
Sectioná54[Authorization for Judges and Officials to Testify]
Sectioná55[Refusal of Information]
Sectioná56[Substantiation of the Grounds for Refusal to Testify]
Sectioná57[Instruction Regarding Oath]
Sectioná58[Examination; Confrontation]
Sectioná58a[Examination by Audio-Visual Medium]
Sectioná58b[Examination Outside the Main Hearing]
Sectioná59[Oath]
Sectioná60[Prohibition of Oath]
Section 61[Right to Refuse to Give Testimony under Oath]
Section 62[Oath in Preparatory Proceedings]
Section 63[Oath on Examination by Commission]
Section 64[Form of Oath]
Section 65[Affirmation Equivalent to an Oath]
Sectioná66[Hearing or Speech Impaired Persons]
Sectioná67[Reliance on the Prior Oath]
Sectioná68[Examination as to Witness’ Identity]
Sectioná68a[Questions Concerning Degrading Facts and Previous Convictions]
Sectioná68b[Assignment of Legal Counsel]
Sectioná69[Examination as to Subject Matter]
Sectioná70[Refusal Without Reason to Testify or Take the Oath]
Sectioná71[Witness’ Expenses]
CHAPTER VII
EXPERTS AND INSPECTION
Sectioná72[Application of Provisions Concerning Witnesses]
Sectioná73[Selection of Experts]
Sectioná74[Challenge]
Sectioná75[Duty to Render Opinion]
Sectioná76[Privilege of Refusing to Render Opinion]
Sectioná77[Consequences of Non-Appearance or Refusal]
Sectioná78[Judicial Direction]
Sectioná79[Oath Administered to an Expert]
Sectioná80[Preparation of an Opinion]
Sectioná80a[Consultations During the Preliminary Proceedings]
Sectioná81[Placement for Observation of the Accused]
Sectioná81a[Physical Examination; Blood Test]
Sectioná81b[Photographs and Fingerprints]
Sectioná81c[Examination of Other Persons]
Sectioná81d[Physical Examination]
Sectioná81e[Molecular and Genetic Examinations]
Sectioná81f[Ordering and Carrying Out Molecular and Genetic Examinations]
Sectioná81g[DNA Analysis]
Section 81h[Serial Molecular and Genetic Examination]
Sectioná82[Rendering Opinion in Preliminary Proceedings]
Sectioná83[Rendering a New Opinion]
Sectioná84[Fees for Experts]
Sectioná85[Expert Witnesses]
Sectioná86[Judicial Inspection]
Sectioná87[Post Mortem Examination; Autopsy]
Sectioná88[Identification]
Sectioná89[Extent of Autopsies]
Sectioná90[Autopsies of New-Born Children]
Sectioná91[Suspected Poisoning]
Sectioná92[Opinions in Counterfeiting Cases]
Sectioná93[Handwriting Analysis]
CHAPTER VIII
SEIZURE, INTERCEPTION OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, COMPUTER-ASSISTED SEARCH, USE OF TECHNICAL DEVICES, USE OF UNDERCOVER INVESTIGATORS AND SEARCH
Sectioná94[Objects Which May Be Seized]
Sectioná95[Obligation to Surrender]
Sectioná96[Official Documents]
Sectioná97[Objects Not Subject to Seizure]
Sectioná98[Order of Seizure]
Sectioná98a[Automated Comparison and Transmission of Personal Data]
Sectioná98b[Competence; Return and Deletion of Data]
Sectioná98c[Comparison of Data to Clear Up a Criminal Offence]
Sectioná99[Seizure of Postal Items]
Sectioná100[Jurisdiction]
Sectioná100a[Conditions Regarding Interception of Telecommunications]
Sectioná100b[Order to Intercept Telecommunications]
Sectioná100c[Measures Implemented Without the Knowledge of the Person Concerned]
Sectioná100d[Jurisdiction]
Sectioná100e[Duty to Report]
Sectioná100f[Use of Technical Means]
Sectioná100g[Information on Telecommunications Connections]
Section 100h[Taking of Photographs; Technical Devices for Surveillance]
Section 100i[IMS I-Catcher]
Section 100j[Request for Information]
Sectioná101[Notification]
Sectioná102[Search in Respect of the Suspect]
Sectioná103[Searches in Respect of Other Persons]
Sectioná104[Searches During the Night]
Sectioná105[Search Order; Execution]
Sectioná106[Calling In the Occupant]
Sectioná107[Notification; Inventory]
Sectioná108[Seizure of Other Objects]
Sectioná109[Marking Seized Objects]
Sectioná110[Examination of Papers]
Section 110a[Undercover Investigators]
Sectioná110b[Consent of the Public Prosecution Office; Consent of the Court; Non-Disclosure of Identity]
Sectioná110c[Entering Private Premises]
Sectioná110d(Deleted)
Sectioná110e(Deleted)
Sectioná111[Road Traffic Controls]
Sectioná111a[Provisional Withdrawal of Permission to Drive]
Section 111b[Securing of Objects]
Section 111c[Effecting Seizure]
Section 111d[Attachment for Equivalent Value; Fine or Costs]
Section 111e[Order for Seizure or Attachment]
Section 111f[Effecting Seizure and Enforcing Attachment]
Section 111g[Compulsory Execution; Enforcement of Attachment by the Aggrieved Person]
Section 111h[Prior Satisfaction of Claims of the Aggrieved Person on Attachment]
Section 111i[Maintenance of Seizure]
Section 111k[Return of Moveable Assets to the Aggrieved Person]
Sectioná111l[Emergency Sale]
Sectioná111m[Writings and Printing Devices]
Sectioná111n[Seizure Order; Time Restriction]
Section 111o[Attachment in Rem for a Property Fine]
Section 111p[Seizure of Property]
CHAPTER IX
ARREST AND PROVISIONAL APPREHENSION
Sectioná112[Admissibility of Remand Detention; Grounds for Arrest]
Sectioná112a[Further Grounds for Arrest]
Sectioná113[Restrictions Applying to Remand Detention]
Sectioná114[Warrant of Arrest]
Sectioná114a[Notification of Accused]
Sectioná114b[Instruction of Arrested Accused; Rights]
Sectioná114c[Notification of Relatives]
Section 114d[Communication of Information to the Penal Institution]
Section 114e[Communication of Information by the Penal Institution]
Sectioná115[Examination by the Court]
Sectioná115a[Examination by the Nearest Local Court]
Sectioná116[Suspension of Execution]
Sectioná116a[Type of Bail; Authorization to Receive Service]
Section 116b[Execution of Detention; Precedence]
Sectioná117[Review of Detention]
Sectioná118[Oral Hearing]
Sectioná118a[Conducting the Oral Hearing]
Sectioná118b[Persons Entitled to File Applications]
Sectioná119[Decisions and Measures in Execution of Detention]
Section 119a[Applications in Respect of Decisions and Measures]
Sectioná120[Revocation of the Warrant of Arrest]
Sectioná121[Remand Detention Exceeding Six Months]
Sectioná122[Special Review of Detention by the Higher Regional Court]
Sectioná122a[Maximum Detention Period Pursuant to Article 112a]
Sectioná123[Revoking Less Severe Measures]
Sectioná124[Forfeiture of Security]
Sectioná125[Competence for Issuing the Arrest Warrant]
Sectioná126[Competence for Subsequent Decisions]
Sectioná126a[Provisional Placement]
Sectioná127[Provisional Arrest]
Sectioná127a[Dispensing with Arrest]
Sectioná127b[Arrest in Connection with the Main Hearing]
Sectioná128[Appearance Before the Judge]
Sectioná129[Appearance After Preferment of Public Charges]
Sectioná130[Arrest Warrant for Offences Prosecuted on Application]
CHAPTER IXa
FURTHER MEASURES TO SECURE CRIMINAL PROSECUTION AND EXECUTION OF SENTENCE
Sectioná131[Arrest Notice]
Section 131a[Notice to Determine Whereabouts]
Section 131b[Publication of Pictures]
Section 131c[Order and Confirmation of Searches]
Sectioná132[Provision of Security and Address for Service]
CHAPTER IXb
PROVISIONAL PROHIBITION OF PURSUIT OF AN OCCUPATION
Sectioná132a[Provisional Prohibition of Pursuit of an Occupation]
CHAPTER X
EXAMINATION OF THE ACCUSED
Sectioná133[Written Summons]
Sectioná134[Bringing the Accused Before the Court]
Sectioná135[Immediate Examination]
Sectioná136[First Examination]
Sectioná136a[Prohibited Methods of Examination]
CHAPTER XI
DEFENCE
Sectioná137[Defence Counsel]
Sectioná138[Choice of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná138a[Exclusion of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná138b[Exclusion of Defence Counsel for Endangering National Security]
Sectioná138c[Procedure for Excluding Defence Counsel]
Sectioná138d[Oral Hearing; Immediate Complaint]
Sectioná139[Trainee Jurist as Defence Counsel]
Sectioná140[Mandatory Defence]
Sectioná141[Appointment of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná142[Choice of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná143[Revocation of Appointment]
Sectioná144(Deleted)
Sectioná145[Absence of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná145a[Service of Documents on Defence Counsel]
Sectioná146[Joint Defence Counsel]
Sectioná146a[Rejection of Defence Counsel of the Accused’s Own Choice]
Sectioná147[Inspection of the Files]
Sectioná148[Defence Counsel-Client Communication]
Sectioná148a[Implementing Monitoring Measures]
Sectioná149[Admission of Assistance]
Sectioná150(Deleted)
PART TWO
PROCEEDINGS AT FIRST INSTANCE
CHAPTER I
PUBLIC CHARGES
Sectioná151[Principle of Indictment]
Sectioná152[Indicting Authority; Principle of Mandatory Prosecution]
Sectioná152a[Prosecution of Elected Public Representatives]
Sectioná153[Non-Prosecution of Petty Offences]
Sectioná153a[Provisional Dispensing with Court Action; Provisional Termination of Proceedings]
Sectioná153b[Dispensing with Court Action; Termination]
Sectioná153c[Non-Prosecution of Offences Committed Abroad]
Sectioná153d[Dispensing with Court Action on Political Grounds]
Sectioná153e[Dispensing with Court Action in National Security Cases]
Section 153f[Dispensing with Prosecution of Criminal Offences under the Code of Crimes against International Law]
Sectioná154[Insignificant Secondary Penalties]
Sectioná154a[Limitation of Prosecution]
Sectioná154b[Extradition and Expulsion]
Sectioná154c[Victim of Coercion or Extortion]
Sectioná154d[Decision of a Prior Issue Involving Civil Law or Administrative Law]
Sectioná154e[Criminal or Disciplinary Proceedings Concerning Erroneous Suspicion or Insult]
Section 154f[Provisional Termination Prior to Main Proceedings]
Sectioná155[Scope of the Investigation]
Sectioná155a[Perpetrator-Victim Mediation]
Section 155b[Transmission of Personal Data]
Sectioná156[No Withdrawal of the Indictment]
Sectioná157[Definition of the Terms “Indicted Accused” and “Defendant”]
CHAPTER II
PREPARATION OF THE PUBLIC CHARGES
Sectioná158[Criminal Informations; Applications for Prosecution]
Sectioná159[Unnatural Death; Discovery of a Corpse]
Sectioná160[Investigation Proceedings]
Section 160a[Investigation Measures Where Person Has Right to Refuse Testimony]
Section 160b[Discussion of the Status of Proceedings]
Sectioná161[Information and Investigations]
Sectioná161a[Witnesses and Experts Before the Public Prosecution Office]
Sectioná162[Court Investigations]
Sectioná163[Duties of the Police]
Sectioná163a[Examination of the Accused]
Sectioná163b[Establishing Identity]
Sectioná163c[Duration of Custody; Judicial Review]
Sectioná163d[Computer-Assisted Search]
Sectioná163e[Police Observation]
Sectioná163f[Longer-Term Observation]
Sectioná164[Apprehension of Persons Disrupting Official Activities]
Sectioná165[Judicial Action in an Emergency]
Sectioná166[Applications by the Accused to Obtain Evidence]
Sectioná167[Further Directions by the Public Prosecution Office]
Sectioná168[Recording Clerk]
Sectioná168a[Recording of Judicial Investigatory Acts]
Sectioná168b[Recording of Investigatory Acts of the Investigating Authorities]
Sectioná168c[Presence During Judicial Examination]
Sectioná168d[Presence During Judicial Inspection]
Sectioná168e[Separate Examination]
Sectioná169[Investigating Judges of the Higher Regional Courts and the Federal Court of Justice]
Sectioná169a[Conclusion of Investigation]
Sectioná170[Conclusion of the Investigation Proceedings]
Sectioná171[Notification of the Applicant]
Sectioná172[Proceedings to Compel Public Charges]
Sectioná173[Procedure by the Court]
Sectioná174[Dismissal of Application]
Sectioná175[Order to Prefer Public Charges]
Sectioná176[Furnishing Security]
Sectioná177[Costs]
CHAPTER III
(Deleted)
Sections 178 to 197(Deleted)
CHAPTER IV
DECISION CONCERNING THE OPENING OF THE MAIN PROCEEDINGS
Section 198(Deleted)
Sectioná199[Decision to Open the Main Proceedings]
Sectioná200[Contents of the Bill of Indictment]
Sectioná201[Communication of the Bill of Indictment]
Sectioná202[Supplementary Investigations]
Sectioná202a[Discussion of the Status of Proceedings]
Sectioná203[Condition for Opening Main Proceedings]
Sectioná204[Refusal to Open Main Proceedings]
Sectioná205[Provisional Termination]
Sectioná206[Applications Not Binding]
Sectioná206a[Termination in the Case of Impediments]
Sectioná206b[Termination on Amendment of the Law]
Sectioná207[Order Opening Main Proceedings]
Sectioná208(Deleted)
Sectioná209[Competent Court]
Sectioná209a[Special Functional Jurisdictions]
Sectioná210[Appellate Remedies]
Sectioná211[Effect of the Order Refusing to Open Main Proceedings]
CHAPTER V
PREPARATION OF THE MAIN HEARING
Section 212[Applicability of Section 202a]
Sections 212a and 212b(Deleted)
Sectioná213[Setting the Date for the Main Hearing]
Sectioná214[Summonses]
Sectioná215[Service of the Order Opening the Main Proceedings]
Sectioná216[Summoning the Defendant]
Sectioná217[Time Limit for Summons]
Sectioná218[Summoning Defence Counsel]
Sectioná219[Defendant’s Applications to Take Evidence]
Sectioná220[Summons by the Defendant]
Sectioná221[Taking of Evidence Ex Officio]
Sectioná222[Naming Witnesses]
Sectioná222a[Information as to Composition of the Court]
Sectioná222b[Objections Concerning Composition of the Court]
Sectioná223[Witness Examination on Commission or By Request]
Sectioná224[Notification of Participants]
Sectioná225[Judicial Inspection on Commission]
Sectioná225a[Change of Jurisdiction Prior to the Main Hearing]
CHAPTER VI
MAIN HEARING
Sectioná226[Uninterrupted Presence]
Sectioná227[More Than One Public Prosecutor and Defence Counsel]
Sectioná228[Suspension and Interruption]
Sectioná229[Maximum Duration of an Interruption]
Sectioná230[Failure of the Defendant to Appear]
Sectioná231[Defendant’s Duty to Be Present]
Sectioná231a[Unfitness to Stand Trial Caused with Intent]
Sectioná231b[Absence Because of Disorderly Conduct]
Sectioná231c[Absence During Parts of the Proceedings]
Sectioná232[Main Hearing Despite the Defendant’s Failure to Appear]
Sectioná233[Releasing the Defendant from the Duty to Appear]
Sectioná234[Representation of Absent Defendant]
Sectioná234a[Defence Counsel’s Rights of Information and Consent]
Sectioná235[Restoration of the Status Quo Ante ]
Sectioná236[Ordering the Defendant’s Personal Appearance]
Sectioná237[Joinder of More Than One Criminal Case]
Sectioná238[Conduct of the Hearing]
Sectioná239[Cross-Examination]
Sectioná240[Right to Ask Questions]
Sectioná241[Rejection of Questions]
Sectioná241a[Examination of Witnesses under 18 Years of Age]
Sectioná242[Doubts Concerning Admissibility of Questions]
Sectioná243[Course of the Main Hearing]
Sectioná244[Taking of Evidence]
Sectioná245[Extent of Evidence Taken]
Sectioná246[Belated Applications to Take Evidence]
Sectioná246a[Medical Expert]
Sectioná247[Removal of the Defendant from the Courtroom]
Sectioná247a[Witness Examination in Another Place]
Sectioná248[Dismissal of Witnesses and Experts]
Sectioná249[Reading Out Documents]
Sectioná250[Principle of Examination in Person]
Sectioná251[Reading Out Records]
Sectioná252[Prohibition of Reading Out of Statement Following Refusal to Testify]
Sectioná253[Reading Out a Statement to Refresh Memory]
Sectioná254[Reading Out Confessions; Contradictions]
Sectioná255[Recording of Statements Read Out]
Sectioná255a[Showing Audio-Visual Recordings]
Sectioná256[Reading Out Official and Medical Statements]
Sectioná257[Questioning the Defendant, the Public Prosecutor and Defence Counsel]
Sectioná257a[Written Form]
Sectioná257b[Discussion of the Status of Proceedings]
Sectioná257c[Negotiated Agreement]
Sectioná258[Closing Speeches]
Sectioná259[Interpreter]
Sectioná260[Judgment]
Sectioná261[Free Evaluation of Evidence]
Sectioná262[Preliminary Civil Law Questions]
Sectioná263[Voting]
Sectioná264[Subject Matter of the Judgment]
Sectioná265[Change in Legal Reference]
Sectioná265a[Conditions; Instructions]
Sectioná266[Supplementary Charges]
Sectioná267[Reasons for the Judgment]
Sectioná268[Pronouncement of the Judgment]
Sectioná268a[Probationary Suspension of Sentence; Warning with Sentence Reserved]
Sectioná268b[Continuation of Remand Detention]
Sectioná268c[Information on a Driving Ban]
Section 268d[Instruction Where Preventive Detention Is Reserved]
Sectioná269[Lack of Substantive Jurisdiction]
Sectioná270[Referral to a Higher Competent Court]
Sectioná271[Record of Proceedings]
Sectioná272[Content of the Record]
Sectioná273[Additional Contents of the Record]
Sectioná274[Probative Value of the Record]
Sectioná275[Written Judgment; Official Copy]
CHAPTER VII
DECISION CONCERNING AN ORDER OF PREVENTIVE DETENTION RESERVED IN THE JUDGMENT OR A SUBSEQUENT ORDER OF PREVENTIVE DETENTION
Section 275a[Decision Concerning Reserved or Subsequent Orders of Preventive Detention]
CHAPTER VIII
PROCEEDINGS AGAINST ABSENT ACCUSED
Sectioná276[Definition]
Sectionsá277 to 284(Deleted)
Sectioná285[Securing Evidence]
Sectioná286[Defence Counsel]
Sectioná287[Notification of the Absent Accused]
Sectioná288[Request to Appear]
Sectioná289[Reception of Evidence]
Sectioná290[Seizure Instead of Warrant of Arrest]
Sectioná291[Publication of Seizure Order]
Sectioná292[Effect of Publication]
Sectioná293[Revocation of Seizure]
Sectioná294[Proceedings After Preferment of Charges]
Sectioná295[Safe Conduct]
PART THREE
APPELLATE REMEDIES
CHAPTER I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sectioná296[Persons Entitled to Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná297[Defence Counsel]
Sectioná298[Statutory Representative]
Sectioná299[Arrested Accused]
Sectioná300[Incorrect Designation]
Sectioná301[Public Prosecution Office’s Power of Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná302[Withdrawal; Waiver]
Sectioná303[Opponent’s Consent]
CHAPTER II
COMPLAINT
Sectioná304[Admissibility]
Sectioná305[Inadmissibility]
Sectioná305a[Complaint Against Order Suspending Sentence]
Sectioná306[Filing; Redress or Submission]
Sectioná307[No Obstacle to Enforcement]
Sectioná308[Powers of the Court Hearing the Complaint]
Sectioná309[Decision]
Sectioná310[Further Complaint]
Sectioná311[Immediate Complaint]
Sectioná311a[Subsequent Hearing of the Opponent]
CHAPTER III
APPEAL ON POINTS OF FACT AND LAW
Sectioná312[Admissibility]
Sectioná313[Acceptance of Appeal on Fact and Law]
Sectioná314[Form and Time Limits]
Sectioná315[Appeal on Fact and Law and Application for Restoration of the Status Quo Ante]
Sectioná316[Obstacle to Entry into Force]
Sectioná317[Grounds for an Appeal on Fact and Law]
Sectioná318[Restriction of Appeal on Fact and Law]
Sectioná319[Filing Too Late]
Sectioná320[Submitting Files to the Public Prosecution Office]
Sectioná321[Transmission of Files to the Court Hearing the Appeal]
Sectioná322[Dismissal Without Main Hearing]
Sectioná322a[Ruling by the Court Hearing the Appeal]
Sectioná323[Preparation of the Main Hearing]
Sectioná324[Course of the Main Hearing]
Sectioná325[Reading Out Documents]
Sectioná326[Closing Speeches]
Sectioná327[Extent of Review of the Judgment]
Sectioná328[Content of the Appellate Decision]
Sectioná329[Defendant’s Non-Appearance]
Sectioná330[Appeal on Fact and Law by Statutory Representative]
Sectioná331[Prohibition of Reformatio in Peius]
Sectioná332[Procedural Provisions]
CHAPTER IV
APPEAL ON POINTS OF LAW ONLY
Sectioná333[Admissibility]
Sectioná334(Deleted)
Sectioná335[Immediate Appeal on Law in Lieu of an Appeal on Fact and Law]
Sectioná336[Review of Decisions Preceding the Judgment]
Sectioná337[Grounds for Appeal on Law]
Sectioná338[Absolute Grounds for Appeal on Law]
Sectioná339[Legal Norms for the Defendant’s Benefit]
Sectioná340(Deleted)
Sectioná341[Form and Time Limits]
Sectioná342[Appeal on Law and Application for Restoration of the Status Quo Ante]
Sectioná343[Obstacle to Entry into Force]
Sectioná344[Grounds for an Appeal on Law]
Sectioná345[Time Limit for Stating Grounds]
Sectioná346[Late and Improper Filing]
Sectioná347[Service; Response; Submission of Files]
Sectioná348[Lack of Jurisdiction]
Sectioná349[Dismissal Without Main Hearing]
Sectioná350[Main Hearing]
Sectioná351[Course of the Main Hearing]
Sectioná352[Extent of Review]
Sectioná353[Content of the Appellate Judgment on Law]
Sectioná354[Decision on the Merits; Referral to a Lower Court]
Sectioná354a[Decision in the Event of Amendment of the Law]
Sectioná355[Referral to the Competent Court]
Sectioná356[Pronouncement of Judgment]
Section 356a[Violation of the Right To Be Heard]
Sectioná357[Effect on Persons Convicted in the Same Proceedings]
Sectioná358[Binding Effect on Lower Court; Prohibition of Reformatio in Peius]
PART FOUR
REOPENING OF PROCEEDINGS CONCLUDED BY A FINAL JUDGMENT
Sectioná359[Reopening for the Convicted Person’s Benefit]
Sectioná360[No Obstacle to Execution]
Sectioná361[Execution or Death No Bar to Reopening]
Sectioná362[Reopening to the Defendant’s Detriment]
Sectioná363[Inadmissibility]
Sectioná364[Allegation of a Criminal Offence]
Sectioná364a[Appointment of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná364b[Appointment of Defence Counsel to Prepare Proceedings]
Sectioná365[General Provisions on the Application]
Sectioná366[Content and Form of the Application]
Sectioná367[Court Jurisdiction; Procedure]
Sectioná368[Dismissal for Inadmissibility]
Sectioná369[Taking Evidence]
Sectioná370[Decision on Well-Foundedness]
Sectioná371[Acquittal With No Main Hearing]
Sectioná372[Immediate Complaint]
Sectioná373[Judgment After New Main Hearing; No Reformatio in Peius]
Sectioná373a[Procedure for a Penal Order]
PART FIVE
PARTICIPATION OF THE AGGRIEVED PERSON IN THE PROCEEDINGS
CHAPTER I
PRIVATE PROSECUTION
Sectioná374[Admissibility; Persons Entitled to Prosecute]
Sectioná375[More Than One Person Entitled]
Sectioná376[Preferring Public Charges]
Sectioná377[Participation of the Public Prosecutor; Taking Over the Proceedings]
Sectioná378[Assistance and Representation of the Private Prosecutor]
Sectioná379[Furnishing Security; Legal Aid]
Sectioná379a[Advance for Fees]
Sectioná380[Conciliation Attempt]
Sectioná381[Preferring the Charges]
Sectioná382[Communication of the Charges]
Sectioná383[Order Opening the Main Hearing; Dismissal; Termination]
Sectioná384[Further Procedure]
Sectioná385[Status of the Private Prosecutor; Summonses; Inspection of the Files]
Sectioná386[Summoning Witnesses and Experts]
Sectioná387[Representation at the Main Hearing]
Sectioná388[Countercharges]
Sectioná389[Judgment Terminating Proceedings]
Sectioná390[Appellate Remedy for Private Prosecutor]
Sectioná391[Withdrawal of Charges; Restoration of the Status Quo Ante]
Sectioná392[Effect of Withdrawal]
Sectioná393[Death of the Private Prosecutor]
Sectioná394[Notification to the Accused]
CHAPTER II
PRIVATE ACCESSORY PROSECUTION
Sectioná395[Right to Join as a Private Accessory Prosecutor]
Sectioná396[Declaration of Joinder]
Sectioná397[Rights of the Private Accessory Prosecutor]
Sectioná397a[Appointment of an Attorney as Counsel]
Sectioná398[Procedure]
Sectioná399[Notification of Previous Decisions]
Sectioná400[Private Accessory Prosecutor’s Right to Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná401[Appellate Remedy for Private Accessory Prosecutor]
Sectioná402[Revocation; Death of Private Accessory Prosecutor]
CHAPTER III
COMPENSATION FOR THE AGGRIEVED PERSON
Sectioná403[Conditions]
Sectioná404[Application by the Aggrieved Person]
Sectioná405[Dispensing with a Decision]
Sectioná406[Decision]
Sectioná406a[Appellate Remedy]
Sectioná406b[Execution]
Sectioná406c[Reopening]
CHAPTER IV
OTHER RIGHTS OF THE AGGRIEVED PERSON
Sectioná406d[Notification of the Aggrieved Person]
Sectioná406e[Inspection of Files]
Sectioná406f[Assistance and Representation of the Aggrieved Person]
Sectioná406g[Assistance for an Aggrieved Person Entitled to Private Accessory Prosecution]
Sectioná406h[Information as to Rights]
PART SIX
SPECIAL TYPES OF PROCEDURE
CHAPTER I
PROCEDURE FOR PENAL ORDERS
Sectioná407[Admissibility]
Sectioná408[Judicial Decisions]
Sectioná408a[Application for Penal Order After Opening of the Main Proceedings]
Sectioná408b[Appointment of Defence Counsel]
Sectioná409[Content of the Penal Order]
Sectioná410[Time Limit for Lodging Objections; Entry into Force]
Sectioná411[Dismissal for Inadmissibility; Date of Main Hearing]
Sectioná412[Non-Appearance of the Defendant]
CHAPTER II
PROCEDURE FOR PREVENTIVE DETENTION
Sectioná413[Conditions]
Sectioná414[Proceedings]
Sectioná415[Main Hearing Without the Accused]
Sectioná416[Transition to Criminal Proceedings]
CHAPTER IIa
ACCELERATED PROCEDURE
Sectioná417[Application by the Public Prosecution Office]
Sectioná418[Main Hearing]
Sectioná419[Maximum Sentence; Decision]
Sectioná420[Taking of Evidence]
Sections 421 to 429(Deleted)
CHAPTER III
PROCEDURE CONCERNING CONFISCATION AND SEIZURE OF PROPERTY
Sectioná430[Waiver of Confiscation]
Sectioná431[Participation of Third Persons in Proceedings]
Sectioná432[Hearing a Person with an Interest in Confiscation]
Sectioná433[Rights and Duties of a Person with an Interest in Confiscation]
Sectioná434[Representation by Defence Counsel]
Sectioná435[Summons to the Main Hearing]
Sectioná436[Non-Appearance at the Main Hearing]
Sectioná437[Appellate Proceedings]
Sectioná438[Confiscation by Penal Order]
Sectioná439[Subsequent Proceedings]
Sectioná440[Independent Confiscation Proceedings]
Sectioná441[Jurisdiction in Subsequent and in Independent Confiscation Proceedings]
Sectioná442[Forfeiture; Destruction; Rendering Unusable]
Sectioná443[Seizure of Property]
CHAPTER IV
PROCEDURE FOR IMPOSING A REGULATORY FINE AGAINST LEGAL PERSONS AND AGAINST ASSOCIATIONS
Sectioná444
Sections 445 to 448(Deleted)
PART SEVEN
EXECUTION OF SENTENCE AND COSTS OF PROCEEDINGS
CHAPTER I
EXECUTION OF SENTENCE
Sectioná449[Execution]
Sectioná450[Crediting Remand Detention and Withdrawal of Driver’s Licence]
Sectioná450a[Crediting Detention Pending Extradition]
Sectioná451[Executing Authorities]
Sectioná452[Pardoning Power]
Sectioná453[Subsequent Decision on Probationary Suspension of Sentence or Warning with Sentence Reserved]
Sectioná453a[Instruction on Suspension of Sentence or Warning with Sentence Reserved]
Sectioná453b[Supervision of the Convicted Person]
Sectioná453c[Warrant of Arrest on Revocation]
Sectioná454[Suspension of Remainder of Sentence]
Sectioná454a[Extension of Probation Period; Revocation of Suspension of Remainder of Sentence]
Sectioná454b[Execution of Prison Sentences and of Default Imprisonment]
Sectioná455[Postponement of Execution of a Prison Sentence]
Sectioná455a[Postponement or Interruption on Grounds of Institutional Organization]
Sectioná456[Temporary Postponement]
Sectioná456a[Dispensing With Execution in the Case of Extradition or Expulsion]
Sectioná456b(Deleted)
Sectioná456c[Postponement and Suspension of Prohibition of Pursuit of an Occupation]
Sectioná457[Arrest Warrant]
Sectioná458[Court Decisions on Execution of Sentence]
Sectioná459[Execution of Fine]
Sectioná459a[Facilitating Payment]
Sectioná459b[Setting Off Instalments]
Sectioná459c[Recovery of Fine]
Sectioná459d[No Execution]
Sectioná459e[Execution of Default Imprisonment]
Sectioná459f[Dispensing with Execution of Default Imprisonment]
Sectioná459g[Execution of Incidental Consequences]
Sectioná459h[Legal Remedy]
Sectioná459i[Execution of Property Fine]
Sectioná460[Subsequent Aggregate Penalty]
Sectioná461[Credit for Confinement in Hospital]
Sectioná462[Procedure in the Case of Court Decision]
Sectioná462a[Jurisdiction]
Sectioná463[Execution of Measures of Reform and Prevention]
Sectioná463a[Powers and Jurisdiction of the Supervisory Agencies]
Sectioná463b[Seizure of Driver’s Licence]
Sectioná463c[Public Announcement]
Sectioná463d[Court Assistance Agency]
CHAPTER II
COSTS OF THE PROCEEDINGS
Sectioná464[Decision on Costs]
Sectioná464a[Definition of Costs]
Sectioná464b[Assessment of Costs]
Sectioná464c[Costs of Interpreters]
Sectioná464d[Distribution of Expenses]
Sectioná465[Duty of Convicted Person to Pay Costs]
Sectioná466[Liability of Co-Offenders]
Sectioná467[Costs on Acquittal]
Sectioná467a[Withdrawal of Charges or Termination by the Public Prosecution Office]
Sectioná468[Defendants Not Liable to Punishment]
Sectioná469[Costs Charged to Person Laying Criminal Information]
Sectioná470[Costs on Withdrawal of Application for Prosecution]
Sectioná471[Costs of Private Prosecution]
Sectioná472[Costs of Private Accessory Prosecution]
Sectioná472a[Aggrieved Person’s Expenses]
Sectioná472b[Costs of Other Persons Involved]
Sectioná473[Costs of Unsuccessful Appellate Remedy]
Section 473a[Costs of Separate Decisions]
PART EIGHT
PROVISION OF INFORMATION AND INSPECTION OF FILES, OTHER USE OF INFORMATION FOR PURPOSES TRANSCENDING PROCEEDINGS, PROVISIONS ON DATA FILES, NATIONAL REGISTER OF PROCEEDINGS CONDUCTED BY PUBLIC PROSECUTION OFFICES
CHAPTER I
PROVISION OF INFORMATION AND INSPECTION OF FILES, OTHER USE OF INFORMATION FOR PURPOSES TRANSCENDING PROCEEDINGS
Section 474[Provision of File Information and Other Information to Judicial Authorities and Other Public Institutions]
Section 475[Information and File Inspection for Private Individuals and Other Institutions]
Section 476[Transmission of Personal Data for Research Purposes]
Section 477[Admissibility of the Transfer of Information]
Section 478[Competence, Requested Files, Appellate Remedies]
Section 479[Transmission of Information Ex Officio]
Section 480[Special Statutory Provisions Excepted]
Section 481[Personal Information from Criminal Proceedings for the Police]
Section 482[Notification of Police of the Outcome of Criminal Proceedings]
CHAPTER II
PROVISIONS ON DATA FILES
Section 483[Data Files for Criminal Proceedings]
Section 484[Use of Data in Future Criminal Proceedings]
Section 485[Administration of Proceedings]
Section 486[Common Data Files]
Section 487[Transmission of Stored Data]
Section 488[Automated Retrieval Procedure]
Section 489[Correction, Deletion or Blocking]
Section 490[Establishing Order]
Section 491[Informing the Affected Person]
CHAPTER III
NATIONAL REGISTER OF PROCEEDINGS CONDUCTED BY PUBLIC PROSECUTION OFFICES
Sectioná492[National Register of Proceedings Conducted by Public Prosecution Offices]
Sectioná493[Automated Inquiry and Disclosure Procedure]
Sectioná494[Correction and Deletion of the Data]
Sectioná495[Information]