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Act against Restraints of Competition
(Competition Act – GWB)

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Übersetzung durch den Sprachendienst des Bundeskartellamtes in Zusammenarbeit mit Renate Tietjen

Translation provided by the Language Service of the Bundeskartellamt in cooperation with Renate Tietjen

Stand: Die vorliegende Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en) des Gesetzes durch Artikel 10 des Gesetzes vom 12. Juli 2018 (BGBl. I S. 1151).
Der Stand der deutschsprachigen Dokumentation kann aktueller sein. Vergleichen Sie dazu bitte http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gwb/BJNR252110998.html.

Version information: The English translation includes the amendments to the Act by Article 10 of the Act of 12 July 2018 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1151).
Translations may not be updated at the same time as the German legal provisions displayed on this website. To compare with the current status of the German version, see http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gwb/BJNR252110998.html.

Zur Nutzung dieser Übersetzung lesen Sie bitte den Hinweis unter "Translations".

For conditions governing use of this translation, please see the information provided under "Translations".

Part 1
Restraints of Competition
Chapter 1
Agreements, Decisions and Concerted Practices Restricting Competition
§ 1Prohibition of Agreements Restricting Competition
§ 2Exempted Agreements
§ 3Cartels of Small or Medium-Sized Enterprises
§§ 4 – 17(abolished)
Chapter 2
Market Dominance, Other Restrictive Practices
§ 18Market Dominance
§ 19Prohibited Conduct of Dominant Undertakings
§ 20Prohibited Conduct of Undertakings with Relative or Superior Market Power
§ 21Prohibition of Boycott and Other Restrictive Practices
Chapter 3
Application of European Competition Law
§ 22Relationship between this Act and Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
§ 23(abolished)
Chapter 4
Competition Rules
§ 24Definition, Application for Recognition
§ 25Third Party Comments
§ 26Recognition
§ 27Information on Competition Rules, Publications
Chapter 5
Special Provisions for Certain Sectors of the Economy
§ 28Agriculture
§ 29Energy Sector
§ 30Press
§ 31Water Management Contracts
§ 31aWater Management, Notification Requirement
§ 31bWater Management, Duties and Powers of the Competition Authority, Sanctions
Chapter 6
Powers of the Competition Authorities, Damages and Disgorgement of Benefits
Section 1
Powers of the Competition Authorities
§ 32Termination and Subsequent Declaration of Infringements
§ 32aInterim Measures
§ 32bCommitments
§ 32cNo Grounds for Action
§ 32dWithdrawal of Exemption
§ 32eInvestigations into Sectors of the Economy and Types of Agreements
Section 2
Damages and Disgorgement of Benefits
§ 33Claim for Injunction and Rectification
§ 33aLiability for Damages
§ 33bBinding Effect of Decisions of a Competition Authority
§ 33cPassing-on of Overcharges
§ 33dJoint and Several Liability
§ 33eImmunity Recipient
§ 33fEffect of Consensual Settlements
§ 33gRight to have Evidence Surrendered and Information Disclosed
§ 33hLimitation Periods
§ 34Disgorgement of Benefits by the Competition Authority
§ 34aDisgorgement of Benefits by Associations
Chapter 7
Control of Concentrations
§ 35Scope of Application of the Control of Concentrations
§ 36Principles for the Appraisal of Concentrations
§ 37Concentration
§ 38Calculation of Turnover, Market Shares and Value of Consideration
§ 39Notification and Information Obligation
§ 40Procedure of Control of Concentrations
§ 41Prohibition to Implement, Divestiture
§ 42Ministerial Authorisation
§ 43Publications
§ 43aEvaluation
Chapter 8
Monopolies Commission
§ 44Tasks
§ 45Members
§ 46Decisions, Organisation, Rights and Duties of the Members
§ 47Transmission of Statistical Data
Chapter 9
Market Transparency Units for Electricity and Gas Wholesale Trading and Fuels
Section 1
Market Transparency Unit for Electricity and Gas Wholesale Trading
§ 47aEstablishment, Competencies, Organisation
§ 47bTasks
§ 47cUse of Data
§ 47dPowers
§ 47eReporting Obligations
§ 47fPower to issue an Ordinance
§ 47gAreas for issuing Determinations
§ 47hReporting Duties, Publications
§ 47iCooperation with other Authorities and Supervisory Entities
§ 47jConfidential Information, Operational Reliability, Data Protection
Section 2
Market Transparency Unit for Fuels
§ 47kFuel Market Monitoring
Section 3
§ 47lEvaluation of the Market Transparency Units
Part 2
Competition Authorities
Chapter 1
General Provisions
§ 48Competencies
§ 49Bundeskartellamt and Supreme Land Authority
§ 50Enforcement of European Law
§ 50aCooperation within the Network of European Competition Authorities
§ 50bOther Cooperation with Foreign Competition Authorities
§ 50cCooperation of Authorities
Chapter 2
§ 51Seat, Organisation
§ 52Publication of General Instructions
§ 53Report on Activities and Monitoring Reports
Part 3
Chapter 1
Administrative Matters
Section 1
Proceedings before the Competition Authorities
§ 54Institution of Proceedings; Parties
§ 55Preliminary Decision on Jurisdiction
§ 56Opportunity to Comment, Hearing
§ 57Investigations, Evidence
§ 58Seizure
§ 59Requests for information
§ 60Preliminary Injunctions
§ 61Completion of the Proceedings, Reasons for the Decision, Service
§ 62Publication of Decisions
Section 2
§ 63Admissibility, Jurisdiction
§ 64Suspensive Effect
§ 65Order of Immediate Enforcement
§ 66Time Limits and Formal Requirements
§ 67Parties to the Appeal Proceedings
§ 68Mandatory Representation by Lawyers
§ 69Hearing
§ 70Principle of Investigation
§ 71Decision on the Appeal
§ 71aRelief in Case of Violation of the Right to be Heard
§ 72Access to Files
§ 73Application of the Provisions of the German Courts Constitution Act and the German Code of Civil Procedure
Section 3
Appeal on Points of Law
§ 74Leave to Appeal, Absolute Reasons for Appeal
§ 75Appeal against Refusal to Grant Leave
§ 76Right to Appeal, Formal Requirements and Time Limits
Section 4
Common Provisions
§ 77Capacity to Participate in the Proceedings
§ 78Apportionment and Taxation of Costs
§ 78a(abolished)
§ 79Ordinances
§ 80Chargeable Acts
Chapter 2
Administrative Fine Proceedings
§ 81Provisions Concerning Administrative Fines
§ 81aContingent Liability in the Interim Period
§ 81bDisclosure Duties
§ 82Jurisdiction in Proceedings for the Imposition of an Administrative Fine against a Legal Person or Association of persons
§ 82aCompetences and Jurisdiction in Judicial Proceedings concerning Administrative Fines
§ 83Jurisdiction of the Higher Regional Court in Judicial Proceedings
§ 84Appeal to the Federal Court of Justice on Points of Law
§ 85Proceedings for Revision of an Order Imposing an Administrative Fine
§ 86Court Decisions concerning Enforcement
Chapter 3
§ 86aEnforcement
Chapter 4
Civil Actions
§ 87Exclusive Jurisdiction of the Regional Courts
§ 88Joining of Actions
§ 89Jurisdiction of one Regional Court for Several Court Districts
§ 89aAdjustment of the Value in Dispute, Reimbursement of Costs
§ 89bProcedure
§ 89cDisclosure of information from the authority's file
§ 89dRules of Evidence
§ 89eCommon Provisions for §§ 33g and 89b - 89d
Chapter 5
Common Provisions
§ 90Information of and Participation by the Competition Authorities
§ 90aCooperation of the Courts with the European Commission and the Competition Authorities
§ 91Antitrust Division of the Higher Regional Court
§ 92Jurisdiction of a Higher Regional Court or of the Supreme Court of a Land for Several Court Districts in Administrative Matters and Proceedings Concerning Administrative Fines
§ 93Jurisdiction over Appeals
§ 94Cartel Panel of the Federal Court of Justice
§ 95Exclusive Jurisdiction
§ 96(abolished)
Part 4
Award of Public Contracts and Concessions
Division 1
Procurement Procedure
Chapter 1
General Principles, Definitions and Scope
§ 97General Principles for Making Awards
§ 98Contracting Authorities
§ 99Public Contracting Authorities
§ 100Sector Contracting Entities
§ 101Concession Grantors
§ 102Sector Activities
§ 103Public Contracts, Framework Agreements and Design Contests
§ 104Public Contracts Relating to Defence or Security
§ 105Concessions
§ 106Thresholds
§ 107General Exceptions
§ 108Exceptions for Cooperation with Other Public Authorities
§ 109Exceptions for Awards Based on International Procedural Rules
§ 110Award of Public Contracts and Concessions that Have Different Types of Procurement as Their Subject Matter
§ 111Award of Public Contracts and Concessions Whose Parts Are Covered by Different Legal Regimes
§ 112Award of Public Contracts and Concessions Covering Several Activities
§ 113Power to Issue an Ordinance
§ 114Monitoring and Duty to Transmit Procurement Data
Chapter 2
Award of Public Contracts by Public Contracting Authorities
Subchapter 1
§ 115Scope
§ 116Special Exceptions
§ 117Special Exceptions for Awards that Include Defence or Security Aspects
§ 118Public Contracts Reserved for Certain Contractors
Subchapter 2
Procurement Procedure and Contract Performance
§ 119Types of Procedures
§ 120Special Techniques and Instruments in Procurement Procedures
§ 121Tender Specifications
§ 122Eligibility
§ 123Compulsory Grounds for Exclusion
§ 124Facultative Grounds for Exclusion
§ 125Self-cleansing
§ 126Allowable Period for Exclusions
§ 127Contract Award
§ 128Contract Performance
§ 129Mandatory contract performance conditions
§ 130Award of Public Contracts for Social and Other Specific Services
§ 131Award of Public Contracts for Passenger Transport Services by Rail
§ 132Modification of Contracts during Their Term
§ 133Termination of Public Contracts in Special Cases
§ 134Information and Standstill Obligation
§ 135Ineffectiveness
Chapter 3
Award of Public Contracts in Special Areas and Award of Concessions
Subchapter 1
Award of Public Contracts by Sector Contracting Entities
§ 136Scope
§ 137Special Exceptions
§ 138Special Exception for Awards to Affiliated Undertakings
§ 139Special Exception for Awards by or to a Joint Venture
§ 140Special Exception for Activities that are Directly Exposed to Competition
§ 141Types of Procedures
§ 142Other Applicable Provisions
§ 143Provision for Contracting Entities under the Federal Mining Act
Subchapter 2
Award of Public Contracts Relating to Defence or Security
§ 144Scope
§ 145Special Exceptions for the Award of Public Contracts Relating to Defence or Security
§ 146Types of Procedures
§ 147Other Applicable Provisions
Subchapter 3
Award of concessions
§ 148Scope
§ 149Special Exceptions
§ 150Special Exceptions for the Award of Concessions in the Fields of Defence and Security
§ 151Procedure
§ 152Requirements of the Concession Award Procedure
§ 153Award of Concessions for Social and Other Specific Services
§ 154Other Applicable Provisions
Division 2
Review Procedures
Chapter 1
Reviewing Authorities
§ 155Principle
§ 156Public Procurement Tribunals
§ 157Composition, Independence
§ 158Establishment, Organisation
§ 159Delimitation of Competence of the Public Procurement Tribunals
Chapter 2
Proceedings before the Public Procurement Tribunal
§ 160Initiation of Proceedings, Application
§ 161Form, Content
§ 162Parties to the Proceedings, Admission to the Proceedings
§ 163Principle of Investigation
§ 164Storing of Confidential Documents
§ 165Access to Files
§ 166Hearing
§ 167Expedition
§ 168Decision of the Public Procurement Tribunal
§ 169Suspension of the Procurement Procedure
§ 170Exclusion of Divergent Land Law
Chapter 3
Immediate Appeal
§ 171Admissibility, Jurisdiction
§ 172Time Limit, Formal Requirements, Content
§ 173Effect
§ 174Parties to the Appeal Proceedings
§ 175Procedural Provisions
§ 176Preliminary Decision on the Award
§ 177End of the Procurement Procedure after the Decision of the Appellate Court
§ 178Decision on the appeal
§ 179Binding Effect and Duty to Refer the Matter
§ 180Damages in the Event of an Abuse of Law
§ 181Claim for Damages Arising from Reliance
§ 182Costs of Proceedings before the Public Procurement Tribunal
§ 183Corrective Mechanism of the Commission
§ 184Information duties of the Review Bodies
Part 5
Scope of Application of Parts 1 to 3
§ 185Public Undertakings, Scope of Application
Part 6
Transitional and Final Provisions
§ 186Transitional Provisions